Central Committee Decision concerning Launching Criticism and Self-Criticism in Newspapers

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(19 April 1950)

(1) Drawing the popular masses to openly criticize flaws and mistakes in our works in newspapers and periodicals, and educating Party members, and especially Party Cadres to conduct self-criticism concerning these flaws and mistakes in newspapers and periodicals, has become even more important and important at present. Because at present, the war on the mainland has come to an end, our Party is now leading the regime of the entire country, flaws and mistakes in our work can easily harm the interest of the broad people, and because of the position of regime leaders, and the rise of the prestige of the leaders, arrogant emotions easily come about, refusing criticism and suppressing criticism within and without the Party. Because of the emergence of these new situations, if we cannot openly and timely launch criticism and self-criticism in the entire Party and the broad people concerning the flaws and mistakes of our Party’s People’s Government and all economic organs and mass organizations, we will be poisoned by grave bureaucratism, and cannot complete the task of establishing the New China. Because of these reasons, the Central Committee has hereby decided: to launch criticism and self-criticism concerning all flaws and mistakes in our work in all open sites, within the popular masses, and especially in newspapers and periodicals. Read the rest of this entry »

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CCP Central Committee Decisions concerning Establishing a Propaganda Network for the Popular Masses in the Entire Party

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(1 January 1950)

I, At present, organizations at all levels of our Party overlook conducting regular propaganda work towards the popular masses, with the result that many mistaken and reactionary propaganda and rumours regularly circulate among the popular masses, these do not meet with timely, necessary and deadly attack by our Party, and the Party’s policies and positions have not been fully propagated and explained among the popular masses in a timely manner, because of this, great damage has been done to the undertaking of the people. At present, one of the main weak points of the Party’s propaganda work towards the popular masses is that all levels’ Party organizations often make it into a temporary work for a number of people, and have not set up the necessary structures to ensure it becomes a regular work of the whole body of Communist Party members, and that all levels’ Party committees provide systematic leadership and management. One of the duties of Communist Party members is that they must conduct propaganda towards the popular masses at all times and in all places, and go and educate the popular masses untiringly and with a revolutionary spirit, conduct and uncompromising struggle with all reactionary and mistaken ideologies and positions, enlighten and raise the consciousness of the popular masses. The fact that propaganda work towards the popular masses lacks regularity and organization will certainly hamper Communist Party members in effectively carrying out their duties in this regard, and cause that, when a number of Party members conduct work among the popular masses, they will easily be infatuated with dealing the popular masses with simple administrative ordering methods and not with persuasive and explanatory methods. The Party must resolve and eliminate this phenomenon, and strengthen propaganda work towards the popular masses. To this end, a regular propaganda network must be established for the people in a systematic manner, propaganda officers must be set up within every Party branch, announcers are to be set up in all levels’ leading Party organizations, and certain structures are to be established for the work of propaganda officers and announcers. Read the rest of this entry »

CPPCC Common Programme (Excerpt)

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Art. 5: The people of People’s Republic of China have the freedom rights of thought, expression, publication, gathering, organizing, communicating, body, residence, movement, religious belief and demonstration. Read the rest of this entry »

Instructions concerning Abolishing the Six Codes of the Guomindang and Determining Judicial Principles for the Liberated Areas

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(1) The understanding of the Six Codes of the Guomindang, among a good number of our judicial cadres, is mistaken and confused. There are not only a number of people who have studied old laws, revere them as sacred, and stress that they can also be used in the liberated areas; even among political cadres with relatively high responsibilities, there are people who believe that the Six Codes agree with the interests of the broad people, and that only a part of them, not the essence, does not conform with the interests of the broad people. In “How to Build Judicial Work”, published by the Northeast Press, all sorts of viewpoints concerning the Six Codes are raised, which is only one clear case in point. Read the rest of this entry »

CCP Instructions to Peng Zhen and Others concerning Agreeing to Organize a Film Examination Committee in Beiping

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To Peng, Ye and Zhao, with CC to the North China Bureau, the General Front Committee, the Tianjin Municipal Committee, the North-eastern Bureau, the East China Bureau, the Central Plains Bureau and the North-western Bureau:

Telegram from 7th day of Chou month read. Agree that you organize a film examination committee under the Military Management Council, and that it is composed of nine commissioners in total under Sha Kefu as director. The participation of democratic personalities from film circles should be attracted as much as possible, for example, Hong Shen has already arrived and should participate. But at present, our own films are very few in number, therefore, examination and prohibition standards must be lenient, films must not be banned because of a few shortcomings or a little harmful [content], in the first stage, it will do to just ban a number of films that are clearly reactionary and oppose the people’s democratic undertaking. Furthermore, for films that are only ideologically backward, we can wait with banning them until our own film production has become relatively large, and it is possible to replace them.

Original Chinese text to follow.

Film Examination Law

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Article 1: Films, regardless of whether they are produced in this country or abroad, may only be screened after the studio submits it for examination and approval and obtains a licence according to this Law. Read the rest of this entry »

Talk with the Editors of the Jinsui Daily

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Mao Zedong

2 April 1948

 

Our policy is not only that we must cause the leaders to know, and the cadres to know, we must also cause the broad masses to know. Issues concerning policy, generally shall be propagated in Party newspapers or periodicals. We are in the middle of conducting reform of the land system. All policies relating to land reform shall be published in newspapers and broadcast on the radio, enabling the broad masses to be able to know it. When the masses have learned the truth, and have found a common objective, they will become of one mind. This is the same as waging war, to wage war well, not only the cadres must be of one mind, but the soldiers must be of one mind as well. In the Shanbei army, after consolidation and airing grievances, the consciousness of the soldiers was raised, they clearly understood why they waged war, and how to fight, everyone spoiled for a fight, morale was very high, and once they went into action, they were victorious. When the masses are of one mind, all matters will be easy to run. The basic principle of Marxism-Leninism, is that we must make the masses understand their own interest, unite, and struggle for their own interest. The function and power of newspapers, lies in them being able to let the masses see the Party’s programme, line, principles, polies, work tasks and work methods in the fastest and broadest way. Read the rest of this entry »

Our Basic Viewpoint concerning Journalism

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Lu Dingyi

Dialectical materialism advocates that objects should be interpreted according to their true features, and no misconstruction, increase or decrease should be done. To put it bluntly: dialectical materialism is an honest doctrine, this means it is the doctrine of seeking truth from facts, and is the doctrine of science. Apart from the proletariat, other classes are unable to thoroughly and honestly understand matters, or they are simply not honest, because of their own narrow interest. Only the proletariat, because it is the most advanced productive class, is able to honestly understand matters, according to their true features and not misconstruing matters in any way, augmenting or depleting them in any way, not only is this the case, but also, it is able to oppose all dishonesty, and oppose all misconstruction. Read the rest of this entry »

Film Examination Law

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Article 1: All films, irrespective of whether they are produced in this country or abroad, may not be screened if they have not been examined and approved according to this Law. Read the rest of this entry »

Attracting Great Numbers of Intellectuals

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I, In the long-term and brutal war for national liberation, in the great struggle to establish a new China, the Communist Party must be good at attracting intellectuals, before it can organize great resistance forces, organize millions of peasant masses, develop revolutionary cultural activities and develop the revolutionary united front. Without the participation of intellectuals, revolutionary victory is impossible. Read the rest of this entry »

Central Committee Notice concerning Establishing Distribution Departments.

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22 March 1939

In order to appropriately disseminate, allocate and sell all sorts of Party publications, unify leadership over all sorts of distribution organs, break through the bans and blockades of Party publications set up by die-hard elements in all localities, and research all sorts of experiences in distribution work, the Centre has hereby decided:

(1) From the Centre to county Party Committees, distributions are to be established without exception, when necessary, regional Committees shall also establish distribution departments, branch Committees are to have a secretary in charge of distribution, distribution departments at the local Committee level and higher may, apart from having a director and the necessary secretaries, appoint some people as inspectors, according to work needs. Read the rest of this entry »

Central Committee Instructions to the Local Party concerning Party Newspapers

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Because the Party was under circumstances in which it worked secretly for a long time in the past, it was not possible to publish nationwide Party newspapers, because of this, it was only possible to rely on secret mimeographed publications to disseminate the Party’s various policies, which had the result that comrades did not understand Party newspapers. Under today’s new circumstances, the Party has established national Party newspapers and periodical, and because of this, those past concepts must be rectified, every comrade should give high regard to Party newspapers, read Party newspapers and discuss important documents from Party newspapers. Party newspapers report on all Party policies, and in the future, local Party [branches] must base themselves on the articles by major responsible comrades in Party newspapers and magazines, and research them as they are the Party’s policies and the Party’s work directions. The following sorts of articles in Party newspapers: (1) the editorials in the “Xinhua Daily”; (2) the articles by responsible comrades from the Central Committee Politburo in “Xinhua”, “Liberation” and “The Masses”, must be discussed and researched in the Party committees of branches at all levels. Read the rest of this entry »

Manifesto for the Foundation of the China Youth News Journalists’ Society

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The War of Resistance can certainly be won, at the same time, the War of Resistance will cast away the corrupt elements of China, and brand new forces will gradually emerge in the process of the War of Resistance, this is our belief.

We are composed of journalists devoted to the news cause, who have a young spirit, we firmly believe that China, with its population of 450 million, where the ordinary circulation of the best-selling nationwide newspapers has not exceeded 200.000 per day, and where the circulation of important nationwide newspapers does not exceed a million per day, on average five hundred people can read one newspaper. Since the War of Resistance, following the loss of many regions to the enemy, even though the domestic masses’ demand for newspapers have become ever more urgent, newspaper circulation has not soared hitherto, domestic poverty and weakness on one hand points out the path for the infinite development of China’s news cause, and on the other hand indicates that the news cause in the War of Resistance still waits for special efforts. Read the rest of this entry »

Instructions concerning Propaganda Content After the Establishment of the CCP-GMD Two-Party National United Front to Resist Japan

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(25 September 1937, from Luo Fu and Mao Zedong to Zhou Enlai, Li Boqu, etc.)

Comrades Zhou, Lin and Bogu, Jianying, Hannian, Yunmian, Juezai (let Lin tell him), as well as Comrades Zhu, Peng, Ren, Lin, Nie, He, Guan, Liu and Zhang:

A: Please base your conversations around the following points:

I, We announce that our talks to declare a United War (Front) with Mr Chiang are successful. The necessary basis for both parties to united and save the country has been laid. Read the rest of this entry »

Film Examination Law

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Article 1: All films, irrespective of whether they are produced in this country or abroad, may not be screened if they have not been examined and approved according to this Law. Read the rest of this entry »

Constitutional Outline of the Chinese Soviet Republic

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The First Chinese Soviet National Congress solemnly proclaims to the working masses of the entire world and all of China the fundamental tasks that it must realize in all of China, which is the Constitutional Outline of the Chinese Soviet Republic.

The realization of these tasks has already begun in the present Soviet regions. But the First Chinese Soviet National Congress believes that the completion of these tasks can only occur after the overthrow of the rule of the imperialist Guomindang in all of China and the establishment of Soviet Republic rule in all of China. Furthermore, only at that time can the Constitutional Outline of the Chinese Soviet Republic be concretized, and become the detailed Constitution of the Chinese Soviet Republic. The National Chinese Soviet Congress sincerely calls upon the working masses of peasants and labourers in all of China to struggle for the realization of these fundamental tasks in all of China, under the leadership of the Provisional Government of the Chinese Soviet Republic. Read the rest of this entry »

Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China for the Period of Political Tutelage

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Formulated on 12 May 1931

Promulgated on 1 July 1931

The National Government has established the Republic of China on the basis of the revolutionary Three Principles of the People and the Five-Powers Constitution. As [we] have gone from the period of military government into the period of political tutelage, it is proper to promulgate the Provisional Constitution, for all to abide by, in order to facilitate the creation of constitutional government, and hand over government [powers] to a government elected by the people. In solemn respect for the testament of the President [Sun Yat-sen] of the Chinese Nationalist Party that founded the Chinese Republic, the National Assembly was convened in the capital. The National Assembly formulated the following Provisional Constitution for the Republic of China During the Period of Political Tutelage Read the rest of this entry »

Film Examination Law

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11 October 1930

 

Article 1: All films, irrespective of whether they are produced in this country or abroad, may not be screened if they have not been examined and approved according to this Law. Read the rest of this entry »

Publishing Law

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Chapter I: General Principles

Article 1: Publications as named in this products, means documents and images printed using mechanic or chemical means for sale or distribution Read the rest of this entry »

Copyright Law of the Republic of China

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Chapter I: General Principles

Article 1: Those registering the right to copy of the listed works according to the law, will have copyright. Read the rest of this entry »