Communiqué of the 3rd Plenum of the 18th Party Congress

(Passed at the 3rd Plenum of the 18th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party on 12 November 2013)

The 3rd Plenary Meeting of the 18th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was held in Beijing from 9 to 12 November.

This Plenary Meeting was attended by 204 Central Committee members and 169 alternate Central Committee members. The Central Discipline Inspection Committee Standing Committee members and responsible comrades from relevant sides attended the meeting as non-voting delegates. A number of grass-roots comrades and expert scholars from among the representatives at the 18th Party Congress also attended as non-voting delegates.

The Plenum was organized by the Politburo. Central Committee General Secretary Xi Jinping made an important speech.

The Plenum listened to and discussed the work report that the Politburo entrusted Xi Jinping with, and deliberated and passed the “CCP Central Committee Decision concerning Some Major Issues in Comprehensively Deepening Reform”. Xi Jinping explained the “Decision (Discussion Draft)” to the Plenum.

The Plenum fully confirms the work of the Politburo since the 18th Party Congress. It is unanimously thought that, in the face of extremely complex international circumstances and the formidable and heavy tasks of domestic reform, development and stability, the Politburo comprehensively implemented the spirit of the 18th Party Congress and the 1st and 2nd Plenums of the 19th Party Congress, it held high the magnificent banner of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, took Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important “Three Represents” thought and the scientific development view as guidance, it united and led the entire Party, the entire military and the people from all ethnicities in the entire country, it persisted in the general work theme of seeking progress through stability, it strove for stable growth, structural adjustment and stimulation of reform, it calmly responded to all sorts of risks and challenges, it completely moved Socialist economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction and ecological civilization construction forward, it comprehensively moved the new magnificent project of Party building forward, it soundly moved the Party’s mass line education and practice movement forward, new progress has been achieved in all areas of work, it has promoted that the fruits of developments are extended to the whole body of the people in greater quantities and more fairly, and has realized a fine beginning in the first year of implementing the spirit of the 18th Party Congress.

The Plenum gave high appraisal to the successful practices and magnificent achievements of the Party in the 35 years since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress, it researched some major issues in comprehensively deepening reform, and believes that reform and opening up is a new magnificent revolution of the Party leading the people of all ethnicities in the entire country under new circumstances of the times, it is the clearest characteristic of contemporary China, it is the crucial choice that decided the fate of contemporary China, and is an important talisman for the undertaking of the Party and the people to take great strides in catching up with the times. In the face of new circumstances and new tasks, in order to comprehensively construct a moderately prosperous society, and thereby create a wealthy, strong, democratic, civilized and harmonious Socialist country, and realize the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, reform must be comprehensively deepened from a new historical starting point.

The Plenum stressed that to comprehensively deepen reform, we must hold high the magnificent banner of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, take Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important “Three Represents” thought and the scientific development view as guidance, persist in beliefs, concentrate a consensus, comprehensively plan matters, move forward in a coordinated manner, persist in the reform orientation of the Socialism market economy, make stimulating social fairness and justice, and enhancing the people’s welfare into starting points and stopover points, further liberate thoughts, liberate and develop social productive forces, liberate and strengthen social vitality, firmly do away with systemic and mechanistic abuses in all areas, and strive to open up an even broader prospect for the undertaking of Socialism with Chinese characteristics.

The Plenum pointed out that the general objective of comprehensively deepening reform is perfecting and developing the system of Socialism with Chinese characteristics and moving the modernization of the country’s governance structure and governance capacity forward. We must pay even more attention to the systemic nature, general nature and coordinated nature of reform, accelerate the development of the Socialist market economy, democratic politics, advanced culture, harmonious society and ecological civilization, let all vitality in labour, knowledge, technology, management and capital compete and burst forth, let all sources fur the creation of social wealth fully gush out, and let the fruits of development be extended to the whole body of the people in greater numbers and more fairly.

The Plenum pointed out that we must closely revolve around the decisive function that the market has in allocating resources. Deepen economic structural reform, accelerate the perfection of modern market systems, macroeconomic regulation systems and open economic systems, accelerate the transformation of economic development methods, accelerate the establishment of an innovative country, promote even greater economic efficiency, justice and sustainable development; closely revolve around deepening political structural reform on the basis of the organic integration of persisting in the leadership of the Party, the people mastering their own affairs and governing the country according to the law, accelerate moving forward with the institutionalization, standardization and proceduralization of Socialist democratic politics, accelerate the perfection of cultural management systems and cultural production and management systems, establish and complete modern public culture service systems and modern cultural market systems, promoting the grand development and grand flourishing of Socialist culture; closely revolve around guaranteeing and improving people’s livelihoods even better, stimulating social fairness and justice and deepening social structural reform, reform income allocation systems, stimulate common prosperity, move forward with institutional innovation in the social area, move forward with the equalization of basic social services, accelerate the formation of a scientific and effective social governance structure, guarantee that society is full of vitality, as well as harmonious and orderly; closely revolve around the construction of a beautiful China in deepening ecological civilization structure reform, accelerate the establishment of ecological civilization systems, complete land space exploitation, energy savings and use, ecological and environmental protection systems and mechanisms, promote the formation of a new structure for harmonious development, modernization and construction between human and nature; closely revolve around raising levels of scientific governance, democratic governance and governance according to the law in deepening Party building systems and mechanisms, strengthen democratic centralism system construction, perfect the Party’s leadership systems and governance methods, maintain the Party’s advanced nature and pureness, and provide form political guarantees for reform, opening up and Socialist modernization construction.

The Plenum pointed out that to comprehensively deepen reform, we must base ourselves on the largest reality that our country will remain in the preliminary stage of Socialism for a long time, persist in this major strategic judgment that development still is crucial in resolving all of our country’s problems, put economic construction central, give rein to the driving function of economic structural reform, promote relationships of production to be adapted to productive forces and the superstructure to be adapted to the economic base, promote that the economy and society develop in a sustained and healthy manner.

The Plenum pointed out that economic structural reform is the focus point for comprehensively deepening reform, the core issue is handling the relationship between government and the market well, to ensure that the market has a decisive function in resource allocation and to give fuller rein to the function of government.

The Plenum stressed that the successful practice of reform and opening up has provided important experiences for completely deepening reform, and must be persisted in for a long time. The most important matters are persisting in the leadership of the Party, implementing the Party’s basic line, not marching the old road of closedness and fossilization, not marching the evil road of changing banners and allegiances, persisting in marching the path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, guaranteeing the correct direction of reform and opening up throughout; persisting in liberating thoughts, seeking truth from facts, progressing with the times, seeking truth and being pragmatic, starting from reality in everything, summarizing domestic successful methods, learning from beneficial foreign experience, and daring to move theoretical and practical innovation forward; persisting in putting people first, respecting the dominant role of the people, giving rein to the pioneering spirit of the masses, closely relying on the people to promote reform, stimulating people’s comprehensive development; persisting in correctly handling the relationship between reform, development and stability, we must be bold, our pace must be steady, we must strengthen the integration of top-level design and crossing the river by feeling the stones, both stimulate overall progress and focus breakthroughs, raise the scientific nature of policymaking, broadly concentrate consensus and form joint forces for reform.

The Plenum demanded that decisive results are achieved in important areas and crucial segments by the year 2020, that an institutional structure that is systematic and complete, scientific and standardized, and effective in operation is formed, to ensure that institutions in all areas can become more mature and more finalized.

The Plenum made systematic deployments concerning comprehensively deepening reform, which stress persisting in and perfecting basic economic systems, accelerating the perfection of market economy systems, accelerating the transformation of government functions, deepening financial and fiscal structure reform, completing integrated structures and mechanisms of urban development, building open economic systems, strengthening Socialist democratic system construction, moving the construction of a rule of law country forward, strengthening restraints on the use of power and supervision systems, moving cultural structure and mechanism innovation forward, moving social undertaking reform and innovation forward, innovating social governance systems, accelerating ecological civilization system construction, deepening national defence and military reform, strengthening and improving the Party’s leadership over comprehensively deepening reform.

The Plenum pointed out that the basic economic system with public ownership at the core, jointly developing with many kinds of ownership systems is the main pillar of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and is the basis for the Socialist market economy system. The publicly owned economy and the non-publicly owned economy are both important component parts of the Socialist market economy, and are an important basis for our country’s economic and social development. We must unwaveringly consolidate and develop the publicly owned economy, persist in the dominant role of the public ownership system, give rein to the leading role of the State-owned economy, incessantly strengthen the vitality, control strength and influence of the State-owned economy. We must unwaveringly encourage, support and guide the non-publicly owned economy to develop, and encourage the economic vitality and creativity of the non-publicly owned economy. We must perfect asset protection systems, vigorously develop a mixed ownership economy, promote State-owned enterprises’ perfection of modern enterprise systems, and support the healthy development of the non-publicly owned economy.

The Plenum pointed out that establishing unified, open, competitive and ordered market systems are the basis for the market’s decisive function in resource allocation. We must accelerate the formation of a modern market system in which enterprises do business autonomously, with fair competition, free consumer choice, autonomous consumption, free flow of products and factors, and equal exchange, strive to eliminate market barriers, raise the efficiency and fairness of resource allocation. We must establish fair, open and transparent market rules, perfect mechanisms in which processes are mainly decided by the market, establish a uniform construction and land use market across town and country, perfect financial market systems and deepen science and technology structure reform.

The Plenum pointed out that scientific macro-economic regulation and effective governmental governance are immanent requirements to give rein to the superiority of the Socialist market economy. We must realistically transform government functions, deepen administrative structural reform, innovate administrative management methods, strengthen government credibility and implementation, and establish a rule of law government and a service-type government. We must complete macro-economic management systems, comprehensively and correctly implement government functions, optimize government organization and structuring, and raise scientific management levels.

The Plenum pointed out that finance is the basis and an important pillar of national governance, scientific financial and fiscal structures are an institutional guarantee to optimize resource allocation, safeguard market unity, stimulate social fairness and realize a long period of peace and order for the country. We must perfect legislation, clarify duties and responsibilities, reform the fiscal system, stabilize tax burdens, have transparent budgeting, raise efficiency, establish modern financial systems, and give rein to the vigour of both the Centre and the localities. We must improve budget management systems, perfect tax revenue systems and establish systems in which duties, responsibilities and payment obligations are mutually adapted.

The Plenum pointed out that the dual structure of town and country is the main obstacle restraining the integration of urban and rural development. We must complete structures and mechanisms, shape new types of industry-agriculture and urban-rural relationships where industry stimulates agriculture, cities stimulate the countryside, industry and agriculture work in a mutually beneficial manner, and town and country become one, to let the broad peasants equally participate in the process of modernization and jointly enjoy the fruits of modernization. We must accelerate the construction of new types of agricultural management systems, endow peasants with more property rights, move forward equal exchange of urban and rural production factors and a balanced allocation of public resources, and perfect urbanized healthy development systems.

The Plenum pointed out that to adapt to the new circumstances of economic globalization, we must promote mutual stimulation of domestic and international opening up, integrate bringing things in and matching out even better, stimulate the orderly and free flow of international and domestic production factors, high-efficiency resource allocation and deep market integration, accelerate the fostering of, participation in and development of competitive advantages in international economic cooperation, so that openness stimulates reform. We must relax investment access, accelerate the construction of free trade zones and expand inland and coastal openness.

The Plenum pointed out that to develop Socialist democratic politics, we must take guaranteeing that the people master their own affairs as the root, persist in and perfect the People’s Congress system, the system in which the Chinese Communist Party leads multi-party cooperation and political consultation, the ethnic autonomous region system as well as the grass-roots masses’ autonomy system, pay more attention to completing democratic systems, enriching democratic forms and fully giving rein to the superiorities of our country’s Socialist political system. We must promote that the People’s Congress system progresses with the times, move broad multi-level institutionalization and development of consultative democracy forward, develop grass-roots democracy.

The Plenum pointed out that to construct a rule of law country, we must deepen judicial structural reform, and accelerate the construction of a fair, high-efficiency and authoritative Socialist judicial system, safeguarding the people’s rights and interests. Let the authority of the Constitution and the law be safeguarded, deepen administrative law enforcement structure reform, guarantee that judicial power and prosecutorial power is exercised according to the law, independently and fairly, perfect judicial guarantee systems for human rights.

The Plenum pointed out that persisting in using institutions to manage power, manage affairs and manage people, let the people supervise power, let power be wielded in the sunlight, which are basic policies to lock up power in a cage of rules. We must build operational systems for scientific policymaking, firm implementation and powerful supervision, complete systems for corruption punishment and prevention, construct a clean and honest government, strive to realize that cadres are upright and just, government is clean and honest, and politics are bright and clear. We must shape scientific and effective mechanisms to restrain and coordinate power, strengthen anti-corruption system and mechanism innovation and institutional guarantees, and complete regularized institutions to improve work styles.

The Plenum pointed out that to construct a strong Socialist culture country and strengthen national cultural soft power, we must persist in the progressive orientation of advanced Socialist culture, persist in the cultural development path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, persist in the work orientation of putting people central, and further deepening cultural structural reform. We must perfect cultural management systems, establish and complete modern cultural market systems, build modern public cultural systems and raise cultural openness levels.

The Plenum pointed out that to realize that the fruits of development are extended to the whole body of the people in greater numbers and more fairly, we must accelerate the reform of social undertakings, resolve issues of interests that the masses are most concerned about, are most direct and are most real, and even better satisfy the people’s demands. We must deepen comprehensive reform in the educational area, complete systems and mechanisms to stimulate employment and entrepreneurialism, shape rational and orderly income allocation structures, establish fairer and sustainable social security systems and deepen structural reform in healthcare and hygiene.

The Plenum pointed out that to innovate social governance, we must focus on safeguarding the basic interests of the broadest people, increase harmonious factors to the broadest possible extent, strengthen the vitality of social development, raise social governance levels, safeguard national security, guarantee that the people can live and work in peace and contentment, and that society is stable and orderly. We must improve social governance methods and stimulate the vitality of social organizations, innovate effective systems to prevent and resolve social contradictions, complete public security systems, establish a National Security Committee, and perfect national security systems and a national security strategy, to guarantee national security.

The Plenum pointed out that to establish an ecological civilization, we must establish systematic and integral ecological civilization institutions and systems, and use institutions to protect the ecology and the environment. We must complete natural resource property right systems and use management systems, draw red lines for ecological protection, implement paid-for resource use systems and ecological compensation systems, and reform ecological and environmental protection and management systems.

The Plenum pointed out that [we must] closely revolve around the objective of building a line of strong armies for this Party under new circumstances, people’s armies which listen to the Party’s instructions, can be victorious in battle and have a fine work style, strive to resolve prominent contradictions issues and issues that restrain national defence and military construction and development, innovate and develop military theory, strengthen military strategy and guidance, perfect new-era military strategies and policies, and build a modern military force system with Chinese characteristics. We must deepen military structural and personnel allocation adjustment and reform, move adjustment and reform of military policies and institutions forward, and promote the integrated and deep development of the military and the people.

The Plenum stressed that to completely deepen reform, we must strengthen and improve that Party’s leadership, fully give rein to the Party’s core leadership function in assuming all responsibility for the entire picture and coordinating all sides, raise the Party’s leadership levels and governance abilities, to guarantee that reform is successful. The Centre is to establish a Leading Small Group on Comprehensively Deepening Reform, which is to be responsible for general planning of reform, comprehensive coordination, overall direction, and supervision of implementation. All levels’ Party Committees must realistically implement their leadership responsibilities over reform. We must deepen cadre human resource system reform, establish structures and mechanisms to concentrate talent, fully give rein to the vigour, initiative and creativity of the popular masses, encourage the local grass roots and masses to explore boldly and summarize experiences timely.

The Plenum has analysed the present circumstances and tasks, it stressed that the comrades in the entire Party must unite their thoughts and actions around the Centre’s major policies and deployments on comprehensively deepening reform, strengthen an enterprising mentality, an awareness of opportunities and a sense of responsibility, closely grasp orientations, boldly engage in practice and exploration, stress comprehensive planning and coordination, concentrate a consensus for reform, implement leadership responsibility, and unwaveringly realize the Centre’s reform policies and deployments. We must, according to the Centre’s deployments and policies, persist in seeking progress through stability, act on the basis of stability, realistically do all work matters well, maintain economic and social development momentum, be concerned about the lives of the masses and especially the masses in difficulties, stimulate social harmony and stability, continue to soundly push forward the Party’s mass line education and practice movement, and strive to realize the expected objectives of economic and social development.

The Plenum called upon comrades in the entire Party, who must closely revolve around the Party Centre with Comrade Xi Jinping as General Secretary, to forge ahead with tenacity, storm fortifications and overcome difficulties, compose a new historical chapter in the magnificent undertaking of reform and opening up, and struggle to comprehensively construct a moderately prosperous society, incessantly seize new victories for Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and realize the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!

新华社北京11月12日电 中国共产党第十八届中央委员会第三次全体会议公报(2013年11月12日中国共产党第十八届中央委员会第三次全体会议通过)

中国共产党第十八届中央委员会第三次全体会议,于2013年11月9日至12日在北京举行。

出席这次全会的有,中央委员204人,候补中央委员169人。中央纪律检查委员会常务委员会委员和有关方面负责同志列席了会议。党的十八大代表中部分基层同志和专家学者也列席了会议。

全会由中央政治局主持。中央委员会总书记习近平作了重要讲话。

全会听取和讨论了习近平受中央政治局委托作的工作报告,审议通过了《中共中央关于全面深化改革若干重大问题的决定》。习近平就《决定(讨论稿)》向全会作了说明。

全会充分肯定党的十八大以来中央政治局的工作。一致认为,面对十分复杂的国际形势和艰巨繁重的国内改革发展稳定任务,中央政治局全面贯彻党的十八大和十八届一中、二中全会精神,高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,以邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观为指导,团结带领全党全军全国各族人民,坚持稳中求进的工作总基调,着力稳增长、调结构、促改革,沉着应对各种风险挑战,全面推进社会主义经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设、生态文明建设,全面推进党的建设新的伟大工程,扎实推进党的群众路线教育实践活动,各项工作取得新进展,推动发展成果更多更公平惠及全体人民,实现了贯彻落实党的十八大精神第一年的良好开局。

全会高度评价党的十一届三中全会召开35年来改革开放的成功实践和伟大成就,研究了全面深化改革若干重大问题,认为改革开放是党在新的时代条件下带领全国各族人民进行的新的伟大革命,是当代中国最鲜明的特色,是决定当代中国命运的关键抉择,是党和人民事业大踏步赶上时代的重要法宝。面对新形势新任务,全面建成小康社会,进而建成富强民主文明和谐的社会主义现代化国家、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦,必须在新的历史起点上全面深化改革。

全会强调,全面深化改革,必须高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观为指导,坚定信心,凝聚共识,统筹谋划,协同推进,坚持社会主义市场经济改革方向,以促进社会公平正义、增进人民福祉为出发点和落脚点,进一步解放思想、解放和发展社会生产力、解放和增强社会活力,坚决破除各方面体制机制弊端,努力开拓中国特色社会主义事业更加广阔的前景。

全会指出,全面深化改革的总目标是完善和发展中国特色社会主义制度,推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化。必须更加注重改革的系统性、整体性、协同性,加快发展社会主义市场经济、民主政治、先进文化、和谐社会、生态文明,让一切劳动、知识、技术、管理、资本的活力竞相迸发,让一切创造社会财富的源泉充分涌流,让发展成果更多更公平惠及全体人民。

全会指出,要紧紧围绕使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用深化经济体制改革,坚持和完善基本经济制度,加快完善现代市场体系、宏观调控体系、开放型经济体系,加快转变经济发展方式,加快建设创新型国家,推动经济更有效率、更加公平、更可持续发展;紧紧围绕坚持党的领导、人民当家作主、依法治国有机统一深化政治体制改革,加快推进社会主义民主政治制度化、规范化、程序化,建设社会主义法治国家,发展更加广泛、更加充分、更加健全的人民民主;紧紧围绕建设社会主义核心价值体系、社会主义文化强国深化文化体制改革,加快完善文化管理体制和文化生产经营机制,建立健全现代公共文化服务体系、现代文化市场体系,推动社会主义文化大发展大繁荣;紧紧围绕更好保障和改善民生、促进社会公平正义深化社会体制改革,改革收入分配制度,促进共同富裕,推进社会领域制度创新,推进基本公共服务均等化,加快形成科学有效的社会治理体制,确保社会既充满活力又和谐有序;紧紧围绕建设美丽中国深化生态文明体制改革,加快建立生态文明制度,健全国土空间开发、资源节约利用、生态环境保护的体制机制,推动形成人与自然和谐发展现代化建设新格局;紧紧围绕提高科学执政、民主执政、依法执政水平深化党的建设制度改革,加强民主集中制建设,完善党的领导体制和执政方式,保持党的先进性和纯洁性,为改革开放和社会主义现代化建设提供坚强政治保证。

全会指出,全面深化改革,必须立足于我国长期处于社会主义初级阶段这个最大实际,坚持发展仍是解决我国所有问题的关键这个重大战略判断,以经济建设为中心,发挥经济体制改革牵引作用,推动生产关系同生产力、上层建筑同经济基础相适应,推动经济社会持续健康发展。

全会指出,经济体制改革是全面深化改革的重点,核心问题是处理好政府和市场的关系,使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用和更好发挥政府作用。

全会强调,改革开放的成功实践为全面深化改革提供了重要经验,必须长期坚持。最重要的是,坚持党的领导,贯彻党的基本路线,不走封闭僵化的老路,不走改旗易帜的邪路,坚定走中国特色社会主义道路,始终确保改革正确方向;坚持解放思想、实事求是、与时俱进、求真务实,一切从实际出发,总结国内成功做法,借鉴国外有益经验,勇于推进理论和实践创新;坚持以人为本,尊重人民主体地位,发挥群众首创精神,紧紧依靠人民推动改革,促进人的全面发展;坚持正确处理改革发展稳定关系,胆子要大、步子要稳,加强顶层设计和摸着石头过河相结合,整体推进和重点突破相促进,提高改革决策科学性,广泛凝聚共识,形成改革合力。

全会要求,到2020年,在重要领域和关键环节改革上取得决定性成果,形成系统完备、科学规范、运行有效的制度体系,使各方面制度更加成熟更加定型。

全会对全面深化改革作出系统部署,强调坚持和完善基本经济制度,加快完善现代市场体系,加快转变政府职能,深化财税体制改革,健全城乡发展一体化体制机制,构建开放型经济新体制,加强社会主义民主政治制度建设,推进法治中国建设,强化权力运行制约和监督体系,推进文化体制机制创新,推进社会事业改革创新,创新社会治理体制,加快生态文明制度建设,深化国防和军队改革,加强和改善党对全面深化改革的领导。

全会提出,公有制为主体、多种所有制经济共同发展的基本经济制度,是中国特色社会主义制度的重要支柱,也是社会主义市场经济体制的根基。公有制经济和非公有制经济都是社会主义市场经济的重要组成部分,都是我国经济社会发展的重要基础。必须毫不动摇巩固和发展公有制经济,坚持公有制主体地位,发挥国有经济主导作用,不断增强国有经济活力、控制力、影响力。必须毫不动摇鼓励、支持、引导非公有制经济发展,激发非公有制经济活力和创造力。要完善产权保护制度,积极发展混合所有制经济,推动国有企业完善现代企业制度,支持非公有制经济健康发展。

全会提出,建设统一开放、竞争有序的市场体系,是使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用的基础。必须加快形成企业自主经营、公平竞争,消费者自由选择、自主消费,商品和要素自由流动、平等交换的现代市场体系,着力清除市场壁垒,提高资源配置效率和公平性。要建立公平开放透明的市场规则,完善主要由市场决定价格的机制,建立城乡统一的建设用地市场,完善金融市场体系,深化科技体制改革。

全会提出,科学的宏观调控,有效的政府治理,是发挥社会主义市场经济体制优势的内在要求。必须切实转变政府职能,深化行政体制改革,创新行政管理方式,增强政府公信力和执行力,建设法治政府和服务型政府。要健全宏观调控体系,全面正确履行政府职能,优化政府组织结构,提高科学管理水平。

全会提出,财政是国家治理的基础和重要支柱,科学的财税体制是优化资源配置、维护市场统一、促进社会公平、实现国家长治久安的制度保障。必须完善立法、明确事权、改革税制、稳定税负、透明预算、提高效率,建立现代财政制度,发挥中央和地方两个积极性。要改进预算管理制度,完善税收制度,建立事权和支出责任相适应的制度。

全会提出,城乡二元结构是制约城乡发展一体化的主要障碍。必须健全体制机制,形成以工促农、以城带乡、工农互惠、城乡一体的新型工农城乡关系,让广大农民平等参与现代化进程、共同分享现代化成果。要加快构建新型农业经营体系,赋予农民更多财产权利,推进城乡要素平等交换和公共资源均衡配置,完善城镇化健康发展体制机制。

全会提出,适应经济全球化新形势,必须推动对内对外开放相互促进、引进来和走出去更好结合,促进国际国内要素有序自由流动、资源高效配置、市场深度融合,加快培育参与和引领国际经济合作竞争新优势,以开放促改革。要放宽投资准入,加快自由贸易区建设,扩大内陆沿边开放。

全会提出,发展社会主义民主政治,必须以保证人民当家作主为根本,坚持和完善人民代表大会制度、中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度、民族区域自治制度以及基层群众自治制度,更加注重健全民主制度、丰富民主形式,充分发挥我国社会主义政治制度优越性。要推动人民代表大会制度与时俱进,推进协商民主广泛多层制度化发展,发展基层民主。

全会提出,建设法治中国,必须深化司法体制改革,加快建设公正高效权威的社会主义司法制度,维护人民权益。要维护宪法法律权威,深化行政执法体制改革,确保依法独立公正行使审判权检察权,健全司法权力运行机制,完善人权司法保障制度。

全会提出,坚持用制度管权管事管人,让人民监督权力,让权力在阳光下运行,是把权力关进制度笼子的根本之策。必须构建决策科学、执行坚决、监督有力的权力运行体系,健全惩治和预防腐败体系,建设廉洁政治,努力实现干部清正、政府清廉、政治清明。要形成科学有效的权力制约和协调机制,加强反腐败体制机制创新和制度保障,健全改进作风常态化制度。

全会提出,建设社会主义文化强国,增强国家文化软实力,必须坚持社会主义先进文化前进方向,坚持中国特色社会主义文化发展道路,坚持以人民为中心的工作导向,进一步深化文化体制改革。要完善文化管理体制,建立健全现代文化市场体系,构建现代公共文化服务体系,提高文化开放水平。

全会提出,实现发展成果更多更公平惠及全体人民,必须加快社会事业改革,解决好人民最关心最直接最现实的利益问题,更好满足人民需求。要深化教育领域综合改革,健全促进就业创业体制机制,形成合理有序的收入分配格局,建立更加公平可持续的社会保障制度,深化医药卫生体制改革。

全会提出,创新社会治理,必须着眼于维护最广大人民根本利益,最大限度增加和谐因素,增强社会发展活力,提高社会治理水平,维护国家安全,确保人民安居乐业、社会安定有序。要改进社会治理方式,激发社会组织活力,创新有效预防和化解社会矛盾体制,健全公共安全体系。设立国家安全委员会,完善国家安全体制和国家安全战略,确保国家安全。

全会提出,建设生态文明,必须建立系统完整的生态文明制度体系,用制度保护生态环境。要健全自然资源资产产权制度和用途管制制度,划定生态保护红线,实行资源有偿使用制度和生态补偿制度,改革生态环境保护管理体制。

全会提出,紧紧围绕建设一支听党指挥、能打胜仗、作风优良的人民军队这一党在新形势下的强军目标,着力解决制约国防和军队建设发展的突出矛盾和问题,创新发展军事理论,加强军事战略指导,完善新时期军事战略方针,构建中国特色现代军事力量体系。要深化军队体制编制调整改革,推进军队政策制度调整改革,推动军民融合深度发展。

全会强调,全面深化改革必须加强和改善党的领导,充分发挥党总揽全局、协调各方的领导核心作用,提高党的领导水平和执政能力,确保改革取得成功。中央成立全面深化改革领导小组,负责改革总体设计、统筹协调、整体推进、督促落实。各级党委要切实履行对改革的领导责任。要深化干部人事制度改革,建立集聚人才体制机制,充分发挥人民群众积极性、主动性、创造性,鼓励地方、基层和群众大胆探索,及时总结经验。
全会分析了当前形势和任务,强调全党同志要把思想和行动统一到中央关于全面深化改革重大决策部署上来,增强进取意识、机遇意识、责任意识,牢牢把握方向,大胆实践探索,注重统筹协调,凝聚改革共识,落实领导责任,坚定不移实现中央改革决策部署。要按照中央决策部署,坚持稳中求进、稳中有为,切实做好各项工作,保持经济社会发展势头,关心群众特别是困难群众生活,促进社会和谐稳定,继续扎实推进党的群众路线教育实践活动,努力实现经济社会发展预期目标。

全会号召,全党同志要紧密团结在以习近平同志为总书记的党中央周围,锐意进取,攻坚克难,谱写改革开放伟大事业历史新篇章,为全面建成小康社会、不断夺取中国特色社会主义新胜利、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦而奋斗!

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29 thoughts on “Communiqué of the 3rd Plenum of the 18th Party Congress

  1. Pingback: China’s goal: Gorbachev without the mistakes | Gary Gibbon on Politics

    • This document literally says nothing. How about telling us how you plan to do ANYTHING you mention in this communique. Renaming labor camps to “drug rehab” isn’t enough. It appears the only thing you are saying is everyone must obey the party’s every whim. You have a beautiful and talented population. Why are you allowing them to so easily be imprisoned and tortured? Why are you so mean to your beautiful people? To reform you must stop treating so many as animals and treat them as equal citizens. They want to love their country, not resent it. You don’t lay out one single plan of substance, just generalization focused on making every one obey you without your doing anything to warrant that obedience other than the same thing the Japanese did during WW2. Let your people own their land. You don’t even say your going to do that. I was hoping you would step up to the plate and really reform your hardline attitude, but you show no sign of that. Nice words don’t mean anything. You apparently rule by fear. Is that what you want?? That’s the way the Taliban rule. You are above that now. Please be kind to your people.

      • Pretty right. Fear to lose power and privileges stand at the back of draconian instinct and actions of the Chinese regime. Tiananmen event and subsequent developments was an outcome of little different factor.

  2. Pingback: Reform Plan Laid Out in Third Plenum Communiqué - China Digital Times (CDT)

  3. L’ha ribloggato su kowapaoloe ha commentato:
    Il comunicato del Terzo Plenum di Xi Jinping

    Se vogliamo giocare ai piccoli analisti (si, lo vogliamo fare), Xi continua con linea di “un colpo a destra e uno a sinistra”.

    Chiaramente infondate le voci di chi voleva la rottura dei monopoli di stato e la privatizzazione delle terre rurali. Altrettanto chiaramente, più spazio per il mercato.
    C’è il piccolo giallo se il ruolo del mercato venga definito “basilare”, “fondamentale” o “decisivo”. Bisognerà attendere una settimana per la traduzione ufficiale. E qualche anno per capire cosa significherà nei fatti.

    Non viene nominato esplicitamente, ma sulla questione rurale sembra essere nel mirino una profonda riforma dell’hukou. Questo ovviamente causerà problemi, ma in senso generale non può che essere positivo.

  4. Pingback: Il Terzo Plenum secondo Visetti. | kowapaolo

  5. Pingback: Il Terzo Plenum secondo Repubblica.it | kowapaolo

  6. Pingback: Early Returns from the Party Plenum | Balding's World

  7. Pingback: Third Plenum « Economics 274 Fall 2013

  8. Pingback: What we know (and what we don’t) about China’s CCP ‘third plenum’ meeting | Suffragio

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  10. Pingback: Zachary Keck, Disappoitment with Third Plenum Is Premature, The Diplomat Blogs, November 14, 2013 [Post 1999] - Michael.H.Prosser

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  16. Pingback: Nothing Happened, Thank Goodness | The Sky is Upside Down

  17. The communique of the Third plenum of the 18th CPC CC is tepied beyond high sounding words on reforms on either economic of social fronts much less political structural arena. In the bargain, Xi Jinping epoch will run through contradictions of words and deeds. This was going to be the rule rather than exception in the first five years of his likely 10 year term. This is notwithstanding widowdressing. The communication is significant even then on some counts, especially population policy. Much trumpeted one child nor is going to be reversed. This can perhaps mend, if not correct the demographic deluge process to the chagrin of future Chinese aspirations. However, it was bound to disloge the calculations of many a demographers. Nonetheless, it goes to prove Indian policy makers correct.

  18. Pingback: Thoughts on the Plenum | Balding's World

  19. Pingback: More capitalism for Chinese ‘Communist’ Party « Systemic Disorder

  20. Pingback: Nov 18, 2013 Week News Selection — Geopolitics & New Technologies | Carlos Ruiz Gomez-Ibañez

  21. Pingback: China’s Third Plenum is Adrift in a Sea of Old Rhetoric — International Policy Digest

  22. Pingback: Kinarull 11.13 | Vinkekatt

  23. Pingback: More Capitalism for the Chinese » CounterPunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names

  24. Pingback: RINF Alternative News - More Capitalism for the Chinese

  25. Pingback: Lo sciopero di Dongguan e la ricerca del welfare perduto in Cina - rivista italiana di geopolitica - Limes

  26. Pingback: Chinese economic reform: A good sign but an untraveled road | AEIdeas

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