National “12th Five-Year Plan” for Philosophy and Social Science Research

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Historical Mission, Great Promise

Focus areas and focus research topics for all disciplines during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period

The “12th Five-Year Plan” period is a key period for our country’s complete construction of a relatively well-off society, and is a period to storm the fortifications of deepening reform and opening up, and accelerating the transformation of economic development methods. Initiating the new picture of the scientific development view and wresting new victories in the complete construction of a relatively well-off society, endows philosophy and social science with new historical missions and new issues of the times, the tasks of philosophy and social science are even more onerous, responsibilities even more major. In order to do philosophy and social science research work in the next five years well, on the basis of the “Outline of the 12th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development” and the “Outline of the National “12th Five-Year Plan” Period Cultural Reform and Development Plan”, this Plan is formulated.

I, The achievements obtained in philosophy and social science research during the “11th Five-Year Plan” period and the circumstances faced during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period

During the “11th Five-Year Plan” period, striking achievements have been obtained in philosophy and social science research. In the past five years, under the high regard and correct leadership of the Party Centre, the philosophy and social science front has held high the magnificent banner of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, firmly grasped the correct political orientation, closely integrated with the reality of completely constructing a relatively well-off society, vigorously launched theoretical research and practical exploration, fully given rein to an important function in understanding the world, inheriting civilization, innovating theory, advising politics, educating the people, and serving society, and has made important contributions to consolidating the guiding position of Marxism in the ideological sphere and serving the larger picture of Party and State work. Marxist theory research and construction projects have obtained prominent progress, and have powerfully moved forward the level of Sinicization, updating and popularization of Marxism. Revolving around major real issues faced in reform, development and stability, and basic research topics related to the overall picture of philosophy and social science development, a batch of excellent results with rich academic value and broad social influence have been rolled out. Academic construction has incessantly strengthened, traditional disciplines become more perfect every day, burgeoning disciplines and interdisciplinary work have rapidly developed, and a disciplinary structure with relatively complete categories and relatively reasonable distribution has been rapidly developed. Foreign academic exchange and cooperation have incessantly expanded, and the pace of our country’s philosophy and social science research “marching out” accelerates further, discourse power and influence on the international academic stage have clearly strengthened. Research teams have incessantly expanded, and a batch of academic leading personalities, academic leaders and middle-age and young scientific research backbones have emerged. During the “11th Five-Year Plan” period, State social science funding coverage and influence incessantly expanded, the function of guidance and standardization becomes more prominent every day, and the capacity to serve Party and government policymaking is enhanced clearly. The total amount of funding has increased ear by year, programme categories have been further expanded, on the basis of the original four large programme categories, the State Philosophy and Social Science Achievement Database Programme and the Chinese Academic Foreign Translation Programme have been added. Disciplinary establishments have become more perfect, and management studies and national social science funding studies have increased the quantity to 26. Research result quantity and quality have risen notably, 4800 final results and 37600 phase-type results have been rolled out, among those, many results have been used for reference in policymaking by relevant Party and government departments, more than 1000 results have won provincial-level or higher awards. Generally speaking, philosophy and social science research has maintained and consolidated a healthy, upward, flourishing, developing and desirable trend during the “11th Five-Year Plan” period, and a solid basis has been established for development in the next five years.

At the same time, it must also be soberly considered that, in comparison with the requirements of economic and social development, philosophy and social science research and innovation capacity is still not strong, structures, quality and productivity must be further optimized and increased; research result application and transformation mechanisms are still not complete, the capacity and level of service to society must be further increased; funding input is still insufficient, distribution is insufficiently scientific and rational, application efficiency must be further increased; the phenomenon of academic impetuousness is still relatively prominent, loss of academic standards and improper academic activities occur from time to time, study style construction urgently needs strengthening. These issues must be earnestly researched, and powerful measures are to be adopted to resolve them.

The “12th Five-Year Plan” period is an important development phase for philosophy and social science research with great promise. In the next five years, global circumstances, national circumstances and Party circumstances will continue to see deep changes, our country’s economic and social development will present new stage-type characteristics, philosophy and social science research faces rare development opportunities, and at the same time faces many challenges. New changes are occurring in global economic and political structures, the international environment generally speaking, is beneficial to our country’s peaceful development, but there clearly are many unstable, incorrect and unsafe factors internationally, which urgently require philosophy and social science expansion and the deepening of research on major international issues, to even better serve the planning of both the domestic and international large pictures. Our country’s economic and social development strides towards a new stage, but the issues of imbalance, lack of coordination and unsustainability are still prominent, the difficulty of storming the fortifications of reform, comprehensive planning and coordination is further increasing, and philosophy and social science research is urgently needed to explore lines of thought and method to resolve new contradictions and new problems, and even better serve the promotion of scientific development and accelerate the transformation of economic development method. Our country’s ideological area continues to maintain a desirable trend of vigour, health and upwardness, but at the global level, exchanges, blends and clashes between all sorts of ideologies and cultures are becoming more complex day by day, it is even more clear that domestic social thought is becoming more plural diverse and changeable in characteristics, and philosophy and social science urgently need to explore effective ways the use of the Socialist core value system to guide domestic social thinking trends, and incessantly consolidate and expand Socialist mainstream ideology. Our country’s social construction incessantly moves forward, social management generally is adapted to our country’s national circumstances and Socialist system, but deep changes are occurring in social structures, social contradictions present many new situations and new characteristics, and philosophy and social science urgently needs to deepen research on innovating social construction and social management, to even better serve the larger picture of reform, development and stability. Our country’s cultural consumption becomes more vigorous every day, the important function of culture in stimulating economic and social development becomes more prominent, but cultural products and services still cannot very well adapt to the rapid growth of the popular masses’ spiritual culture requirements and the inherent demands of economic and social development in terms of quantity, quality and structuring, philosophy and social science urgently needs to explore the special rules, policy measures and structural guarantees of cultural development under new circumstances, to serve the grand development and grand flourishing of Socialist culture even better. Party building incessantly gains new progress, but the Party faces all sorts of texts that are even more complex and severe, philosophy and social science research urgently needs to explore effective channels and methods to further strengthen and improve Party building under new circumstances, and incessantly raise the scientific level of Party building. Philosophy and social science research development strides into a new phase based on innovation and raising quality, and urgently needs to incessantly expand development space, enrich research content and improve research methods, strive to raise innovative capacity, scientific quality and academic levels. New trends and new tasks require that philosophy and social science workers incessantly strengthen a sense of opportunity and a sense of worry, strengthen a sense of responsibility and a sense of mission, keep in step with the pace of the times, grasp the larger picture and larger trends, and make new contributions to promoting the flourishing and development of philosophy and social science.

II, Guiding ideologies and policy principles that philosophy and social science research must persist in during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period

The guiding ideology of philosophy and social science research during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period is: holding high the magnificent banner of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought as guidance, deeply implementing the scientific development view, persisting in the correct political orientations, respecting the rules of scientific research, firmly establishing a sense of excellence, paying attention to guiding study style construction, accelerating the construction of philosophy and social science innovation structures, further strengthening philosophy and social science research strategy and perspicacity, providing theoretical support and knowledge support for realizing the magnificent objectives of the “12th Five-Year Plan” for national economic and social development, and to wrest the victory of completely constructing a relatively well-off society.

During the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, philosophy and social science research must persist in the following principles:

Persist in the guiding position of Marxism in philosophy and social science research. Use the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics to lead philosophy and social science research work, use Marxist viewpoints, positions and methods to penetrate into all areas of philosophy and social science research, blend it into the entire process of philosophy and social science research, make philosophy and social science develop along the correct orientation from beginning to end.

Persist in the orientation of serving the people and serving Socialism, and the principle of letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend. Closely revolve around the larger picture of reform, development and stability, incessantly deepen research on major issues relating to the entire picture of the Party and State undertaking and development, serve the undertaking of Socialism with Chinese characteristics even better, serve the broad popular masses. Under the presupposition of maintaining the correct political orientation, fully carry forward academic democracy, encourage different academic schools and different academic viewpoints to mutually learn from group discussion and contention, construct an academic environment that respects differences, that is inclusive and diverse, vivid and vigorous, healthy and harmonious.

Persist in linking theory to reality, move theoretical innovation forward. Encourage and guide the broad philosophy and social science workers to stick close to reality, stick close to life and stick close to the masses, deeply launch investigative research, derive research topics from practice, excavate ideology and knowledge from the masses, put forward penetrating insights. Persist in integrating continuity and innovation, closely link up with reality, fix eyes upon new practices and new developments, vigorously move forward innovation in scientific structures, academic viewpoints and research methods, incessantly expand new theoretical fields of vision, achieve new theoretical generalizations.

Persist in comprehensive planning, considering all matters and coordinating development. Comprehensively plan basic theoretical research and applied policy research, traditional disciplines and burgeoning disciplines, national-level research and local-level research, research achievement transformation and philosophy and social science knowledge dissemination, promote the balanced development of and positive interaction between research in all disciplines and all areas. Strive to raise scientific research quality, publish more excellent results, create more excellent talents, incessantly strengthen the sustainable development capacity of philosophy and social science research.

Persist in standing in China, facing the world, standing in the present, facing the future. From the development practice of present China and the present world, from the rich academic thoughts of all times and all places, derive nourishment, do away with the old to bring out the new. With the magnificent practice of Socialism with Chinese characteristics as a driver and source for philosophy and social science research, grasp the pulse of the time, establish a global outlook, ensure that philosophy and social science research faces modernization, faces the world and faces the future from beginning to end. Deeply implement the philosophy and social science research “marching out” strategy, promote our country’s outstanding philosophy and social science research achievements and outstanding talents to march towards the world, strengthen foreign academic exchange and cooperation, incessantly raise the international influence of our country’s philosophy and social science research.

III, The main tasks of philosophy and social science research during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period

Deepening research on Marxism and especially the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, further moving the Sinicization, updating and popularization of Marxism forward. The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the newest theoretical achievement of the Sinicization of Marxism, persisting in the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics lies in incessantly enriching and developing this theoretical structure in practice, and is a primary task for philosophy and social science research. The organization and coordination of philosophy and social science research forces must be strengthened with Marxist theoretical research and construction projects as the starting point, deepen research on important categories, important ideologies and important judgments of the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, deepen research on the historical position, major significance, timed background,  scientific content, spiritual essence and basic requirements of the scientific development view, provide theoretical support for the incessant opening of new fields of vision and new frontiers in Marxist development. Deepen elucidation of the “Six Whys”, the “Drawing Four Major Boundaries”, the “Seven How To Look Ats” and other deep-layered theoretical issues and major real issues, deepen elucidation of the basic economic structure and political structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, reform, opening up and other major issues, unify thoughts even better, and coalesce consensus. Deepen research on the Socialist core value system, deepen elucidation of the implications, extension and practical requirements of the Socialist core value system, research and abstract the basic content of the Socialist core value system, vigorously explore effective channels and methods to use the Socialist core value system to guide and integrate social thinking trends, and promote the construction of a shared spiritual garden of the Chinese nation. Deepen research on the basic viewpoints of Marxism and the original versions of classic works, deepen research on the historical process and basic experience of the Sinicization of Marxism, shaping structure of mutual support and mutual stimulation of translation and editing classical works and researching basic viewpoints, shape academic structures and teaching material structures that completely reflect the newest theoretical achievements of the Sinicization of Marxism, shape long-term mechanisms for the education and dissemination of the newest theoretical achievements of the Sinicization of Marxism, completely complete all tasks determined in the Marxist theory research and construction projects.

Deepen research on the promotion of the scientific development view, and on the acceleration of the transformation of development methods, stimulate the economy to develop both well and rapidly. Taking scientific development at the core and taking the transformation of economic development methods as the main line, is the strategic disposition made by the Party Centre, based on our country’s basic national circumstances and the new phase-type characteristics of economic and social development, and is the strategic decision to analyze and explain difficulties in development, and gain new superiorities in development. The importance of accelerating the transformation of economic development methods must be deeply researched and elucidated, clarify that accelerating the transformation of economic development methods is the only way to promote scientific development, and is a necessary requirement to adapt to the major changes in global demand structures, racing to control the high point in international competition and raising sustainable development quality, guide the broad cadres and masses to raise ideological understanding, transform ideologies and concepts, strengthen the consciousness and firmness of accelerating the transformation of economic development methods. Deeply research and elucidate the basic requirements of accelerating the transformation of economic development methods, elucidate that the transformation of economic development methods must persist in putting economic structural adjustment into a strategic focus point, and have reform and opening up as a strong driver. Deeply research and elucidate the main direction of attack and strategic focus points of accelerating the transformation of economic development methods, elucidate policy measures to accelerate the promotion of economic structural adjustment, industrial structural adjustment, indigenous innovation, agricultural development method transformation, ecological civilization construction, coordinated economic and social development, cultural industry development and the transformation of foreign-related economic development methods. Deeply research prominent contradictions and problems restricting the transformation of economic development methods, explore the formulation of policy advice to resolve the imbalanced relationship between investment and consumption, the increase of income distribution differences, the weakness of science and technology innovation capacity, the irrational industrial structures, the frail agricultural basis, the lack of coordination in town, country and regional development and other problems, promote the establishment and completion of structures and mechanisms stimulating the transformation of economic development methods.

Deepening research on the Chinese development path and development strategy, fully displaying the superiority of the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Theoretically responding to international and domestic concerns and doubts about our development path and development strategy is an important mission for philosophy and social science research. It is necessary to deepen the elucidation that Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the only correct path to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, realistically elucidate the basic connotation, major significance and real route of our country’s persisting in the comprehensive development strategy of scientific development, harmonious development and peaceful development, guide the people to deeply understand the huge superiority of the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Deeply elucidate that having public ownership at the core, jointly developing with many kinds of ownership systems is the basic economic system at our country’s preliminary stage of Socialism, explore basic channels to deal well with the relationship of having public ownership at the core and stimulating non-public economic development, promote the mutual stimulation and joint development of the public economy and the non-public economy even better. Deeply elucidate that political structural reform is an important component part of our country’s overall reform, elucidate that moving political structural reform forward must persist in the correct political orientation, persist in Party leadership, persist in the Socialist path, respond to the question why our country cannot do multi-party rotational governance, cannot do pluralization of guiding ideologies, cannot do the “separation of three powers” and a bicameral system, cannot do federalism, and cannot do privatization with clear colours flying, guide people to unwaveringly march the political development path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. Vigorously respond to the concerns of international society about our country’s development path and development strategy, strengthen academic exchange and dialogue with foreign academics, be good at using methods that the other side can easily understand and accept to send out the voice of China, make the Chinese development path and development strategy gain an even more broad understanding and identification. Aimed at the misunderstandings, misreadings and malicious attacks of international society against our country in a number of major issues, deeply research and elucidate issues such as democracy, freedom, human rights, fairness, justice, ethnic religion, etc., elucidate the view on democracy, view on freedom, view on human rights, view on news, view on fairness and justice and view on ethnic religion of the Chinese Communist Party with colours flying, elucidate China’s relevant systemic arrangement, value orientations, political measures, achievements and progress, guide domestic public opinion, influence international public opinion.

Deepening research on cultural structural reform and cultural construction, promoting the grand development and grand flourishing of Socialist culture. In the next five years, our country’s cultural structural reform faces desirable opportunities and a broad space, vigorously launching research on cultural structural reform and cultural construction is a duty-bound responsibility of the philosophy and social science front. It is necessary to revolve around accelerating and moving forward cultural structural reform, accelerate the building of public cultural service structures and accelerate the development of cultural industries, deeply research lines of thinking and policies to further move cultural management structure reform forward, research and put forward policy measures to strengthen public cultural product and service supply, stimulate basic public cultural service equalization and move structural adjustment of the cultural industries forward, foster new cultural business models and raise the scale, intensification and specialization levels of the cultural industries, promote the establishment of systems and mechanisms beneficial to cultural science development. Revolve around strengthening guidance over cultural product creation and production, deeply research and establish scientific cultural product evaluation standards, evaluation mechanisms and mechanisms or structures to benefit excellent talents to come to the fore, create a desirable environment that is beneficial to cultural innovation, and make excellent cultural products compete and emerge in large numbers, fully give rein to the function and role of culture in guiding society, educating the people and promoting development. evolve around protecting and carrying forward excellent traditional culture of the nation, deeply excavate the rich resources of the nation’s traditional culture and characteristic regional culture, conduct special research on the nation’s traditional culture and characteristic regional culture, roll out a batch of research achievement that merit being passed on, forge a cultural brand of the Chinese nation. Revolve around strengthening network culture construction and management, deeply research the characteristics and rules of network culture construction under new circumstances, vigorously explore network culture management models conforming to the reality of our country, promote using vigorous and healthy network culture to occupy the dominant position online. Revolve around moving the cultural “moving out” strategy forward, deeply research measures to expand cultural product and service export, establish databases on the foreign dissemination of Chinese culture, implement a batch of foreign translation programmes for Chinese academia to fund translation, publication and popularization of Chinese classics and excellent cultural products, strive to strengthen the foreign influence of Chinese culture.

Deepening research on strengthening and innovating social construction and social management, promote the construction of a Socialist harmonious society. Strengthen and innovate social construction and social management is a necessary requirement for building a harmonious Socialist society and safeguarding the basic interest of the broadest people, and has a major and strategic significance for the complete construction of a relatively well-off society and realizing a long period of peace and order for the Party and the State. It is necessary to revolve around constructing a Socialist social management structure with Chinese characteristics, deeply research the effective social management methods and successful experiences of the 60 years since the foundation of the New China and especially since the 30 years of reform and opening up, learn from foreign social construction theory and practice, vigorously explore social management rules under new circumstances, promote the establishment of social management structures under the leadership of Party Committees, under the responsibility of governments, in coordination with society, and with participation from the masses, raise the scientific levels of social management. Revolve around the focus area and focus task of strengthening and innovating social management, deeply research lines of thought and measures to do mass work under new circumstances well, research issues such as further strengthening and perfecting social management structures, mechanisms guided by the Party and governments to safeguard the rights and interests of the masses, management of and service to the floating population and special masses, grass-roots social management and service structures, public security structures, non-public economy organization and social organization management, information network management, ideology and moral construction, etc., create a desirable social environment to realize the economic and social development objectives of the “12th Five-Year Plan” period. Revolve around strengthening and innovating social construction, deeply research the basic connotations, focus areas and main channels of social construction, research prominent issues influencing social harmony and stability, and interest issues about which the popular masses are most concerned, that are the most direct and the most realistic, explore lines of thought and methods to resolve education, employment, income distribution, social security, healthcare, hygiene, housing guarantees, safe production, poverty relief and other major social issues, promote the social construction focusing on guaranteeing and improving the people’s livelihood as even better.

Deepening research on strengthening and improving Party building under new circumstances, promoting Party building theory innovation and practice innovation. Strengthening and improving Party building under new circumstances is a major political duty for the entire Party, deepening research on Party building is a major task for philosophy and social science. It is necessary to deeply research and elucidate the importance and urgency of strengthening and improving Party building under new circumstances, research Marxist doctrine on Party building and its historical development, summarize the basic experiences of using the Party to strengthen self-building, explore the characteristics and rules of Party building under new circumstances, learn from beneficial methods of foreign party building, incessantly enrich and develop Party building theory that is rich in the characteristics of the times.  Deeply research the basic connotations of and effective channels to raise the scientific level of Party building, research and answer how to use scientific theory to guide Party building how to guarantee Party building with scientific structures, and how to move Party building forward with scientific methods. Revolve around the main line building the Party’s governance capacity and progressive construction, deeply research new measures and new rules on strengthening ideological construction with firm theoretical convictions as focus point, strengthening organizational construction with creating high-quality Party cadre teams as focus point, strengthening work style construction with closely linking the Party and the popular masses as focus point, strengthening system construction with completing democratic centralism as focus point, and strengthening anti-corruption and pro-honesty construction with perfecting structures to punish and prevent corruption as focus point. Revolve around raising Party leadership levels and governance levels, raising the capacity to resist corruption, prevent emergency, and withstand risks, deeply research the new situations, new problems and new challenges faced in Party building, strive to explore and resolve the problems that exist within the Party of not being adapted to new trends, new tasks and new requirements, and not conforming to the nature and purpose of the Party. Deeply research and elucidate the importance, deep connotations, main tasks and basic requirements for building a Marxist study-type party, summarize the new experiences of building study-type Party organizations, explore the establishment and completion of study systems and long-term mechanisms that are perfectly scientific, conform to reality and effective in practice, to even better promote building a study-type party and a study-type society.

Deepening research on international issues, creating a desirable external environment beneficial to our country’s peaceful development. In the future five years, our country’s mutual linkages and mutual reliance with the world have become closer, the mutual influence and mutual function of domestic issues and international issues, domestic affairs and foreign affairs becomes deeper day by day, exploring and deepening research on international issues has an important significance for safeguarding our country’s national interests, even better comprehensively planning both large pictures of domestic and international matters. Deeply research Marxist international relations theory, study and learn from corresponding research results from all nations in the world, integrate international trends, developments and changes, further comb out the basic categories and basic methods of international relations theory, incessantly enrich and perfect an international relations theory structure with Chinese characteristics. Deeply research new trends in international political development and new changes in international political structures, especially the deep influence of the domestic development and international strategy of Western developed countries, emerging developing countries and peripheral countries on our external security environment, put forward focused counterpolicies and measures, realistically safeguard and use the important strategic opportunity period of our country’s development. Deeply research our country’s national security and foreign affairs strategy, research and elucidate concepts and propositions on China persisting in marching a peaceful development path and proposing the building of a harmonious world, research and elucidate our viewpoints and positions in resolving global issues, safeguard basic national interests, and display a desirable national image. Deeply research new trends in global economic development and new changes in global economic structures, research prominent issues existing in our country’s engaging in international economic cooperation and competition, promote the international economic system to develop in a more fair and reasonable direction. Deeply research the present changes and norms in the thinking trends of international society and the new characteristics of all sorts of ideological and cultural exchange, blending and clashing, explore the general plan and strategic focus of national cultural soft power construction, realistically safeguard our country’s ideological security and cultural security, promote the equal exchange and joint development of different civilizations of humankind.

Deepening basic theoretical research, promoting the establishment of a philosophy and social science discipline structure with Chinese characteristics. Basic theory research is the support of the sustained development of philosophy and social science, developing a philosophy and social science discipline structure with Chinese characteristics is a strategic task in strengthening basic theoretical research. It is necessary to, from the strategic height of realizing the sustained development of philosophy and social science, expand input strength into basic theoretical research, forcefully expand support to basic research related to the overall picture of philosophy and social science development and disciplinary innovation and development, forcefully support basic research concerning consolidating and strengthening the important real significance of the guiding position of Marxism, forcefully support basic research on the major function in carrying forward the spirit of the nation, and inheriting Chinese culture, and forcefully support basic research on long-term influences on economic and social development and national security. Implement originally-created major basic theory programme research, strengthen arrangement and research on major documentary resources, roll out a batch of symbolic results having major theoretical innovation and cultural inheritance value, promote a clear rise in the comprehensive level of basic theoretical research. Conform to the requirements of new trends in scientific development, forcefully move disciplinary construction and disciplinary innovation forward, focus on supporting basic disciplines, realistically strengthen applied disciplines, vigorously develop interdisciplinary work, focus to foster burgeoning disciplines, stimulate disciplinary distribution, arrangement and structural optimization, promote the establishment of a philosophy and social science disciplinary system with complete categories, rational structuring, clear characteristics, coordinate in development, that fully reflects Chinese characteristics, Chinese style and a Chinese air. Implement major special programme research across disciplines, forcefully stimulate the osmosis and blending between basic disciplines, basic disciplines and applied disciplines, philosophy and social science and the natural sciences foster new disciplinary growth points in promoting all academic disciplines to mutually learn from one another, and develop jointly.

IV, Fully give rein to the important function of State social science funding in letting philosophy and social science flourish

During the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, following the great increase in State social science funding programmes and amounts, the task of planning and management work is ever more heavy, requirements are ever more high, and responsibilities are ever more large. Facing new tendencies and new tasks, State social science funding management work must grasp the opportune moment, reform and innovate, persist in the correct tendency, focus on scientific management, stress national levels, and carry forward a fine study style, further promoting the flourishing and development of philosophy and social science and serving the larger picture of Party and State work even better.

Optimize programme distribution, further perfect State social science funding programme subsidy structures. Complete a programme subsidy structure with annual programmes in first place, with major programmes as starting points, with the Western region subsidy programme, the Late-Stage subsidy programme, the National Philosophy and Social Science Research Result Database programme, the China Academic Foreign Translation Programme , etc., as supplement, that have diverse categories, clear orientations, mutually supporting functions and mutual linkages. Annual programmes are to mainly subsidize special subject-time applied research and general basic theory, fixing eyes upon fostering talent and training teams. Major programmes are mainly to subsidize  major applied research and basic research related to the overall picture of economic and social development, and the overall picture of philosophy and social science development, fixing eyes upon serving policymaking and promoting scientific construction. The Western Programme is to mainly subsidize research on topics to promote economic development, social stability and ethnic unity in the Western region, fixing eyes upon fostering, encouraging and stabilizing philosophy and social science research teams in the Western region. The Late-Stage subsidy programme is to mainly subsidize excellent research results in the basic research area of philosophy and social science that are basically complete but have not been published, fixing eyes upon encouraging and advocating a fine study style of rigorous scholarship and veneration of excellent products. the National Philosophy and Social Science Result Database programme mainly subsidises the publication of results reflecting our country’s highest level in philosophy and social science research, fixing eyes upon concentrating and displaying the academic creativity of our country’s philosophy and social science circles. The China Academic Foreign Translation programme is to mainly subsidise the publication abroad of our country’s excellent philosophy and social science research results in foreign language form, fixing eyes upon introducing our country’s excellent traditional culture and the developments and changes in contemporary China. During the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, about 20.000 projects are to be subsidised annually, among those, about 3000 by the Focus programme about 10.000 by the General programme, about 7000 by the Youth programme, about major programmes are to be subsidised, of which about 600 are basic research programmes, and about 600 applied research programmes; about 2500 projects are to be subsidized under the Western programme, about 2000 under the Late-Stage programme, about 400 under the National Philosophy and Social Science Result Database programme, and about 300 under the China Academic Foreign Translation programme. Organize and implement Chinese development paths and development strategies, strengthen and innovate major special research programmes on Chinese issues such as social construction and social management, local and regional economic development, international issues, facing foreign academics, vigorously and reliably explore other programme categories and subsidy methods.

Strengthening a sense of quality, striving to promote State social science funding programmes to produce more excellent masterpieces. Perfect programme examination systems, incessantly raise State social science funding programme establishment levels. Annually organize the conduct of one special subject-type academic survey, organize the conduct of one deep academic survey of the entire system by the end of the “12th Five-Year Plan”, analyze the basic situation, focus points, difficult points, issues, as well as weak links and blank zones of all disciplines, all specialities and all areas, grasp the general situation and development tendency of philosophy and social science, provide a basic foundation for the scientific formulation of annual theme guidelines and middle to long-term research plans; further perfect open call systems for topic guidelines as well as expert academic and policymaking department consultation and argument systems, realistically strengthening the scientific nature, focus and correctness of the guidelines; according to the principle of comprehensively regulating programme establishment quantities and striving to raise the quality of project establishment, establish and complete scientific and rational programme reporting and regulation mechanisms; vigorously explore examination mechanisms for research topics in burgeoning disciplines, dual disciplines, that are interdisciplinary or cross-disciplinary. Establish and complete programme elimination mechanisms, straiten middle-term management, supervise those undertaking topics to timely and with high efficiency complete programme research. Strictly keep the gate of result appraisal and project conclusion, stress the academic standardization of survey results under the presupposition of persisting in the correct political orientation, explore the implementation of flexible and diverse result appraisal methods, further raise the quality of result inspection, strengthening authoritativeness.

Completing propaganda and recommendation mechanisms, incessantly strengthening the influence and driving strength of State social science funding programmes. Strengthen propaganda and recommendation work of State social science funding programme results, stimulate that research results are used even better and even more rapidly in Party and government policymaking, used in economic and social development, and used in philosophy and social science discipline construction, incessantly raise the applied value and social effect of research results. It is necessary to integrate daily propaganda and recommendation with concentrated propaganda and recommendation, stress propaganda planning, grasp propaganda rhythms, strive to strengthen the focus and effectiveness of propaganda and recommendation of research results. It is necessary to integrate propaganda and recommendation of excellent results with propaganda and recommendation of excellent talents, encourage those undertaking programmes to concentrate on intensive study and rigorous scholarship, vigorously promote study style construction. It is necessary to integrate domestic propaganda with foreign propaganda, subsidize the translation and recommendation of a batch of excellent results representing the development orientation and research levels of our country’s philosophy and social science, further expanding the international influence of Chinese academia. Strive to expand propaganda and recommendation channels, fully utilize newspapers, periodicals, radio, television, networks and other mass media to forcefully propagate and recommend excellent results of State social science funding programmes through organizing conferences, expert interviews, result reports and other activities, incessantly strengthen the demonstration and driving function of State social science funding programmes. Establish the National Social Science Funding Programme Result Database, provide corresponding information services, promote the application and transformation of results.

Abiding by the rules of social science research, striving to raise the scientific level of State social science funding management work. Vigorously explore the characteristics and rules of State social science funding management work under new circumstances, incessantly strengthen management system construction with a spirit of reform and innovation, realistically achieve scientific management, democratic management, and management according to the law. Make caring for and uniting intellectuals into an important work principle for State social science funding management, make respecting and relying on expert academics into a basic  work method, let management live inside service, develop service in scientific management, strengthen management in standardizing service, strive to make State social science funding into an important platform serving the social science circles, build State social science funding management organs into homes for philosophy and social science workers. Further strengthen work investigation and information communication, timely and actively understand the needs and aspirations of philosophy and social science workers, vigorously respond to some deep concerns in focus work of social science circles, raise the openness and transparency of management work, consciously accept supervision from academic circles and society. Accelerate the construction of a State social science funding management database, vigorously promote the informatization of management work. Make a large and strong nationwide social science planning website, making it become an important window and consulting platform for social science circles to understand State social science funding. On the basis of broadly soliciting opinions and summarizing practical experiences, revise the “State Social Science Funding Management Rules”, further determine the guiding ideology, structures, mechanisms, objectives and tasks of State social science funding. Scientifically determine programme subsidy values, rationally arrange the funding use orientation, straiten funding budget management, expand funding budget implementation and use inspection strength, guarantee secure operation of funding, raise the use productivity of the great increase in funding.

V, Guarantee measures for philosophy and social science research during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period

Strengthening leadership over philosophy and social science research. Party Committees and governments must give high regard to philosophy and social science research work, strive to grasp the rules of philosophy and social science research work, improve leading methods, raise leadership levels, create a desirable environment for philosophy and social science research development. Guide philosophy and social science workers to regularly pay attention to and deeply research major real issues, timely use excellent research results into all matters of policymaking, fully muster the vigour and creativity of philosophy and social science workers, assist them in resolving real difficulties in work and life. Firmly establish scientific development concepts, strengthen comprehensive planning over philosophy and social science research work, fully give rein to the function of all levels and all kinds of philosophy and social science research organs. Strengthen guidance and management over philosophy and social science work associations, research associations and other battlefields, and conferences, seminars, lectures and other carriers, make them develop healthily.

Strengthening philosophy and social science innovation structure construction. Adapt to the requirements of new circumstances and new tasks, strive to reform philosophy and social science research systems and mechanisms, foster innovation subjects, establish innovation platforms, completely move philosophy and social science innovation projects forward, accelerate the construction of a philosophy and social science innovation structure with innovations in scientific structuring, academic viewpoints, research methods and research organization management as main content, strive to raise the innovative capacity of philosophy and social science research. Establish and perfect categorized evaluation systems conform to the characteristics of philosophy and social science, build a plural evaluation structure  with innovation and quality as guidance, stress academic original creativity and real application value even more. Perfect philosophy and social science incentive mechanisms, further arouse the creative vitality and innovative potential of philosophy and social science workers. Explore the formulation of philosophy and social science academic ethical standards, establish and complete scientific research honesty mechanisms and study style supervision mechanisms, forcefully promote study style construction. Stress top-level design of philosophy and social science research structure and mechanism reform, accelerate the establishment of a national philosophy and social science research database, concentrate and gather information on all levels and all categories of philosophy and social science research programmes, systematically analyze the funding sources, research personnel distribution, topical research distribution and orientation of programmatic research, create conditions for the comprehensive planning and coordination of all sorts of funding programme financial input, incessantly raising funding use productivity. Accelerate the construction of a batch of special databases on social surveys, statistical analysis, basic documents, legal case compendia, etc., promote joint philosophy and social science information resource building and sharing. Fully give rein to the superiority of individual research and collective storming of key passes, encourage cross-disciplinary, cross-departmental and cross-area special subject research, vigorously promote research organization and management innovation.

Strengthening philosophy and social science research team construction. Persist in respecting labour, respecting knowledge, respecting talent, respecting creation, innovate philosophy and social science talent fostering models, strive to create a fine environment for talents to come to the fore, and putting talent to full use. Rely on focus disciplines, focus research bases and major research programmes, to bring up even more top-notch talents and leaders in all discipline and all specialities. Through implementing preferential programme policies, support and foster a batch of middle-age and young academic leaders with strong theoretical basic training, who dare to explore and innovate, annually select a batch of middle-age and young research backbones to leave the country for visits and exchange, broadening their academic field of vision. Stress fostering scientific research management personnel, conduct professional training in a planned and gradual manner for responsible management persons in focus scientific research work units nationwide and responsible management persons in scientific research management departments, as well as work personnel from all provincial, regional and municipal scientific research planning offices, train them in rotation once in five years. According to the principles of hierarchical responsibilities and tiered management, all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, and relevant departments must also, on the basis of reality, formulate philosophy and social science research talent fostering plans for their regions and departments and earnestly organize implementation. Realistically strengthen philosophy and social science team ideology and moral construction and study style construction, guide philosophy and social science workers in establishing a correct world view, view of life and value system, establishing fine professional spirits and professional morals, and developing a fine study style of rigorous scholarship and venerating excellence.

Expanding philosophy and social science research funding input. The State comprehensively plans and arranges funding input into all types of social science, and guarantees an annual increase in philosophy and social science research funding. All provinces, autonomous regions and cities, and all relevant departments must integrate reality and expand the scope of growth of philosophy and social science research funding in their regions or departments, and even better satisfy the development needs of the philosophy and social science undertaking. Under the presupposition that State supports takes first place, philosophy and social science research organs and researchers meeting conditions may turn towards demand in markets and enterprises, creating pluralized scientific funding and financing channels.

Implementing the “12th Five-Year Plan” for philosophy and social science research has an important significance for the flourishing and development of philosophy and social science research in the next five years. All provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities and all relevant departments must strengthen organizational leadership, integrate their own reality, adopt forceful measures, to satisfactorily implement all tasks put forward in the “Plan”, and at the same time grasp the formulation of philosophy and social science research plans in their own regions and departments, and earnestly organize implementation.

国家哲学社会科学研究“十二五”规划
历史使命 大有作为
“十二五”时期各学科重点领域和重点研究课题
“十二五”时期,是我国全面建设小康社会的关键时期,是深化改革开放、加快转变经济发展方式的攻坚时期。开创科学发展新局面、夺取全面建设小康社会新胜利,赋予哲学社会科学新的历史使命和时代课题,哲学社会科学研究的任务更为繁重、责任更为重大。为做好今后五年哲学社会科学研究工作,根据《国民经济和社会发展第十二个五年规划纲要》和《国家“十二五”时期文化改革发展规划纲要》,制定本规划。
一、“十一五”时期哲学社会科学研究取得的成绩和“十二五”时期面临的形势
“十一五”时期哲学社会科学研究取得显著成就。过去五年,在党中央的高度重视和正确领导下,哲学社会科学战线高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,牢牢把握正确政治方向,紧密结合全面建设小康社会实际,积极开展理论研究和实践探索,充分发挥认识世界、传承文明、创新理论、咨政育人、服务社会的重要作用,为巩固马克思主义在意识形态领域的指导地位、服务党和国家工作大局作出了重要贡献。马克思主义理论研究和建设工程取得突破性进展,有力推进了马克思主义中国化、时代化、大众化进程。围绕改革发展稳定面临的重大现实问题和关系哲学社会科学发展全局的基础研究课题,推出了一批学术价值厚重、社会影响广泛的优秀成果。学科建设不断加强,传统学科日益完善,新兴学科、交叉学科快速发展,初步形成了门类较为齐全、布局较为合理的学科体系。对外学术交流与合作不断扩大,我国哲学社会科学研究“走出去”步伐进一步加快,在国际学术舞台上的话语权和影响力明显增强。研究队伍不断壮大,涌现出一批学术领军人物、学科带头人和中青年科研骨干。“十一五”期间,国家社科基金覆盖面和影响力不断扩大,导向和示范作用日益突出,服务党和政府决策的能力明显提升。基金总量逐年增长,项目类别进一步拓展,在原有四大类项目基础上,新增国家哲学社会科学成果文库项目和中华学术外译项目。学科设置更加完善,增设管理学科,国家社科基金学科总数发展到26个。研究成果数量和质量显著提升,推出4800多项最终成果和37600多篇阶段性成果,其中许多成果被党和政府有关部门纳入决策参考,1000多项成果获得省部级以上奖励。总的看,“十一五”时期哲学社会科学研究保持和巩固了健康向上、繁荣发展的良好势头,为今后五年的发展奠定了坚实基础。
同时也要清醒地看到,与经济社会发展的要求相比,哲学社会科学研究创新能力还不强,结构、质量与效益需进一步优化和提高;研究成果应用转化机制还不健全,服务社会的能力和水平需进一步提升;经费投入依然不足,布局还不够科学合理,使用效率需进一步提高;学术浮躁现象还比较突出,学术失范、学术不端行为时有发生,学风建设亟待加强。这些问题,需要认真研究并采取有力措施加以解决。
“十二五”时期是哲学社会科学研究大有作为的重要发展阶段。未来五年,世情国情党情继续发生深刻变化,我国经济社会发展呈现新的阶段性特征,哲学社会科学研究面临难得的发展机遇,同时也面对诸多挑战。世界经济政治格局出现新变化,国际环境总体上有利于我国和平发展,但国际上不稳定不确定不安全因素明显增多,迫切需要哲学社会科学拓展和深化国际重大问题研究,更好地为统筹国内国际两个大局服务。我国经济社会发展迈上新台阶,但不平衡、不协调、不可持续问题依然突出,改革攻坚和统筹协调的难度进一步加大,迫切需要哲学社会科学研究探索解决新矛盾新问题的思路和办法,更好地为推动科学发展、加快转变经济发展方式服务。我国意识形态领域继续保持积极健康向上的良好态势,但世界范围各种思想文化交流交融交锋日益频繁,国内社会思想多元多样多变特征更加明显,迫切需要哲学社会科学积极探索用社会主义核心价值体系引领国内社会思潮的有效途径,不断巩固壮大社会主义主流意识形态。我国社会建设不断推进,社会管理总体上与我国国情和社会主义制度相适应,但社会结构发生深刻变动,社会矛盾呈现许多新情况新特点,迫切需要哲学社会科学深化创新社会建设和社会管理研究,更好地服务改革发展稳定大局。我国文化消费日趋旺盛,文化在促进经济社会发展中的重要作用更加凸显,但文化产品和服务在数量、质量和结构上,还不能很好地适应人民群众精神文化需求的快速增长和经济社会发展的内在要求,迫切需要哲学社会科学研究探索新形势下文化发展的特点规律、政策措施和体制保障,更好地推动社会主义文化大发展大繁荣。党的建设不断取得新的进展,但党面临的各种考验更加复杂严峻,迫切需要哲学社会科学研究探索进一步加强和改进新形势下党的建设的有效途径和办法,不断提高党的建设科学化水平。哲学社会科学研究发展迈入立足创新、提升质量的新阶段,迫切需要不断拓展研究领域、丰富研究内容、改进研究方法,努力提高创新能力、科研质量和学术水平。新形势新任务需要哲学社会科学工作者不断增强机遇意识和忧患意识,增强责任感使命感,紧跟时代步伐,把握大局大势,为推动哲学社会科学繁荣发展作出新的贡献。
二、“十二五”时期哲学社会科学研究必须坚持的指导思想和方针原则
“十二五”时期哲学社会科学研究的指导思想是:高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论和“三个代表”重要思想为指导,深入贯彻落实科学发展观,坚持正确政治方向,遵循社科研究规律,牢固树立精品意识,注重引导学风建设,加快建设哲学社会科学创新体系,进一步增强哲学社会科学研究的战略性和前瞻性,为实现国民经济和社会发展“十二五”规划宏伟目标、夺取全面建设小康社会新胜利提供理论支撑和智力支持。
“十二五”时期哲学社会科学研究要坚持以下方针原则:
坚持马克思主义在哲学社会科学研究中的指导地位。用中国特色社会主义理论体系统领哲学社会科学研究工作,把马克思主义立场观点方法贯穿到哲学社会科学研究的各个领域,融入到哲学社会科学研究的全过程,使哲学社会科学研究始终沿着正确方向发展。
坚持为人民服务、为社会主义服务的方向和百花齐放、百家争鸣的方针。紧紧围绕改革发展稳定大局,不断深化关系党和国家事业发展全局的重大问题研究,更好地服务中国特色社会主义事业,服务广大人民群众。在坚持正确政治方向的前提下,充分发扬学术民主,鼓励不同学术流派、不同学术观点相互切磋和争鸣,营造尊重差异、包容多样、生动活泼、健康和谐的学术环境。
坚持理论联系实际,推进理论创新。鼓励和引导广大哲学社会科学工作者贴近实际、贴近生活、贴近群众,深入开展调查研究,从实践中提炼研究题材,从群众中发掘思想智慧,提出真知灼见。坚持继承与创新相结合,紧密结合现实,着眼于新的实践和新的发展,积极推进学科体系、学术观点和科研方法创新,不断开拓新的理论视野,作出新的理论概括。
坚持统筹兼顾、协调发展。统筹基础理论研究与应用对策研究、传统学科与新兴学科、国家层面研究与地方层面研究、研究成果转化与哲学社会科学知识普及,推动各学科、各领域研究均衡发展、良性互动。着力提升科研质量,多出优秀成果,多出优秀人才,不断增强哲学社会科学研究可持续发展能力。
坚持立足中国、面向世界,立足当代、面向未来。从当代中国和当今世界的发展实践中,从古今中外丰富的学术思想中,汲取营养,推陈出新。以中国特色社会主义伟大实践为哲学社会科学研究的动力和源泉,把握时代脉搏,树立世界眼光,使哲学社会科学研究始终面向现代化、面向世界、面向未来。深入实施哲学社会科学研究“走出去”战略,推动我国哲学社会科学优秀成果和优秀人才走向世界,加强对外学术交流与合作,不断提升我国哲学社会科学研究的国际影响力。
三、“十二五”时期哲学社会科学研究的主要任务
深化马克思主义特别是中国特色社会主义理论体系研究,进一步推进马克思主义中国化、时代化、大众化。中国特色社会主义理论体系是马克思主义中国化的最新理论成果,坚持中国特色社会主义理论体系并在新的实践中不断丰富和发展这一理论体系,是哲学社会科学研究的首要任务。要以马克思主义理论研究和建设工程为龙头,加强对哲学社会科学研究力量的组织协调,深化对中国特色社会主义理论体系重要范畴、重要思想、重要论断的研究,深化对科学发展观历史地位、重大意义、时代背景、科学内涵、精神实质和根本要求的研究,为不断开辟马克思主义发展的新视野、新境界提供理论支撑。深化对“六个为什么”、“划清四个重大界限”、“七个怎么看”等深层次理论问题和重大现实问题的阐释,深化对中国特色社会主义基本经济制度、政治制度和改革开放等重大问题的阐释,更好地统一思想、凝聚共识。深化社会主义核心价值体系研究,深入阐释社会主义核心价值体系的内涵外延和实践要求,研究提炼社会主义核心价值观的基本内容,积极探索用社会主义核心价值体系引领、整合社会思潮的有效途径和办法,推动建设中华民族共有精神家园。深化马克思主义基本观点和经典著作原始文本研究,深化马克思主义中国化历史进程和基本经验研究,形成经典著作编译和基本观点研究相互支撑、相互促进的格局,形成全面反映马克思主义中国化最新理论成果的学科体系和教材体系,形成马克思主义中国化最新理论成果教育普及的长效机制,全面完成马克思主义理论研究和建设工程确定的各项任务。
深化推动科学发展、加快转变经济发展方式研究,促进经济又好又快发展。以科学发展为主题和以加快转变经济发展方式为主线,是党中央立足我国基本国情和经济社会发展新的阶段性特征作出的战略部署,是破解发展难题、赢得发展新优势的战略抉择。要深入研究阐释加快转变经济发展方式的重要意义,阐明加快转变经济发展方式是推动科学发展的必由之路,是适应全球需求结构重大变化、抢占国际竞争制高点、提高可持续发展能力的必然要求,引导广大干部群众提高思想认识,转变思想观念,增强加快转变经济发展方式的自觉性坚定性。深入研究阐释加快转变经济发展方式的基本要求,阐明转变经济发展方式必须坚持把经济结构调整作为战略重点,把科技进步和创新作为重要支撑,把保障和改善民生作为根本出发点和落脚点,把建设资源节约型、环境友好型社会作为重要着力点,把改革开放作为强大动力。深入研究阐释加快转变经济发展方式的主攻方向和战略重点,阐明加快推进经济结构调整、产业结构调整、自主创新、农业发展方式转变、生态文明建设、经济社会协调发展、文化产业发展和对外经济发展方式转变的政策措施。深入研究制约经济发展方式转变的突出矛盾和问题,探索提出解决投资和消费关系失衡、收入分配差距拉大、科技创新能力不强、产业结构不合理、农业基础薄弱、城乡区域发展不协调等问题的对策建议,推动建立健全促进加快转变经济发展方式的体制机制。
深化中国发展道路和发展战略研究,充分展示中国特色社会主义的制度优势。从理论上回应国际国内对我国发展道路和发展战略的关切和疑惑,是哲学社会科学研究的重要使命。要深入阐释中国特色社会主义道路是实现中华民族伟大复兴的唯一正确道路,研究阐释我国坚持科学发展、和谐发展、和平发展总体发展战略的基本内涵、重大意义和实现路径,引导人们深刻认识中国特色社会主义制度的巨大优越性。深入阐释公有制为主体、多种所有制经济共同发展是我国社会主义初级阶段的基本经济制度,探索处理好坚持公有制为主体和促进非公有制经济发展关系的基本途径,更好地推动公有制经济和非公有制经济相互促进、共同发展。深入阐释政治体制改革是我国全面改革的重要组成部分,阐明推进政治体制改革必须坚持正确政治方向、坚持党的领导、坚持社会主义道路,旗帜鲜明地回答我国为什么不能搞多党轮流执政、不能搞指导思想多元化、不能搞“三权鼎立”和两院制、不能搞联邦制、不能搞私有化,引导人们坚定不移地走中国特色社会主义政治发展道路。积极回应国际社会对我国发展道路和发展战略的关切,加强同国外的学术交流和对话,善于用对方易于理解和接受的方式发出中国声音,使中国发展道路和发展战略赢得更加广泛的理解和认同。针对国际社会在一些重大问题上对我国的误解误读和恶意攻击,深入研究阐释民主、自由、人权、公平正义、民族宗教等问题,旗帜鲜明地阐明中国共产党的民主观、自由观、人权观、新闻观、公平正义观、民族宗教观,阐明中国有关的制度安排、价值取向、政策措施、成就进展,引导国内舆论,影响国际舆论。
深化文化体制改革和文化建设研究,推动社会主义文化大发展大繁荣。未来五年,我国文化改革发展面临良好机遇和广阔空间,积极开展文化体制改革和文化建设研究,是哲学社会科学战线义不容辞的责任。要围绕加快推进文化体制改革、加快构建公共文化服务体系、加快发展文化产业,深入研究进一步推进文化管理体制改革的思路和政策,研究提出加强公共文化产品和服务供给、促进基本公共文化服务均等化和推进文化产业结构调整、培育新的文化业态、提高文化产业规模化集约化专业化水平的对策措施,推动建立有利于文化科学发展的体制机制。围绕加强对文化产品创作生产的引导,深入研究建立科学的文化产品评价标准、评价机制和有利于优秀人才脱颖而出的体制机制,营造有利于文化创新、使优秀文化产品竞相涌现的良好环境,充分发挥文化引导社会、教育人民、推动发展的功能和作用。围绕保护和弘扬民族优秀传统文化,深入挖掘民族传统文化和特色地域文化的丰厚资源,实施民族传统文化和特色地域文化重大专项研究,推出一批具有传世价值的研究成果,打造中华民族文化品牌。围绕加强网络文化建设和管理,深入研究新形势下网络文化建设的特点和规律,积极探索符合我国实际的网络文化管理模式,推动用积极健康的网络文化占据网上主导地位。围绕推进文化“走出去”战略,深入研究扩大文化产品和服务出口的措施,建立中华文化海外传播动态数据库,实施一批资助翻译、出版推介中华经典和文化精品的中华学术外译项目,努力增强中华文化的对外影响力。
深化加强和创新社会建设与社会管理研究,推动社会主义和谐社会建设。加强和创新社会建设与社会管理,是构建社会主义和谐社会、维护最广大人民根本利益的必然要求,对于全面建设小康社会、实现党和国家长治久安具有重大战略意义。要围绕建设中国特色社会主义社会管理体系,深入研究新中国成立60多年来特别是改革开放30多年来社会管理的有效做法和成功经验,借鉴国外社会建设理论和实践,积极探索新形势下社会管理规律,推动建立党委领导、政府负责、社会协调、公众参与的社会管理体系,提高社会管理科学化水平。围绕加强和创新社会管理的重点领域和重点任务,深入研究做好新形势下群众工作的思路和举措,研究进一步加强和完善社会管理格局、党和政府主导的维护群众权益机制、流动人口和特殊人群管理和服务、基层社会管理和服务体系、公共安全体系、非公有制经济组织和社会组织管理、信息网络管理、思想道德建设等问题,为实现“十二五”时期经济社会发展目标营造良好社会环境。围绕加强和创新社会建设,深入研究社会建设的基本内涵、重点领域和主要途径,研究影响社会和谐稳定的突出问题和人民群众最关心最直接最现实的利益问题,探索解决教育、就业、收入分配、社会保障、医疗卫生、住房保障、安全生产、扶贫开发等重大社会问题的思路和办法,更好地推动以保障和改善民生为重点的社会建设。
深化加强和改进新形势下党的建设研究,推动党的建设理论创新和实践创新。加强和改进新形势下党的建设是全党的重大政治责任,深化党的建设研究是哲学社会科学的重要任务。要深入研究阐释加强和改进新形势下党的建设的重要性紧迫性,研究马克思主义建党学说及其历史发展,总结运用党加强自身建设的基本经验,探索新形势下党的建设的特点和规律,借鉴国外政党建设的有益做法,不断丰富和发展富有时代特征的党的建设理论。深入研究提高党的建设科学化水平的基本内涵和有效途径,研究回答如何以科学理论指导党的建设、以科学制度保障党的建设、以科学方法推进党的建设。围绕党的执政能力建设和先进性建设这一主线,深入研究以坚定理想信念为重点加强思想建设、以造就高素质党员干部队伍为重点加强组织建设、以密切党同人民群众联系为重点加强作风建设、以健全民主集中制为重点加强制度建设、以完善惩治和预防腐败体系为重点加强反腐倡廉建设的新举措新办法。围绕提高党的领导水平和执政水平、提高拒腐防变和抵御风险能力,深入研究党的建设面临的新情况新问题新挑战,着力探索解决党内存在的不适应新形势新任务新要求、不符合党的性质和宗旨的问题。深入研究阐释建设马克思主义学习型政党的重大意义、深刻内涵、主要任务和基本要求,总结学习型党组织建设的新鲜经验,探索建立健全科学完备、符合实际、行之有效的学习制度和长效机制,更好地推动建设学习型政党和学习型社会。
深化国际问题研究,营造有利于我国和平发展的良好外部环境。未来五年,我国与世界的相互联系、相互依存更加紧密,国内问题与国际问题、内政与外交的相互影响、相互作用日益深刻,拓展和深化国际问题研究对于维护我国国家利益、更好地统筹国内国际两个大局具有重要意义。深入研究马克思主义国际关系理论,学习借鉴世界各国相关研究成果,结合国际形势发展变化,进一步梳理国际关系理论的基本范畴和基本方法,不断丰富和完善具有中国特色的国际关系理论体系。深入研究国际政治发展新动向和国际政治格局新变化,特别是西方发达国家、新兴发展中国家和周边国家国内发展和国际战略对我外部安全环境的深刻影响,提出有针对性的对策措施,切实维护和用好我国发展的重要战略机遇期。深入研究我国国家安全和外交战略,研究阐释中国坚持走和平发展道路与推动和谐世界建设的理念和构想,研究阐释我对解决全球性问题的立场主张,维护国家根本利益,展示国家良好形象。深入研究世界经济发展新趋势和世界经济格局新变化,研究我国参与国际经济合作竞争存在的突出问题,推动国际经济体系朝着更加公正合理的方向发展。深入研究当代国际社会思潮变动规律和各种思想文化交流交融交锋的新特点,探索国家文化软实力建设的总体规划和战略重点,切实维护我国意识形态安全和文化安全,推动人类不同文明平等交流、共同发展。
深化基础理论研究,推动建立具有中国特色的哲学社会科学学科体系。基础理论研究是哲学社会科学持续发展的支撑,建设具有中国特色的哲学社会科学学科体系是加强基础理论研究的一项战略性任务。要从实现哲学社会科学可持续发展的战略高度,加大对基础理论研究的投入力度,大力扶持关系哲学社会科学发展全局和学科创新发展的基础研究,大力扶持对巩固和加强马克思主义指导地位有重要现实意义的基础研究,大力扶持对弘扬民族精神、传承中华文化有重大作用的基础研究,大力扶持对经济社会发展和国家安全有长远影响的基础研究。实施原创性基础理论重大专项研究,加强对重要文献资料的整理和研究,推出一批具有重大理论创新和文化传承价值的标志性成果,推动基础理论研究整体水平明显提升。顺应学科发展新趋势新要求,大力推进学科建设和学科创新,重点扶持基础学科,切实加强应用学科,积极发展交叉学科,着力培育新兴学科,促进学科布局调整和结构优化,推动建立门类齐全、结构合理、特色鲜明、协调发展,充分体现中国特色、中国风格、中国气派的哲学社会科学学科体系。实施跨学科重大专项研究,大力促进基础学科之间、基础学科和应用学科、哲学社会科学和自然科学的渗透融合,在推动各学科互为借鉴、共同发展中培育新的学科增长点。
四、充分发挥国家社科基金在繁荣发展哲学社会科学研究中的重要作用
“十二五”时期,随着国家社科基金项目和经费大幅增加,规划和管理工作的任务越来越重,要求越来越高,责任越来越大。面对新形势新任务,国家社科基金管理工作要抓住机遇,改革创新,坚持正确导向、注重科学管理、突出国家水准、弘扬优良学风,进一步推动哲学社会科学研究繁荣发展,更好地服务党和国家工作大局。
优化项目布局,进一步完善国家社科基金项目资助体系。健全以年度项目为主体,以重大项目为龙头,以西部项目、后期资助项目、国家哲学社会科学成果文库项目、中华学术外译项目等为补充,类别多样、定位明确、功能互补、相互衔接的项目资助体系。年度项目主要资助专题性应用研究和一般性基础研究,着眼于培养人才、锻炼队伍。重大项目主要资助关系经济社会发展全局和哲学社会科学发展全局的重大应用研究和基础研究,着眼于服务决策和推动学科建设。西部项目主要资助推动西部地区经济发展、社会稳定、民族团结的课题研究,着眼于培养激励稳定西部地区哲学社会科学研究队伍。后期资助项目主要资助哲学社会科学基础研究领域基本完成且尚未出版的优秀科研成果,着眼于鼓励和倡导严谨治学、崇尚精品的优良学风。国家哲学社会科学成果文库项目主要资助出版代表我国哲学社会科学研究最高水平的成果,着眼于集中展示我国哲学社会科学界的学术创造力。中华学术外译项目主要资助我国哲学社会科学研究优秀成果以外文形式在国外出版,着眼于对外介绍我国优秀传统文化和当代中国发展变化。“十二五”期间,资助年度项目20000项左右,其中重点项目约3000项,一般项目约10000项,青年项目约7000项;资助重大项目1200项左右,其中基础研究项目约600项,应用研究项目约600项;资助西部项目约2500项,后期资助项目约2000项,国家哲学社会科学成果文库项目约400项,中华学术外译项目约300项。组织实施中国发展道路和发展战略、加强和创新社会建设与社会管理、地方和区域经济社会发展、国际问题、面向海外学者的中国问题重大专项研究,积极稳妥地探索其他项目类别及资助方式。
强化质量意识,着力推动国家社科基金项目多出精品力作。完善项目评审制度,不断提升国家社科基金立项水平。每年组织开展一次专题性的学科调查,“十二五”末组织开展一次全面系统深入的学科调查,分析各学科各专业各领域的基本情况、重点难点问题以及薄弱环节和空白地带,把握哲学社会科学研究的总体状况和发展趋势,为科学制定年度课题指南和中长期研究规划提供基本依据;进一步完善课题指南公开征集制度以及专家学者和决策部门咨询论证制度,切实增强指南的科学性针对性准确性;按照总体调控立项数量、着力提高立项质量的原则,建立健全科学合理的项目申报调控机制;积极探索新兴学科、边缘学科、交叉学科和跨学科研究课题评审机制。建立健全项目淘汰机制,严格中期管理,督促课题承担者及时高效地完成项目研究。严把成果鉴定结项关,在坚持正确政治方向前提下着重考察成果的学术规范性,探索实行灵活多样的成果鉴定方式,进一步提高成果验收质量,增强权威性。
健全宣传推介机制,不断增强国家社科基金项目的影响力和带动力。加强国家社科基金项目成果宣传推介工作,促进研究成果更好更快地运用于党和政府决策、运用于经济社会发展、运用于哲学社会科学学科建设,不断提升研究成果的应用价值和社会效益。要把日常宣传推介与集中宣传推介结合起来,注重宣传策划,把握宣传节奏,努力增强成果宣传推介的针对性和实效性。要把宣传推介优秀成果与宣传推介优秀人才结合起来,鼓励项目承担者潜心钻研、严谨治学,积极推动学风建设。要把对内宣传与对外宣传结合起来,资助翻译推介一批代表我国哲学社会科学发展方向和研究水平的优秀成果,进一步扩大中华学术的国际影响力。努力拓展宣传推介渠道,充分利用报刊、广播、电视、网络等大众媒体,通过组织座谈会、专家访谈、成果报告会等活动,大力宣传推介国家社科基金项目优秀成果,不断增强国家社科基金项目的示范带动作用。建立国家社科基金项目成果库,提供相关信息服务,推动成果应用转化。
遵循社科研究规律,努力提高国家社科基金管理工作科学化水平。积极探索新形势下国家社科基金管理工作的特点和规律,以改革创新精神不断加强管理制度建设,切实做到科学管理、民主管理、依法管理。把关心和团结知识分子作为国家社科基金管理的重要工作原则,把尊重和依靠专家学者作为基本工作方法,寓管理于服务之中,在科学管理中开展服务,在规范服务中加强管理,努力使国家社科基金成为服务社科界的重要平台,将国家社科基金管理机构建设成为哲学社会科学工作者之家。进一步加强工作调研和信息沟通,及时主动了解广大哲学社会科学工作者的需求和愿望,积极回应社科界对一些重点工作的关切,提高管理工作的开放性和透明度,自觉接受学术界和社会监督。加快国家社科基金管理数据库建设,积极推动管理工作信息化。做大做强全国社科规划网站,使其成为社科界了解国家社科基金的重要窗口和资讯平台。在广泛征求意见和总结实践经验的基础上,修订《国家社会科学基金管理办法》,进一步明确国家社科基金管理的指导思想、体制机制和目标任务。科学确定项目资助额度,合理安排资金使用方向,严格经费预决算管理,加大经费预算执行和使用检查力度,确保基金安全运行,提高基金大幅增长后的使用效益。
五、“十二五”时期哲学社会科学研究的保障措施
加强对哲学社会科学研究工作的领导。党委和政府要高度重视哲学社会科学研究工作,努力把握哲学社会科学研究工作规律,改进领导方式,提高领导水平,为哲学社会科学研究发展创造良好环境。引导哲学社会科学工作者经常关注和深入研究重大现实问题,及时把优秀研究成果运用于各项决策中,充分调动哲学社会科学工作者的积极性创造性,帮助他们解决工作和生活中的实际困难。牢固树立科学发展理念,加强对哲学社会科学研究工作的统筹规划,充分发挥各级各类哲学社会科学研究机构的作用。加强对哲学社会科学工作协会、研究会等阵地和研讨会、报告会、讲座等载体的引导和管理,使其健康发展。
加强哲学社会科学创新体系建设。适应新形势新任务新要求,着力改革哲学社会科学研究体制机制,培育创新主体,建立创新平台,全面推进哲学社会科学创新工程,加快建设以学科体系、学术观点、科研方法和科研组织管理创新为主要内容的哲学社会科学创新体系,努力提高哲学社会科学研究的创新能力。建立和完善符合哲学社会科学研究特点的分类评价标准,构建以创新和质量为导向的多元评价体系,更加注重学术原创性和实际应用价值。完善哲学社会科学研究激励机制,进一步激发哲学社会科学工作者的创造活力和创新潜能。探索制定哲学社会科学学术道德规范,建立健全科研诚信机制和学风监督机制,大力推动学风建设。注重哲学社会科学研究体制机制改革顶层设计,加快建设国家哲学社会科学研究数据库,集中搜集各级各类哲学社会科学研究项目相关信息,系统分析项目研究的经费来源、研究人员分布、课题研究布局和方向,为统筹协调各类基金项目经费投入、不断提高经费使用效益创造条件。加快建设一批社会调查、统计分析、基础文献、案例集成等专题数据库,推动哲学社会科学研究信息资源共建共享。充分发挥个人研究与集体攻关的优势,鼓励跨学科跨部门跨地域专题研究,积极推动科研组织管理创新。
加强哲学社会科学研究队伍建设。坚持尊重劳动、尊重知识、尊重人才、尊重创造,创新哲学社会科学人才培养模式,努力营造人才辈出、人尽其才的良好环境。依托重点学科、重点研究基地、重大研究项目,造就更多拔尖人才和各学科各专业领军人物。通过实施项目倾斜政策,扶持和培养一批理论功底扎实、勇于开拓创新的中青年学科带头人,每年选派一批中青年科研骨干出国访问和交流,拓宽他们的学术视野。注重培养科研管理人员,有计划有步骤地对全国重点科研单位主管负责人和科研管理部门负责人,以及各省区市社科规划办工作人员进行业务培训,五年内轮训一遍。按照分级负责、分层管理的原则,各省区市和有关部门也要根据实际,制定本地区本部门哲学社会科学研究人才培养计划并认真组织实施。切实加强哲学社会科学队伍思想道德建设和学风建设,引导哲学社会科学工作者树立正确的世界观人生观价值观,树立良好的职业精神和职业道德,发扬严谨治学、崇尚精品的优良学风。
加大哲学社会科学研究经费投入。国家统筹安排各类科研经费投入,确保哲学社会科学研究经费逐年增长。各省区市和有关部门要结合实际加大本地区本部门哲学社会科学研究经费增长幅度,更好地满足哲学社会科学事业发展需要。在以国家支持为主体的前提下,鼓励有条件的哲学社会科学研究机构和研究人员面向市场和企业需求,形成多元化的科研经费融资渠道。
实施哲学社会科学研究“十二五”规划,对于未来五年哲学社会科学研究繁荣发展具有重要意义。各省区市和有关部门要加强组织领导,结合自身实际,采取有力措施,把《规划》提出的各项任务落到实处,同时抓紧制定本地区本部门哲学社会科学研究规划并认真组织实施。

2 thoughts on “National “12th Five-Year Plan” for Philosophy and Social Science Research

    Latest updates | China Copyright and Media said:
    November 17, 2012 at 10:31 am

    […] National “12th Five-Year Plan” for Philosophy and Social Science Research (2011) […]

    […] used to predict future phenomena, there are “rules” which govern the development of societies. The objective of scholarly research is to discover theses rules and provide suggestions on how they should be applied in reality. In […]

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