Management Rules for Credit Information of Gravely Untrustworthy Subjects in Internet Information Services (Opinion-seeking Draft)

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Article 1: In order to stimulate the construction of credit in the Internet information services area, ensure the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, on the basis of the “Cybersecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “Planning Outline for the Construction of a Social Credit System”, the “State Council Guiding Opinions concerning Establishment and Perfection of Joint Incentive Structures for the Trustworthy and Joint Punishment Structures for the Untrustworthy, and Accelerating the Advance of Social Credit Construction”, the “State Council General Office Guiding Opinions concerning Accelerating the Advance of Social Credit System Construction and Building Novel Management Mechanisms Based on Credit” and the “State Council Notice  concerning Authorizing the Cyberspace Administration of China to Take Responsibility for Internet Information Content Management Work”, these Rules are formulated.

Article 2: These Rules apply to the imposition by cybersecurity and informatization departments, together with relevant departments, of credit blacklist management and joint punishment of the untrustworthy, concerning gravely untrustworthy subjects in Internet information services.

Gravely untrustworthy subjects in Internet information services as mentioned in these Rules, refers to subjects exhibiting gravely untrustworthy acts in the provision or use of Internet information services within the borders of the People’s Republic of China. Where gravely untrustworthy subjects are legal personnel, the application counterparts are the said legal person and their legal representative, leading personnel directly responsible for the gravely untrustworthy act, and other directly responsible personnel; where the untrustworthy subject is a non-legal person organization, the application counterparts are the said non-legal person organization and their main responsible persons, the leading personnel directly responsible for the gravely untrustworthy act, and other directly responsible personnel; where the gravely untrustworthy subject is a natural person, the application counterpart is the natural person themselves.

These Rules do not apply to minors.

Article 3: Cybersecurity and informatization departments as mentioned in these rules, refers to the Cyberspace Administration of China and provincial, autonomous region or municipal Internet information offices.

The Cyberspace Administration of China is responsible for compiling all kinds of gravely untrustworthy subject blacklists and focus attention name lists determined by cybersecurity and informatization departments nationwide, sharing them with relevant departments, and publishing them to society.

The Cyberspace Administration of China is responsible for determining, sharing, publishing and managing the blacklist of gravely untrustworthy subjects who have received administrative punishment from the Cyberspace Administration of China, have been brought in for a talk repeatedly, or have not forcefully rectified, and focus attention name lists.

Provincial, autonomous region and municipal cybersecurity and informatization offices are, on the basis of their duties, responsible for determining and managing blacklists of gravely untrustworthy subjects in Internet information services and focus attention name lists within their administrative areas, and for reporting them to the Cyberspace Administration of China for uniform sharing and publication.

Article 4: Where Internet information service providers or users meet one of the following conditions, the cybersecurity and informatization departments shall determine this to be a gravely untrustworthy act in the area of Internet information services, and the acting subject will be listed on the blacklist of gravely untrustworthy subjects in Internet information services:

(1) Where due to violation of Internet information content management-related laws and regulations, a cybersecurity and informatization department solely or together with relevant departments imposes the administrative punishment of website closure, cancellation of relevant business permits or cancellation of the business licence, revocation of permits or cancellation of filing;

(2) Where due to violation of Internet information content-related laws and regulations, a cybersecurity and informatization department an administrative punishment other than those listed in the above first clause and implementation is refused or implementation has not occurred according to requirements within the stipulated time limits;

(3) Where the fabrication, publication and dissemination through networks of information violating social norms, commercial ethics, sincerity and credit, or the wilful provision of technological or material support or other services for the fabrication, publication or dissemination of information violating social norms, commercial ethics, sincerity and credit, gravely destroys the order of communication in cyberspace, harms social and public interests and the lawful interests of the popular masses, resulting in deleterious social influence;

(4) Other circumstances where laws, administrative regulations and rules are violated, with gravely untrustworthy circumstances.

Article 5: Untrustworthy subjects who have committed relatively grave untrustworthy acts in Internet information services, or who have repeatedly committed minor untrustworthy acts that have not reached the determination standard for blacklist inclusion, will be listed on the focus attention name list:

(1) Where due to violation of Internet information content management-related laws and regulations, a cybersecurity and informatization department, solely or together with other departments has imposed an administrative punishment other than those listed in Article 4, Clause (1) of these Rules;

(2) where within one year of an untrustworthy act violating regulations occurring, a cybersecurity and informatization department has required talks three times or more (including three times);

(3) where other untrustworthy circumstances violating regulations exist, and it is necessary to dedicate focus attention.

Article 6: Blacklists determined by cybersecurity and informatization departments according to these Rules, shall be collected by the Cyberspace Administration of China, and subsequently undergo publishing procedures on the “Credit China” website according to relevant regulations on the construction of the social credit system, they shall accept objections raised by related work units and individuals. The time of publication is 15 working days, name list information where there is no objection to publication will be shared and published according to relevant regulations.

Article 7: The Cyberspace Administration of China shall report the blacklist and focus attention name list it determined and compiled to the same level’s social credit system  construction leading work unit, and share them with the nationwide credit information sharing platform.

Provincial, autonomous region and municipal Interne information offices will report their determined blacklists and focus attention lists to the Cyberspace Administration of China for uniform sharing and publication, and subsequently report them to the same level’s social credit system construction leading work unit for sharing.

Article 8: Cybersecurity and informatization departments will, on the basis of the provisions of these Rules, and according to the principles of lawfulness and openness, fairness and justice, strict gatekeeping, and protecting rights and interests, publish blacklist and name list information. The Cyberspace Administration of China will, together with relevant departments, publish blacklist and name list information on the “Credit China” website, and publish enterprise-related information through the national enterprise credit information publication system. Focus attention name list will be made externally open selectively.

Article 9: Publication of blacklist and name list information for gravely untrustworthy subjects in Internet information services will generally include the following content:

(1) Basic information of the relevant subject, where the subject is a legal person, this includes the legal person’s name, uniform social credit code, statutory representative, the names and identity card numbers of the leading personnel directly responsible for the gravely untrustworthy act and other directly responsible personnel (removing their date of birth code section, similar hereafter); where the subject is a non-legal person organization, it includes the non-legal person organization’s name, uniform social credit code, and the names and identity card numbers of the non legal person organization’s legal representative, the leading personnel directly responsible for the gravely untrustworthy act and the names and identity card numbers of other directly responsible personnel; where the subject is a natural person, it includes the name and identity card number of the natural person;

(2) The reason for inclusion on the name list, including the facts of the gravely untrustworthy act, the determining department, the determination basis, the date of determination, etc.;

(3) other information the cybersecurity and informatization department believes should be included.

Article 10: Credit recovery and blacklist or focus attention name list withdrawal for gravely untrustworthy subjects in Internet information services will be implemented with reference to relevant regulations on social credit system construction.

Article 11: The period of validity of blacklists and name list generally is three years, the period of validity is uniform with the blacklist or name list information publication period. Where, within three years from the date on which blacklist or name list information takes effect, no untrustworthy acts violating regulations have occurred, or the factual basis for inclusion of untrustworthy subjects has been eliminated, publication is ceased and the original publication channels are withdrawn. Where the implementation of administrative punishment decisions is obstructed or refused through violent or threatening means with grave circumstances or untrustworthy acts as provided in Article 4 or Article 5 of these Rules have occurred again during the period of blacklist or name list validity, it may be extended by one to three years. Gravely untrustworthy subject information determined to be withdrawn from blacklists or name lists, shall be granted removal within five working days.

Where blacklist or name list subjects recover credit by actively redressing the untrustworthy act, eliminating harmful influence and other such methods, and carry out relevant duties according to social credit system construction-related regulations, and put forward an application for withdrawal from blacklists or name lists with the determining department, they may be removed from blacklists or name lists earlier with the agreement of the determining department.

Article 12: Where relevant work units or individuals have objections to being listed on blacklists or name lists, they may submit an objection application with the determining department and provide evidentiary materials. The determining department shall, within 15 working days after receiving the objection application, respond whether or not this is accepted, and will feed back the verification result to the party concerned within twenty working days after acceptance. Where verification indicates they should not be listed on blacklists or name lists, removal will be granted within five working days.

Article 13: Cybersecurity and informatization departments will sign joint punishment cooperation memoranda of understanding with relevant departments according to social credit system construction-related regulations, and lawfully implement punitive measures including restriction from engaging in Internet information services, limitations on online activities, sector access bans, etc. against Internet information service providers and users listed on untrustworthiness blacklists and name lists. Where they are removed from blacklists or name lists according to the provisions of Article 11 or Article 12 of these Rules, they will no longer be the counterpart of joint punishment.

Where Internet information service providers or users are determined to be gravely untrustworthy by telecommunications, public security, culture and tourism, People’s Bank, market supervision, radio and television, press and publications, and other such departments and judicial bodies, the relevant determining department will handle the matter according to laws and regulations. Cybersecurity and informatization departments will cooperate with the implementation of joint punishment measures according to social credit system construction-related regulations against Internet information service providers and users listed on untrustworthiness blacklists and name lists by other management departments.

Article 14: Internet information service providers shall, according to relevant regulations, establish online platform user credit files, a name list of gravely untrustworthy users (including their real registered identity information) shall be regularly reported to the local cybersecurity and informatization department, where the cybersecurity and informatization department has verified and determined the matter according to the standards of Article 4 and Article 5 of these Rules, they are listed on the blacklist or focus attention name for gravely untrustworthy subjects on the basis of circumstances.

Article 15: Sectoral associations and commercial associations, as well as credit service bodies are encouraged to cooperate with cybersecurity and informatization departments to collect relevant information on gravely untrustworthy acts in the area of internet information services according to laws and regulations.

Article 16: These Rules take effect on (day, month, year). Where these Rules are inconsistent with regulations published earlier, these Rules apply.

互联网信息服务严重失信主体信用信息管理办法

(征求意见稿)

    第一条 为促进互联网信息服务领域信用建设,保障公民、法人和其他组织的合法权益,根据《中华人民共和国网络安全法》《社会信用体系建设规划纲要(2014-2020年)》《国务院关于建立完善守信联合激励和失信联合惩戒制度 加快推进社会诚信建设的指导意见》《国务院办公厅关于加快推进社会信用体系建设 构建以信用为基础的新型监管机制的指导意见》和《国务院关于授权国家互联网信息办公室负责互联网信息内容管理工作的通知》,制定本办法。

第二条 网信部门会同有关部门对互联网信息服务严重失信主体实施信用黑名单管理和失信联合惩戒,适用本办法。

本办法所称互联网信息服务严重失信主体,是指在中华人民共和国境内提供、使用互联网信息服务中存在严重失信行为的相关主体。失信主体为法人的,适用对象为该法人及其法定代表人、对其严重失信行为直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员;失信主体为非法人组织的,适用对象为该非法人组织及其主要负责人、对其严重失信行为直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员;失信主体为自然人的,适用对象为自然人本人。

未成年人不适用本办法。

第三条 本办法所称网信部门是指国家互联网信息办公室和省、自治区、直辖市互联网信息办公室。

国家互联网信息办公室负责归集由网信部门认定的全国各类互联网信息服务严重失信主体黑名单和重点关注名单,并同有关部门共享、面向社会发布。

受到国家互联网信息办公室行政处罚或多次约谈、整改不力的严重失信主体黑名单和重点关注名单,由国家互联网信息办公室负责认定、共享、发布、管理。

省、自治区、直辖市互联网信息办公室依据职责负责本行政区域内互联网信息服务严重失信主体黑名单和重点关注名单的认定和管理,并上报国家互联网信息办公室统一共享、发布。

第四条 互联网信息服务提供者和使用者有下列情形之一的,网信部门认定为互联网信息服务领域严重失信行为,行为主体列入互联网信息服务严重失信主体黑名单:

(一)因违反互联网信息内容管理相关法律法规,被网信部门单独或会同有关部门处以关闭网站、吊销相关业务许可证或者吊销营业执照、撤销许可或者取消备案的行政处罚的;

(二)因违反互联网信息内容管理相关法律法规,被网信部门单独或会同有关部门处以上述第一项以外的行政处罚且拒不履行或限期未按要求履行的;

(三)通过网络编造、发布、传播违背社会公德、商业道德、诚实信用等信息,或者故意为编造、发布、传播违背社会公德、商业道德、诚实信用等信息提供技术、设备支持或者其他服务,严重破坏网络空间传播秩序,损害社会公共利益和人民群众合法权益,造成恶劣社会影响的;

(四)违反法律、行政法规规定,失信情节严重的其他情形。

第五条 对在互联网信息服务领域发生较重失信行为或多次发生轻微失信行为但尚未达到黑名单认定标准的相关失信主体,列入重点关注名单:

(一)因违反互联网信息内容管理相关法律法规,被网信部门单独或会同有关部门处以本办法第四条第一项以外的行政处罚的;

(二)自发生违规失信行为起一年内被网信部门约谈三次(含三次)以上的;

(三)具有其他违规失信情节、有必要予以重点关注的。

第六条 网信部门依据本办法拟认定的黑名单,应由国家互联网信息办公室归集后按照社会信用体系建设有关规定在“信用中国”网站履行公示程序,并接受相关单位或个人提出异议。公示时间为15个工作日,公示无异议的名单信息将按照有关规定进行共享、发布。

第七条 国家互联网信息办公室应将所认定、归集的黑名单和重点关注名单报送同级社会信用体系建设牵头单位,并共享至全国信用信息共享平台。

省、自治区、直辖市互联网信息办公室将认定的黑名单和重点关注名单报送国家互联网信息办公室统一共享或发布后,报送同级社会信用体系建设牵头单位共享。

第八条 网信部门依照本办法的规定,按照依法公开、公平公正、从严把关、保护权益原则,对黑名单信息予以发布。国家互联网信息办公室会同有关部门通过“信用中国”网站发布黑名单信息,通过国家企业信用信息公示系统发布相关涉企信息。重点关注名单有选择地对外公开。

第九条 发布互联网信息服务严重失信主体黑名单信息一般包括以下内容:

(一)相关主体的基本信息,主体为法人的,包括法人名称、统一社会信用代码,法定代表人、严重失信行为的直接负责主管人员和其他直接责任人员姓名及其身份证号码(隐去出生年、月、日号码段,下同)等;主体为非法人组织的,包括非法人组织名称、统一社会信用代码,非法人组织主要负责人、严重失信行为的直接负责主管人员和其他直接责任人员姓名及其身份证号码等;主体为自然人的,包括自然人姓名及其身份证号码等;

(二)列入名单的事由,包括严重失信行为的事实、认定部门、认定依据、认定日期等;

(三)网信部门认为应当发布的其他信息。

第十条 涉及国家秘密、商业秘密、个人隐私或可能危及国家安全、公共安全、经济安全和社会稳定的相关信息依法不予公开。确需公开的涉及国家秘密、商业秘密、个人隐私的信息,发布前应进行必要的技术处理。

对依法不能公开的失信主体名单信息,通报失信主体所在单位或有关主管部门予以处理。

第十一条 互联网信息服务严重失信主体的信用修复、黑名单和重点关注名单的退出,参照社会信用体系建设有关规定执行。

黑名单有效期一般为3年,黑名单信息发布时限与其有效期一致。黑名单信息自生效之日起满3年且在有效期内未发生违规失信行为的,或者失信主体被列入黑名单的事实依据被撤销的,停止发布并撤出原发布渠道。对以暴力、威胁方法妨碍、抗拒履行行政处罚决定情节严重或在黑名单有效期内再次发生本办法第四条、第五条规定的失信行为的,可延长1至3年。对确定退出黑名单的失信主体信息,应在5个工作日内予以移除。

黑名单主体通过主动纠正失信行为、消除不良社会影响等方式修复信用,并按照社会信用体系建设有关规定履行相关义务,向认定部门申请退出黑名单的,经认定部门同意,可提前退出黑名单。

第十二条 有关单位和个人对被列入黑名单有异议的,可向认定部门提交异议申请并提供证明材料。认定部门应在收到异议申请后15个工作日内反馈是否受理,并自受理之日起20个工作日内将核实结果书面反馈当事人。经核实不应列入黑名单的,应在5个工作日内予以移除。

第十三条 网信部门按照社会信用体系建设有关规定同有关部门签署联合惩戒合作备忘录,对纳入失信黑名单的互联网信息服务提供者和使用者依法依规实施限制从事互联网信息服务、网上行为限制、行业禁入等惩戒措施。按照本办法第十一条、第十二条规定退出黑名单的,不再作为联合惩戒对象。

互联网信息服务提供者和使用者被电信、公安、文化和旅游、人民银行、市场监管、广播电视、新闻出版等部门和司法机关认定为严重失信的,由有关认定部门依法依规处理。对被其他管理部门列入失信黑名单的互联网信息服务提供者和使用者,网信部门依照社会信用体系建设有关规定配合实施联合惩戒措施。

第十四条 互联网信息服务提供者应按照有关规定建立网络平台用户信用档案,其中严重失信用户名单(含真实注册身份信息)应定期上报属地网信部门,经网信部门按照本办法第四条、第五条标准核实认定的,根据情形列入严重失信主体黑名单或重点关注名单。

第十五条 鼓励行业协会商会、信用服务机构配合网信部门依法依规收集互联网信息服务领域严重失信行为有关信息。

第十六条 本办法自 年 月 日起施行。此前发布的规定与本办法不一致的,依照本办法执行。

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