Speech at the Work Conference for Cybersecurity and Informatization

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Xi Jinping

Today, we have convened a Work Conference for Cybersecurity and Informatization. I have always wanted to have this Conference. Since the 18th Party Conference, our country’s Internet undertaking has developed rapidly, cybersecurity and informatization work is moving forward steadily, we are gaining clear progress and achievements, and at the same time, a fair few shortcomings and problems exist. We have convened this Conference because we want to openly hear everyone’s opinions and suggestions, jointly explore some ways and means, in order to ensure that we can do our work ever better.

Just now, the comrades spoke very well, they analysed the new circumstances and new trends in the development of the Internet at present, they presented the new technologies and new tendencies in the development of informatization, and put forward very good opinions and suggestions, I feel greatly enlightened having listened to them. Their remarks reflect a pragmatic attitude, an innovative spirit and a strong sense of responsibility, they also reflect relatively high theoretical and practical levels in the area of the Internet, and are of great help in our improving our work. Relevant departments must earnestly research everyone’s opinions and suggestions, and absorb what they can absorb as much as possible. Next, I would like to discuss a few opinions, and exchange them with everyone. Read the rest of this entry »

Internet Domain Name Management Rules (Opinion-seeking Revision Draft)

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Chapter I: General Principles

Article 1: In order to standardize Internet domain name service activities, protect users’ lawful rights and interests, guarantee the security and reliable operation of the Internet domain name system, promote the development and application of Chinese-language domain names and national top-level domains, and stimulate the healthy development of China’s Internet, on the basis of the “Administrative Licensing Law of the People’s Republic of China” and the “State Council Decision concerning Establishing Administrative Licensing for Administrative Examination and Approval Matters that Need to Be Preserved” and other such provisions, and with reference to international Internet domain name management norms, these Rules are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

Persisting in Respect for the Principle of Cyber Sovereignty, Promoting the Construction of a Community of Common Destiny in Cyberspace

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The original text of this article was published in Seeking Truth, on 29 February 2016.

Lu Wei

Studying on Understanding and Reflecting on the Spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s Important Speech at the 2nd World Internet Conference

Key points

– The Internet is a new space and a new garden for humanity, it requires new rules and a new order. Persisting in the four principles of respect for cyber sovereignty, safeguarding peace and security, stimulating openness and collaboration, and building a good order, as well as the five standpoints of accelerating the construction of global network infrastructure, forging shared platforms for online cultural exchange, promoting innovation and development of the network economy, guaranteeing cybersecurity, and building an Internet governance system, have opened up the “Wuzhen Process” for global Internet development and governance.

– The thriving of malpractice in international cyberspace governance is rooted in the question of sovereignty. Cyber sovereignty is rooted in modern legal theory, and is the extension of national sovereignty in cyberspace. Respect for cyber sovereignty is a necessary requirement for opposing cyber hegemony, it is am important guarantee for safeguarding peace and security, it is a basic precondition for persisting in openness and collaboration, and is a firm basis for building a desirable order.

– Cyberspace is a common space of activity for humankind, all countries should strengthen communication, broaden consensus and deepen collaboration, to jointly build a community of common destiny in cyberspace. Respect for cyber sovereignty is dialectically one with building a community of common destiny in cyberspace, cyber sovereignty is the precondition for building a community of common destiny in cyberspace, and the community of common destiny in cyberspace is a guarantee for cyber sovereignty.

– China is a firm advocate and powerful defender of cyber sovereignty, it persists in correctly handling the relationships between freedom and order, security and development, openness and autonomy in cyberspace, it is exploring and marching an Internet governance path with Chinese characteristics. China will further move forward the reform of the global Internet governance system, promote the formulation of more balanced international norms for cyberspace that reflect the desires and interests of the absolute majority of countries, to jointly promote the healthy development of the Internet. Read the rest of this entry »

Speech at the News and Public Opinion Work Conference

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The full text of Xi Jinping’s speech has not yet been published. This is a translation of the People’s Daily report.

At the Party’s News and Public Opinion Work Conference, Xi Jinping Stresses Persisting in the Correct Orientation, Innovating Methods and Means, and Raising the Dissemination Strength and Guidance Strength of News and Public Opinion

Xinhua, Beijing, 19 February (Journalists: Li Bin, Huo Xiaogang) CCP Central Committee General Secretary, State President and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping chaired the News and Public Opinion Work Conference that convened in Beijing on the 19th, and gave an important speech. He stressed that the Party’s news and public opinion work is an important work, it is a great matter in governing the country and bringing peace to the nation, it must adapt to the developments of domestic and foreign circumstances, grasp its position by starting from the overall picture of Party work, persist in the Party’s leadership, persist in the correct political orientation, persist in the work orientation of putting the people central, abide by the laws of news and communication, innovate methods and means, and realistically raise the dissemination strength, guidance strength, influence and credibility of the Party’s news and public opinion.

Since the 18th Party Congress, the Party Centre with Xi Jinping as General Secretary has given high regard to the Party’s news and public opinion work, it has repeatedly researched relevant problems and made important deployments. The convention of this Conference is aimed to promote vigorous reform and innovation as the press and public opinion front adapts to circumstances and developments, and to comprehensively raise its working capabilities and levels.

In order to convene this Conference, Xi Jinping went to three Central news work units, the People’s Daily, Xinhua and CCTV, to conduct on-the-spot investigation and research.

CCP Politburo Member and Secretary of the General Secretariat Xi Jinping accompanied this investigation and research and attended the Conference.

On the morning of the 19th, Xi Jinping first went to the People’s Daily for investigation and research. In the editorial building, one poster after another, and one photograph after another, displayed the care of the Party Centre for the People’s Daily, reflecting the uncommon trajectory the People’s Daily has marched. On the one hand, Xi Jinping viewed these, and on the other hand listened to reports, he fully affirmed the important contributions the People’s Daily has made to the undertaking of the Party and the people in the 68 years since its first publication. At the editor-in-chief’s office night shift platform, Xi Jinping watched the editors composing [the newspaper], had warm interactions with everyone, encouraged them not to forget their original purpose, hold firm beliefs, run the newspaper well, and provide ever more and better spiritual nourishment to the people in the entire nation. Xi Jinping walked to the new media centre, listened to an introduction of microblog, WeChat and user terminal work in front of a large screen, sat down in front of a computer to send out voice information through a new media platform, and sent his Lantern Festival wishes and regards to the people in the entire country.

Afterwards, Xi Jinping came to the People’s Daily online television studio, linked wires with the People’s Daily journalists through video, and interacted with the villagers in Chixi Village, Ningde Municipality, Fujian. Chixi Village used to be an extremely poor village, and through many years, extricated itself from poverty with very visible results under the personal care and leadership of Xi Jinping, Xi Jinping gave important instructions on 29 January 2015 in material reflecting that village’s poverty relief work, stressing that the attack against poverty must be characterized by “diligence in spite of difficulty, tenacious struggle, erode the stone with drops of water, and gain success forever.” In the video, Xi Jinping successively spoke with the village’s Party Branch secretary Du Jiazhu, and the retired cadre Wang Shaoju who cared for and supported Chixi’s poverty relief for a very long time, he sent his regard to the village folk, exhorted them to safeguard the clear water and green mountains, and march a path of green development in which ecology enriches the people.

Around 10 o’clock, Xi Jinping came to Xinhua, where he viewed Xinhua’s special exhibition on “History and Development”. The box in which Chairman Mao’s manuscripts were kept, the hand crank of the Yan’an era,… He frequently halted and inquired about relevant circumstances. Responsible comrades from Xinhua made introductions about how they are currently accelerating the converged development of media, using eight kinds of characters every day to provide comprehensive media, news and information products to the world, and Xi Jinping expressed approval of this.

In the news information dispatching centre, Xi Jinping linked up with Xinhua journalists covering news in Lankao County, Henan through video. The journalists reported to the General Secretary about the grass roots cadres’ new appearance after changing their work styles which they encountered in their coverage, Xi Jinping encouraged the journalists to often go deep into the grassroots, and deep among the people, and timely discover and propagate the advanced models of grass roots cadres. Having seen Xinhua’s news information product exhibitions on the Silk Road database, the China Photographic Archive Digital Management System, etc., Xi Jinping touched on a mobile telephone screen to praise new workers nationwide through Xinhua’s user terminal. In the domestic department, a journalist who had just returned from “going to the grass roots” in Zhengding County, Hebei, reported to the General Secretary about the new changes in Tayuanzhuang Village, Xi Jinping requested him to transmit his best wishes to the village folk. Xi Jinping also went to the international department, the editorial department and other such work areas, had interactions with the united front editors and journalists, and expressed sympathies to everyone.

Around noon, Xi Jinping came to CCTV. He listened to introductions about CCTV’s sectoral work, media convergence, etc., he went to the general control centre to view a video exhibition about the construction of television communication capacity, he went to the “News Broadcast” studio and control room to understand about news production and broadcast processes from presenters and employees, and pushed buttons himself to experience a mock broadcast. Xi Jinping pointed out that CCTV has an audience of hundreds of millions every day, it absolutely must follow in step of the times, expand their horizon to include the whole world, plan a number of good columns that blend ideas and artistry, and run more good programmes that are universally appreciated, and incorporate teaching and play.

Learning about the rapid development of CCTV’s overseas business, and the newsgathering and communication networks that have already become globalized, XI Jinping linked up with CCTV North America’s responsible people through video, inquiring about foreign work circumstances, he hoped they would use their internationalized communication platform well, to objectively, truthfully and vividly report China’s economic and social developments, disseminate Chinese culture, tell China’s story well, and stimulate foreign audience to understand China better.

That afternoon, Xi Jinping chaired the Party’s News and Public Opinion Work Conference that was convened at the Great Hall of the People. At the Conference, the People’s Daily head Yang Zhenwu, Xinhua director Cai Mingzhao, CCTV head Nie Chenxi, editorial representative Fan Zhengwei, journalist representative Li Heyong and presenter representative Kang Hui gave speeches, they talked about their understanding, discussed their work and put forward suggestions. Xi Jinping listened and took notes, and repeatedly intervened for interaction.

After listening to their statements, Xi Jinping gave an important speech. Xi Jinping pointed out that for a long time, major Central media have breathed together with the Party and the people, and progressed in step with the times, they have vigorously propagated the truth of Marxism, propagated the Party’s standpoints and reflected the appeals from the masses, giving them an extremely important role in all historical periods of revolution, construction and reform. Since the 18th Party Congress, major Central media have prominently propagated the spirit of the 18th Party Congress and the 3rd, 4th and 5th Plenums of the 18th Party Congress, they have elucidated the Party’s major policy decisions and work deployments, they have reflected the magnificent practice and spiritual bearing of the people, they have sung the main melody, disseminated positive energy, and powerfully stimulated the great power with which the entire Party, the entire country and the people of all ethnicities have united and struggled to realize the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Xi Jinping stressed that doing Party news and public opinion well concerns the banner and the path, concerns the implementation of the Party’s theories, line, principles and policies, concerns the smooth progression of all undertakings of the Party and the country, concerns the cohesion and centripetal force of the entire Party, the entire country and the people of all ethnicities, and concerns the future destiny of the Party and the country. They must start grasping Party news and public opinion work from the overall picture of Party work, ensure that they give high regard to ideology, and are meticulous and powerful in their work.

Xi Jinping pointed out that, under the new circumstances of the times, the responsibilities and missions of Party news and public opinion work are: holding high the banner, leading the orientation, focusing on the Centre, serving the bigger picture, uniting the people, enhancing troop morale, creating decent people, concentrating hearts and gathering forces, clarifying falsehoods, clearly distinguishing right and wrong, linking up China and the outside world, and communicating with the world. To bear these responsibilities and missions, they must put their political orientation first, grasp the principle of the Party, firmly persist in the Marxist view of news, firmly persist in the correct political orientation, and firmly persist in putting positive propaganda first.

Xi Jinping stressed that Party news and public opinion work persists in the principle of the Party nature, which at its most fundamental level means upholding Party leadership over news and public opinion work. The media run by the Party and government are the propaganda battlefields of the Party and government, and must be surnamed Party. All the work of the Party’s news and public opinion media must embody the Party’s will, reflect the Party’s standpoint, safeguard the authority of the Party Centre, safeguard Party unity, and must love the Party, uphold the Party and be fore the sake of the Party; it is necessary to strengthen a mentality of emulation, and to maintain a high degree of consistency with the Party Centre in terms of ideology, politics and conduct; it is necessary to persist in the unity of the Party nature and the people’s nature, and turn the Party’s theories, line, principles and policies into the conscious behaviour of the popular masses, timely reflect the creative experience of the popular masses and the real circumstances they face, enrich the people’s spiritual world, and strengthen the people’s spiritual forces. The view of news is the spirit of news and public opinion work. We must deeply launch education on the Marxist view of news, guide the broad news and public opinion workers to be the disseminators of the Party’s policies and standpoints, the recorders of the winds and clouds of the times, the promoters of social progress, and the warders of fairness and justice.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the correct public opinion orientation must be upheld in all areas and all segments news and public opinion work. All levels’ Party newspapers and Party periodicals, radio and television stations must stress the orientation, metropolitan newspapers and new media must also stress the orientation; news reports must stress the orientation, supplements, special feature programmes and advertising must also stress the orientation; the orientation must be stressed in current affairs and news, the orientation must also be stressed in entertainment and social news; the orientation must be stressed in domestic news reports, the orientation must also be stressed in international news reports.

Xi Jinping stressed that unity, stability, encouragement and putting positive propaganda first are the basic principles that must be followed in news and public opinion work. To do positive propaganda well, attraction and infectiousness must be strengthened. Truthfulness is the lifeblood of news. We must describe reality on the basis of reality, both accurately report on specific matters and grasp and reflect the full picture of events or things at a macro level. Public opinion supervision and positive propaganda are one. News media must directly face up to problems existing in their work, directly face vile social phenomena, eliminate the bad and exalt the good, remonstrate against the problems of the times, and at the same time public critical reports, in which facts must be accurate and analysis objective.

Xi Jinping pointed out that, following the development of circumstances, the Party’s news and public opinion work must innovate ideas, content, carriers, forms, methods, means, business models, structures and mechanisms, and strengthen its focus and efficacy. It must suit to the communication trends of audience division and differentiation, and accelerate the building of a new structure for public opinion guidance. It must promote converged development, and actively draw support from new media communication superiorities. We must grasp the opportunities of the times, grasp the rhythm, pay attention to tactics, put forth efforts with regard to timeliness, degree and efficacy, and reflect the demands of timeliness, degree and efficacy. We must strengthen the construction of international communication capabilities, strengthen international discourse power, concentrate on telling China’s story well, and at the same time optimize strategic deployments, and strive to forge foreign propaganda flagship media with relatively strong international influence.

Xi Jinping stressed that media competition concerns talent competition, and the core of media superiority is talent superiority. We must accelerate fostering and bringing up a line of news and public opinion work teams with firm politics, exquisite professionalism, a good work style, in whom the Party and the people can put their trust. News and public opinion workers must strengthen the consciousness that politicians run newspapers, seek firm coordinates and orientations in focusing on the Centre and serving the bigger picture, keep their social responsibility firmly in mind, and incessantly resolve well this fundamental question of “for whose sake, relying on whom, who am I?” They must raise their professional capabilities, study diligently and train often, and strive to become all-media, expert talents. They must transform their work styles into their writing styles, bow their bodies, be humble at heart, observe actual circumstances, speak the truth, move true feelings, and strive to produce works that have ideology, temperature and quality. We they must put strict demands upon themselves, strengthen their moral cultivation, and maintain a healthy atmosphere within themselves. We must deepen the reform of cadre and human resource structures within news work units, fully trust news and public opinion workers in terms of politics, boldly use them in work, sincerely be concerned about them in life, and timely provide guarantees in terms of remuneration.

Xi Jinping pointed out that strengthening and improving Party leadership over news and public opinion work is the fundamental guarantee for the smooth and healthy development of news and public opinion work. All levels’ Party Committees must consciously take up their political responsibility and leadership responsibility. Leading cadres must strengthen their ability to interact with media, and be good at using the media to propagate policy standpoints, understand social circumstances and the popular will, discover contradictions and problems, guide social emotions, mobilize the popular masses, and promote concrete work.

Wang Huning, Liu Yandong, Liu Qibao, Li Zhanshu and responsible comrades from relevant Central departments respectively accompanied the investigation and research visits and the Conference. Responsible comrades from Central news and public opinion work unit, responsible comrades from relevant sides in Beijing municipality, and about 18 editors and journalists representing Central news work units attended the conference.


坚持正确方向创新方法手段 提高新闻舆论传播力引导力


新华社北京2月19日电(记者李斌 霍小光)中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平19日在北京主持召开党的新闻舆论工作座谈会并发表重要讲话。他强调,党的新闻舆论工作是党的一项重要工作,是治国理政、定国安邦的大事,要适应国内外形势发展,从党的工作全局出发把握定位,坚持党的领导,坚持正确政治方向,坚持以人民为中心的工作导向,尊重新闻传播规律,创新方法手段,切实提高党的新闻舆论传播力、引导力、影响力、公信力。





















Online Publishing Service Management Rules

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Chapter I: General Principles

Article 1: In order to standardize the online publishing services order, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of the online publishing services sector, on the basis of the “Publishing Management Regulations”, the “Internet Information Service Management Regulations” and relevant laws and regulations, these Rules are promulgated.

Article 2: These Rules apply to online publishing services provided within the borders of the People’s Republic of China

Online publishing services as mentioned in these rules refers to the provision of online publications to the public through information networks. Read the rest of this entry »

Joining Hands to Promote the Progress of the Global Internet

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Address at the 2016 New Year’s Reception

27 January 2016

Lu Wei

Respected envoys from all countries,

respected guests,

ladies, gentlemen, friends:

Good evening, everyone! As the Chinese New Year approaches, we are extremely honoured to have invited all you honoured guests, from embassies in China, Chinese and foreign Interest enterprises and bodies, famous domestic and foreign media, and relevant ministries and commissions to come together in the Diaoyutai national guesthouse, to have a friendly chat together, to talk Internet matters together, and to welcome the new Spring together. On the sincere behalf of the Office of the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization as well as the Cyberspace Administration of the People’s Republic of China, as well as in my own name, I’d like to express a warm welcome to everyone. And I’d like to express heartfelt thanks to all old friends and new friends for the contributions they have made to promote the interaction and cooperation between China and the global Internet. Read the rest of this entry »

Procedural Regulations for Administrative Law Enforcement concerning Internet Information Content Management (Opinion-seeking Draft)

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Chapter I: General Provisions

Article 1: In order to standardize and guarantee that Internet information content management departments exercise their powers according to the law, correctly impose administrative punishment, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of Internet information services, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, safeguard national security and the public interest, on the basis of the relevant provisions of the “Administrative Punishment Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “Administrative Coercion Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Strengthening the Protection of Online Information”, the “Internet Information Service Management Rules” and the “State Council Notice concerning Empowering the Cyberspace Administration of China to Take Responsibility of Internet Information Content Management Work”, etc., these Regulations are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

Internet News Information Service Management Rules

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(Opinion-seeking Revision Draft)

Chapter I: General provisions.

Article 1: In order to standardize Internet news information service activities, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of Internet news information services, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, safeguard national security and the public interests, on the basis of the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Strengthening the Protection of Online Information” and the “Internet Information Service Management Rules” and other such laws and administrative regulations, these Rules are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

Wuzhen Initiative

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The Internet is an important achievement in the progress of human civilization, it has become an important force that drives innovation, stimulates economic and social development, and enriches all of humanity. The Internet will transform the world into a “global village”, so that international society increasingly is becoming an interdependent community of common destiny. At the same time, the rapid development of the Internet has also brought challenges to national sovereignty, security and sustainable development. Vigorously and steadily responding to these challenges is the common responsibility of international society. From the World Summit on the Information Society in 2003, the Geneva Declaration of Principles and the 2005 Tunis Agenda to the Montevideo Statement as well as the Report of the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts on Information Security, international society’s consensus concerning Internet development and governance is broadening incessantly, and cooperation is deepening incessantly. We express congratulations for the results of the United Nations General Assembly WSIS +10 High-Level Meeting, and look forward to international society further deepening cooperation in the area of the Internet on the basis of the UN Charter as well as universally accepted international norms and principles. Read the rest of this entry »

Speech at the 2nd World Internet Conference Opening Ceremony

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Xi Jinping

16 December 2015, Wuzhen

Welcome, everyone, to beautiful Wuzhen, to talk together about fundamental matters in Internet development. First and foremost, on the sincere behalf of the Chinese government and the Chinese people, as well as in my own name, I express a welcome to all honoured guests who attend the second World Internet Conference. And I express warm congratulations on the convention of the Conference.

I have spent many years in Zhejiang, and have come to Wuzhen often. Coming here again today, I feel very warm and acquainted, and also feel a completely new impression in my ears and eyes. Last year, the first World Internet Conference was organized here, which promoted the rapid development of online makers, online hospitals, smart tourism, etc., and let this white-walled, black-tiled, thousand-year-old town burst forth with a new glamour. The networking and smartification of Wuzhen is a vivid portrait of the converging development of the traditional and the modern, the humanities and science and technology, it is a microcosm of the creative development of China’s Internet, and vividly reflects the idea of shared development of the global Internet. Read the rest of this entry »

New Paper – Cyber China: Updating Propaganda, Public Opinion Work and Social Management for the 21st Century

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The first two years of the Xi Jinping administration saw a thorough reconfiguration of Internet governance. This reconfiguration created a centralized and integrated institutional framework for information technologies, in support of an ambitious agenda to place digital technologies at the heart of propaganda, public opinion and social control work. Conversely, the autonomy and spontaneity of China’s online sphere was vastly reduced, as the leadership closed channels for public deliberation. This paper reviews the institutional and regulatory changes that have taken place between 2012 and 2014, and analyses the methods and purposes of control they imply. It can be downloaded free of charge from SSRN


Communiqué of the Fifth Plenary Meeting of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party

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Passed by the Fifth Plenary Meeting of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party on 29 October 2015)

The Fifth Plenary Meeting of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party was convened in Beijing from 26 to 29 October 2015.

199 Central Committee members and 156 alternate Central Committee members attended the meeting. The Central Discipline Inspection Committee Standing Committee members and responsible comrades from relevant sides attended the meeting in a non-voting capacity. A number of grass-roots comrades from among the representatives at the 18th Party Congress, experts and scholars also attended in a non-voting capacity.

The Plenum was hosted by the Central Politburo. Central Committee General Secretary Xi Jinping gave an important speech.

The Plenum heard and discussed the work report that the Central Politburo entrusted Xi Jinping to present, and deliberated and passed the “CCP Central Committee Proposals concerning Formulating the 13th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development.” Xi Jinping provided an explanation concerning the “Proposals (Discussion Draft)” to the Plenum. Read the rest of this entry »

Opinions concerning Letting Socialist Literature and Art Flourish

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Central Committee

3 October 2015

In order to implement the spirit of the 18th Party Congress and the 3rd and 4th Plenums of the 18th Party Congress, earnestly implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech at the Forum on Literature and Art, and let Socialist literature and art flourish, the following opinions are put forward. Read the rest of this entry »

New briefing paper: Governing the Web

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Recently, I contributed to the European Council on Foreign Relation’s China Analysis series of briefing papers. This paper, “Governing the Web” examines recent changes in Internet governance and regulation in China. 

“The internet has gained a new importance in Chinese domestic politics. It is seen as a powerful driver of economic reform, enables more effective social management by government, and realigns the central-local nexus within the party-state architecture.

“Nevertheless, there are international tensions, particularly in the relationship with the United States. Concerns about information and network security have driven China to pursue a policy of software indigenisation and to raise the requirements for foreign technology suppliers. They also fuel the hawkish voices that are already prominent in Chinese public discourse.

“If China and the international community wish to continue reaping the benefits of burgeoning technological change, it will be necessary to achieve some level of mutual co-operation that addresses China’s security concerns while maintaining the operational openness and ethos of collaboration at the heart of the internet’s architecture.”

The full paper can be downloaded free of charge on the ECFR website.

Outline of Operations to Stimulate the Development of Big Data

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State Council Notice concerning Printing and Issuance of the Outline of Operations to Stimulate the Development of Big Data

GF No. (2015)50

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal People’s Governments, all State Council ministries and commissions, all directly subordinate bodies.

Hereby, the “Outline of Operations to Stimulate the Development of Big Data” is printed and issued to you, please implement it earnestly.

State Council

31 August 2015 Read the rest of this entry »

Cybersecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China (Draft)

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This translation was published first on China Law Translate, and is the result of a collaborative effort led by Jeremy Daum. It is republished here with his kind permission. I contributed translations of chapters I and II, amongst others. 

The 15th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People’s Congress performed initial review of this “People’s Republic of China Cybersecurity Law (Draft)” in June 2014. The ” People’s Republic of China Cybersecurity Law (Draft)” is hereby released to the public on the Chinese National People’s Congress website for collection of public comments. The public can directly log in to the NPC website ((www.npc.gov.cn) )and provide comments; and may also mail comments to the National People’s Congress Legal Work Committee, (Beijing, Xicheng District, Qianmen West Road #1, 100805) [in Chinese: 北京市西城区前门西大街1号,邮编:100805] Please clearly indicate on the envelope that it is a comment on the Cybersecurity Law draft. The consultation period concludes on: August 5, 2015. Read the rest of this entry »

National Security Law of the People’s Republic of China

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(Passed at the 15th Meeting of the 12th National People’s Congress Standing Committee on 1 July 2015)

Chapter I: General principles

Article 1: In order to safeguard national security, defend the people’s democratic dictatorship regime and the system of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, protect the fundamental interests of the people, ensure the smooth progress of reform, opening up and Socialist modernization construction, and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, in accordance with the Constitution, this Law is formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

State Council Guiding Opinions concerning Vigorously Moving Forward the “Internet Plus” Plan

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GF No. (2015)40

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal People’s Governments, all State Council ministries and commissions, all subordinate bodies:

“Internet Plus” is the profound integration of the innovation achievements of the Internet with all areas of the economy and society, it promotes technological progress, efficiency improvement and organizational reform, it enhances innovation and productivity in the real economy and creates new, even broader economic and social development circumstances with the Internet as basic infrastructure and innovation of factors. In a new round of scientific and technological revolution, as well as industrial reform worldwide, the Internet has vast prospects and limitless potential for converged development with all areas, it has already become an unstoppable tide of the times, and is having a strategic and comprehensive influence on the economic and social development of all countries. Vigorously giving rein to the comparative advantages that our country’s Internet has already created, grasping opportunities, strengthening confidence and accelerating the development of “Internet Plus”, will benefit the remoulding of innovation systems, stimulating innovative dynamism, fostering new business models and innovative public service models, and has an important role in the forging of mass entrepreneurship, mass innovation and strengthening the “double engine” of public products and public services, in actively adapting to and guiding the new normal of economic development, shaping new drivers for economic development and realizing the qualitative improvement and efficiency of the Chinese economy. Read the rest of this entry »

Cybersecurity Law draft under discussion at NPC

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A few days ago, it was reported in the Chinese press that opinions were solicited concerning the promulgation of cybersecurity legislation. According to these reports, consultation meetings had already been held with large Chinese companies such as Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent, 360 and Huawei, and that public consultation would be imminent. In the mean time, a draft cybersecurity law has been presented to the National People’s Congress Standing Committee at its bimonthly meeting. No text has been released as of yet, but a Xinhua press release summaries the main points of the draft. 

Draft Cybersecurity Law: Safeguard Sovereignty in Cyberspace

Xinhua (Journalists Luo Yufan, Chen Fei)

In order to ensure cybersecurity, safeguard sovereignty and national security in cyberspace, stimulate the healthy development of economic and social informatization, the incessant perfection of laws and regulations in the area of cyberspace protection is urgently required. The 5th Meeting of the 12th National People’s Congress Standing Committee has deliberated a draft cybersecurity law on the 24th.

The draft has 18 articles in 7 chapters, and provides a concrete structural design for areas such as guaranteeing the security of network products and services, guaranteeing the security of network operations, guaranteeing the security of network data, and guaranteeing the security of network information. Read the rest of this entry »

Notice concerning Further Strengthening Management of Radio and Television Presenters and the Use of Guest Stars

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This translation is based on a Xinhua announcement via QQ News. I am not sure this is the complete text of the Notice, given its brevity and lack of detail, but no more complete version has so far been published.

XGDF No. [2015]129

I, Strictly implement on-the-job management regulations for presenters.

News, commentary and interview programmes may not have or covertly have assisting presenter positions, radio and television programmes must have a clear division of work between presenters and guest stars, presenters shall be responsible for anchoring, guiding and controlling the programme, it is prohibited to have “guest star presenters”, and guest stars cannot exercise the duties of presenters.

II, Strengthen information management of presenters’ professional conduct.

III, Earnestly implement pre-broadcast censorship and rebroadcast re-censorship structures.

IV, Strengthen education and training for presenters and guest stars.

V, Make clear who bears chief responsibilities, and ensure they are satisfactorily carries out.

VI, Ensure that presenter qualifications are inspected and management structures are constructed for presenters and guest stars.

This Notice takes effect on 1 July 2015. The Notice requires that all radio and television work units “grasp the research and formulation of management rules for presenters and the use of guest stars in that work unit, professional conduct information management rules, pre-broadcast censorship regulations and education and training plans.