2 April 1948
Our policy is not only that we must cause the leaders to know, and the cadres to know, we must also cause the broad masses to know. Issues concerning policy, generally shall be propagated in Party newspapers or periodicals. We are in the middle of conducting reform of the land system. All policies relating to land reform shall be published in newspapers and broadcast on the radio, enabling the broad masses to be able to know it. When the masses have learned the truth, and have found a common objective, they will become of one mind. This is the same as waging war, to wage war well, not only the cadres must be of one mind, but the soldiers must be of one mind as well. In the Shanbei army, after consolidation and airing grievances, the consciousness of the soldiers was raised, they clearly understood why they waged war, and how to fight, everyone spoiled for a fight, morale was very high, and once they went into action, they were victorious. When the masses are of one mind, all matters will be easy to run. The basic principle of Marxism-Leninism, is that we must make the masses understand their own interest, unite, and struggle for their own interest. The function and power of newspapers, lies in them being able to let the masses see the Party’s programme, line, principles, polies, work tasks and work methods in the fastest and broadest way. Read the rest of this entry »
Dialectical materialism advocates that objects should be interpreted according to their true features, and no misconstruction, increase or decrease should be done. To put it bluntly: dialectical materialism is an honest doctrine, this means it is the doctrine of seeking truth from facts, and is the doctrine of science. Apart from the proletariat, other classes are unable to thoroughly and honestly understand matters, or they are simply not honest, because of their own narrow interest. Only the proletariat, because it is the most advanced productive class, is able to honestly understand matters, according to their true features and not misconstruing matters in any way, augmenting or depleting them in any way, not only is this the case, but also, it is able to oppose all dishonesty, and oppose all misconstruction. Read the rest of this entry »
Because the Party was under circumstances in which it worked secretly for a long time in the past, it was not possible to publish nationwide Party newspapers, because of this, it was only possible to rely on secret mimeographed publications to disseminate the Party’s various policies, which had the result that comrades did not understand Party newspapers. Under today’s new circumstances, the Party has established national Party newspapers and periodical, and because of this, those past concepts must be rectified, every comrade should give high regard to Party newspapers, read Party newspapers and discuss important documents from Party newspapers. Party newspapers report on all Party policies, and in the future, local Party [branches] must base themselves on the articles by major responsible comrades in Party newspapers and magazines, and research them as they are the Party’s policies and the Party’s work directions. The following sorts of articles in Party newspapers: (1) the editorials in the “Xinhua Daily”; (2) the articles by responsible comrades from the Central Committee Politburo in “Xinhua”, “Liberation” and “The Masses”, must be discussed and researched in the Party committees of branches at all levels. Read the rest of this entry »
The First Chinese Soviet National Congress solemnly proclaims to the working masses of the entire world and all of China the fundamental tasks that it must realize in all of China, which is the Constitutional Outline of the Chinese Soviet Republic.
The realization of these tasks has already begun in the present Soviet regions. But the First Chinese Soviet National Congress believes that the completion of these tasks can only occur after the overthrow of the rule of the imperialist Guomindang in all of China and the establishment of Soviet Republic rule in all of China. Furthermore, only at that time can the Constitutional Outline of the Chinese Soviet Republic be concretized, and become the detailed Constitution of the Chinese Soviet Republic. The National Chinese Soviet Congress sincerely calls upon the working masses of peasants and labourers in all of China to struggle for the realization of these fundamental tasks in all of China, under the leadership of the Provisional Government of the Chinese Soviet Republic. Read the rest of this entry »
Formulated on 12 May 1931
Promulgated on 1 July 1931
The National Government has established the Republic of China on the basis of the revolutionary Three Principles of the People and the Five-Powers Constitution. As [we] have gone from the period of military government into the period of political tutelage, it is proper to promulgate the Provisional Constitution, for all to abide by, in order to facilitate the creation of constitutional government, and hand over government [powers] to a government elected by the people. In solemn respect for the testament of the President [Sun Yat-sen] of the Chinese Nationalist Party that founded the Chinese Republic, the National Assembly was convened in the capital. The National Assembly formulated the following Provisional Constitution for the Republic of China During the Period of Political Tutelage Read the rest of this entry »
Article 1: The act of selling or disseminating volumes or pictures printed using machines or printing plates and other chemical materials is called publishing.
Article 2: The persons involved in publishing are the following:
I, The author.
II, The distributor.
III, The printer. Read the rest of this entry »
Since the Wuxu year , the number of periodicals has risen vigorously, and newspapers are also often bound in volumes and sold at fixed prices. Therefore, in the 6th month of the 32 Year of Guangxu , the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of Inspection and the Ministry of Education, have jointly determined the “Great Qing Special Code for Printed Materials” as follows:
Chapter I: Outline Read the rest of this entry »