Procedural Regulations for Administrative Law Enforcement concerning Internet Information Content Management (Opinion-seeking Draft)
Chapter I: General Provisions
Article 1: In order to standardize and guarantee that Internet information content management departments exercise their powers according to the law, correctly impose administrative punishment, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of Internet information services, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, safeguard national security and the public interest, on the basis of the relevant provisions of the “Administrative Punishment Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “Administrative Coercion Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Strengthening the Protection of Online Information”, the “Internet Information Service Management Rules” and the “State Council Notice concerning Empowering the Cyberspace Administration of China to Take Responsibility of Internet Information Content Management Work”, etc., these Regulations are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »
(Opinion-seeking Revision Draft)
Chapter I: General provisions.
Article 1: In order to standardize Internet news information service activities, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of Internet news information services, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, safeguard national security and the public interests, on the basis of the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Strengthening the Protection of Online Information” and the “Internet Information Service Management Rules” and other such laws and administrative regulations, these Rules are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »
State Council Notice concerning Printing and Issuance of the Outline of Operations to Stimulate the Development of Big Data
GF No. (2015)50
All provincial, autonomous region and municipal People’s Governments, all State Council ministries and commissions, all directly subordinate bodies.
Hereby, the “Outline of Operations to Stimulate the Development of Big Data” is printed and issued to you, please implement it earnestly.
31 August 2015 Read the rest of this entry »
This translation was published first on China Law Translate, and is the result of a collaborative effort led by Jeremy Daum. It is republished here with his kind permission. I contributed translations of chapters I and II, amongst others.
The 15th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People’s Congress performed initial review of this “People’s Republic of China Cybersecurity Law (Draft)” in June 2014. The ” People’s Republic of China Cybersecurity Law (Draft)” is hereby released to the public on the Chinese National People’s Congress website for collection of public comments. The public can directly log in to the NPC website ((www.npc.gov.cn) ）and provide comments; and may also mail comments to the National People’s Congress Legal Work Committee, (Beijing, Xicheng District, Qianmen West Road #1, 100805) [in Chinese: 北京市西城区前门西大街1号，邮编：100805] Please clearly indicate on the envelope that it is a comment on the Cybersecurity Law draft. The consultation period concludes on: August 5, 2015. Read the rest of this entry »
Notice concerning Further Strengthening Management of Radio and Television Presenters and the Use of Guest Stars
This translation is based on a Xinhua announcement via QQ News. I am not sure this is the complete text of the Notice, given its brevity and lack of detail, but no more complete version has so far been published.
XGDF No. 129
I, Strictly implement on-the-job management regulations for presenters.
News, commentary and interview programmes may not have or covertly have assisting presenter positions, radio and television programmes must have a clear division of work between presenters and guest stars, presenters shall be responsible for anchoring, guiding and controlling the programme, it is prohibited to have “guest star presenters”, and guest stars cannot exercise the duties of presenters.
II, Strengthen information management of presenters’ professional conduct.
III, Earnestly implement pre-broadcast censorship and rebroadcast re-censorship structures.
IV, Strengthen education and training for presenters and guest stars.
V, Make clear who bears chief responsibilities, and ensure they are satisfactorily carries out.
VI, Ensure that presenter qualifications are inspected and management structures are constructed for presenters and guest stars.
This Notice takes effect on 1 July 2015. The Notice requires that all radio and television work units “grasp the research and formulation of management rules for presenters and the use of guest stars in that work unit, professional conduct information management rules, pre-broadcast censorship regulations and education and training plans.
Notice concerning Adjustment of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology’s Relevant Duties and Bodies
To: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
Your Ministry’s “Letter concerning Submitting the Opinions on Adjustment of Duties, Bodies and Personnel Allocation” (GXBR No. (2015)10) and relevant supplementary opinions (GRH No. (2015)50) have been received and read. After researching the matter and submitting it for approval to leading comrades in the State Council and Central Organization Department, hereby, matters concerning the adjustment of duties and bodies in your Ministry are notified as follows:
In order to implement the CCP Central Committee General Office and State Council General Office “Guiding Opinions concerning Promoting the Converged Development of Traditional Media and New Media”, encourage lawful and sincere business between newspaper and periodical work units and Internet media, promote the establishment and completion of copyright cooperation mechanisms, and standardize the online reprint copyright order, on the basis of the relevant regulations of the “Copyright Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “Copyright Law Implementation Regulations of the People’s Republic of China”, and the “Regulations to Protect the Right of Distribution Through Information Networks”, matters concerning standardizing the online reprint copyright order are hereby notified as follows: Read the rest of this entry »
On 6 February, the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization and China Mobile jointly organized a nationwide conference for cyber and information security, at which China Telecom, China Mobile, People’s Daily Online, Xinhua Online, Qihoo 360 and other such Internet and information technology firms committed to new list of proposals concerning reforming the online environment. These documents mostly have symbolic value, but demonstrate the continuing pressure on enterprises to “identify with” (rentong 认同) the State’s objectives.
Since the 18th Party Congress, and especially since the establishment of the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization, the Centre has put forward a series of major policies and strategic deployments concerning cybersecurity and informatization work, greatly inspiring internet and information technology enterprises as well as sectoral organizations nationwide. Everyone deeply feels major responsibilities, and shall dare to undertake work, act vigorously, give rein to their own superiorities, and truly make even greater contributions to safeguarding our country’s cyber and information security. To this end, the Chinese Cyberspace Security Association, together with all Internet and information technology enterprises and sectoral organizations publish the following proposal: Read the rest of this entry »
“Opinions concerning Further Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work in Higher Education Under New Circumstances”
The “Opinion concerning Further Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work in Higher Education Under New Circumstances”, published today, is the latest of a series of documents aimed at imposing stricter political discipline and control in China’s academia. The original document has not been published. The following is a translation of Xinhua’s summary.
The Central Committee General Office and the State Council General Office have recently issued the “Opinions concerning Further Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work in Higher Education Under New Circumstances”. The “Opinion” emphatically points out that ideological work is an extremely important work of our Party and our country, higher education is a forward battlefield in ideological work, and shoulders the important tasks of studying, researching and propagating Marxism, fostering and carrying forward the Socialist core value system, and providing talent guarantees and intelligent support for the realization of the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Doing higher education propaganda and ideology work well and strengthening the construction of the higher education ideological battlefields are strategic projects, steadfast projects and projects of casting souls, they relate to Party leadership over higher education, relate to the comprehensive implementation of the Party’s educational policies, relate to successors for the undertaking of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and have an extremely important and profound significance for consolidating the guiding position of Marxism in the ideological area and consolidating a common ideological basis for the united struggle of the entire Party, the entire country and all the people.
The “Opinion” consists of seven parts: I, Strengthening and improving higher education propaganda and ideology work is a major and urgent strategic task; II, guiding ideology, basic principles and main tasks; III, realistically promoting the entry of the theoretical system of Socialism with Chinese characteristics into textbooks, classrooms and minds; IV, Forcefully raising the ideological and political quality of higher education teaching teams; V, incessantly expanding higher education mainstream ideology and public opinion; VI, Striving to strengthen management of the higher education propaganda and ideology battlefield; VII, Realistically strengthening Party leadership over higher education propaganda and ideology work. Read the rest of this entry »
On 5 January, the Propaganda Department organised a conference for directors of local propaganda departments nationwide. Standing Committee member Liu Yunshan and Liu Qibao both gave speeches outlining propaganda priorities for 2015. Furthermore, it seems that the Cyberspace Administration of China organised a parallel meeting for propaganda online. There have been only intermittent references to this, which in a number of cases were removed from the Internet rapidly.
The following summary of the propaganda speeches was published on Xinhua’s website:
On 5 January, the Nationwide Propaganda Department Directors’ Conference was convened in Beijing. CCP Politburo Standing Committee Member and Central Secretariat Secretary Liu Yunshan attended and gave a speech. He stressed it was necessary to comply with the new demands of the development of the Party’s and State’s undertaking, firmly do propaganda and ideology work well, and provide powerful ideological and public opinion support for the comprehensive construction of a moderately prosperous society, comprehensively deepening reform, comprehensively govern the country according to the law, and comprehensively and strictly govern the Party.
Liu Yunshan pointed out that, to do propaganda and ideology work well, the most fundamental matter is using Socialism with Chinese characteristics to bring together an ideological consensus. We must persist in continuing to deeply study and implement the spirit of the series of important speeches by General Secretary Xi Jinping, work hard to understand the essence of this spirit, work hard to let it enter minds and hearts, and ensure that we study it so we can believe, use and practice it. Study to believe it means we must persist in ideals and convictions, and building firm spiritual supports; study to use it means we must persist in problem orientation, and use the spirit of the speeches to guide the resolution of real problems; study to practice it means we must internalize it in our hearts and externalize it in our practice, shaping strong forces for the promotion of the development of our undertaking and the realization of the Chinese Dream. Liu Yunshan stressed that propaganda and ideology work serves the bigger picture, it must closely revolve around the strategic “four comprehensives” deployment, grasp the correct public orientation guidance, strengthen propaganda and elucidation, create a beneficial environment, and promote the implementation of the Centre’s policy decisions. We must deeply move forward the construction of the Socialist cure value system, focus on model examples, focus on changing people through culture, focus on structures and standards, and incessantly consolidate the ideological and moral basis of the united struggle of the people of all ethnicities. We must persist in the creative orientation of putting people at the centre, stimulate writers to even more firmly take root among the people and take root in real life, and create ever more literary and artistic works that are imbued with real affairs and move people’s hearts, it is especially necessary to enhance the quality of works, stress social effect and prevent only looking at box office, only looking at viewing rates and only looking at clicks. We must fix our eyes on enhancing national cultural soft power, actively and colourfully tell China’s story well, strengthen the construction of international communication power, promote synergy with cultural marching out measures, and strive to create a good international public opinion environment. Liu Yunshan stressed that, to do propaganda and ideology work well, we must persist in Party management of propaganda and Party management of ideology, realistically grasp the leadership power and initiative in work. All levels’ Party Committees must bear general responsibility for ideological work, carry out the work to grasp the correct orientation and deploy guidance, strengthen supervision and inspection, grasp team construction, etc.; Party Committee secretaries must bear the first responsibility, take the lead in carrying professional responsibilities to the utmost; corresponding department s and work units must, in integration with their individual functions, make the responsibility they must bear more detailed, real and concrete.
CCP Politburo Member and Central Propaganda Department Director Liu Qibao chaired the Conference and provided work deployments, he stressed we must grasp the correct orientation, persist in value leadership, tell China’s story well, strengthen management according to the law, and strive for innovation and progress. We must deeply study, propagate and implement the spirit of the series of important speeches by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and deepen study, propaganda and education about Socialism with Chinese characteristics and the Chinese Dream; we must strengthen the Party Committees’ responsibility system in leading ideological work, and closely grasp the leadership power and the initiative in the ideological area; we must move forward the concretization and systematization of study, education and practice of the Socialist core value system, and strive to establish common value pursuits in all of society; we must improve public opinion guidance capacities and levels, consolidate and expand a positive, healthy and upward mainstream public opinion; stimulate literature and art workers to go deeply into life to let creation flourish, grasp the implementation of cultural structural reform tasks, truly, vividly and lively tell China’s story, improve national cultural soft power; strengthen grass-roots propaganda, ideology and cultural work, and promote the effective implementation of all tasks.
CCP Politburo Member and State Council Vice-Premier Liu Yandong attended the conference.
Notice concerning the Standardized Use of the National Common Spoken and Written Language in Radio and Television Programmes and Advertising”
In recent years, all levels’ radio and television organs earnestly cleaned up and rectified the phenomenon of non-standard language being used on radio and television, according to the requirements of the “Notice concerning Standardizing Language Used in Radio and Television Programmes and Spreading Putonghua”, and they have obtained clear results, phenomena such as the sedulous imitation of pronunciation with local characteristics, the indiscriminate use of foreign words and online jargon, etc., has been contained. But recently, we have heard reactions from audiences claiming that some radio and television programmes and advertising still contain problems of non-standard language and writing, such as wilful distortions and the messy use of proverbs, “the acme of perfection” was turned into “Shanxi is good and beautiful” [a play on words in which the homophone characters 尽 – the utmost – and 晋 – the abbreviation for Shanxi – are interchanged], or where “haste brooks no delay” was turned into “coughing brooks no delay” [a play on words in which the homophone characters 刻 – the moment – and 咳 – coughing – are interchanged], and so on. These ways do not conform to the basic demands of the “National Common Spoken and Written Language Law”, the “Radio and Television Management Regulations” and other such laws and regulations, they violate the spirit of inheriting and carrying forward the excellent traditional culture of the Chinese nation, they mislead the social public and especially the youth, and they must be firmly corrected. Hereby, the relevant work is notified as follows: Read the rest of this entry »
Beijing Municipality Self-Discipline Convention on Internet Application Programmes and Public Information Services
This convention was announced on 26 November 2014. According to Xinhua, it was signed by over 50 websites, including Sina, Netease and Sohu. In the Xinhua report, the names of companies such as Baidu and Tencent are conspicuously absent. I have not been able to verify whether they have signed this document or not.
Following the swift development of the mobile Internet, mobile Internet application programmes (hereafter named apps) have been applied increasingly broadly in areas such as information publication, commercial marketing, social interaction, etc., and their influence in areas such as cultural dissemination, economic growth and social development is growing increasingly large. At the same time, a number of unlawful and harmful phenomena have appeared, such as the use of apps to publish false information, disseminate online rumours, infringe users’ privacy, conduct illegal trading, disseminate obscene and vulgar information, etc., this gravely harms the lawful rights and interests of consumers, and gravely disorders the Internet information dissemination order. In order to standardize and guide apps and public information service activities, promote the healthy and orderly development of the app sector, and stimulate social harmony and national development, this Convention is formulated. Read the rest of this entry »