Historical Mission, Great Promise
Focus areas and focus research topics for all disciplines during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period
The “12th Five-Year Plan” period is a key period for our country’s complete construction of a relatively well-off society, and is a period to storm the fortifications of deepening reform and opening up, and accelerating the transformation of economic development methods. Initiating the new picture of the scientific development view and wresting new victories in the complete construction of a relatively well-off society, endows philosophy and social science with new historical missions and new issues of the times, the tasks of philosophy and social science are even more onerous, responsibilities even more major. In order to do philosophy and social science research work in the next five years well, on the basis of the “Outline of the 12th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development” and the “Outline of the National “12th Five-Year Plan” Period Cultural Reform and Development Plan”, this Plan is formulated.
I, The achievements obtained in philosophy and social science research during the “11th Five-Year Plan” period and the circumstances faced during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period
During the “11th Five-Year Plan” period, striking achievements have been obtained in philosophy and social science research. In the past five years, under the high regard and correct leadership of the Party Centre, the philosophy and social science front has held high the magnificent banner of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, firmly grasped the correct political orientation, closely integrated with the reality of completely constructing a relatively well-off society, vigorously launched theoretical research and practical exploration, fully given rein to an important function in understanding the world, inheriting civilization, innovating theory, advising politics, educating the people, and serving society, and has made important contributions to consolidating the guiding position of Marxism in the ideological sphere and serving the larger picture of Party and State work. Marxist theory research and construction projects have obtained prominent progress, and have powerfully moved forward the level of Sinicization, updating and popularization of Marxism. Revolving around major real issues faced in reform, development and stability, and basic research topics related to the overall picture of philosophy and social science development, a batch of excellent results with rich academic value and broad social influence have been rolled out. Academic construction has incessantly strengthened, traditional disciplines become more perfect every day, burgeoning disciplines and interdisciplinary work have rapidly developed, and a disciplinary structure with relatively complete categories and relatively reasonable distribution has been rapidly developed. Foreign academic exchange and cooperation have incessantly expanded, and the pace of our country’s philosophy and social science research “marching out” accelerates further, discourse power and influence on the international academic stage have clearly strengthened. Research teams have incessantly expanded, and a batch of academic leading personalities, academic leaders and middle-age and young scientific research backbones have emerged. During the “11th Five-Year Plan” period, State social science funding coverage and influence incessantly expanded, the function of guidance and standardization becomes more prominent every day, and the capacity to serve Party and government policymaking is enhanced clearly. The total amount of funding has increased ear by year, programme categories have been further expanded, on the basis of the original four large programme categories, the State Philosophy and Social Science Achievement Database Programme and the Chinese Academic Foreign Translation Programme have been added. Disciplinary establishments have become more perfect, and management studies and national social science funding studies have increased the quantity to 26. Research result quantity and quality have risen notably, 4800 final results and 37600 phase-type results have been rolled out, among those, many results have been used for reference in policymaking by relevant Party and government departments, more than 1000 results have won provincial-level or higher awards. Generally speaking, philosophy and social science research has maintained and consolidated a healthy, upward, flourishing, developing and desirable trend during the “11th Five-Year Plan” period, and a solid basis has been established for development in the next five years.
At the same time, it must also be soberly considered that, in comparison with the requirements of economic and social development, philosophy and social science research and innovation capacity is still not strong, structures, quality and productivity must be further optimized and increased; research result application and transformation mechanisms are still not complete, the capacity and level of service to society must be further increased; funding input is still insufficient, distribution is insufficiently scientific and rational, application efficiency must be further increased; the phenomenon of academic impetuousness is still relatively prominent, loss of academic standards and improper academic activities occur from time to time, study style construction urgently needs strengthening. These issues must be earnestly researched, and powerful measures are to be adopted to resolve them.
The “12th Five-Year Plan” period is an important development phase for philosophy and social science research with great promise. In the next five years, global circumstances, national circumstances and Party circumstances will continue to see deep changes, our country’s economic and social development will present new stage-type characteristics, philosophy and social science research faces rare development opportunities, and at the same time faces many challenges. New changes are occurring in global economic and political structures, the international environment generally speaking, is beneficial to our country’s peaceful development, but there clearly are many unstable, incorrect and unsafe factors internationally, which urgently require philosophy and social science expansion and the deepening of research on major international issues, to even better serve the planning of both the domestic and international large pictures. Our country’s economic and social development strides towards a new stage, but the issues of imbalance, lack of coordination and unsustainability are still prominent, the difficulty of storming the fortifications of reform, comprehensive planning and coordination is further increasing, and philosophy and social science research is urgently needed to explore lines of thought and method to resolve new contradictions and new problems, and even better serve the promotion of scientific development and accelerate the transformation of economic development method. Our country’s ideological area continues to maintain a desirable trend of vigour, health and upwardness, but at the global level, exchanges, blends and clashes between all sorts of ideologies and cultures are becoming more complex day by day, it is even more clear that domestic social thought is becoming more plural diverse and changeable in characteristics, and philosophy and social science urgently need to explore effective ways the use of the Socialist core value system to guide domestic social thinking trends, and incessantly consolidate and expand Socialist mainstream ideology. Our country’s social construction incessantly moves forward, social management generally is adapted to our country’s national circumstances and Socialist system, but deep changes are occurring in social structures, social contradictions present many new situations and new characteristics, and philosophy and social science urgently needs to deepen research on innovating social construction and social management, to even better serve the larger picture of reform, development and stability. Our country’s cultural consumption becomes more vigorous every day, the important function of culture in stimulating economic and social development becomes more prominent, but cultural products and services still cannot very well adapt to the rapid growth of the popular masses’ spiritual culture requirements and the inherent demands of economic and social development in terms of quantity, quality and structuring, philosophy and social science urgently needs to explore the special rules, policy measures and structural guarantees of cultural development under new circumstances, to serve the grand development and grand flourishing of Socialist culture even better. Party building incessantly gains new progress, but the Party faces all sorts of texts that are even more complex and severe, philosophy and social science research urgently needs to explore effective channels and methods to further strengthen and improve Party building under new circumstances, and incessantly raise the scientific level of Party building. Philosophy and social science research development strides into a new phase based on innovation and raising quality, and urgently needs to incessantly expand development space, enrich research content and improve research methods, strive to raise innovative capacity, scientific quality and academic levels. New trends and new tasks require that philosophy and social science workers incessantly strengthen a sense of opportunity and a sense of worry, strengthen a sense of responsibility and a sense of mission, keep in step with the pace of the times, grasp the larger picture and larger trends, and make new contributions to promoting the flourishing and development of philosophy and social science.
II, Guiding ideologies and policy principles that philosophy and social science research must persist in during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period
The guiding ideology of philosophy and social science research during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period is: holding high the magnificent banner of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought as guidance, deeply implementing the scientific development view, persisting in the correct political orientations, respecting the rules of scientific research, firmly establishing a sense of excellence, paying attention to guiding study style construction, accelerating the construction of philosophy and social science innovation structures, further strengthening philosophy and social science research strategy and perspicacity, providing theoretical support and knowledge support for realizing the magnificent objectives of the “12th Five-Year Plan” for national economic and social development, and to wrest the victory of completely constructing a relatively well-off society.
During the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, philosophy and social science research must persist in the following principles:
Persist in the guiding position of Marxism in philosophy and social science research. Use the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics to lead philosophy and social science research work, use Marxist viewpoints, positions and methods to penetrate into all areas of philosophy and social science research, blend it into the entire process of philosophy and social science research, make philosophy and social science develop along the correct orientation from beginning to end.
Persist in the orientation of serving the people and serving Socialism, and the principle of letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend. Closely revolve around the larger picture of reform, development and stability, incessantly deepen research on major issues relating to the entire picture of the Party and State undertaking and development, serve the undertaking of Socialism with Chinese characteristics even better, serve the broad popular masses. Under the presupposition of maintaining the correct political orientation, fully carry forward academic democracy, encourage different academic schools and different academic viewpoints to mutually learn from group discussion and contention, construct an academic environment that respects differences, that is inclusive and diverse, vivid and vigorous, healthy and harmonious.
Persist in linking theory to reality, move theoretical innovation forward. Encourage and guide the broad philosophy and social science workers to stick close to reality, stick close to life and stick close to the masses, deeply launch investigative research, derive research topics from practice, excavate ideology and knowledge from the masses, put forward penetrating insights. Persist in integrating continuity and innovation, closely link up with reality, fix eyes upon new practices and new developments, vigorously move forward innovation in scientific structures, academic viewpoints and research methods, incessantly expand new theoretical fields of vision, achieve new theoretical generalizations.
Persist in comprehensive planning, considering all matters and coordinating development. Comprehensively plan basic theoretical research and applied policy research, traditional disciplines and burgeoning disciplines, national-level research and local-level research, research achievement transformation and philosophy and social science knowledge dissemination, promote the balanced development of and positive interaction between research in all disciplines and all areas. Strive to raise scientific research quality, publish more excellent results, create more excellent talents, incessantly strengthen the sustainable development capacity of philosophy and social science research.
Persist in standing in China, facing the world, standing in the present, facing the future. From the development practice of present China and the present world, from the rich academic thoughts of all times and all places, derive nourishment, do away with the old to bring out the new. With the magnificent practice of Socialism with Chinese characteristics as a driver and source for philosophy and social science research, grasp the pulse of the time, establish a global outlook, ensure that philosophy and social science research faces modernization, faces the world and faces the future from beginning to end. Deeply implement the philosophy and social science research “marching out” strategy, promote our country’s outstanding philosophy and social science research achievements and outstanding talents to march towards the world, strengthen foreign academic exchange and cooperation, incessantly raise the international influence of our country’s philosophy and social science research.
III, The main tasks of philosophy and social science research during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period
Deepening research on Marxism and especially the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, further moving the Sinicization, updating and popularization of Marxism forward. The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the newest theoretical achievement of the Sinicization of Marxism, persisting in the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics lies in incessantly enriching and developing this theoretical structure in practice, and is a primary task for philosophy and social science research. The organization and coordination of philosophy and social science research forces must be strengthened with Marxist theoretical research and construction projects as the starting point, deepen research on important categories, important ideologies and important judgments of the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, deepen research on the historical position, major significance, timed background, scientific content, spiritual essence and basic requirements of the scientific development view, provide theoretical support for the incessant opening of new fields of vision and new frontiers in Marxist development. Deepen elucidation of the “Six Whys”, the “Drawing Four Major Boundaries”, the “Seven How To Look Ats” and other deep-layered theoretical issues and major real issues, deepen elucidation of the basic economic structure and political structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, reform, opening up and other major issues, unify thoughts even better, and coalesce consensus. Deepen research on the Socialist core value system, deepen elucidation of the implications, extension and practical requirements of the Socialist core value system, research and abstract the basic content of the Socialist core value system, vigorously explore effective channels and methods to use the Socialist core value system to guide and integrate social thinking trends, and promote the construction of a shared spiritual garden of the Chinese nation. Deepen research on the basic viewpoints of Marxism and the original versions of classic works, deepen research on the historical process and basic experience of the Sinicization of Marxism, shaping structure of mutual support and mutual stimulation of translation and editing classical works and researching basic viewpoints, shape academic structures and teaching material structures that completely reflect the newest theoretical achievements of the Sinicization of Marxism, shape long-term mechanisms for the education and dissemination of the newest theoretical achievements of the Sinicization of Marxism, completely complete all tasks determined in the Marxist theory research and construction projects.
Deepen research on the promotion of the scientific development view, and on the acceleration of the transformation of development methods, stimulate the economy to develop both well and rapidly. Taking scientific development at the core and taking the transformation of economic development methods as the main line, is the strategic disposition made by the Party Centre, based on our country’s basic national circumstances and the new phase-type characteristics of economic and social development, and is the strategic decision to analyze and explain difficulties in development, and gain new superiorities in development. The importance of accelerating the transformation of economic development methods must be deeply researched and elucidated, clarify that accelerating the transformation of economic development methods is the only way to promote scientific development, and is a necessary requirement to adapt to the major changes in global demand structures, racing to control the high point in international competition and raising sustainable development quality, guide the broad cadres and masses to raise ideological understanding, transform ideologies and concepts, strengthen the consciousness and firmness of accelerating the transformation of economic development methods. Deeply research and elucidate the basic requirements of accelerating the transformation of economic development methods, elucidate that the transformation of economic development methods must persist in putting economic structural adjustment into a strategic focus point, and have reform and opening up as a strong driver. Deeply research and elucidate the main direction of attack and strategic focus points of accelerating the transformation of economic development methods, elucidate policy measures to accelerate the promotion of economic structural adjustment, industrial structural adjustment, indigenous innovation, agricultural development method transformation, ecological civilization construction, coordinated economic and social development, cultural industry development and the transformation of foreign-related economic development methods. Deeply research prominent contradictions and problems restricting the transformation of economic development methods, explore the formulation of policy advice to resolve the imbalanced relationship between investment and consumption, the increase of income distribution differences, the weakness of science and technology innovation capacity, the irrational industrial structures, the frail agricultural basis, the lack of coordination in town, country and regional development and other problems, promote the establishment and completion of structures and mechanisms stimulating the transformation of economic development methods.
Deepening research on the Chinese development path and development strategy, fully displaying the superiority of the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Theoretically responding to international and domestic concerns and doubts about our development path and development strategy is an important mission for philosophy and social science research. It is necessary to deepen the elucidation that Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the only correct path to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, realistically elucidate the basic connotation, major significance and real route of our country’s persisting in the comprehensive development strategy of scientific development, harmonious development and peaceful development, guide the people to deeply understand the huge superiority of the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Deeply elucidate that having public ownership at the core, jointly developing with many kinds of ownership systems is the basic economic system at our country’s preliminary stage of Socialism, explore basic channels to deal well with the relationship of having public ownership at the core and stimulating non-public economic development, promote the mutual stimulation and joint development of the public economy and the non-public economy even better. Deeply elucidate that political structural reform is an important component part of our country’s overall reform, elucidate that moving political structural reform forward must persist in the correct political orientation, persist in Party leadership, persist in the Socialist path, respond to the question why our country cannot do multi-party rotational governance, cannot do pluralization of guiding ideologies, cannot do the “separation of three powers” and a bicameral system, cannot do federalism, and cannot do privatization with clear colours flying, guide people to unwaveringly march the political development path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. Vigorously respond to the concerns of international society about our country’s development path and development strategy, strengthen academic exchange and dialogue with foreign academics, be good at using methods that the other side can easily understand and accept to send out the voice of China, make the Chinese development path and development strategy gain an even more broad understanding and identification. Aimed at the misunderstandings, misreadings and malicious attacks of international society against our country in a number of major issues, deeply research and elucidate issues such as democracy, freedom, human rights, fairness, justice, ethnic religion, etc., elucidate the view on democracy, view on freedom, view on human rights, view on news, view on fairness and justice and view on ethnic religion of the Chinese Communist Party with colours flying, elucidate China’s relevant systemic arrangement, value orientations, political measures, achievements and progress, guide domestic public opinion, influence international public opinion.
Deepening research on cultural structural reform and cultural construction, promoting the grand development and grand flourishing of Socialist culture. In the next five years, our country’s cultural structural reform faces desirable opportunities and a broad space, vigorously launching research on cultural structural reform and cultural construction is a duty-bound responsibility of the philosophy and social science front. It is necessary to revolve around accelerating and moving forward cultural structural reform, accelerate the building of public cultural service structures and accelerate the development of cultural industries, deeply research lines of thinking and policies to further move cultural management structure reform forward, research and put forward policy measures to strengthen public cultural product and service supply, stimulate basic public cultural service equalization and move structural adjustment of the cultural industries forward, foster new cultural business models and raise the scale, intensification and specialization levels of the cultural industries, promote the establishment of systems and mechanisms beneficial to cultural science development. Revolve around strengthening guidance over cultural product creation and production, deeply research and establish scientific cultural product evaluation standards, evaluation mechanisms and mechanisms or structures to benefit excellent talents to come to the fore, create a desirable environment that is beneficial to cultural innovation, and make excellent cultural products compete and emerge in large numbers, fully give rein to the function and role of culture in guiding society, educating the people and promoting development. evolve around protecting and carrying forward excellent traditional culture of the nation, deeply excavate the rich resources of the nation’s traditional culture and characteristic regional culture, conduct special research on the nation’s traditional culture and characteristic regional culture, roll out a batch of research achievement that merit being passed on, forge a cultural brand of the Chinese nation. Revolve around strengthening network culture construction and management, deeply research the characteristics and rules of network culture construction under new circumstances, vigorously explore network culture management models conforming to the reality of our country, promote using vigorous and healthy network culture to occupy the dominant position online. Revolve around moving the cultural “moving out” strategy forward, deeply research measures to expand cultural product and service export, establish databases on the foreign dissemination of Chinese culture, implement a batch of foreign translation programmes for Chinese academia to fund translation, publication and popularization of Chinese classics and excellent cultural products, strive to strengthen the foreign influence of Chinese culture.
Deepening research on strengthening and innovating social construction and social management, promote the construction of a Socialist harmonious society. Strengthen and innovate social construction and social management is a necessary requirement for building a harmonious Socialist society and safeguarding the basic interest of the broadest people, and has a major and strategic significance for the complete construction of a relatively well-off society and realizing a long period of peace and order for the Party and the State. It is necessary to revolve around constructing a Socialist social management structure with Chinese characteristics, deeply research the effective social management methods and successful experiences of the 60 years since the foundation of the New China and especially since the 30 years of reform and opening up, learn from foreign social construction theory and practice, vigorously explore social management rules under new circumstances, promote the establishment of social management structures under the leadership of Party Committees, under the responsibility of governments, in coordination with society, and with participation from the masses, raise the scientific levels of social management. Revolve around the focus area and focus task of strengthening and innovating social management, deeply research lines of thought and measures to do mass work under new circumstances well, research issues such as further strengthening and perfecting social management structures, mechanisms guided by the Party and governments to safeguard the rights and interests of the masses, management of and service to the floating population and special masses, grass-roots social management and service structures, public security structures, non-public economy organization and social organization management, information network management, ideology and moral construction, etc., create a desirable social environment to realize the economic and social development objectives of the “12th Five-Year Plan” period. Revolve around strengthening and innovating social construction, deeply research the basic connotations, focus areas and main channels of social construction, research prominent issues influencing social harmony and stability, and interest issues about which the popular masses are most concerned, that are the most direct and the most realistic, explore lines of thought and methods to resolve education, employment, income distribution, social security, healthcare, hygiene, housing guarantees, safe production, poverty relief and other major social issues, promote the social construction focusing on guaranteeing and improving the people’s livelihood as even better.
Deepening research on strengthening and improving Party building under new circumstances, promoting Party building theory innovation and practice innovation. Strengthening and improving Party building under new circumstances is a major political duty for the entire Party, deepening research on Party building is a major task for philosophy and social science. It is necessary to deeply research and elucidate the importance and urgency of strengthening and improving Party building under new circumstances, research Marxist doctrine on Party building and its historical development, summarize the basic experiences of using the Party to strengthen self-building, explore the characteristics and rules of Party building under new circumstances, learn from beneficial methods of foreign party building, incessantly enrich and develop Party building theory that is rich in the characteristics of the times. Deeply research the basic connotations of and effective channels to raise the scientific level of Party building, research and answer how to use scientific theory to guide Party building how to guarantee Party building with scientific structures, and how to move Party building forward with scientific methods. Revolve around the main line building the Party’s governance capacity and progressive construction, deeply research new measures and new rules on strengthening ideological construction with firm theoretical convictions as focus point, strengthening organizational construction with creating high-quality Party cadre teams as focus point, strengthening work style construction with closely linking the Party and the popular masses as focus point, strengthening system construction with completing democratic centralism as focus point, and strengthening anti-corruption and pro-honesty construction with perfecting structures to punish and prevent corruption as focus point. Revolve around raising Party leadership levels and governance levels, raising the capacity to resist corruption, prevent emergency, and withstand risks, deeply research the new situations, new problems and new challenges faced in Party building, strive to explore and resolve the problems that exist within the Party of not being adapted to new trends, new tasks and new requirements, and not conforming to the nature and purpose of the Party. Deeply research and elucidate the importance, deep connotations, main tasks and basic requirements for building a Marxist study-type party, summarize the new experiences of building study-type Party organizations, explore the establishment and completion of study systems and long-term mechanisms that are perfectly scientific, conform to reality and effective in practice, to even better promote building a study-type party and a study-type society.
Deepening research on international issues, creating a desirable external environment beneficial to our country’s peaceful development. In the future five years, our country’s mutual linkages and mutual reliance with the world have become closer, the mutual influence and mutual function of domestic issues and international issues, domestic affairs and foreign affairs becomes deeper day by day, exploring and deepening research on international issues has an important significance for safeguarding our country’s national interests, even better comprehensively planning both large pictures of domestic and international matters. Deeply research Marxist international relations theory, study and learn from corresponding research results from all nations in the world, integrate international trends, developments and changes, further comb out the basic categories and basic methods of international relations theory, incessantly enrich and perfect an international relations theory structure with Chinese characteristics. Deeply research new trends in international political development and new changes in international political structures, especially the deep influence of the domestic development and international strategy of Western developed countries, emerging developing countries and peripheral countries on our external security environment, put forward focused counterpolicies and measures, realistically safeguard and use the important strategic opportunity period of our country’s development. Deeply research our country’s national security and foreign affairs strategy, research and elucidate concepts and propositions on China persisting in marching a peaceful development path and proposing the building of a harmonious world, research and elucidate our viewpoints and positions in resolving global issues, safeguard basic national interests, and display a desirable national image. Deeply research new trends in global economic development and new changes in global economic structures, research prominent issues existing in our country’s engaging in international economic cooperation and competition, promote the international economic system to develop in a more fair and reasonable direction. Deeply research the present changes and norms in the thinking trends of international society and the new characteristics of all sorts of ideological and cultural exchange, blending and clashing, explore the general plan and strategic focus of national cultural soft power construction, realistically safeguard our country’s ideological security and cultural security, promote the equal exchange and joint development of different civilizations of humankind.
Deepening basic theoretical research, promoting the establishment of a philosophy and social science discipline structure with Chinese characteristics. Basic theory research is the support of the sustained development of philosophy and social science, developing a philosophy and social science discipline structure with Chinese characteristics is a strategic task in strengthening basic theoretical research. It is necessary to, from the strategic height of realizing the sustained development of philosophy and social science, expand input strength into basic theoretical research, forcefully expand support to basic research related to the overall picture of philosophy and social science development and disciplinary innovation and development, forcefully support basic research concerning consolidating and strengthening the important real significance of the guiding position of Marxism, forcefully support basic research on the major function in carrying forward the spirit of the nation, and inheriting Chinese culture, and forcefully support basic research on long-term influences on economic and social development and national security. Implement originally-created major basic theory programme research, strengthen arrangement and research on major documentary resources, roll out a batch of symbolic results having major theoretical innovation and cultural inheritance value, promote a clear rise in the comprehensive level of basic theoretical research. Conform to the requirements of new trends in scientific development, forcefully move disciplinary construction and disciplinary innovation forward, focus on supporting basic disciplines, realistically strengthen applied disciplines, vigorously develop interdisciplinary work, focus to foster burgeoning disciplines, stimulate disciplinary distribution, arrangement and structural optimization, promote the establishment of a philosophy and social science disciplinary system with complete categories, rational structuring, clear characteristics, coordinate in development, that fully reflects Chinese characteristics, Chinese style and a Chinese air. Implement major special programme research across disciplines, forcefully stimulate the osmosis and blending between basic disciplines, basic disciplines and applied disciplines, philosophy and social science and the natural sciences foster new disciplinary growth points in promoting all academic disciplines to mutually learn from one another, and develop jointly.
IV, Fully give rein to the important function of State social science funding in letting philosophy and social science flourish
During the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, following the great increase in State social science funding programmes and amounts, the task of planning and management work is ever more heavy, requirements are ever more high, and responsibilities are ever more large. Facing new tendencies and new tasks, State social science funding management work must grasp the opportune moment, reform and innovate, persist in the correct tendency, focus on scientific management, stress national levels, and carry forward a fine study style, further promoting the flourishing and development of philosophy and social science and serving the larger picture of Party and State work even better.
Optimize programme distribution, further perfect State social science funding programme subsidy structures. Complete a programme subsidy structure with annual programmes in first place, with major programmes as starting points, with the Western region subsidy programme, the Late-Stage subsidy programme, the National Philosophy and Social Science Research Result Database programme, the China Academic Foreign Translation Programme , etc., as supplement, that have diverse categories, clear orientations, mutually supporting functions and mutual linkages. Annual programmes are to mainly subsidize special subject-time applied research and general basic theory, fixing eyes upon fostering talent and training teams. Major programmes are mainly to subsidize major applied research and basic research related to the overall picture of economic and social development, and the overall picture of philosophy and social science development, fixing eyes upon serving policymaking and promoting scientific construction. The Western Programme is to mainly subsidize research on topics to promote economic development, social stability and ethnic unity in the Western region, fixing eyes upon fostering, encouraging and stabilizing philosophy and social science research teams in the Western region. The Late-Stage subsidy programme is to mainly subsidize excellent research results in the basic research area of philosophy and social science that are basically complete but have not been published, fixing eyes upon encouraging and advocating a fine study style of rigorous scholarship and veneration of excellent products. the National Philosophy and Social Science Result Database programme mainly subsidises the publication of results reflecting our country’s highest level in philosophy and social science research, fixing eyes upon concentrating and displaying the academic creativity of our country’s philosophy and social science circles. The China Academic Foreign Translation programme is to mainly subsidise the publication abroad of our country’s excellent philosophy and social science research results in foreign language form, fixing eyes upon introducing our country’s excellent traditional culture and the developments and changes in contemporary China. During the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, about 20.000 projects are to be subsidised annually, among those, about 3000 by the Focus programme about 10.000 by the General programme, about 7000 by the Youth programme, about major programmes are to be subsidised, of which about 600 are basic research programmes, and about 600 applied research programmes; about 2500 projects are to be subsidized under the Western programme, about 2000 under the Late-Stage programme, about 400 under the National Philosophy and Social Science Result Database programme, and about 300 under the China Academic Foreign Translation programme. Organize and implement Chinese development paths and development strategies, strengthen and innovate major special research programmes on Chinese issues such as social construction and social management, local and regional economic development, international issues, facing foreign academics, vigorously and reliably explore other programme categories and subsidy methods.
Strengthening a sense of quality, striving to promote State social science funding programmes to produce more excellent masterpieces. Perfect programme examination systems, incessantly raise State social science funding programme establishment levels. Annually organize the conduct of one special subject-type academic survey, organize the conduct of one deep academic survey of the entire system by the end of the “12th Five-Year Plan”, analyze the basic situation, focus points, difficult points, issues, as well as weak links and blank zones of all disciplines, all specialities and all areas, grasp the general situation and development tendency of philosophy and social science, provide a basic foundation for the scientific formulation of annual theme guidelines and middle to long-term research plans; further perfect open call systems for topic guidelines as well as expert academic and policymaking department consultation and argument systems, realistically strengthening the scientific nature, focus and correctness of the guidelines; according to the principle of comprehensively regulating programme establishment quantities and striving to raise the quality of project establishment, establish and complete scientific and rational programme reporting and regulation mechanisms; vigorously explore examination mechanisms for research topics in burgeoning disciplines, dual disciplines, that are interdisciplinary or cross-disciplinary. Establish and complete programme elimination mechanisms, straiten middle-term management, supervise those undertaking topics to timely and with high efficiency complete programme research. Strictly keep the gate of result appraisal and project conclusion, stress the academic standardization of survey results under the presupposition of persisting in the correct political orientation, explore the implementation of flexible and diverse result appraisal methods, further raise the quality of result inspection, strengthening authoritativeness.
Completing propaganda and recommendation mechanisms, incessantly strengthening the influence and driving strength of State social science funding programmes. Strengthen propaganda and recommendation work of State social science funding programme results, stimulate that research results are used even better and even more rapidly in Party and government policymaking, used in economic and social development, and used in philosophy and social science discipline construction, incessantly raise the applied value and social effect of research results. It is necessary to integrate daily propaganda and recommendation with concentrated propaganda and recommendation, stress propaganda planning, grasp propaganda rhythms, strive to strengthen the focus and effectiveness of propaganda and recommendation of research results. It is necessary to integrate propaganda and recommendation of excellent results with propaganda and recommendation of excellent talents, encourage those undertaking programmes to concentrate on intensive study and rigorous scholarship, vigorously promote study style construction. It is necessary to integrate domestic propaganda with foreign propaganda, subsidize the translation and recommendation of a batch of excellent results representing the development orientation and research levels of our country’s philosophy and social science, further expanding the international influence of Chinese academia. Strive to expand propaganda and recommendation channels, fully utilize newspapers, periodicals, radio, television, networks and other mass media to forcefully propagate and recommend excellent results of State social science funding programmes through organizing conferences, expert interviews, result reports and other activities, incessantly strengthen the demonstration and driving function of State social science funding programmes. Establish the National Social Science Funding Programme Result Database, provide corresponding information services, promote the application and transformation of results.
Abiding by the rules of social science research, striving to raise the scientific level of State social science funding management work. Vigorously explore the characteristics and rules of State social science funding management work under new circumstances, incessantly strengthen management system construction with a spirit of reform and innovation, realistically achieve scientific management, democratic management, and management according to the law. Make caring for and uniting intellectuals into an important work principle for State social science funding management, make respecting and relying on expert academics into a basic work method, let management live inside service, develop service in scientific management, strengthen management in standardizing service, strive to make State social science funding into an important platform serving the social science circles, build State social science funding management organs into homes for philosophy and social science workers. Further strengthen work investigation and information communication, timely and actively understand the needs and aspirations of philosophy and social science workers, vigorously respond to some deep concerns in focus work of social science circles, raise the openness and transparency of management work, consciously accept supervision from academic circles and society. Accelerate the construction of a State social science funding management database, vigorously promote the informatization of management work. Make a large and strong nationwide social science planning website, making it become an important window and consulting platform for social science circles to understand State social science funding. On the basis of broadly soliciting opinions and summarizing practical experiences, revise the “State Social Science Funding Management Rules”, further determine the guiding ideology, structures, mechanisms, objectives and tasks of State social science funding. Scientifically determine programme subsidy values, rationally arrange the funding use orientation, straiten funding budget management, expand funding budget implementation and use inspection strength, guarantee secure operation of funding, raise the use productivity of the great increase in funding.
V, Guarantee measures for philosophy and social science research during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period
Strengthening leadership over philosophy and social science research. Party Committees and governments must give high regard to philosophy and social science research work, strive to grasp the rules of philosophy and social science research work, improve leading methods, raise leadership levels, create a desirable environment for philosophy and social science research development. Guide philosophy and social science workers to regularly pay attention to and deeply research major real issues, timely use excellent research results into all matters of policymaking, fully muster the vigour and creativity of philosophy and social science workers, assist them in resolving real difficulties in work and life. Firmly establish scientific development concepts, strengthen comprehensive planning over philosophy and social science research work, fully give rein to the function of all levels and all kinds of philosophy and social science research organs. Strengthen guidance and management over philosophy and social science work associations, research associations and other battlefields, and conferences, seminars, lectures and other carriers, make them develop healthily.
Strengthening philosophy and social science innovation structure construction. Adapt to the requirements of new circumstances and new tasks, strive to reform philosophy and social science research systems and mechanisms, foster innovation subjects, establish innovation platforms, completely move philosophy and social science innovation projects forward, accelerate the construction of a philosophy and social science innovation structure with innovations in scientific structuring, academic viewpoints, research methods and research organization management as main content, strive to raise the innovative capacity of philosophy and social science research. Establish and perfect categorized evaluation systems conform to the characteristics of philosophy and social science, build a plural evaluation structure with innovation and quality as guidance, stress academic original creativity and real application value even more. Perfect philosophy and social science incentive mechanisms, further arouse the creative vitality and innovative potential of philosophy and social science workers. Explore the formulation of philosophy and social science academic ethical standards, establish and complete scientific research honesty mechanisms and study style supervision mechanisms, forcefully promote study style construction. Stress top-level design of philosophy and social science research structure and mechanism reform, accelerate the establishment of a national philosophy and social science research database, concentrate and gather information on all levels and all categories of philosophy and social science research programmes, systematically analyze the funding sources, research personnel distribution, topical research distribution and orientation of programmatic research, create conditions for the comprehensive planning and coordination of all sorts of funding programme financial input, incessantly raising funding use productivity. Accelerate the construction of a batch of special databases on social surveys, statistical analysis, basic documents, legal case compendia, etc., promote joint philosophy and social science information resource building and sharing. Fully give rein to the superiority of individual research and collective storming of key passes, encourage cross-disciplinary, cross-departmental and cross-area special subject research, vigorously promote research organization and management innovation.
Strengthening philosophy and social science research team construction. Persist in respecting labour, respecting knowledge, respecting talent, respecting creation, innovate philosophy and social science talent fostering models, strive to create a fine environment for talents to come to the fore, and putting talent to full use. Rely on focus disciplines, focus research bases and major research programmes, to bring up even more top-notch talents and leaders in all discipline and all specialities. Through implementing preferential programme policies, support and foster a batch of middle-age and young academic leaders with strong theoretical basic training, who dare to explore and innovate, annually select a batch of middle-age and young research backbones to leave the country for visits and exchange, broadening their academic field of vision. Stress fostering scientific research management personnel, conduct professional training in a planned and gradual manner for responsible management persons in focus scientific research work units nationwide and responsible management persons in scientific research management departments, as well as work personnel from all provincial, regional and municipal scientific research planning offices, train them in rotation once in five years. According to the principles of hierarchical responsibilities and tiered management, all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, and relevant departments must also, on the basis of reality, formulate philosophy and social science research talent fostering plans for their regions and departments and earnestly organize implementation. Realistically strengthen philosophy and social science team ideology and moral construction and study style construction, guide philosophy and social science workers in establishing a correct world view, view of life and value system, establishing fine professional spirits and professional morals, and developing a fine study style of rigorous scholarship and venerating excellence.
Expanding philosophy and social science research funding input. The State comprehensively plans and arranges funding input into all types of social science, and guarantees an annual increase in philosophy and social science research funding. All provinces, autonomous regions and cities, and all relevant departments must integrate reality and expand the scope of growth of philosophy and social science research funding in their regions or departments, and even better satisfy the development needs of the philosophy and social science undertaking. Under the presupposition that State supports takes first place, philosophy and social science research organs and researchers meeting conditions may turn towards demand in markets and enterprises, creating pluralized scientific funding and financing channels.
Implementing the “12th Five-Year Plan” for philosophy and social science research has an important significance for the flourishing and development of philosophy and social science research in the next five years. All provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities and all relevant departments must strengthen organizational leadership, integrate their own reality, adopt forceful measures, to satisfactorily implement all tasks put forward in the “Plan”, and at the same time grasp the formulation of philosophy and social science research plans in their own regions and departments, and earnestly organize implementation.