Content Management

Speech at the Work Conference for Cybersecurity and Informatization

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Xi Jinping

Today, we have convened a Work Conference for Cybersecurity and Informatization. I have always wanted to have this Conference. Since the 18th Party Conference, our country’s Internet undertaking has developed rapidly, cybersecurity and informatization work is moving forward steadily, we are gaining clear progress and achievements, and at the same time, a fair few shortcomings and problems exist. We have convened this Conference because we want to openly hear everyone’s opinions and suggestions, jointly explore some ways and means, in order to ensure that we can do our work ever better.

Just now, the comrades spoke very well, they analysed the new circumstances and new trends in the development of the Internet at present, they presented the new technologies and new tendencies in the development of informatization, and put forward very good opinions and suggestions, I feel greatly enlightened having listened to them. Their remarks reflect a pragmatic attitude, an innovative spirit and a strong sense of responsibility, they also reflect relatively high theoretical and practical levels in the area of the Internet, and are of great help in our improving our work. Relevant departments must earnestly research everyone’s opinions and suggestions, and absorb what they can absorb as much as possible. Next, I would like to discuss a few opinions, and exchange them with everyone. Read the rest of this entry »

Online Publishing Service Management Rules

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Chapter I: General Principles

Article 1: In order to standardize the online publishing services order, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of the online publishing services sector, on the basis of the “Publishing Management Regulations”, the “Internet Information Service Management Regulations” and relevant laws and regulations, these Rules are promulgated.

Article 2: These Rules apply to online publishing services provided within the borders of the People’s Republic of China

Online publishing services as mentioned in these rules refers to the provision of online publications to the public through information networks. Read the rest of this entry »

Procedural Regulations for Administrative Law Enforcement concerning Internet Information Content Management (Opinion-seeking Draft)

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Chapter I: General Provisions

Article 1: In order to standardize and guarantee that Internet information content management departments exercise their powers according to the law, correctly impose administrative punishment, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of Internet information services, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, safeguard national security and the public interest, on the basis of the relevant provisions of the “Administrative Punishment Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “Administrative Coercion Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Strengthening the Protection of Online Information”, the “Internet Information Service Management Rules” and the “State Council Notice concerning Empowering the Cyberspace Administration of China to Take Responsibility of Internet Information Content Management Work”, etc., these Regulations are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

Internet News Information Service Management Rules

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(Opinion-seeking Revision Draft)

Chapter I: General provisions.

Article 1: In order to standardize Internet news information service activities, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of Internet news information services, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, safeguard national security and the public interests, on the basis of the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Strengthening the Protection of Online Information” and the “Internet Information Service Management Rules” and other such laws and administrative regulations, these Rules are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

Opinions concerning Letting Socialist Literature and Art Flourish

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Central Committee

3 October 2015

In order to implement the spirit of the 18th Party Congress and the 3rd and 4th Plenums of the 18th Party Congress, earnestly implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech at the Forum on Literature and Art, and let Socialist literature and art flourish, the following opinions are put forward. Read the rest of this entry »

Outline of Operations to Stimulate the Development of Big Data

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State Council Notice concerning Printing and Issuance of the Outline of Operations to Stimulate the Development of Big Data

GF No. (2015)50

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal People’s Governments, all State Council ministries and commissions, all directly subordinate bodies.

Hereby, the “Outline of Operations to Stimulate the Development of Big Data” is printed and issued to you, please implement it earnestly.

State Council

31 August 2015 Read the rest of this entry »

Cybersecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China (Draft)

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This translation was published first on China Law Translate, and is the result of a collaborative effort led by Jeremy Daum. It is republished here with his kind permission. I contributed translations of chapters I and II, amongst others. 

The 15th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People’s Congress performed initial review of this “People’s Republic of China Cybersecurity Law (Draft)” in June 2014. The ” People’s Republic of China Cybersecurity Law (Draft)” is hereby released to the public on the Chinese National People’s Congress website for collection of public comments. The public can directly log in to the NPC website ((www.npc.gov.cn) )and provide comments; and may also mail comments to the National People’s Congress Legal Work Committee, (Beijing, Xicheng District, Qianmen West Road #1, 100805) [in Chinese: 北京市西城区前门西大街1号,邮编:100805] Please clearly indicate on the envelope that it is a comment on the Cybersecurity Law draft. The consultation period concludes on: August 5, 2015. Read the rest of this entry »

Notice concerning Further Strengthening Management of Radio and Television Presenters and the Use of Guest Stars

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This translation is based on a Xinhua announcement via QQ News. I am not sure this is the complete text of the Notice, given its brevity and lack of detail, but no more complete version has so far been published.

XGDF No. [2015]129

I, Strictly implement on-the-job management regulations for presenters.

News, commentary and interview programmes may not have or covertly have assisting presenter positions, radio and television programmes must have a clear division of work between presenters and guest stars, presenters shall be responsible for anchoring, guiding and controlling the programme, it is prohibited to have “guest star presenters”, and guest stars cannot exercise the duties of presenters.

II, Strengthen information management of presenters’ professional conduct.

III, Earnestly implement pre-broadcast censorship and rebroadcast re-censorship structures.

IV, Strengthen education and training for presenters and guest stars.

V, Make clear who bears chief responsibilities, and ensure they are satisfactorily carries out.

VI, Ensure that presenter qualifications are inspected and management structures are constructed for presenters and guest stars.

This Notice takes effect on 1 July 2015. The Notice requires that all radio and television work units “grasp the research and formulation of management rules for presenters and the use of guest stars in that work unit, professional conduct information management rules, pre-broadcast censorship regulations and education and training plans.

国家新闻出版广电总局关于进一步加强广播电视主持人和嘉宾使用管理的通知

新广电发[2015]129号

一、严格执行主持人上岗管理规定。

新闻、评论和访谈类节目不得设置或变相设置辅助性主持岗位,广播电视节目要明确主持人和嘉宾的分工,主持人应承担节目的串联、引导、把控等功能,不得设置“嘉宾主持”,嘉宾不能行使主持人职能。

二、加强主持人职务行为信息管理。

三、认真落实播前审查和重播重审制度。

四、加强主持人和嘉宾教育培训。

五、明确责任主体,确保落实到位。

六、做好主持人资质清查和主持人、嘉宾管理制度建设工作。

本通知自2015年7月1日起正式执行。通知要求各广播电视单位“抓紧研究制定本单位主持人和嘉宾使用管理办法,职务行为信息管理办法,播前审查细则和教育培训方案。”

Management Rules for the Dissemination of Audiovisual Programmes through the Internet and Other Information Networks

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(Opinion-solicitation draft)

Chapter I: General Principles

Article 1: In order to standardize the audiovisual programme dissemination order through the Internet and other information networks, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of audiovisual programme dissemination services through the Internet and other such information networks, safeguard the national interest and the public interest, and protect the lawful rights and interests of the public and bodies involved, these Rules are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

Provisions on Admonishment Meetings with Internet News Information Services

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互联网新闻信息服务单位约谈工作规定

第二条 国家互联网信息办公室、地方互联网信息办公室建立互联网新闻信息服务单位约谈制度。

(一)未及时处理公民、法人和其他组织关于互联网新闻信息服务的投诉、举报情节严重的;

(二)通过采编、发布、转载、删除新闻信息等谋取不正当利益的;

(三)违反互联网用户账号名称注册、使用、管理相关规定情节严重的;

(四)未及时处置违法信息情节严重的;

(五)未及时落实监管措施情节严重的;

(六)内容管理和网络安全制度不健全、不落实的;

(七)网站日常考核中问题突出的;

(八)年检中问题突出的;

(九)其他违反相关法律法规规定需要约谈的情形。

互联网新闻信息服务单位应当及时落实整改要求,依法提供互联网新闻信息服务。

约谈情况记入互联网新闻信息服务单位日常考核和年检档案。

第十条 本规定由国家互联网信息办公室负责解释,自2015年6月1日起实施。

Notice concerning Adjustment of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology’s Relevant Duties and Bodies

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To: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology

Your Ministry’s “Letter concerning Submitting the Opinions on Adjustment of Duties, Bodies and Personnel Allocation” (GXBR No. (2015)10) and relevant supplementary opinions (GRH No. (2015)50) have been received and read. After researching the matter and submitting it for approval to leading comrades in the State Council and Central Organization Department, hereby, matters concerning the adjustment of duties and bodies in your Ministry are notified as follows:

Read the rest of this entry »

Notice concerning the Standardization of the Online Reprinting Copyright Order

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In order to implement the CCP Central Committee General Office and State Council General Office “Guiding Opinions concerning Promoting the Converged Development of Traditional Media and New Media”, encourage lawful and sincere business between newspaper and periodical work units and Internet media, promote the establishment and completion of copyright cooperation mechanisms, and standardize the online reprint copyright order, on the basis of the relevant regulations of the “Copyright Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “Copyright Law Implementation Regulations of the People’s Republic of China”, and the “Regulations to Protect the Right of Distribution Through Information Networks”, matters concerning standardizing the online reprint copyright order are hereby notified as follows: Read the rest of this entry »

Proposal on Upholding Cyber and Information Security

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On 6 February, the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization and China Mobile jointly organized a nationwide conference for cyber and information security, at which China Telecom, China Mobile, People’s Daily Online, Xinhua Online, Qihoo 360 and other such Internet and information technology firms committed to new list of proposals concerning reforming the online environment. These documents mostly have symbolic value, but demonstrate the continuing pressure on enterprises to “identify with” (rentong ) the State’s objectives.

Since the 18th Party Congress, and especially since the establishment of the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization, the Centre has put forward a series of major policies and strategic deployments concerning cybersecurity and informatization work, greatly inspiring internet and information technology enterprises as well as sectoral organizations nationwide. Everyone deeply feels major responsibilities, and shall dare to undertake work, act vigorously, give rein to their own superiorities, and truly make even greater contributions to safeguarding our country’s cyber and information security. To this end, the Chinese Cyberspace Security Association, together with all Internet and information technology enterprises and sectoral organizations publish the following proposal: Read the rest of this entry »

Internet User Account Name Management Regulations

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Article 1: In order to strengthen management over Internet user account names, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, and on the basis of the “State Council Notice concerning Empowering the Cyberspace Administration of China to Be Responsible for Internet Information Content Management Work” and relevant laws and administrative regulations, these Regulations are formulated.

Internet user account names as mentioned in these Regulations, refers to the account names of bodies or individuals registered or used in blogs, microblogs, instant communication tools, forums posting bars, posting comments and other such Internet information services. Read the rest of this entry »

“Opinions concerning Further Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work in Higher Education Under New Circumstances”

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The “Opinion concerning Further Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work in Higher Education Under New Circumstances”, published today, is the latest of a series of documents aimed at imposing stricter political discipline and control in China’s academia. The original document has not been published. The following is a translation of Xinhua’s summary.

The Central Committee General Office and the State Council General Office have recently issued the “Opinions concerning Further Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work in Higher Education Under New Circumstances”. The “Opinion” emphatically points out that ideological work is an extremely important work of our Party and our country, higher education is a forward battlefield in ideological work, and shoulders the important tasks of studying, researching and propagating Marxism, fostering and carrying forward the Socialist core value system, and providing talent guarantees and intelligent support for the realization of the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Doing higher education propaganda and ideology work well and strengthening the construction of the higher education ideological battlefields are strategic projects, steadfast projects and projects of casting souls, they relate to Party leadership over higher education, relate to the comprehensive implementation of the Party’s educational policies, relate to successors for the undertaking of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and have an extremely important and profound significance for consolidating the guiding position of Marxism in the ideological area and consolidating a common ideological basis for the united struggle of the entire Party, the entire country and all the people.

The “Opinion” consists of seven parts: I, Strengthening and improving higher education propaganda and ideology work is a major and urgent strategic task; II, guiding ideology, basic principles and main tasks; III, realistically promoting the entry of the theoretical system of Socialism with Chinese characteristics into textbooks, classrooms and minds; IV, Forcefully raising the ideological and political quality of higher education teaching teams; V, incessantly expanding higher education mainstream ideology and public opinion; VI, Striving to strengthen management of the higher education propaganda and ideology battlefield; VII, Realistically strengthening Party leadership over higher education propaganda and ideology work. Read the rest of this entry »

China’s propaganda leaders outline priorities for 2015

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On 5 January, the Propaganda Department organised a conference for directors of local propaganda departments nationwide. Standing Committee member Liu Yunshan and Liu Qibao both gave speeches outlining propaganda priorities for 2015. Furthermore, it seems that the Cyberspace Administration of China organised a parallel meeting for propaganda online. There have been only intermittent references to this, which in a number of cases were removed from the Internet rapidly.

The following summary of the propaganda speeches was published on Xinhua’s website:

On 5 January, the Nationwide Propaganda Department Directors’ Conference was convened in Beijing. CCP Politburo Standing Committee Member and Central Secretariat Secretary Liu Yunshan attended and gave a speech. He stressed it was necessary to comply with the new demands of the development of the Party’s and State’s undertaking, firmly do propaganda and ideology work well, and provide powerful ideological and public opinion support for the comprehensive construction of a moderately prosperous society, comprehensively deepening reform, comprehensively govern the country according to the law, and comprehensively and strictly govern the Party.

Liu Yunshan pointed out that, to do propaganda and ideology work well, the most fundamental matter is using Socialism with Chinese characteristics to bring together an ideological consensus. We must persist in continuing to deeply study and implement the spirit of the series of important speeches by General Secretary Xi Jinping, work hard to understand the essence of this spirit, work hard to let it enter minds and hearts, and ensure that we study it so we can believe, use and practice it. Study to believe it means we must persist in ideals and convictions, and building firm spiritual supports; study to use it means we must persist in problem orientation, and use the spirit of the speeches to guide the resolution of real problems; study to practice it means we must internalize it in our hearts and externalize it in our practice, shaping strong forces for the promotion of the development of our undertaking and the realization of the Chinese Dream. Liu Yunshan stressed that propaganda and ideology work serves the bigger picture, it must closely revolve around the strategic “four comprehensives” deployment, grasp the correct public orientation guidance, strengthen propaganda and elucidation, create a beneficial environment, and promote the implementation of the Centre’s policy decisions. We must deeply move forward the construction of the Socialist cure value system, focus on model examples, focus on changing people through culture, focus on structures and standards, and incessantly consolidate the ideological and moral basis of the united struggle of the people of all ethnicities. We must persist in the creative orientation of putting people at the centre, stimulate writers to even more firmly take root among the people and take root in real life, and create ever more literary and artistic works that are imbued with real affairs and move people’s hearts, it is especially necessary to enhance the quality of works, stress social effect and prevent only looking at box office, only looking at viewing rates and only looking at clicks. We must fix our eyes on enhancing national cultural soft power, actively and colourfully tell China’s story well, strengthen the construction of international communication power, promote synergy with cultural marching out measures, and strive to create a good international public opinion environment. Liu Yunshan stressed that, to do propaganda and ideology work well, we must persist in Party management of propaganda and Party management of ideology, realistically grasp the leadership power and initiative in work. All levels’ Party Committees must bear general responsibility for ideological work, carry out the work to grasp the correct orientation and deploy guidance, strengthen supervision and inspection, grasp team construction, etc.; Party Committee secretaries must bear the first responsibility, take the lead in carrying professional responsibilities to the utmost; corresponding department s and work units must, in integration with their individual functions, make the responsibility they must bear more detailed, real and concrete.

CCP Politburo Member and Central Propaganda Department Director Liu Qibao chaired the Conference and provided work deployments, he stressed we must grasp the correct orientation, persist in value leadership, tell China’s story well, strengthen management according to the law, and strive for innovation and progress. We must deeply study, propagate and implement the spirit of the series of important speeches by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and deepen study, propaganda and education about Socialism with Chinese characteristics and the Chinese Dream; we must strengthen the Party Committees’ responsibility system in leading ideological work, and closely grasp the leadership power and the initiative in the ideological area; we must move forward the concretization and systematization of study, education and practice of the Socialist core value system, and strive to establish common value pursuits in all of society; we must improve public opinion guidance capacities and levels, consolidate and expand a positive, healthy and upward mainstream public opinion; stimulate literature and art workers to go deeply into life to let creation flourish, grasp the implementation of cultural structural reform tasks, truly, vividly and lively tell China’s story, improve national cultural soft power; strengthen grass-roots propaganda, ideology and cultural work, and promote the effective implementation of all tasks.

CCP Politburo Member and State Council Vice-Premier Liu Yandong attended the conference.

Information Technology Development Trends and Ideological Security

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This article was published first in Red Flag Manuscripts on 25 December 2014. 

Giving high regard to and vigorously responding to the opportunities and challenges that scientific and technological development has brought to ideological work is an important experience of our Party in grasping the initiative in ideological work. At present, quite a few problems exist in the area of grasping the initiative in ideological work through our use of the newest achievements in information technology, and we are often reduced to a passive, responsive state. When looking at the reasons for this, the most important ones are that we lack foresight about information technology development trends, we often have countermeasures that resemble mending the stable when the sheep have run, and have few precautionary measures. For instance, where supervision and management of blogs, microblogs, WeChat and other communication tools is concerned, or the control on communication of heretical and terrorist videos is concerned, we have lagged behind the pace of information technology development to a substantial degree, and we have even lagged behind Western hostile powers and terrorists using these technologies. Many countermeasures have been taken when technology is already broadly applied, and we only passively respond when this creates a certain harm to us, this not only means that the resulting harm is difficult to avoid, it also increases the costs of response and causes the work of the Party and the government to become bogged down in passivity. The use of information technology advantages and the newest development achievement to engage in infiltration against our country is a long-term strategy of Western countries with the United States in the lead. Because of this, we must strengthen our foresight, acutely perceive the influence of the newest developments in information technology on ideological work, scientifically predict the newest methods that hostile forces may adopt, and establish response measures on a basis of a scientific prediction and correct grasp of technological development trends.

Read the rest of this entry »

Guiding Opinions concerning Promoting the Healthy Development of Online Literature

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Notice concerning Printing and Issuance of the “Guiding Opinions concerning Promoting the Healthy Development of Online Literature”

All provincial, autonomous and municipal press, publications, radio, film and television bureaus, the Xinjiang Production-Construction Corps Press and Publications Bureau, the Liberation Army General Political Department Propaganda Department Press and Publications Bureau, all Centre and State organs’ ministries and commissions, all democratic parties, all people’s organizations’ press, publications, radio and television controlling departments, the China Publishing Group Co., relevant Internet publishing bodies:

In order to implement the deployments of the 18th Party Congress and the 3rd and 4th Plenums of the 18th Party congress, earnestly implement the spirit of the important speech that General Secretary Xi Jinping grave at the Literature and Art Work Conference, and promote the healthy and orderly development of online literature, the “Guiding Opinions concerning Promoting the Healthy Development of Online Literature” are hereby issued to you, please implement them earnestly. All localities and all relevant departments must fully understand the important significance of stimulating the healthy development of online literature, strengthen organizational leadership, adopt forceful measures, firmly move work forward in all areas, incessantly guide online literature to practice the Socialist core value system, carry forward the true, the good and the beautiful, and disseminate positive energy.

State Administration of Press, Publications, Radio, Film and Television Read the rest of this entry »

Notice concerning the Standardized Use of the National Common Spoken and Written Language in Radio and Television Programmes and Advertising”

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In recent years, all levels’ radio and television organs earnestly cleaned up and rectified the phenomenon of non-standard language being used on radio and television, according to the requirements of the “Notice concerning Standardizing Language Used in Radio and Television Programmes and Spreading Putonghua”, and they have obtained clear results, phenomena such as the sedulous imitation of pronunciation with local characteristics, the indiscriminate use of foreign words and online jargon, etc., has been contained. But recently, we have heard reactions from audiences claiming that some radio and television programmes and advertising still contain problems of non-standard language and writing, such as wilful distortions and the messy use of proverbs, “the acme of perfection” was turned into “Shanxi is good and beautiful” [a play on words in which the homophone characters 尽 – the utmost – and 晋 – the abbreviation for Shanxi – are interchanged], or where “haste brooks no delay” was turned into “coughing brooks no delay” [a play on words in which the homophone characters 刻 – the moment – and 咳 – coughing – are interchanged], and so on. These ways do not conform to the basic demands of the “National Common Spoken and Written Language Law”, the “Radio and Television Management Regulations” and other such laws and regulations, they violate the spirit of inheriting and carrying forward the excellent traditional culture of the Chinese nation, they mislead the social public and especially the youth, and they must be firmly corrected. Hereby, the relevant work is notified as follows: Read the rest of this entry »

Beijing Municipality Self-Discipline Convention on Internet Application Programmes and Public Information Services

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This convention was announced on 26 November 2014. According to Xinhua, it was signed by over 50 websites, including Sina, Netease and Sohu. In the Xinhua report, the names of companies such as Baidu and Tencent are conspicuously absent. I have not been able to verify whether they have signed this document or not. 

Following the swift development of the mobile Internet, mobile Internet application programmes (hereafter named apps) have been applied increasingly broadly in areas such as information publication, commercial marketing, social interaction, etc., and their influence in areas such as cultural dissemination, economic growth and social development is growing increasingly large. At the same time, a number of unlawful and harmful phenomena have appeared, such as the use of apps to publish false information, disseminate online rumours, infringe users’ privacy, conduct illegal trading, disseminate obscene and vulgar information, etc., this gravely harms the lawful rights and interests of consumers, and gravely disorders the Internet information dissemination order. In order to standardize and guide apps and public information service activities, promote the healthy and orderly development of the app sector, and stimulate social harmony and national development, this Convention is formulated. Read the rest of this entry »