CCP Instructions to Peng Zhen and Others concerning Agreeing to Organize a Film Examination Committee in Beiping
To Peng, Ye and Zhao, with CC to the North China Bureau, the General Front Committee, the Tianjin Municipal Committee, the North-eastern Bureau, the East China Bureau, the Central Plains Bureau and the North-western Bureau:
Telegram from 7th day of Chou month read. Agree that you organize a film examination committee under the Military Management Council, and that it is composed of nine commissioners in total under Sha Kefu as director. The participation of democratic personalities from film circles should be attracted as much as possible, for example, Hong Shen has already arrived and should participate. But at present, our own films are very few in number, therefore, examination and prohibition standards must be lenient, films must not be banned because of a few shortcomings or a little harmful [content], in the first stage, it will do to just ban a number of films that are clearly reactionary and oppose the people’s democratic undertaking. Furthermore, for films that are only ideologically backward, we can wait with banning them until our own film production has become relatively large, and it is possible to replace them.
Original Chinese text to follow.
2 April 1948
Our policy is not only that we must cause the leaders to know, and the cadres to know, we must also cause the broad masses to know. Issues concerning policy, generally shall be propagated in Party newspapers or periodicals. We are in the middle of conducting reform of the land system. All policies relating to land reform shall be published in newspapers and broadcast on the radio, enabling the broad masses to be able to know it. When the masses have learned the truth, and have found a common objective, they will become of one mind. This is the same as waging war, to wage war well, not only the cadres must be of one mind, but the soldiers must be of one mind as well. In the Shanbei army, after consolidation and airing grievances, the consciousness of the soldiers was raised, they clearly understood why they waged war, and how to fight, everyone spoiled for a fight, morale was very high, and once they went into action, they were victorious. When the masses are of one mind, all matters will be easy to run. The basic principle of Marxism-Leninism, is that we must make the masses understand their own interest, unite, and struggle for their own interest. The function and power of newspapers, lies in them being able to let the masses see the Party’s programme, line, principles, polies, work tasks and work methods in the fastest and broadest way. Read the rest of this entry »
Dialectical materialism advocates that objects should be interpreted according to their true features, and no misconstruction, increase or decrease should be done. To put it bluntly: dialectical materialism is an honest doctrine, this means it is the doctrine of seeking truth from facts, and is the doctrine of science. Apart from the proletariat, other classes are unable to thoroughly and honestly understand matters, or they are simply not honest, because of their own narrow interest. Only the proletariat, because it is the most advanced productive class, is able to honestly understand matters, according to their true features and not misconstruing matters in any way, augmenting or depleting them in any way, not only is this the case, but also, it is able to oppose all dishonesty, and oppose all misconstruction. Read the rest of this entry »
I, In the long-term and brutal war for national liberation, in the great struggle to establish a new China, the Communist Party must be good at attracting intellectuals, before it can organize great resistance forces, organize millions of peasant masses, develop revolutionary cultural activities and develop the revolutionary united front. Without the participation of intellectuals, revolutionary victory is impossible. Read the rest of this entry »
22 March 1939
In order to appropriately disseminate, allocate and sell all sorts of Party publications, unify leadership over all sorts of distribution organs, break through the bans and blockades of Party publications set up by die-hard elements in all localities, and research all sorts of experiences in distribution work, the Centre has hereby decided:
(1) From the Centre to county Party Committees, distributions are to be established without exception, when necessary, regional Committees shall also establish distribution departments, branch Committees are to have a secretary in charge of distribution, distribution departments at the local Committee level and higher may, apart from having a director and the necessary secretaries, appoint some people as inspectors, according to work needs. Read the rest of this entry »
Because the Party was under circumstances in which it worked secretly for a long time in the past, it was not possible to publish nationwide Party newspapers, because of this, it was only possible to rely on secret mimeographed publications to disseminate the Party’s various policies, which had the result that comrades did not understand Party newspapers. Under today’s new circumstances, the Party has established national Party newspapers and periodical, and because of this, those past concepts must be rectified, every comrade should give high regard to Party newspapers, read Party newspapers and discuss important documents from Party newspapers. Party newspapers report on all Party policies, and in the future, local Party [branches] must base themselves on the articles by major responsible comrades in Party newspapers and magazines, and research them as they are the Party’s policies and the Party’s work directions. The following sorts of articles in Party newspapers: (1) the editorials in the “Xinhua Daily”; (2) the articles by responsible comrades from the Central Committee Politburo in “Xinhua”, “Liberation” and “The Masses”, must be discussed and researched in the Party committees of branches at all levels. Read the rest of this entry »
The War of Resistance can certainly be won, at the same time, the War of Resistance will cast away the corrupt elements of China, and brand new forces will gradually emerge in the process of the War of Resistance, this is our belief.
We are composed of journalists devoted to the news cause, who have a young spirit, we firmly believe that China, with its population of 450 million, where the ordinary circulation of the best-selling nationwide newspapers has not exceeded 200.000 per day, and where the circulation of important nationwide newspapers does not exceed a million per day, on average five hundred people can read one newspaper. Since the War of Resistance, following the loss of many regions to the enemy, even though the domestic masses’ demand for newspapers have become ever more urgent, newspaper circulation has not soared hitherto, domestic poverty and weakness on one hand points out the path for the infinite development of China’s news cause, and on the other hand indicates that the news cause in the War of Resistance still waits for special efforts. Read the rest of this entry »
Instructions concerning Propaganda Content After the Establishment of the CCP-GMD Two-Party National United Front to Resist Japan
(25 September 1937, from Luo Fu and Mao Zedong to Zhou Enlai, Li Boqu, etc.)
Comrades Zhou, Lin and Bogu, Jianying, Hannian, Yunmian, Juezai (let Lin tell him), as well as Comrades Zhu, Peng, Ren, Lin, Nie, He, Guan, Liu and Zhang:
A: Please base your conversations around the following points:
I, We announce that our talks to declare a United War (Front) with Mr Chiang are successful. The necessary basis for both parties to united and save the country has been laid. Read the rest of this entry »
The First Chinese Soviet National Congress solemnly proclaims to the working masses of the entire world and all of China the fundamental tasks that it must realize in all of China, which is the Constitutional Outline of the Chinese Soviet Republic.
The realization of these tasks has already begun in the present Soviet regions. But the First Chinese Soviet National Congress believes that the completion of these tasks can only occur after the overthrow of the rule of the imperialist Guomindang in all of China and the establishment of Soviet Republic rule in all of China. Furthermore, only at that time can the Constitutional Outline of the Chinese Soviet Republic be concretized, and become the detailed Constitution of the Chinese Soviet Republic. The National Chinese Soviet Congress sincerely calls upon the working masses of peasants and labourers in all of China to struggle for the realization of these fundamental tasks in all of China, under the leadership of the Provisional Government of the Chinese Soviet Republic. Read the rest of this entry »
Formulated on 12 May 1931
Promulgated on 1 July 1931
The National Government has established the Republic of China on the basis of the revolutionary Three Principles of the People and the Five-Powers Constitution. As [we] have gone from the period of military government into the period of political tutelage, it is proper to promulgate the Provisional Constitution, for all to abide by, in order to facilitate the creation of constitutional government, and hand over government [powers] to a government elected by the people. In solemn respect for the testament of the President [Sun Yat-sen] of the Chinese Nationalist Party that founded the Chinese Republic, the National Assembly was convened in the capital. The National Assembly formulated the following Provisional Constitution for the Republic of China During the Period of Political Tutelage Read the rest of this entry »
Passed at the First National Congress of the Chinese Nationalist Party on 21 January 1924.
I, The National Government is based on the revolutionary Three Principles of the People, and the Five-Powers Constitution, in order to build the Republic of China. Read the rest of this entry »
Dear comrades! This manifesto has been decided upon by the Chinese Communist Party in November of last year. The content of this Manifesto is only one part concerning the principles of Communism, and because of this, has not been externally published, however, this is a standard for accepting Party members. The Chinese original manuscript of this Manifesto cannot be found in this place, therefore, the brothers have translated this from the English manuscript. As it is more than a year ago that this Manifesto was decided, naturally, there are places that need revision or supplementing by now. I very much hope that all comrades carefully research this Manifesto, because every Communist must pay attention to this sort of important document – the Manifesto of the Communist Party. Moreover, it may raise discussion among the Communists in the Chinese delegation to the Far Eastern Peoples’ Conference. The result of the discussion must be consulted and adopted by the Chinese Communist Party. Read the rest of this entry »
Article 1: The act of selling or disseminating volumes or pictures printed using machines or printing plates and other chemical materials is called publishing.
Article 2: The persons involved in publishing are the following:
I, The author.
II, The distributor.
III, The printer. Read the rest of this entry »
11 March of the First Year of the Republic of China
Chapter I: General principles
Article 1: The Republic of China is composed of the Chinese people.
Article 2: The sovereignty of the Republic of China lies in the whole body of citizens.
Article 3: The territory of the Republic of China consists of the 22 provinces, Inner and Outer Mongolia, Tibet and Qinghai.
Article 4: The governing power of the Republic of China is exercised by the Assembly, the Provisional Great President, the Ministers and the Courts. Read the rest of this entry »