Opinions concerning Stimulating the Healthy and Orderly Development of the Mobile Internet

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Central Committee General Office

State Council General Office

Following the swift development of information network technology and the broad popularization of smart mobile terminals, mobile Internet has, with its prominent advantages of broad availability, connectivity, smartness and universality, powerfully promoted a profound convergence between the Internet and the real economy, it has become a new area for innovative development, a new platform for public services, and a new channel for information sharing. In order to deeply implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s thinking about the strong cyber power strategy, and stimulate the orderly and healthy development of our country’s mobile Internet, the following opinions are hereby put forward.

I, Importance and overall requirements

  1. Importance and urgency. Since the 18th Party Congress, the Party Centre with Xi Jinping at the core has given high regard to cybersecurity and informatization work, having established the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization, having made a series of major policy decisions and arrangements, and having powerfully promoted the healthy development of the Internet undertaking and especially the mobile Internet, this has played an important role in making the work and life of the popular masses more convenient, stimulating economic and social development, and safeguarding national security. At present, following the close integration of Internet technologies, platforms, applications and commercial models with mobile telecommunications technology, new mobile Internet technologies are evolving rapidly, new applications emerge in quick succession, new business models are flourishing, its instrumental properties, media properties and social media properties are becoming more prominent every day, ecologies and systems have begun to form and are expanding rapidly, and it is becoming ever more of a new space for people to study, work and live. At the same time, security threats and risks on the mobile Internet are becoming more prominent every day, and are permeating into the economic, political, cultural, social and ecological spheres. In the face of new circumstances and new challenges, a number of shortcomings still exist in mobile Internet development and management work: systems and mechanisms remain to be perfected, rule of law construction remains lagging behind, policy support is insufficiently powerful, indigenous innovation capacity is insufficient, breakthroughs in core technologies are urgently needed, the management basis is weak, the responsibilities of corporate subjects are not carried out satisfactorily, and security policies are incomplete. These problems have restricted the healthy and orderly development of the mobile Internet, they must be given high regard, and firmly resolved.
  2. Guiding ideology. Comprehensively implement the spirit of the 18th Party Congress and its 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Plenums, take Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important “Three Represents” thought and the scientific development view as guidance, deeply implement the spirit of the series of important speeches by General Secretary Xi Jinping and new ideas, new thinking and new strategies for governing the country and running the administration, firmly focus on the overall “Five Into One” arrangement and the strategic deployment of the Four Comprehensives”, vigorously practice new development ideas, persist in a development concept that puts the people central, firmly combine encouragement, support and standardization of development, simultaneously advance policy guidance and management according to law, equally stress economic effect and social effect, build consensus, prevent risks, strive for people’s hearts, guarantee security and stimulate development, encourage and support technological innovation, arouse and protect enterprises’ vitality, incessantly strengthen endogenous development drivers, advance the healthy and orderly development of the mobile Internet in all directions, serve the bigger picture of developing the undertaking of the Party and People even better, and let the fruits of mobile Internet development enrich the people ever better.
  3. Basic principles. Persist in development for the sake of the people, fully give rein to the advantages of the mobile Internet to reduce the digital divide and arouse economic vitality, and provide mobile Internet information services that the popular masses are able to use, can afford to use, and can use well; persist in reform and leadership, perfect market access, standardize the competition order, optimize the development environment, and comprehensively liberate innovative vitality and market energy; persist in the importance of innovation, strengthen a goal orientation, problem orientation and outcome orientation. Give rein to the role of management subjects, operational subjects and user subjects, advance innovation of ideas, mechanisms and means in all directions; persist in putting content central, innovating content production, expanding channels for sharing, and clearing up the shared ecology; persist in categorized guidance, implement categorized management over mobile Internet information services; persist in security and controllability, comprehensively investigate, scientifically evaluate, effectively prevent and dissolve risks and dangers brought by the torrential development of the mobile Internet, realistically guarantee the security of online data, network technology and applications.

II, Promoting the innovative development of the mobile Internet

4, Perfecting market access structures. Deeply advance governmental streamlining and decentralization of powers, integrating decentralization and management, and optimize services, further eliminate or decentralize relevant administrative examination and approval procedures, accelerate the shift from permits before business licences to licences before permits, simplify examination and approval workflows, and raise examination and approval efficiency. Establish and perfect market access systems suited to the evolution and development of the mobile Internet, complete hierarchical and categorized management systems for telecommunications businesses, complete regulatory structures for new Internet business filing management, comprehensive evaluation, etc., Under the precondition of protecting security, guide diversified investment market development, vigorously and steadily open up the telecommunications market, and promote the creation of new market structures with mutually supporting advantages, mutual competition and joint development involving many kinds of asset components and all kinds of market subjects.

  1. Accelerating the upgrading of information infrastructure. Comprehensively ensure that 4th-generation mobile telecommunications (4G) networks cover urban regions profoundly, rural regions progressively, and poor regions with priority. Accelerate the research and development of 5th-generation mobile telecommunications (5G) technologies, comprehensively formulate standards, test systems and deploy it commercially. Strengthen online service capacities, simplify telecommunications fee structures, realize a reasonable reduction in network fees, and enhance price=performance rations and users’ experiences. Innovate investment and operations models, expand the universalization of users’ broadband access, accelerate the construction and application of wireless local area networks in civil airliners, high-speed rail, urban transportation and other such public venues, and drive and guide commercial service venues to realize wireless local area network coverage and free-of-charge access. Accelerate the construction and optimize the distribution of content distribution networks, cloud computing and big data platforms, and other such novel applications and infrastructure. Enable popular capital to enter into competitive parts of the basic telecommunications area, deeply develop the mobile telecommunications reselling business, and create market structures with jointly built and shared infrastructure, and mutual competition between business services. Improve the interlinkage quality of backbone networks, optimize interlinkage structures, explore the establishment of long-term mechanisms for inter-network account settlement based on long-term incremental cost, satisfy users’ demand to keep their number when they change networks, and create a desirable market competition environment.
  2. Realizing systemic breakthroughs in core technologies. Unwaveringly implement the innovation-driven development strategy, concentrate forces to do great things in scientific research investment, accelerate breakthroughs and transformation of achievements in core technology areas such as mobile chips, mobile operating systems, smart sensors, location services, etc. promote the formulation of a series of standards for core hardware and software, the exploitation environment, linkage with external equipment, etc., intensify the deployment of novel critical mobile Internet technologies such as artificial intelligence, virtual reality, augmented reality, microelectromechanical systems, etc., realize breakthroughs in global leadership in a number of forerunner technologies and disruptive technologies. Implement fiscal deduction policies for enterprises’ research and development costs, innovate core technology research and development access mechanisms, explore marketized tendering forms of assault in critical and core technologies, strive to enhance the contribution and discourse power of our country’s backbone enterprises and scientific research bodies in global core technology open source communities, and vigorously promote the construction of Chinese core technology open source communities.
  3. Promoting coordinated innovation of industrial ecology systems. Comprehensively arrange basic research, technological innovation, industrial development and application of mobile Internet, and strengthen coordination and mutual stimulation between all links of the industry chain. Encourage and support enterprises to become research and development centres, innovation centres and industry centres, accelerate the organization of alliances between industry, learning, research and use, and promote innovation integrating upstream and downstream including information service enterprises, telecommunications enterprises, terminal factories, equipment manufactures, basic software and hardware enterprises, etc. Promote the converged development of information technology, digital innovation and other such strategic emerging industries. Increase the added value of products and services, and accelerate the migration of the mobile industry towards the high end of the value chain. Perfect public service systems covering all links including the formulation of standards, the transformation of results, testing and verification, industrialization, investment and valuation. Accelerate arrangements for next-generation Internet technology standards, industrial ecologies and security protection systems, and comprehensively evolve towards the IPv6 upgrade. Comprehensively advance strategic planning for the Internet of Things, science and technology campaigns and industrial development, and build a batch of applied model Internet of Things demonstration projects with prominent results, a strong propulsive force and a high degree of interlinkage.
  4. Strengthening the use and protection of intellectual property rights. Launch mobile Internet patent navigation work, formulate lists of suggestions for the direction of patent orientations, encourage enterprises to develop strategic intellectual property rights arrangements aimed at the strategic forefront and areas of intersection, and build core technology patent reserves. Build intellectual property rights operations, trading and service platforms, accelerate the openness and sharing of patent information resources, encourage large-scale mobile Internet enterprises to jointly build patent pools, establish resource sharing and interest allocation mechanisms. Establish intellectual property rights risk management systems, strengthen intellectual property rights warning and legal assistance for cross-border disputes. Expand intellectual property protection for the fruits of innovation in mobile Internet technologies, commercial models, etc., research and perfect laws and regulations, standardize the online service order, raise the costs of infringement and law-breaking, and effectively deter acts of infringement.

III, Strengthening the driving and leading role of the mobile Internet

  1. Arousing the vitality of the information economy. Accelerate the formulation and perfection policy measures to develop the information economy, bring development of the mobile Internet into comprehensive plans for national information economy demonstration zones, encourage that advanced mobile Internet technologies and innovative applications are used and tried soon, support mobile Internet technology-based innovation and start-ups, stimulate economic transformations and improvements, quality increases and efficiency. Accelerate the implementation of the “Internet Plus” action plan and the national big data strategy, forcefully promote the deeply converged development of the mobile Internet with agriculture, industry and services, use information flows to drive technology flows, financial flows, talent flows and material flows, stimulate the optimal allocation of resources, and stimulate the increase of productivity of all factors. Innovate information economy development models, strengthen capabilities to efficiently provide secure and high-quality mobile Internet products, services and content, vigorously foster, standardize and guide mobile Internet-based sharing economy business models for taxi-booking, housing rentals, payment, etc., stimulate the scale of information consumption to rise rapidly and information consumption markets to thrive healthily.
  2. Supporting the expansion of small and mid-size Internet enterprises. Fully use relevant national policy measures to promote the development of small, mid-size and micro Internet enterprises on the mobile Internet, support and stimulate mass start-ups and mass innovation. Further give rein to the guiding and supporting role of policy funding such as the National SME Development Fund, the National Innovation Fund, etc., implement tax reduction policies well, provide powerful support in areas such as credit guarantees, finance and market listings, government procurement of services, etc., eliminate obstacles and institutional restrictions influencing the use of mobile Internet to launch mass start-ups and mass innovations. Vigorously support all kinds of small, mid-size and micro enterprises to develop new mobile Internet technologies, new applications and new businesses, forge coordinated innovation platforms and new kinds of incubators for mobile Internet, develop new models for mass innovation, crowdsourcing, crowd funding, crowd lending, etc., and expand funding channels for domestic private capital and risk capital. Vigorously give rein to the leading role of basic telecommunications enterprises and large-scale Internet enterprises, vigorously support the development of upstream and downstream small, mid-size and micro enterprises through production coordination, open platforms, resource sharing, etc. Restrict enterprises from abusing a dominant market position to upset the competition order, and create a fair and orderly market competition environment.
  3. Ensuring that information services benefit the entire population. Rely on the mobile Internet to strengthen e-commerce construction, perfect top-level design for national e-government, and accelerate the roll-out of “Internet Plus Government Services”. Under the precondition of guaranteeing data security and personal privacy, promote the openness and use of public information resources, and open governmental datasets in the area of public welfare protection services up to the public with priority. Accelerate the implementation of the information public welfare project, build integrated online service platforms, build novel smart cities in a hierarchical and categorized manner, stimulate the profound convergence of the Internet with public services, focus on promoting mobile Internet-based public conveniences such as traffic, tourism, education, healthcare, employment, social security, care for the elderly, public security, the judiciary, etc., rely on the advantages of the mobile Internet, broad coverage and accurate targeting, to accelerate their extension to streets, communities and villages, and stimulate the equalization of basic public services. Promote the vigorous use by all levels’ Party and government bodies of mobile new media to publish governmental information, and raise information openness, public service and social governance levels.
  4. Implementing the online poverty relief action plan. According to the requirements of accurate poverty aid and accurate poverty relief, strengthen investment into the construction of mobile Internet infrastructure in Central and Western regions and rural poor regions, fully give rein to the guiding role of the central financial administration to drive investment by local finance departments and social capital, and accelerate the complete network coverage of poor regions. Encourage basic telecommunications enterprises to roll out preferential fee menus for poor regions, explore the roll-out of combined businesses with “people, phones, cards and numbers”, and reduce network telecommunications costs for poor users in a targeted manner. Focus on long-distance healthcare services, online education and training to forcefully promote that new mobile Internet technologies and applications provide ever more high-quality and convenient services such as agricultural produce sales, village tourism, production guidance, employment services, skills training, etc., to poor regions. Rely on forces from all sides, such as the online public interest poverty relief alliance, to promote cybersecurity and informatization enterprises to help poor regions, organize famous e-commerce platforms to set up poverty relief channels for poor regions, vigorously exploit mobile Internet applications suited to ethnic minority and remote regions’ characteristics and needs. Persist in equally stressing economic effect and social effect, fully give rein to the role of the China Internet Investment Fund on the basis of deeply launching programme elucidation, forcefully promote the sustainable implementation of public welfare protection programmes in education, healthcare, public cultural services, etc.
  5. Letting online culture flourish. Grasp the communication laws of the mobile Internet, implement the Socialist core value view, the excellent Chinese culture online communication project and other such content construction projects, foster a vigorous and healthy, upwards and benevolent online culture. Strengthen the multi-terminal construction and popularization of major Central and local news work units, focus news websites and other such mainstream media, vigorously support all kinds of positive energy accounts and applications. Strengthen the construction of multi-terminal news media, and build all-media communication systems with correct orientations and efficient coordination. Launch special management trials in areas such as Internet news information services, online publishing services, information network broadcast of audiovisual programmes, etc. Forcefully promote the profound convergence and development of traditional media and new mobile media, accelerate and arrange the construction of the mobile Internet battlefield, and build a batch of new media groups with great power, communication strength, credibility and influence.

IV, Preventing security risks on the mobile Internet

  1. Increasing cybersecurity protection levels. Firmly establish correct cybersecurity views, dynamic and comprehensive defence concepts, persist in protecting development through security and stimulating security through development, sense the security situation on the mobile Internet in all directions and in all weather, incessantly strengthen cybersecurity protection capabilities for mobile Internet infrastructure, forcefully broaden the use of cyberspace security technology and standards with indigenous intellectual property rights. Strengthen cybersecurity protection capabilities, implement cybersecurity responsibility systems, formulate and perfect cybersecurity standards for the security of critical information infrastructure, the security of big data, etc., clarifying protection counterparts, protection levels and protection measures. Comprehensively strengthen cybersecurity investigations, ferret out the family property, clearly perceive risks, find out loopholes, and stimulate correction, establish uniform and highly efficient cybersecurity risk reporting mechanisms, intelligence sharing mechanisms and deliberation and handling mechanisms.
  2. Safeguarding users’ lawful rights and interest. Perfect mobile Internet user information protection structures, strictly standardize the collection and use of personal information such as user identities, geographic locations, contact method, telecommunications content, consumption records, etc., guarantee users’ right to know, right to choose and right to privacy. Stimulate mobile Internet enterprises to carry out their user service agreements and related commitments, perfect service quality management systems, complete complaint handling mechanisms, provide ever more secure, high-quality, convenient and practical products and services. Strengthen the attack against “fake base stations”, illegal websites, malicious software and other such matters harming users’ rights and interests, realistically uphold consumers’ rights and interests and sectoral order.
  3. Attacking online law-breaking and crime. Firmly attack the use of the mobile Internet to abet subversion of the national regime, incitement to religious extremism, propagating ethnic separatist ideas, instigating violent terrorism and other such unlawful and criminal activities. Strictly investigate and prosecute unlawful and criminal acts such as slander and blackmail, telecommunications and network fraud, attacks, information theft, piracy and infringement, illegal trading of personal information, etc. Comprehensively clear up information violating laws and regulations such as gambling, pyramid schemes, illegal fundraising, obscenity and sex, arms and narcotics trading, etc.
  4. Strengthening network management capabilities. Strengthen the management of network infrastructure, standardize basic telecommunications services, implement the principal responsibilities of telecommunications operators, access service providers, Internet information service providers and domain name service providers. Innovate management methods, and strengthen research on responding to and evaluating the security of new technologies, new applications and new business models. Perfect information service management, standardize communication activities, and safeguard a benign communication order on the mobile Internet.

V, Deepening international exchange and cooperation concerning mobile Internet

  1. Expanding international cooperation space. Focus on the national “One Belt and One Road” strategy, move forward with international cooperation around the Online Silk Road, stimulate the interlinkage and interconnection of mobile Internet infrastructure, and forcefully develop cross-border mobile e-commerce. Vigorously participate in the formulation of international standards, exchange and cooperation concerning critical technologies and important matters such as 5th generation mobile telecommunications (5), next-generation Internet, the Internet of Things, cybersecurity, etc. Support mobile Internet enterprises’ marching out, encourage the expansion of international markets through many means, strengthen foreign marketing of mobile Internet applications, products and services, build and perfect cross-border industry chain systems, incessantly expand overseas development space.
  2. Participating in global mobile Internet governance. Comprehensively participate in organizations, mechanisms and activities related to global mobile Internet governance, strengthen all kinds of bilateral and multilateral dialogues. Deepen participation, vigorously promote the formulation of mobile Internet norms and standards. Fully give rein to the role of the World Internet Conference and other such platforms to forcefully proclaim China’s Internet governance standpoints. Establish and complete information sharing mechanisms, vigorously participate in international joint attack of unlawful and criminal activities on the mobile Internet.
  3. Strengthening international communication capacities. Deepen Sino-foreign cultural exchange, vigorously use all kinds of social media platforms and effectively use all kinds of communication channels, use ideas, categories and descriptions common to China and the outside world, tell China’s story well, and display China’s image. Forge strongly influential international communication media, innovate and launch interactive communication in many languages, across platforms, and incessantly increase our international communication influence concerning mobile Internet.

VI, Strengthen organisational leadership and work guarantees

  1. Perfecting management structures. Under the uniform leadership of the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization, the Cyberspaces Administration of China must further strengthen comprehensive coordination, supervision and inspection of mobile Internet management, establish and complete joint conferences, regular work meetings and other such structures, research and deal with major maters and circumstances concerning mobile Internet in all localities and all departments, stimulate and guide all localities and all departments to effectively implement the matters, work arrangements and relevant requirements decided by the Leading Group; MIIT, MPS, the Ministry of Culture, SAPPRFT and other relevant departments as well as the military must, on the basis of their duties, realistically bear responsibility, strengthen management over matters related to mobile Internet according to the law, and formulate and promulgate policy measures supporting and stimulating the development of mobile Internet technology and industry. Clarify the supervision, management and law enforcement duties that local cybersecurity and informatization departments must bear with regard to mobile Internet content, complete three-level management systems including the central, provincial and city level, expand strength in personnel, funding and technology.
  2. Expanding social participation. Encourage all walks of society to broadly participate in mobile Internet governance, accelerate the construction of social organizations for the mobile Internet, support the Chinese Internet Development Fund, the Internet Society of China and other such forces to vigorously launch Internet public interest activities. Lead the broad mobile Internet users to use the web in a civilized manner, vigorously participate in clearing up the online environment and safeguarding online order. Complete sectoral credit evaluation systems and service assessment systems, perfect joint mechanisms. sectoral management, enterprises self-discipline, and social supervision.
  3. Building talent teams. Strengthen the construction of talent fostering systems at the cybersecurity and information front, incessantly increase work capacity and comprehensive quality, focus on fostering, selecting and appointing leading cadres who understand mobile Internet development and management work. Persist in practicing and testing in advance, innovate talent introduction, evaluation, circulation and incentive mechanisms, and concentrate excellent talents from all sides in the cybersecurity and informatization undertaking. Focus on forging high-end think tank groups, provide intellectual support for mobile Internet development and management work. Adopt special policies to establish human resource structures and salary structures suited to the characteristics of cybersecurity and informatization.
  4. Strengthening rule of law guarantees. Accelerate network legislation, perfect lawful supervision and management measures, and dissolve online risks. Comprehensively implement the cybersecurity law, accelerate the e-commerce law and other such basic legislation, formulate and revise the Internet information service management regulations, security protection regulations for critical information infrastructure, regulations for the protection of minors online and other such administrative regulations. Perfect judicial interpretations and policy explanations, promote the extension of existing laws and regulations to include mobile Internet management. Establish and complete online data management, personal information protection, and other such important management regulations. Perfect multi-department law enforcement coordination mechanisms for mobile Internet management, accelerate the construction of law enforcement information technology systems, and raise capabilities to recognize, gather evidence, and jointly investigate and attack online law-breaking and crime. Strengthen the dissemination of network law, strengthen rule of law concepts among netizens, and raise the network literacy of the entire population.

 

《关于促进移动互联网健康有序发展的意见》全文如下。

随着信息网络技术迅猛发展和移动智能终端广泛普及,移动互联网以其泛在、连接、智能、普惠等突出优势,有力推动了互联网和实体经济深度融合,已经成为创新发展新领域、公共服务新平台、信息分享新渠道。为深入贯彻落实习近平总书记网络强国战略思想,促进我国移动互联网健康有序发展,现提出如下意见。

一、重要意义和总体要求

1.重要性和紧迫性。党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央高度重视网络安全和信息化工作,成立中央网络安全和信息化领导小组,作出一系列重大决策部署,有力推动了网信事业特别是移动互联网健康发展,对方便人民群众生产生活、促进经济社会发展、维护国家安全发挥了重要作用。当前,随着互联网技术、平台、应用、商业模式与移动通信技术紧密结合,移动互联网新技术快速演进、新应用层出不穷、新业态蓬勃发展,工具属性、媒体属性、社交属性日益凸显,生态系统初步形成、加速拓展,越来越成为人们学习、工作、生活的新空间。与此同时,移动互联网安全威胁和风险日渐突出,并向经济、政治、文化、社会、生态等领域传导渗透。面对新形势新挑战,移动互联网发展管理工作还存在一些短板:体制机制有待完善,法治建设仍显滞后,政策扶持力度不够,自主创新能力不足,核心技术亟需突破,管理基础相对薄弱,企业主体责任落实不到位,安全策略不完备等。这些问题已经制约移动互联网健康有序发展,必须高度重视、抓紧解决。

2.指导思想。全面贯彻党的十八大和十八届三中、四中、五中、六中全会精神,以邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观为指导,深入贯彻习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神和治国理政新理念新思想新战略,紧紧围绕统筹推进“五位一体”总体布局和协调推进“四个全面”战略布局,积极践行新发展理念,坚持以人民为中心的发展思想,坚持鼓励支持和规范发展并行、政策引导和依法管理并举、经济效益和社会效益并重,凝聚共识、防范风险、争取人心、保障安全、促进发展,鼓励和支持技术创新,激发和保护企业活力,不断增强发展内生动力,全方位推进移动互联网健康有序发展,更好服务党和国家事业发展大局,让移动互联网发展成果更好造福人民。

3.基本原则。坚持发展为民,充分发挥移动互联网优势,缩小数字鸿沟,激发经济活力,为人民群众提供用得上、用得起、用得好的移动互联网信息服务;坚持改革引领,完善市场准入,规范竞争秩序,优化发展环境,全面释放创新活力和市场能量;坚持创新为要,强化目标导向、问题导向、效果导向,发挥管理主体、运营主体、使用主体作用,全方位推进理念、机制、手段等创新;坚持内容为本,创新内容生产,拓展分享渠道,净化交互生态;坚持分类指导,对移动互联网信息服务实行分类管理;坚持安全可控,全面排查、科学评估、有效防范和化解移动互联网迅猛发展带来的风险隐患,切实保障网络数据、技术、应用等安全。

二、推动移动互联网创新发展

4.完善市场准入制度。深入推进简政放权、放管结合、优化服务,进一步取消和下放相关行政审批事项,加快落实由先证后照改为先照后证,简化审批流程、提高审批效率。建立完善与移动互联网演进发展相适应的市场准入制度,健全电信业务分级分类管理制度,健全移动互联网新业务备案管理、综合评估等制度。在确保安全的前提下,引导多元化投融资市场发展,积极稳妥推进电信市场开放,推动形成多种资本成分和各类市场主体优势互补、相互竞争、共同发展的市场新格局。

5.加快信息基础设施演进升级。全面推进第四代移动通信(4G)网络在城市地区深度覆盖、在农村地区逐步覆盖、在贫困地区优先覆盖。加快第五代移动通信(5G)技术研发,统筹推进标准制定、系统验证和商用部署。增强网络服务能力,简化电信资费结构,实现网络资费合理下降,提升服务性价比和用户体验。创新投资和运营模式,扩大用户宽带接入网普及范围,加快民航客机、高速铁路、城市交通等公共场所无线局域网建设和应用,带动引导商业性服务场所实现无线局域网覆盖和免费开放。加快建设并优化布局内容分发网络、云计算及大数据平台等新型应用基础设施。开放民间资本进入基础电信领域竞争性业务,深入推进移动通信转售业务发展,形成基础设施共建共享、业务服务相互竞争的市场格局。改善互联网骨干网网间互联质量,优化互联架构,探索建立以长期增量成本为基础的网间结算长效机制,更好满足用户携号转网需求,营造良好市场竞争环境。

6.实现核心技术系统性突破。坚定不移实施创新驱动发展战略,在科研投入上集中力量办大事,加快移动芯片、移动操作系统、智能传感器、位置服务等核心技术突破和成果转化,推动核心软硬件、开发环境、外接设备等系列标准制定,加紧人工智能、虚拟现实、增强现实、微机电系统等新兴移动互联网关键技术布局,尽快实现部分前沿技术、颠覆性技术在全球率先取得突破。落实企业研发费用加计扣除政策,创新核心技术研发投入机制,探索关键核心技术市场化揭榜攻关,着力提升我国骨干企业、科研机构在全球核心技术开源社区中的贡献和话语权,积极推动核心技术开源中国社区建设。

7.推动产业生态体系协同创新。统筹移动互联网基础研究、技术创新、产业发展与应用部署,加强产业链各环节协调互动。鼓励和支持企业成为研发主体、创新主体、产业主体,加快组建产学研用联盟,推动信息服务企业、电信企业、终端厂商、设备制造商、基础软硬件企业等上下游融合创新。推动信息技术、数字创意等战略性新兴产业融合发展。提高产品服务附加值,加速移动互联网产业向价值链高端迁移。完善覆盖标准制定、成果转化、测试验证和产业化投融资评估等环节的公共服务体系。加快布局下一代互联网技术标准、产业生态和安全保障体系,全面向互联网协议第六版(IPv6)演进升级。统筹推进物联网战略规划、科技专项和产业发展,建设一批效果突出、带动性强、关联度高的典型物联网应用示范工程。

8.加强知识产权运用和保护。开展移动互联网领域专利导航工作,制定专利布局方向建议清单,鼓励企业面向战略前沿、交叉融合领域开展知识产权战略布局,充实核心技术专利储备。推进知识产权运营交易和服务平台建设,加快推进专利信息资源开放共享,鼓励大型移动互联网企业共同组建专利池,建立资源共享和利益分配机制。建立知识产权风险管理体系,加强知识产权预警和跨境纠纷法律援助。加大对移动互联网技术、商业模式等创新成果的知识产权保护,研究完善法律法规,规范网络服务秩序,提高侵权代价和违法成本,有效威慑侵权行为。

三、强化移动互联网驱动引领作用

9.激发信息经济活力。加快制定完善信息经济发展政策措施,将发展移动互联网纳入国家信息经济示范区统筹推进,鼓励移动互联网领先技术和创新应用先行先试,扶持基于移动互联网技术的创新创业,促进经济转型升级、提质增效。加快实施“互联网+”行动计划、国家大数据战略,大力推动移动互联网和农业、工业、服务业深度融合发展,以信息流带动技术流、资金流、人才流、物资流,促进资源优化配置,促进全要素生产率提升。创新信息经济发展模式,增强安全优质移动互联网产品、服务、内容有效供给能力,积极培育和规范引导基于移动互联网的约车、租房、支付等分享经济新业态,促进信息消费规模快速增长、信息消费市场健康活跃。

10.支持中小微互联网企业发展壮大。充分运用国家相关政策措施推动中小微互联网企业在移动互联网领域创新发展,支持和促进大众创业、万众创新。进一步发挥国家中小企业发展基金、国家创新基金等政策性基金引导扶持作用,落实好税费减免政策,在信用担保、融资上市、政府购买服务等方面予以大力支持,消除阻碍和影响利用移动互联网开展大众创业、万众创新的制度性限制。积极扶持各类中小微企业发展移动互联网新技术、新应用、新业务,打造移动互联网协同创新平台和新型孵化器,发展众创、众包、众扶、众筹等新模式,拓展境内民间资本和风险资本融资渠道。充分发挥基础电信企业、大型互联网企业龙头带动作用,通过生产协作、开放平台、共享资源等方式,积极支持上下游中小微企业发展。遏制企业滥用市场支配地位破坏竞争秩序,营造公平有序的市场竞争环境。

11.推进信息服务惠及全民。依托移动互联网加强电子政务建设,完善国家电子政务顶层设计,加快推进“互联网+政务服务”。在保障数据安全和个人隐私的前提下,推动公共信息资源开放利用,优先推进民生保障服务领域政府数据集向社会开放。加快实施信息惠民工程,构建一体化在线服务平台,分级分类推进新型智慧城市建设,促进移动互联网与公共服务深度融合,重点推动基于移动互联网的交通、旅游、教育、医疗、就业、社保、养老、公安、司法等便民服务,依托移动互联网广泛覆盖和精准定位等优势加快向街道、社区、农村等延伸,促进基本公共服务均等化。推动各级党政机关积极运用移动新媒体发布政务信息,提高信息公开、公共服务和社会治理水平。

12.实施网络扶贫行动计划。按照精准扶贫、精准脱贫要求,加大对中西部地区和农村贫困地区移动互联网基础设施建设的投资力度,充分发挥中央财政资金引导作用,带动地方财政资金和社会资本投入,加快推进贫困地区网络全覆盖。鼓励基础电信企业针对贫困地区推出优惠资费套餐,探索推出“人、机、卡、号”绑定业务,精准减免贫困户网络通信资费。以远程医疗服务、在线教育培训等为重点,大力推动移动互联网新技术新应用为贫困地区农产品销售、乡村旅游、生产指导、就业服务、技能培训等提供更加优质便捷的服务。依托网络公益扶贫联盟等各方力量,推动网信企业与贫困地区结对帮扶,组织知名电商平台为贫困地区开设扶贫频道,积极开发适合民族边远地区特点和需求的移动互联网应用。坚持经济效益和社会效益并重,在深入开展项目论证基础上,充分发挥中国互联网投资基金作用,大力推动基于移动互联网的教育、医疗、公共文化服务等民生保障项目落地和可持续实施。

13.繁荣发展网络文化。把握移动互联网传播规律,实施社会主义核心价值观、中华优秀文化网上传播等内容建设工程,培育积极健康、向上向善的网络文化。加大中央和地方主要新闻单位、重点新闻网站等主流媒体移动端建设推广力度,积极扶持各类正能量账号和应用。加强新闻媒体移动端建设,构建导向正确、协同高效的全媒体传播体系。在互联网新闻信息服务、网络出版服务、信息网络传播视听节目服务等领域开展特殊管理股试点。大力推动传统媒体与移动新媒体深度融合发展,加快布局移动互联网阵地建设,建成一批具有强大实力和传播力、公信力、影响力的新型媒体集团。

四、防范移动互联网安全风险

14.提升网络安全保障水平。牢固树立正确的网络安全观和动态、综合防护理念,坚持以安全保发展、以发展促安全,全方位、全天候感知移动互联网安全态势,不断强化移动互联网基础信息网络安全保障能力,大力推广具有自主知识产权的网络空间安全技术和标准应用。增强网络安全防御能力,落实网络安全责任制,制定完善关键信息基础设施安全、大数据安全等网络安全标准,明确保护对象、保护层级、保护措施。全面加强网络安全检查,摸清家底、认清风险、找出漏洞、督促整改,建立统一高效的网络安全风险报告机制、情报共享机制、研判处置机制。

15.维护用户合法权益。完善移动互联网用户信息保护制度,严格规范收集使用用户身份、地理位置、联系方式、通信内容、消费记录等个人信息行为,保障用户知情权、选择权和隐私权。督促移动互联网企业切实履行用户服务协议和相关承诺,完善服务质量管理体系,健全投诉处理机制,提供更加安全、优质、便捷、实用的产品和服务。加大对利用“伪基站”、非法网站、恶意软件等侵害用户权益行为的打击力度,切实维护消费者权益和行业秩序。

16.打击网络违法犯罪。坚决打击利用移动互联网鼓吹推翻国家政权、煽动宗教极端主义、宣扬民族分裂思想、教唆暴力恐怖等违法犯罪活动。严厉查处造谣诽谤、电信网络诈骗、攻击窃密、盗版侵权、非法售卖个人信息等违法犯罪行为。全面清理赌博、传销、非法集资、淫秽色情、涉枪涉爆等违法违规信息。

17.增强网络管理能力。强化网络基础资源管理,规范基础电信服务,落实基础电信业务经营者、接入服务提供者、互联网信息服务提供者、域名服务提供者的主体责任。创新管理方式,加强新技术新应用新业态研究应对和安全评估。完善信息服务管理,规范传播行为,维护移动互联网良好传播秩序。

五、深化移动互联网国际交流合作

18.拓展国际合作空间。围绕“一带一路”国家战略,推进网上丝绸之路国际合作,促进移动互联网基础设施互联互通,大力发展跨境移动电子商务。在第五代移动通信(5G)、下一代互联网、物联网、网络安全等关键技术和重要领域,积极参与国际标准制定和交流合作。支持移动互联网企业走出去,鼓励通过多种方式开拓国际市场,加大移动互联网应用、产品、服务海外推广力度,构建完善跨境产业链体系,不断拓展海外发展空间。

19.参与全球移动互联网治理。全面参与全球移动互联网治理相关组织、机制和活动,加强各类双边、多边对话合作。深入参与、积极推动移动互联网领域规则和标准制定。充分发挥世界互联网大会等平台作用,大力宣介中国治网主张。建立健全信息共享机制,积极参与国际联合打击移动互联网违法犯罪行动。

20.加强国际传播能力建设。深化中外人文交流,积极利用各类社交平台,有效运用各种传播渠道,采用融通中外的概念、范畴、表述,讲好中国故事,展现中国形象。打造具有较强影响力的国际传播媒体,创新开展多语种、跨平台互动传播,不断提升移动互联网国际传播影响力。

六、加强组织领导和工作保障

21.完善管理体制。在中央网络安全和信息化领导小组统一领导下,中央网信办要进一步强化移动互联网管理的统筹协调、督促检查,建立健全联席会议、工作例会等制度,研究处理各地区各部门移动互联网发展管理重大事项和情况,督促指导各地区各部门有效落实领导小组决定事项、工作部署和有关要求;工业和信息化、公安、文化、新闻出版广电等有关部门和军队要根据职责切实负起责任,依法加强对移动互联网相关业务的监督管理,制定出台支持和促进移动互联网技术、产业发展的政策措施。明确地方网信部门承担互联网信息内容的监督管理执法职责,健全中央、省、市三级管理体系,加大人员、经费、技术等保障力度。

22.扩大社会参与。鼓励社会各界广泛参与移动互联网治理,加快移动互联网社会组织建设,支持中国互联网发展基金会、中国互联网协会等各方力量积极开展网络公益活动。引导广大移动互联网用户文明上网,积极参与净化网络环境、维护网络秩序。健全行业信用评价体系和服务评议制度,完善行业管理、企业自律、社会监督联动机制。

23.推进人才队伍建设。加强网信战线人才培养体系建设,不断提升业务能力和综合素质,注重培养、选拔、任用熟悉移动互联网发展管理工作的领导干部。坚持先行先试,创新人才引进、评价、流动、激励机制,将各方面优秀人才凝聚到网信事业中来。着力打造高端智库群,为移动互联网发展管理工作提供智力支持。采取特殊政策,建立适应网信特点的人事制度和薪酬制度。

24.强化法治保障。加快网络立法进程,完善依法监管措施,化解网络风险。全面贯彻实施网络安全法,加快推进电子商务法等基础性立法,制定修订互联网信息服务管理办法、关键信息基础设施安全保护条例、未成年人网络保护条例等行政法规。完善司法解释和政策解读,推动现有法律法规延伸适用于移动互联网管理。建立健全网络数据管理、个人信息保护等重点管理制度。完善移动互联网管理多部门执法协调机制,加快执法信息技术系统建设,提高对网络违法犯罪识别、取证、联动查处打击等能力。加强网络普法,强化网民法治观念,提升全民网络素养。

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One thought on “Opinions concerning Stimulating the Healthy and Orderly Development of the Mobile Internet

    关于促进移动互联网健康有序发展的意见 said:
    January 16, 2017 at 7:52 am

    […] translation was completed by Rogier Creamers of China Copyright and Media. Some terms may change through the regular use of this site, and Rogier and CCM are in no way […]

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