This translation was published first on China Law Translate, and is reposted here with kind permission.
Article 1: These Provisions are formulated on the basis of the “Standing Committee of the National of the National People’s Congress’s Decision on Strengthening Protections for Online Information”, the “State Council’s Notification of Authorization of the State Internet Information Office to be Responsible for Efforts to Management Internet Information Content”, “Measures for the Management of Internet Information Services”, and the “Provisions on the Management of Internet News Information Services” so as to strengthen management of internet live-streaming services, to protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons, and other organizations, safeguard national security and the public interest.
Article 2: Those who provide or use internet live-streaming services within the People’s Republic of China shall abide by these Measures.
“Internet live-streaming” as used in these Measures, refers to Internet-based activities that continuously publish real-time information to the public in forms such video, audio, images or text; “internet live-streaming service providers” as used in these Measures refer to the entities that provide Internet live-streaming platform services; “Internet live-streaming service users [使用者]” as used in these Measures refer to the internet live-streaming publishers and audiences [用户].
Article 3: The provisions of internet live-streaming services shall comply with laws and regulations, uphold the correct orientation, vigorously carry forward the Socialist core values, cultivate a positive and healthy online culture, preserve a positive online ecology, preserve the national and public interests, and build a positive online space for the netizens, especially for the raising of young people.
Article 4: The State Internet Information Office is responsible for management and law enforcement efforts on the informational content of internet live stream services nationwide. Local internet information offices are responsible for supervision, management and law enforcement efforts on the informational content of internet live stream services within that administrative region and on the basis of their duties. The relevant State Council management departments are to conduct appropriate oversight and administration of internet live-streaming services on the basis of their duties.
All levels’ of internet information offices shall establish supervision and management structures that integrate daily supervision and inspection and regular inspections, and guide internet live stream service providers in regulating live-streaming services’ conduct based on laws, regulations, and service agreements.
Article 5: Where Internet live-streaming service providers provide internet news information services, they shall obtain internet news information service credentials in accordance with law, and carry out internet news information services within the scope of their licenses.
Internet live-streaming publishers who carry out internet news information services shall obtain internet news information service credentials in accordance with law and provide services within the scope of their licenses.
Article 6: Those who provide internet live-streaming services through online performances, online audio-visual programs, and so forth, shall additionally obtain relevant credentials as provided for by laws and regulations.
Article 7: Internet live-streaming service providers implement entity responsibility, allot specialized personal corresponding to the service model, and complete systems such as for information review, information security management, duty patrols, emergency response, an technical safeguards. Where internet news information live-streaming services are provided, a chief editor shall be established.
Internet live-streaming service providers shall establish platforms for reviewing live-streaming content, so as to implement level-based and category-based management according to the content category and user scale of Internet live-streaming, to add or broadcast identifying information of the platforms to live-streaming content such as images and texts, video, and audio, and to manage Internet news information live-streaming and the content of its interaction in such a way that they are reviewed before being published.
Article 8: Internet live-streaming service providers shall possess technical capacity corresponding to their services, and shall possess the technical capacity to instantaneously cut off internet live-streams; and technical proposals should comply with relevant national standards.
Article 9: Internet live-streaming service providers and internet live-streaming service users must not use Internet live-streaming services to endanger national security, undermine social stability, disturb social order, infringe on others’ lawful rights and interests, disseminate pornographic or obscene materials, or engage in other activities prohibited by laws and regulations; and must not use internet live-streaming services to produce, duplicate, publish, or disseminate information content prohibited by laws and regulations.
Article 10: When publishing news information, internet live-streaming publishers shall be truthful, accurate, objective, and fair.When publishing news information, internet live-streaming publishers shall be truthful, accurate, objective, and fair. Reprinting of news information shall be complete and accurate, must not distort the content of the news information, and is to clearly indicate the sources in a prominent position, so as to as to ensure that the source of the news information can be located.
Article 11: Internet live-streaming service providers shall strengthen real-time management of interactive elements such as comments and comment barrages [弹幕 – a real-time overlay of comments streaming on top of a/v or other content]; and shall allot corresponding managers.
When live-streaming, internet live-streaming publishers shall provide live-streaming content that complies with the requirements of laws and regulations, and conscientiously maintain the order of live-streaming activities.
When participating in living-streaming interactions, audience member users shall abide by laws and regulations, interact in a civilized manner, and express themselves rationally.
Article 12: Internet live-streaming service providers shall follow the principle of “real names behind the scenes, but any name you want up front” , to conduct verification of internet live-streaming audience member users based on their mobile phone number and other valid identity information, and validate registration of internet live-stream publishers based on their identity documents, business licenses, organization codes, and so forth. Internet live-streaming service providers shall examine and verify the real identity information of Internet live-streaming service publishers, file them for the record according to type with the internet information offices of the provinces, autonomous regions, or directly-governed municipalities where they are located, and provide it to relevant law enforcement departments when requests are made in accordance with law.
Internet live-streaming service providers shall protect the identity information and the privacy of internet live-streaming service users, and must not leak, tamper with, or damage it, and must not sell or illegally provide it to others.
Article 13: Internet live-streaming service providers shall sign service agreements with Internet live-streaming service users, make clear the rights and obligations of each party, and demand that they promise to comply with laws, regulations, and the platforms’ convention.
The provincial, autonomous region, or directly governed municipality internet information office for the area of the internet live-streaming service provider is to guide and determine the necessary content of internet live-streaming service agreements and platform conventions.
Article 14: internet live-streaming service providers shall, based on the circumstances, give warnings, temporary suspensions of publication, account closure and other punitive measures to internet live-streaming service users that violate provisions of laws and service agreements, and promptly eliminate the violating live-streaming content, preserve records, and report it to the competent department.
Article 15: internet live-streaming service providers shall establish a stratified credit management system for internet live-streaming publishers, and provide management and services linked to their credit rating.
Internet live-streaming service providers shall establish a black list management system, prohibiting internet live-streaming service users who are entered into the list from opening new accounts and promptly reporting this to the provincial, autonomous region, or directly governed municipality internet information office for the area.
Provincial, autonomous region, or directly governed municipality internet information offices shall establish a system for circulating black lists, and report to the state internet information office.
Article 16: Internet live-streaming service providers shall record the content and log information for internet live-streaming service users, and preserve it for 60 days.
Internet live-streaming service providers shall cooperate with relevant departments lawfully conducting oversight inspections, and provide necessary documents, materials, and data.
Article 17: Where Internet live-streaming service providers and Internet live-streaming publishers provide Internet news information services without licenses, or exceeding the scope of their licenses, they are to be punished by the State Internet Information Office or by the internet information offices of provinces, autonomous regions, or directly-governed municipalities in accordance with the “Provisions on the Management of Internet News Information Services”.
The State and local internet information offices are to give punishments in accordance with law for other illegal conduct in violation of these Provisions; and where a crime is constituted, pursue criminal responsibility in accordance with law. Where relevant laws and regulations are violated by the the provision of internet live-stream services through internet performances, online a/v programs and so forth, the relevant departments are to give punishments in accordance with law.
Article 18: Encourage and support relevant industry organizations in the drafting of industry conventions, strengthening industry self-discipline, establishing and completing systems for industry credit information appraisal and service evaluation, promoting the development of industry standardization.
Article 19: Internet live-streaming service providers shall conscientiously accept social oversight, complete channels for social complaints and reporting, establish efficient portals for complaints and reports, and promptly handle the public’s complaints and reports.
Article 20: These Measures take effect on December 1, 2016.
第四条国家互联网信息办公室负责全国互联网直播服务信息内容的监督管理执法工作。 地方互联网信息办公室依据职责负责本行政区域内的互联网直播服务信息内容的监督管理执法工作。 国务院相关管理部门依据职责对互联网直播服务实施相应监督管理。