Opinions concerning Appropriately Limiting Specific Gravely Untrustworthy Persons from Riding Trains for a Certain Period, and Promoting the Construction of the Social Credit System

Posted on

FGCJ (2018)384

All provincial, autonomous region, municipal and Xinjiang Production-Construction Corps social credit system construction leading work units, spiritual civilization offices, higher-level people’s courts, finance offices (bureaus), human resources and social security offices (bureaus), the State Administration of Taxation, local taxation bureaus, all delegated agencies of the China Securities Regulatory commission, railway transportation enterprises, the Academy of Railway Science, and all railway public security bureaus:

In order to deeply implement the spirit of Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism in a New Era of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and the 19th Party Congress, implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions concerning building an overall credit punishment structure where “untrustworthiness in one place, leads to constraints everywhere”, according to the requirements of the “State Council Guiding Opinions concerning Establishing and Perfecting Systems for the Joint Encouragement of Trustworthiness and Joint Punishments of Untrustworthiness, and Accelerating the Construction of Social Sincerity” (GF No. (2016)33), prevent detrimental influence of the unlawful and untrustworthy conduct of some passengers on railway operations and security, further strengthen punishment against gravely unlawful and untrustworthy conduct in other areas, hereby, the following opinions are provided on limiting specific gravely untrustworthy persons from riding trains.

I, Scope of restrictions

(1) Persons responsible for acts gravely influencing railway operational security and production security, who are fined by public security bodies or determined as such by railway station or train work units:

  1. those disrupting the operational order of railway stations and rains, and endanger railway security, resulting in grave social harmful influence;
  2. those smoking in multiple train units or smoking in non-smoking areas on other trains;

3 those investigated and prosecuted for scalping rail tickets, or producing and peddling in counterfeit tickets;

  1. those illegally using preferential (special) identity documents, or using forged or invalid preferential (special) identity documents to purchase tickets;
  2. those holding counterfeit, expired or other invalid rail tickets or illegally using supplementary tickets reported as lost to board trains;
  3. those boarding trains without tickets, or exceed the ticketed distance and refuse to buy a supplementary ticket;
  4. those who should be subject to administrative punishment on the basis of relevant laws and regulations.

The persons responsible for the abovementioned conduct are restrained from riding trains.

(2) Relevant responsible persons for gravely unlawful conduct in other areas

  1. parties in major cases of tax violations who have the capability to implement, but do not implement, the judgment;
  2. persons responsible for gravely untrustworthy conduct in the area of financial management and use, who have engaged in fraud and deception, have made fraudulent applications or claims, obtained assets through fraud, withheld or diverted funds, or are in arrears in maturing debts issued by foreign financial organizations or foreign governments;
  3. persons responsible for the gravely untrustworthy conduct in the area of social security, under the following circumstances: employing work units who do not participate in social security according to regulations and refuse to rectify the matter; employing work units who do not report social security payment numbers accurately and refuse to rectify the matter; those who should pay social security fees and have the capability to do so, but refuse to pay them; those who hide, divert, seize, or embezzle social security funds or invest them in operations in violations of regulations; those who fraudulently obtain social security benefits through deception, forging evidence materials or other means; social security service bodies who violate service agreements or relevant regulations; those who refuse to assist social science administration departments’ examination and verification of accidents and problems;
  4. those who have not paid fines or confiscated income for unlawful acts concerning securities or futures within the time limit; responsible subjects within publicly traded enterprises who have not carried out their public commitments within the time limit;
  5. those subject to consumption restriction measures adopted according to the law by a people’s court according to regulations, or have been entered on the name list for untrustworthy persons subject to enforcement;
  6. where relevant departments believe persons responsible for other gravely untrustworthy conducts should be barred from riding high-level seats in trains, and the relevant department will join this document, it shall be clarified through a revision of this document.

The responsible persons for the abovementioned conduct are barred from riding high-level seats in trains, including soft sleepers, all seats in G-lettered multiple unit trains, and first or upper class seats in other multiple unit trains.

II, Information collection

(1) Information collection about untrustworthiness of railway passengers

When the abovementioned conduct occurs in railway stations or trains, and a public security body imposes administrative punishment or files a criminal case, the relevant railway public security bureau notifies the relevant railway bureau group limited company, and enters them on the punishment name list. Where abovementioned conduct is not handled by a public security body, relevant audiovisual evidence collected by railway station or train employees or a witness testimony by 2 or more passengers or a written statement by the responsible person for the conduct him or herself, is to be reported to the railway operating enterprise for examination and verification, after which they are entered on the name list.

(2) Information collection about untrustworthiness in other areas

The National Development and Reform Commission, Supreme People’s Court, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, State Administration of Taxation, and Securities Regulatory Commission will enter the name list of persons who these institutions determine should be barred from traveling in high-level seats in trains for gravely untrustworthy conduct into the nationwide credit information sharing platform, this will be sent from the platform to the General Railway Company, which will enter them into the name list of persons barred from riding in high-class sears on trains according to State-prescribed procedure. If data transmission channels have already been established or name list information sharing is realized with the General Railway Company, it is permitted to maintain the original data transfer channels and information sharing method, and the national credit information sharing platform no longer needs to duplicate the transmission of the name list information.

Name list information provided to the General Railway Company shall include: the name, traveling ID number, and reason for listing on the list of persons barred from traveling in high-level seats on trains, where there is a legal document acting as basis, the name and number of the said legal document should be provided as well. Relevant departments shall determine a person to handle name list complaints, and will report this to the General Railway Company.

III, Publication, implementation and restoration of privileges

All railway operations enterprises shall publish, on the first working day of every morning, on the China Railway Passenger Service Centre (12306) website and the “Credit China” website, the complete information of the name list for persons barred from purchasing train tickets, the contact method for the person handling disputes in relevant departments shall be published simultaneously. The name list publication period will last for seven working days after the date of publication, within the publication date, persons on the list may put forward objections through the railway’s “12306” passenger service telephone or with the relevant department, after the end of the publication period, where persons on the list have not put forward an objection or the objection they put forward has been examined but rejected, all railway operations enterprises begin implementing punitive measures according to the published name list. Where persons entered on the name list of persons barred from buying train tickets believe they have been listed erroneously, they may apply for review with relevant bodies or work units.

IV, Removal mechanisms

Specific gravely untrustworthy persons will be appropriately barred from riding trains for a certain period. After a relevant subject is removed from the name list of persons barred from riding trains, they are no longer subject to restrictive measures from riding trains, the concrete removal method is as follows:

(1) Where a person is responsible for conduct gravely influencing railway operational security and production security as listed in Clauses 1-3 and 7, all railway operations enterprises will bar them from purchasing tickets for a period of 180 days, to be calculated from the concluding date of the period of publication where there is no valid objection, after the 180 days, they are removed automatically, and railway operations enterprises will restore ticket sales to them.

(2) Where a person is responsible for conduct gravely influencing railway operational security and production security as listed in Clauses 4-6, all railway transportation enterprises will bar them from purchasing ticket. Where the responsible person pays back the ticket fare they owe (to be calculated from the day after upgrading the ticket) railway operations enterprises will restore ticket sales to them; where the responsible person acts in violation of Clauses 4-6 for three times within a year after amending the first ticket fare they owed, and the responsible person pays back the fare they owe within 90 days (including 90 days), the railway operations enterprise restores ticket sales to them, where they do not pay back the owed ticket fare, railway operations enterprises will not restore ticket sales.

(3) The name list of persons barred from traveling in high-level seats on trains produced in other areas is valid for a period of one year, to be calculated from the end day of the publication period, after the year is finished, they are removed automatically; within the period of validity, if their statutory duties have been completed or fulfilled, the relevant depart shall notify the General Railway Company to remove them from the name list within 7 working days.

V, Litigation guidance

The Supreme People’s Court will strengthen guidance over all levels’ people’s courts, to deal according to the law with relevant civil lawsuits or administrative lawsuits triggered by implementation of the name list barring train travel, it will clarify trial standards, administer justice impartially, in order to safeguard all sides’ lawful rights and interests.

VI, Propaganda work

All relevant departments and all railway operations enterprises shall, with the assistance of all kinds of media platforms, give rein to their public opinion propaganda guidance role, forcefully launch railway credit propaganda dissemination and education activities. Use the “Sincerity Event Week”, the “Secure Production Month”, the “Sincere Commerce Propaganda Month”, the “15 March International Consumer Rights Protection Day”, the “14 June Credit Record Care Day”, the “4 December National Legal System Propaganda Day” and other such public interest activities, to propagate the content and implementation situation of the system to restrict train travel, and assist the broad social public to learn about and supervise the implementation of this system.

This Notice will be implemented from 1 May 2018.

National Development and Reform Committee

Central Spiritual Civilization Office

Supreme People’s Court

Ministry of Finance

Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security

State Administration of Taxation

Securities Regulatory Commission

General Railway Company

2 March 2018.

关于在一定期限内适当限制特定严重失信人
乘坐火车 推动社会信用体系建设的意见

发改财金〔2018〕384号

各省、自治区、直辖市、新疆生产建设兵团社会信用体系建设牵头单位、文明办、高级人民法院、财政厅(局)、人力资源社会保障厅(局)、国家税务局、地方税务局,中国证监会各派出机构,铁路运输企业、铁科院、各铁路公安局:
为深入学习贯彻习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想和党的十九大精神,落实习近平总书记关于构建“一处失信、处处受限”信用惩戒大格局的重要指示,按照《国务院关于建立完善守信联合激励和失信联合惩戒制度加快推进社会诚信建设的指导意见》(国发〔2016〕33号)要求,防范部分旅客违法失信行为对铁路运行安全的不利影响,进一步加大对其他领域严重违法失信行为的惩戒力度,现就限制特定严重失信人乘坐火车提出以下意见。
一、限制范围
(一)严重影响铁路运行安全和生产安全有关的行为责任人被公安机关处罚或铁路站车单位认定的
1.扰乱铁路站车运输秩序且危及铁路安全、造成严重社会不良影响的;
2.在动车组列车上吸烟或者在其他列车的禁烟区域吸烟的;
3.查处的倒卖车票、制贩假票的;
4.冒用优惠(待)身份证件、使用伪造或无效优惠(待)身份证件购票乘车的;
5.持伪造、过期等无效车票或冒用挂失补车票乘车的;
6.无票乘车、越站(席)乘车且拒不补票的;
7.依据相关法律法规应予以行政处罚的。
对上述行为责任人限制乘坐火车。
(二)其他领域的严重违法失信行为有关责任人
1.有履行能力但拒不履行的重大税收违法案件当事人;
2.在财政性资金管理使用领域中存在弄虚作假、虚报冒领、骗取套取、截留挪用、拖欠国际金融组织和外国政府到期债务的严重失信行为责任人;
3.在社会保险领域中存在以下情形的严重失信行为责任人:用人单位未按相关规定参加社会保险且拒不整改的;用人单位未如实申报社会保险缴费基数且拒不整改的;应缴纳社会保险费且具备缴纳能力但拒不缴纳的;隐匿、转移、侵占、挪用社会保险基金或者违规投资运营的;以欺诈、伪造证明材料或者其他手段骗取社会保险待遇的;社会保险服务机构违反服务协议或相关规定的;拒绝协助社会保险行政部门对事故和问题进行调查核实的;
4.证券、期货违法被处以罚没款,逾期未缴纳的;上市公司相关责任主体逾期不履行公开承诺的;
5.被人民法院按照有关规定依法采取限制消费措施,或依法纳入失信被执行名单的;
6.相关部门认定的其他限制乘坐火车高级别席位的严重失信行为责任人,相关部门加入本文件的,应当通过修改本文件的方式予以明确。
对上述行为责任人限制乘坐火车高级别席位,包括列车软卧、G字头动车组列车全部座位、其他动车组列车一等座以上座位。
二、信息采集
(一)铁路旅客相关失信信息采集
在铁路站车发生上述行为,被公安机关予以行政处罚或立为刑事案件的,由相关铁路公安局通报相关铁路局集团有限公司,并纳入惩戒名单。未被公安机关处理的上述行为,由铁路站车工作人员收集有关音视频证据或2名旅客以上的证人证言或行为责任人本人书面证明,报铁路运输企业审核、认定后,纳入惩戒名单。
(二)其他领域相关失信信息采集
国家发展改革委、最高人民法院、财政部、人力资源社会保障部、税务总局、证监会将本部门确定的因发生严重失信行为需要纳入限制乘火车高级别席位的名单归集至全国信用信息共享平台,由平台推送给铁路总公司,由其按国家规定程序纳入限制乘火车高级别席位名单。如果之前已和铁路总公司建立数据传输通道的、实现名单信息共享的,可以保持原数据传统通道和信息共享方式,全国信用信息共享平台不再重复推送名单信息。
向铁路总公司提供的名单信息应当包括:被列入限制乘火车高级别席位名单人员的姓名、旅行证件号码、列入原因,有作为依据的法律文书的,还应当提供该法律文书的名称与编号。有关部门应当确定名单异议处理人,并通报铁路总公司。
三、发布执行和权利救济
各铁路运输企业每月第一个工作日在中国铁路客户服务中心(12306)网站、“信用中国”网站发布限制购买车票人员名单的完整信息,有关部门的异议处理人联系方式应当同时公布。名单自发布之日起7个工作日为公示期,公示期内,被公示人可通过铁路“12306”客服电话或向有关部门提出异议,公示期满,被公示人未提出异议或者提出异议经审查未予支持的,各铁路运输企业开始按照公示名单执行惩戒措施。被纳入限制购买车票名单的人员认为纳入错误的,可以向有关机关、单位提起复核。
四、移除机制
对特定严重失信人在一定期限内适当限制乘坐火车。相关主体从限制乘火车人员名单中移除后,不再对其采取限制乘火车措施,具体移除办法如下:
(一)行为责任人发生严重影响铁路运行安全和生产安全有关行为第1~3、7条的,各铁路运输企业限制其购买车票,有效期为180天,自公布期满无有效异议之日起计算,180天期满自动移除,铁路运输企业对其恢复发售车票。
(二)行为责任人发生严重影响铁路运行安全和生产安全有关的行为第4~6条的,各铁路运输企业限制其购买车票。行为责任人补齐所欠票款后(自补票次日算起),铁路运输企业恢复发售车票;行为责任人补齐第一次所欠票款一年内,三次发生上述4~6条行为的,行为责任人补齐所欠票款90天后(含90天),铁路运输企业恢复发售车票,不补齐所欠票款,铁路运输企业不对其恢复发售车票。
(三)其他领域产生的限制乘坐火车高级别席位的相关人员名单,有效期为一年,自公示期满之日起计算,一年期满自动移除;在有效期内,其法定义务履行完毕的,有关部门应当在7个工作日内通知铁路总公司移除名单。
五、诉讼指导
最高人民法院加强对各级人民法院指导,依法处理因执行限制乘坐火车名单而引发的有关民事诉讼和行政诉讼,明确审理标准,公正司法,维护各方合法权益。
六、宣传工作
各相关部门及各铁路运输企业应当借助各类媒体平台,发挥舆论的宣传引导作用,大力开展铁路信用宣传普及教育活动。利用“诚信活动周”“安全生产月”“诚信兴商宣传月”“3·15国际消费者权益保护日”“6·14信用记录关爱日”“12·4全国法制宣传日”等公益活动,有步骤、有重点地介绍宣传限制乘坐火车制度的内容和实施情况,帮助广大社会公众熟悉并监督这一制度的实施。
本通知自2018年5月1日起实施。

国家发展改革委
中 央 文 明 办
最高人民法院
财  政  部
人力资源社会保障部
税 务 总 局
证  监  会
铁 路 总 公 司
2018年3月2日

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s