Some Norms Concerning Intra-Party Political Life

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The 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress has decided to shift the focus point of the entire Party’s work to Socialist modernization construction. In the new historical period, Party rules and Party regulations must be earnestly safeguarded, the Party style must be realistically done well, Party leadership strengthened and improved, creating a political picture of both democracy and centralization, both freedom and discipline, both individual peace of mind, liveliness and vigour, and unified will, stability and unity within the scope of the entire Party and the entire country. Only in this way, will it be possible to fully give rein to the revolutionary enthusiasm and work vigour of the broad Party members, and unite the entire Party and the people of all ethnicities in the entire country to successfully realize the great task of the four Socialist modernizations.


Our Party has, during the long-term revolutionary struggle, and especially during the Yan’an rectification movement and the 7th Party Congress, has completely integrated the experience of dealing with both positive and negative aspects of intra-Party relationships, progressively shaped intra-Party political life norms with seeking truth from facts, integrating theory and practice, close cooperation of Party members and leaders with the masses, open criticism and self-criticism, and persisting in democratic centralism as the main content. Comrades from the entire Party adhere to these norms, have united in an unprecedented way, kept in step and have obtained victories in the War of Resistance against Japan and the War of Liberation.


After liberation of the entire country, and during the Socialist revolution and construction, the broad Party members have basically persisted in the good traditions and the good work style of the Party. But, because the victory in the revolutionary struggle and the ruling party status that the Party occupied in the entire country created feelings of conceit and arrogance in a part of the comrades, because the Party and State democratic centralist system was not sufficiently complete, because of the influence of feudal class and capital class ideologies, harmful tendencies such as distance from reality, distance from the masses, subjectivism, bureaucratism, arbitrarism and privilege developed somewhat within the Party, at the same time, a number of flaws and errors appeared in the guidance of intra-Party struggle, damaging the regular political life inside the Party to some extent. Especially during the Cultural Revolution Period, Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four” started from the urge to usurp Party power and used the grave mistakes made by the Party of that time to commit feudal and fascist, anarchist, factionalist and splittist activities, wantonly trampling Party rules and Party regulations, cancelling the Party’s leadership, causing Party organizations, Party members’ ideas of Party nature, ad the Party’s excellent traditions and style to encounter with extremely grave harm. Since smashing the “Gang of Four”, the Party Centre has vigorously rectified Party style and Party discipline, the Party’s excellent traditions and style have already somewhat recovered. But, mending the wounds inflicted upon the Party by Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four”, also requires broad and deep education and a formidable and complex struggle. In order to completely recover and further carry forward the Party’s excellent traditions and style, complete the Party’s democratic life, safeguard the Party’s centralization and unity, strengthen Party unity, consolidate Party organization and discipline, raise Party combat capacity, the Centre reiterates the following norms concerning intra-Party political life to the entire Party, based on the present Party situation.


Persist in the Party’s political line and ideological line

Persisting in the Party’s political line and ideological line, is the most basic norm of intra-Party political life. The basic content of the political line put forward by the Party Centre is uniting the peoples of all ethnicities in the entire country, mustering all vigorous factors, with one heart and one mind, exerting the utmost efforts, striving for progress, achieving greater, faster, better and more economical results, in constructing a modernized and strong Socialist country. This is a Marxist-Leninist line reflecting the highest interest of the people of the entire country, and the comrades of the entire Party must persist in its implementation.


The ideological line is the basis of the Party’s formulating and implementing the political line. The Party’s ideological line requires to persist in the socialist path, persist in the proletariat’s democratic dictatorship, persist in Party guidance, and persist in Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought. Our Party consistently proposes the ideological method and work method of dialectical materialism, of which the basic point is that everything starts from reality, theory relates to reality, and truth is sought from facts. Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four” twisted and distorted Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought for a long time, violated their spiritual essence, and departed from the standard of practice, they considered every sentence spoken by comrade Mao Zedong as truth, laws and dogma, and gravely tied up people’s thoughts. Therefore, getting rid of superstition, liberating thoughts, and practice being the only standard to test truth, earnestly researching new situations and resolving new problems must be emphasized. Only in this way is it possible to develop Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, and to truly defend and raise high the great banner of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought.


To persist in the correct political line and ideological line, two sorts of erroneous ideologies must be opposed.

First, ideological ossification, and everything starting out from mere books, must be opposed. This ideology of not allowing reform of book contents, not allowing to say or do what books don’t contain, is a sort of anti-Marxist ideology, and is a major obstacle in implementing the Party’s political line. When we see circumstances, think about problems and do things, we must definitely start from objective reality, and must definitely integrate Marxist-Leninist basic principles with the situations and developments at home and abroad facing us; and with the concrete practice of Socialist modernization construction, we must definitely integrate the Party line, principles and policies with the concrete circumstances of concerned regions and work units, conduct research seeking truth from facts, in order to resolve all sorts of theoretical and practical questions in facing us in the process of revolutionary struggle and modernization construction.

Second, we must oppose and criticize wrong viewpoints and revisionist tendencies denying the Socialist path, denying the proletariat dictatorship, denying Party leadership, denying Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought. Socialism is the only correct path for China to march to wealth, strength and prosperity; the dictatorship of the proletariat is the guarantee for the victory of the Socialist revolution and construction; the Party is the core force in leading the people of the entire country to realize the Four Modernizations; Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought are the theoretical basis for guiding us in conducting revolution and construction. In the struggle to realize the Four Modernizations, we must persist in the Four Cardinal Principles from beginning to end.

Party organizations at all levels, all departments and every Communist Party member must consciously and unwaveringly implement the Party’s political line and ideological line. Adopting double-faced attitudes of  resistance, negativity, boycotting or feigning compliance concerning the Party line and Party leadership is not tolerated by Party discipline.


Persisting in collective leadership and opposing individual arbitrariness.

Collective leadership is one of the highest norms of Party leadership. All levels’ Party Committees from the Centre to the grass roots must implement a system integrating collective leadership and individual division of labour with corresponding responsibility according to this norm. Important questions on the deployment of all large matters and major work tasks involving the Party line, principles and policies, important cadre appointments and dismissals, transfer or punishment, or concerning mass interest aspects, as well as questions of higher-level leading organ regulations that need to be resolved collectively by Party Committees, should be resolved by submitting them to the Party Committee, Standing Committee, Secretariat or Leading Group for discussion according to the situation, and may not be arbitrarily resolved by individuals.

Under no circumstance, is it permitted to use other forms of organizations to replace the leadership of Party Committees and their Standing Committees. Organizations established by Party Committees to research and deal with any subject must conduct their work under the leadership of the Party Committee, may not replace the Party Committee, and may certainly not override the Party Committee.

Within Party Committees, resolution of problems must strictly observe the principle of the minority submitting to the majority. Secretaries and Committee Members do not have a hierarchical relationship, the secretary is a person of middle rank in the Committee. Secretaries or first secretaries must be good at concentrating everyone’s opinions, and are not permitted to have a patriarchal system where “what they say goes”.

All leadership members must support each other, understand each other and be good at cooperation. Everyone must consciously safeguard the prestige of the Party Committee’s collective leadership. When criticizing or committing self-criticism, they must both persist in principles, and be well disposed toward others.

When Party Committees discuss major questions, they must let everyone speak our freely and let each air his own views. Where differences occur during discussion, then it is necessary to both earnestly consider the minority opinion, but to not permit discussion without decision, delaying work.

Persisting in collective leadership is not to reduce or deny the function of the individual. Collective leadership must be integrated with individual division of labour and responsibilities. It is necessary to correctly define the concrete tasks for which every leading member is responsible, and achieve that there is someone in charge of everything, and everyone has special responsibilities, not all matters big and small should be brought to the Party Committee for discussion.


In the division of labour and responsibilities, secretaries or first secretaries bead the main responsibility for organizing Party Committee activities and dealing with daily work. The excuse of collective leadership should not be used to reduce or blot out the important function of secretaries and first secretaries in Party Committee work.


The relationship between leaders, parties, classes and the masses must be correctly understood according to Marxist principles. Truth must be sought from facts in leaders’ propaganda, and singing unprincipled praise is prohibited. It is not permitted to use the fawning words of the exploiting classes to praise the leaders of the proletariat, it is not permitted to twist history and concoct facts to propagate the achievements of leaders. It is prohibited to congratulate leaders on their birthday, send them presents, or pay tribute to them in letters and telegram. Memorial halls may not be set up for living persons, and memorial halls should not be set up for deceased leaders in large numbers. It is prohibited to use the name of leaders for street names, place names, enterprise and school names. Apart from foreign affairs-related activities, it is prohibited to organize meeting and seeing-off activities when leaders go away on business, put up slogans, beat gongs and sound drums, or organize banquets.

Safeguard the centralization and unity of the Party, strictly observe Party discipline.


Democratic centralism is the basic organizational principle of the Party. Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four” committed to an extreme leftist line and anarchism, which both destroyed democracy, and destroyed centralism; it both destroyed freedom, and destroyed discipline. This sort of anarchist poisonous influence has not been eliminated until now. Therefore, the principle of “the individual submits to the organization, the minority submits to the majority, the lower levels submit to the higher levels, and the entire Party submits to the Centre” must be sternly reiterated. Every Party member must make safeguarding the Party’s centralization and unity, and strictly observing Party discipline into norms for his own words and actions.

All Communist Party members and especially Party Committee members, must persist in implementing Party Committee decisions. If they have different opinions, they may preserve these, or submit a statement to the Party Committee of one level higher, but before the Party Committee of that level change their decision, and apart from  where implementing the decision might cause extremely critical situations with grave consequences immediately, they must unconditionally implement the original decision.


Factionalism must be opposed and prevented. The entire Party submitting to the centre is the number one condition of safeguarding Party centralization and leadership, and is the basic guarantee for implementing the Party line, principles and policies. Any department and any lower-level organization Party member who adopts an attitude of going his own way and governing by himself, implements what is to his liking and doesn’t implement what does not suit him, openly or covertly conducts resistance, or reverses matters without authorization, is committing acts gravely violating Party discipline.

Where there are different points of view concerning major political policy or theory questions relating to the basic interest and the entire picture of Party and State, discussion may be conducted at suitable occasions within the party. But at what time and in which way this discussion is to be conducted in newspapers and periodicals, shall be decided by the Centre. Party newspapers must unconditionally propagate the Party line, principles, policies and political points of view. Concerning this sort of major political policy and theory questions on which the Centre has already made a decision, if Party members have opinions, they may be submitted through a certain organizational procedure, but it is absolutely not permitted to openly propagate discussions that are contrary to decisions of the Centre in newspapers, periodicals or through broadcast; opinions contrary to the Party line, principles, policies and decisions may also not be scattered among the masses. This is Party discipline.


All Communist Party members and Party cadres must  deal with individual problems according to the principle that Party interest is higher than everything, and consciously submit to the Party’s assignments, transfers and arrangements in his work organization. If they feel that their work assignment is unsuitable, they may submit an opinion, but must submit when a final decision is made through Party organization consideration.

All Party members must closely guard Party and State secrets, and determinedly struggle against the appearance of leaks of Party and State secrets. All Party members reading documents, listening to communications and participating in Party meetings, must strictly observe secrecy discipline, and it is strictly prohibited to divulge Party secrets to relatives, close friends and other persons who shouldn’t know this sort of secrets. They must pay attention to differentiating between inside and outside, all matters classified as Party internal and not to be opened to the outside, may not be disseminated to outside the Party.


Communist Party members and especially all levels’ leading cadres must become models for observing State laws, observing work discipline, and observing Communist morals.


Communist Party members, regardless of where and when, must consider the larger picture of the entire Party, State and people, and use this sort of spirit of consideration of the whole picture to educate the masses. This is an important display of the revolutionary awareness of Communist Party members, and is an important guarantee in consolidating stability and unity in the entire country. Where minorities create trouble, Party members must according Party policy conduct propaganda and explanation to them, cautiously deal with them, and cause the state of affairs to quiet down; where some reasonable demands are submitted to them, they must persuade and help them to resolve these through regular channels. Under any circumstance, Communist Party members may not instigate, support or participate in troublemaking.


Persist in the Party spirit, exterminate factionalism

The Party is a struggle collective composed of model workers from the proletariat, and must persist in uniting on the basis of the principles of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong thought, and oppose factionalist and splittist activities in any form that destroy Party unity and uniformity.


Organizing closed cliques within the Party is criminal act of splitting the Party and subverting the Party. Communist Party members are absolutely not permitted to participate in secret organizations or secret activities opposing the Party. All levels’ Party organizations and all Communist Party members must draw lessons from the counterrevolutionary activities of incitement of factionalism, organization of secret cliques, and plotting to usurp the power of the Party by Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four”, sharpen their vigilance, and determinedly prevent the recurrence of this kind of affair.


Factionalism is basically incompatible with the proletarian Party spirit. Making small groups and gangs for private gain, is a display of the exploiting class’ extreme individualism and anarchism, and is a reflection of the feudal class and bourgeoisie’s association within the Party.


If a part of Party members, conduct activities deviating from the Party line and decisions in an organized manner with their back towards the Party, those are factionalist activities. Conducting factionalist activities inevitably can hinder the implementation of the Party line, principles and policies, and destroy the political picture of stability and unity, if their development is not determinedly stopped, it can lead to the break-up of the Party.


At present, although open factions and cliques don’t exist within the party, there still are a number of cadres and Party members relatively deeply influenced by Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four” that still are factionalist, and are even still conducting factionalist activities; in a number of regions, departments and work units, “there are no visible mountains but there are hidden rocks”, the “ghost” of factionalism hasn’t been dispelled, and factionalists regularly resist the implementations of Party principles and policies, and higher-level decisions.


All levels’ Party organizations and all Communist Party members absolutely must persist in the Party spirit, and struggle untiringly to uproot factionalism. Persons persisting impenitently in factionalism, must absolutely be strongly subject to disciplinary punishment. This sort of person should not enter leadership ranks, and those already in leading positions absolutely must withdraw and step down.


For Party cadres and especially leading cadres, the principle of “all corners of the land” must be implemented when dealing with intra-Party relationships, that is to say, it is necessary to unite all comrades faithful to the Party interest, and unite the majority. Communist Party members absolutely have to the great Communist aspirations, strictly observe discipline, and treat others generously. When dealing with the relationship between comrades, it is only to be asked whether they persist in implementing the Party line and observe Party discipline, and their loyalty should not be doubted, nor should they be attacked or pushed out because of personal rancour, and they should not be treated differently because of intimacy or remoteness. It is absolutely prohibited to conduct sectarian activities, and be involved in small circles; it is not permitted to draw a part of the people over to one side, and exclude another part of the people; lift one part of the people and depress another part of the people. The old rags of history should not remain a nag.


In the relation between the Party and the people, sectarianist tendencies must similarly be opposed and prevented. Communist Party members are the minority among the popular masses, and must unite the hundreds of millions of masses around the Party, and struggle for the Four Modernizations with one heart and one mind. Communist Party members must have a model function among the masses, put dealing with hardship first, and enjoyment last, and enthusiastically unite non-Party comrades to work together.

An honest and just style of work and a system of appointment on the basis of merit must be upheld in cadre work, and appointment by favouritism opposed. It is strictly prohibited to draw factionalist lines, it is strictly prohibited to use official powers to make use of private connections within the Party, and cultivate private power. Communist Party members should be faithful to the Party organization and the Party principles, and should not pledge loyalty to a certain person. No person may consider Party cadres as personal assets, or change the relationship between higher and lower levels into personal attachment relationships.


Speak true words, be as good as your word

Being faithful to the cause of the Party and the people, speaking honest words, doing honest deeds, being honest people, being open and aboveboard, thinking and acting the same are qualities the Communist Party members should have. Comrades in the entire Party must absolutely strive to eliminate the unhealthy trends and evil practices of lies being in vogue, that was created during the period in which Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four” rampaged, recover and carry forward speaking the truth and not telling lies, as consistently proposed by the Party, and a fine work style of being as good as one’s word.


Communist Party members must be faithful and frank, and not concealing their own faults and their own thoughts and points of view from the Party organization. They must speak frankly and sincerely about people and matters, and whatever opinion or whatever criticism they have, must put it on the table. They may not be silent during meetings and gossip after meetings; they may not act in one way openly, and another way behind one’s back; they may not say one thing and mean another, or feign compliance.


Bureaucratic politician work styles and trafficking activities such as exchanging flattery and favours, boasts and toadiness, looking at leaders’ facial expressions, speeches and conduct, bartering away principles to do business, serving personal interests through intrigue, and stretching out hands to the party to ask for honour and positions should be determinedly opposed.


Communist Party members, regardless of where and when, must respect facts when dealing with others and themselves, and reflect circumstances to the Party according to the original appearance and the facts of events. It is not permitted to look at whatever the leaders require and give them that, report good news and withhold bad news, and it is even less permitted to stoop to deception, worm one’s way into confidence, honour and reward. It is not permitted to connive, suggest, inveigle, order or force the lower levels into telling lies for whatever reason or under whatever name.


All deception creates grave damage to the interests of the Party and the people; all those having obtained honour and positions through lies and frauds; all those using lies to cover up grave errors or to achieve other person’s objectives; all those conniving or coercing lower levels in telling lies, must be roped into Party discipline. Praise should be given to those not fearing to retaliate, or dare to tell the truth to safeguard the interest of the Party and the people.


All levels’ Party leading organs and leading cadres must be models of seeking truth from facts. During work, all sorts of different opinions should be heard, achievements and flaws must be understood. Lower-level comrades must be encouraged to speak their mind, and reflect the real situation. We must strive to create and preserve an atmosphere that allows people to openly raise opinions, including sharp opinions and conduct content discussion.


Carry forward intra-Party democracy, treat different opinions correctly

To carry intra-Party democracy forward, we must first permit Party members to express different opinions, and conduct full discussion of problems, truly achieve that no knowledge remains unspoken and speech is without reserve. As long as the Party’s basic political points of view are not opposed, schemes and intrigues are not made, no factionalist or splittist activities are conducted among the masses, no discussion violating the Party line, principles and policies are disseminated among the masses, and no Party and State secrets are divulged, when wrong words are said or wrong texts are written because of errors of understanding, it may not be considered to violate Party discipline and punished as such. The “Principle of the Three Nots” of not seizing on others’ faults and blow them up, not stigmatizing others, and not using attacks rather than constructive criticism must be strictly implemented. What we call not seizing on others’ faults and blow them up, not stigmatizing others, and not using attacks rather than constructive criticism is to prohibit wilfully exaggerating a persons faults, framing charges and indictments and committing political or organizational attacks or even persecutions.


It must be corrected that a part of leading cadres have patriarchal behaviour of lacking a democratic spirit, not being able to listen to critical opinions, or even suppressing criticism. As long as criticism and opinions put forward by Party member are correct, they should be accepted and received. If they truly have errors, it can only be pointed out by seeking truth from facts, and it is not permitted to investigate so-called motives and backgrounds.


Attention must be paid to differentiate: opposing a certain opinion of a certain comrade, does not equal opposing that comrade, opposing a certain comrade of a certain leading organ, does not equal opposing that organ, does not equal opposing leadership, and does certainly not equal opposing the Party.


Leading cadres utilizing their official powers to retaliate out of resentment, attack or frame charges against comrades, using methods such as “wearing small shoes” or “dressing up material” and accusing others wilfully of crimes such as “opposing the Party”, “opposing the leadership” “vicious attacks” “making line errors”, etc. commit activities violating intra-Party democratic systems and violating revolutionary moral qualities. Absurdly charging comrades daring to persist in the truth with counterrevolutionary crimes, misusing dictatorial methods, and conducting brutal persecutions, are grave unlawful crimes, and must be gravely punished by Party discipline and State law.


It is normal that there are different opinions and controversies on ideology and theory within the Party. To treat disputes on ideology and theory, only methods of arranging the facts, expounding the reasons and democratic discussion can be adopted to seek a resolution, and coercive methods can absolutely not be adopted. Where these ideological and theoretical disputes cannot be resolved for the moment, apart from problems have political importance or urgency, they may not be blindly concluded, and kept until later for further research and resolution through practice.


Wilfully labelling problems of ideology and understanding with all kinds of political tags such as “opposing the banner”, “poisonous weeds”, “capitalist class”, “revisionist”, etc, and wilfully saying that they are political problems of a nature inimical to us, not only destroys normal intra-Party political life, and creates ideological ossification, furthermore, this is easily used by careerists opposing the Party, to destroy the democratic order of Socialist countries. This sort of method must be stopped.


Guaranteeing that the rights of Party members are not infringed

All levels’ Party organizations must realistically guarantee all rights of Party members. Activities infringing the rights of Party members gravely violate Party discipline.


Party members have the right to participate in discussion concerning problems of Party policy interpretation and implementation in Party meetings and in Party newspapers and periodicals, have the right to put forward criticism at Marty meetings against any Party organization or individual. Party members having a different opinion on the Party principles, policies and decisions may put this forward in Party meetings, and may make an oral or written report to all levels’ Party organizations, right up to the Centre. Party organizations shall welcome the criticism and suggestions of Party members and the masses, and must furthermore encourage Party members to put forward creative understandings and stands to move the Socialist cause forward.


Party members have the right to propose recall or exchange of cadres having committed grave errors and refuse to correct or that are unqualified.


Party members have the right to put forward statements, complaints, accusations and pleadings at Party meetings or to higher-level organizations right up to the Centre concerning Party organizations’ dealing with themselves or other persons. Party organizations must timely deal with and relay Party members’ statements, complaints, accusations and pleadings, and may not withhold them, and the responsible work unit may not shift responsibility. Letters of complaint and accusation are not permitted to be transferred to the accused person for processing. It is not permitted to conduct retaliation against complaining persons or accusing persons. Complaining persons and accusing persons may not frame others, and persons framing others must be strictly punished according to Party discipline and State law.


Party organizations appraising, coming to a conclusion on or deciding punishment of a Party member, must meet with that person. At the time of passing a punishment decision, if there are not special circumstances, the said person shall be notified to attend the meeting. Party organizations must earnestly hear and consider the opinion of the said person. If the said person has a different opinion, it shall be reported together with the decision of the organization to the higher-level Party organization for examination and approval.


Elections must fully reflect the determination of the voters

Only by implementing true democratic elections within the Party, is it possible to establish strong leadership ranks having prestige among Party members and the masses.


All levels’ Party organizations shall according to the provisions of the Party Constitution, regularly organize Party member conferences and representative conferences. All levels’ Party committees must hold new elections on time. Of all representative and committee sessions’ members, a certain number shall be renewed. Elections must fully carry forward democracy, and truly reflect the determination of the voters; a candidate name list must be put forward by Party members or representatives through full consideration and discussion. For elections, a multi-candidate election method shall be implemented, in which the number of candidates exceeds the number of positions, or the multi-candidate election method may be adopted to preselect candidates, and real elections are conducted afterward. Work units with a small amount of Party members, may not implement multi-candidate elections or implement preselection. The basic situation of candidates must be explained clearly to voters. Without exception, secret ballots are used in elections.


Voters must pay attention to elect into leadership ranks those cadres that determinedly support and implement the Party’s political line and ideological line, do all for the public and not being selfish, closely observe laws and discipline, persist in the party spirit, have a strong heart for the revolutionary cause and a heart for political responsibility, and have certain expert knowledge and expert skills. They must also especially pay attention to elect young and middle-age cadres meeting the above conditions. It may not be stipulated that young and middle-age cadres meeting the above conditions must be elected.


It may not be stipulated that a certain person must or must not be elected. Specific persons having special circumstances must be recommended for election by the organization, and must also truly obtain the agreement of a majority of voters. The appearance of infringement of Party members’ election rights, making elections become a mere formality, or obstructing voters reflecting their own determination, must be determinedly opposed and prevented.


During the periods when all levels’ Party representative conferences adjourn, higher-level Party Committees may according to work requirements, appoint, dismiss or transfer lower-level Party Committee responsible persons.


All work units requiring rectification, and temporarily not having the conditions to organize democratic elections, may, with the approval of higher-level Party organizations, postpone the organization of elections, their leaders will be appointed by the higher level.


Struggling with erroneous tendencies, evildoers and wrongdoings

In order to rectify the Party style, consolidate the proletariat’s dictatorship, establish a desirable social morality, unite the entire people to realize the Four Modernizations with one heart and one mind, we must struggle with erroneous tendencies, evildoers and wrongdoings.


All levels’ Party organizations must fully give rein to their function as fighting fortresses, command the Party members and the masses, determinedly expose and attack counterrevolutionaries, those committing graft and embezzlement, criminal elements and those gravely violating law and discipline.


Strict criticism and struggle must be conducted against erroneous tendencies such as factionalism, anarchism, extreme individualism and bureaucratism, privilege, etc.


Criticism and struggle must be conducted against unhealthy trends and evil practices, erroneous and reactionary ideological trends in society.


Adopting a liberalist attitude of playing it safe, and not stopping, not contending with and not struggling with erroneous tendencies, evildoers and wrongdoings, but evading and dodging the, is to have abandoned the responsibility for struggle of the Communist Party member, and is a reflection of a lack of Party spirit.


Communist Party members, and especially all levels’ leading cadres, when struggling with erroneous tendencies , evildoers and wrongdoings, must have a fearless revolutionary spirit, dare to boldly stride forward, not be afraid of offending others, not be afraid to not consider people’s feelings, and not be afraid to be attacked and persecuted. Only in this way is it possible to surmount and correct erroneous tendencies, save persons committing errors, and make evildoers receive their due punishment.


Correctly dealing with comrades committing errors

In intra-Party struggle, the principles of “learning from past mistakes to avoid future ones, curing the disease to save the patient”, and “uniting, criticizing, uniting” are adopted towards comrades committing errors, achieving both goals of cleaning up ideology and uniting the comrades, is the fine tradition of our Party. Of all comrades that have committed mistakes, achievements, errors, good and bad must be appraised historically and completely, and they may not be totally repudiated because of making a mistake once; problems committed in history that have since already been thoroughly investigated or errors that have been committed but that have been corrected may not be used to pester them. On the basis of clearing up the facts, the nature and extent of the errors they committed must be concretely analyzed, and they must be helped with an enthusiastic attitude of camaraderie to recognize the cause of their error, pointed out a method to rectify them, and stimulated to make the necessary examination. We must believe that the majority of comrades committing errors may be corrected, and must give them conditions for correcting their errors and continue to work for the Party.


When analyzing the errors committed by one comrade, a clear distinction must be drawn first and foremost between two sorts of different contradictions. Common errors made during work or errors in ideological understanding may not be said to be political errors, common political errors may not be said to be line errors, also, problems of having committed line errors but still having the characteristics of intra-Party struggle, may not be confused with problems of a revolutionary nature, of scheming to overturn the Party or subvert the Socialist State. The contradiction between conspirators, careerists and pretending revolutionaries scheming to overturn the Party or subvert the Socialist State, and the Party and the people counts as the contradiction between enemies and us. This sort of people is in the extreme minority. Persons following higher levels or main leading persons’ committing line mistakes must be differentiated from people participating in conspiracy activities to usurp the power of the Party.


In intra-Party struggle, it is not permitted to implement ruthless fights, and merciless attack. It is completely necessary to conduct criticism of comrades committing errors, but it is not permitted to adopt the “public accusation meeting” method of joint attacks rushing headlong into mass action, not letting people try to defend themselves, and also not letting other comrades express different opinions, because this sort of method really is overwhelming others with power, and is not convincing people by reasoning. Within the Party, it is not permitted to treat Party members in ways that exceed Party discipline or violate State laws. It must be absolutely prohibited to use the feudal and fascist ways of Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four” to resolve intra-Party problems. So-called seizure and struggle is strictly prohibited, personal humiliation and physical persecution is strictly prohibited, trapping and extorting confessions is strictly prohibited.


People must be dealt with extremely cautiously. Where the contradiction between the enemy and us, and the contradictions within the people cannot be divided clearly for a while, the contradictions within the people must be resolved first. In all cases where contradictions between the enemy and us, expelment from Party membership and submission to judicial organs are involved, discretion is even more necessary. It is not permitted under any circumstance to implicate innocent relatives and close friends.


Unjust cases, false cases and erroneous cases since the founding of the State, regardless of which level’s organization or which leading person decided or approved them, must all be corrected by seeking truth from facts, and all false works must be overturned.


Comrades having committed errors, should sincerely accept criticism, education and disciplinary punishment from Party organizations and comrades. They must learn lessons, earnestly correct errors, and work even better for the Party. Persons that truly committed grave mistakes, who refuse to admit them and persist in stirring up trouble wilfully, must be punished more severely.


Accept Party and mass supervision, privilege is not permitted

All levels’ leading cadres must be public servants of the people, they only have the duty to serve the people diligently and conscientiously, and have no rights to privilege in politics or life. According to work requirements, it is necessary to provide certain reasonable convenient conditions to leaders and guarantee their security, but it is absolutely not permitted to violate rules for the sake of privilege.


In our country, people only are different in their division of labour, and there are no differences between senior and junior, the eminent and the humble. No one is a lower-raking slave or a higher-raking aristocrat. This sort of though that one’s own rights may not be subject to any limits, is a degenerate feudal privilege ideology, this sort of ideology must be criticized and corrected. Communist Party members and cadres should consider seeking privilege and selfish interests as a huge disgrace.


We must persist in the principles of everyone being equal before the truth, and everyone being equal before Party discipline and State laws. Within the party, special party members not accepting control from Party discipline and State laws or overriding Party organizations are not tolerated. It is absolutely not permitted for Communist Party members to use their official powers to seek personal gain.


No leading cadre is permitted to exceed the powers entrusted to them by Party organizations, infringe the collective powers and the powers of other people. All Party members are equal comrades and friends-in-arms, the Party’s leading cadres must treat people with an attitude of equality, and cannot consider whether their own words are correct or not, require other persons to submit, and they can even less put on bureaucratic airs, be too ready to lecture others or scold others. Where flaws and errors in higher-level leading persons, making problems appear in lower-level work, higher-levels must actively undertake the responsibility of lower levels, and conduct self-criticism first and foremost.


All levels’ leading cadres must preserve and carry forward the glorious traditions of our Party working diligently in spite of difficulties, and sharing joy and sorrow with the masses. They must persist in surmounting the evil tendencies in a part of leading cadres to seek for special treatment for themselves. Leaders are prohibited to violate financial discipline, and wilfully hand out money and assets. They are prohibited to use their official powers to seek special treatment for relatives and close friends in aspects such as getting into schools, transferring to schools, promotion, employment, travelling abroad, etc. They are prohibited to use public funds to invite guests or give presents in violation of regulations. They are prohibited to use public funds to build individual housing for leaders in violation of regulations. They are prohibited to make no distinction between public and private interests, use their public office for private gain, and use all kinds of excuses or concoct various kinds of pretexts to seize or squander State and collective assets.


All Party levels’ leading persons must consciously and strictly observe regulations concerning life treatment, and strengthen education of their sons and daughters at the same time. Where they still do not make corrections after undergoing criticism and education, if relevant regulations have been violated, they must be subject to Party disciplinary punishments.


No leading cadre may violate Party cadre standards and organizational principles, or promote their relatives to leading positions; or may let them intervene in Party or State work in excess of their official powers; or should appoint them in strategic positions at their sides.


In order to preserve the close relationship between the Party and the broad masses, and prevent the Party’s leading cadres and Party members to change from public servants of the people into lords riding over the heads of the people, methods integrating bottom-up and top-down, and integrating the inside and outside of the Party must be adopted, strengthening Party organizations and the masses supervising Party leading cadres and Party members. It must be supervised whether they earnestly study and implement the Party line, principles and policies or not, whether they observe Party discipline and State law or not, whether they persist in the fine tradition and style of the Party or not, whether they accept privileges or not, whether they have a model function in production, work, study and struggle against enemies or not, and whether they closely link up with the masses and pursue the interest of the People. It is necessary to praise those comrades with high understanding, a strong Party spirit, and a good manifestation, and criticize comrades displaying lacking education.


On the basis of fully marching the mass path, a complete set of systems for cadre examination, evaluation, reward and punishment, rotation, retirement, recall, etc., must be established and perfected. Through implementing these systems, it will truly be possible to distinguish achievement and error, reward and punishment, encourage advances, and urge forward the rising generation.


All levels’ leading cadres must regularly listen to the opinion and comment of the Party members and masses in their work units. All levels’ Party organizations must give high regard to criticism and opinions concerning leading cadres and Party members in letters or visits from the masses. Party organizations must report Party members’ and the masses’ comments, criticisms and opinions after verification to the higher-level Party Committee, to act as an important basis of evaluating cadres.


Every Party member, regardless of holding a high or low position, must be included in a Party organization, and participate in organizational life. All levels’ Party Committees or Standing Committees shall regularly hold democratic life meetings, exchange thought, and conduct criticism and self-criticism.


Study diligently, be both red and expert

For the formidable task of constructing the Four Modernizations, a cadre team grandly persisting in the Socialist path and having expert knowledge must be fostered and created, and at the same time, middle-age and young cadres suited to these requirements (including Party members and non-Party members) must be boldly promoted to leadership ranks, letting them give rein to their strong points in work, and make up for their shortcomings. This is an urgent and major political task put in front of the Party.


Communist Party members must be vanguard soldiers for realizing the Four Modernizations, and strive to become both red and expert. “Red” means that they have the principles of persisting in the correct political orientation, and persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles; “expert” means that they study and grasp expert knowledge on modernization construction, and become expert hands at their work. Expert does not equal red, but reds must be experts. A Communist Party member who does not earnestly study expert knowledge, and remains a layman on his duty and work for a long time, cannot make true contributions to the construction of the Four Modernizations, and his so-called political consciousness and advanced nature are empty words.


In order to improve and strengthen Party leadership over modernization construction, the cultural, science and technology, and professional level of all members of the entire Party must be greatly raised. All Communist Party members and especially all levels’ leading cadres, must definitely tenaciously and assiduously study and grasp expert knowledge with a high-level, revolutionary and enterprising spirit, and must become expert at their work duties. Those working in a trade must master the trade. Leaders satisfied with mediocrity or even being contented with long-term laymanship, who are ignorant or incompetent, violating objective rules, or issuing confused orders, may inevitably cause grave harm to modernization construction. Where this kind of people, after criticism and education, still cannot correct themselves, they must be dismissed from their leadership position and replaced.


All Communist Party Members must, with the vanguard of the proletariat as norm, strictly demand of themselves to earnestly study and comprehend Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, incessantly raise their level of consciousness and their ability to conduct modernization construction, in order to make even larger contributions to the construction of the Four Modernizations. Where certain Party members and leading cadres fail in their revolutionary determination, and do not study diligently, don’t work vigorously, or can’t perform a model vanguard function in production, work, study as well as struggling against the enemy, their actions do not conform to the honourable title of Communist Party member, and damage the Party’s prestige among the messes. Strict education and criticism must be conducted against these comrades. People that cannot correct themselves after long-term education, and don’t have or have lost the conditions to be a Communist Party member, should be advised to withdraw from the Party.


The “Some Norms Concerning Intra-Party Political Life” is an important regulation of the Party, the entire corps of Party members must earnestly study it and consciously observe it, and must earnestly examine their own work and ways according to the provisions of the “Norms”. All levels’ Party leading organs and leading cadres must drive its implementation. Any Party member, if conducting actions violating these Norms, must be subject to criticism and education, where circumstances are grave, they must be punished according to Party discipline, and even be expelled from the Party.


All levels’ Party Committees and Party Disciplinary Inspection Committees must regularly inspect the implementation situation of these Norms, and a report must be put forward by the Disciplinary Inspection Committee to the Party Representative Congress or Party Committee.


Comrades in the entire Party must definitely arouse a revolutionary spirit, and thoroughly eliminate the poisonous influence of Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four”, remove all sorts of interference and resistance, and do well the great matter of safeguarding Party rules and Party regulations, and realistically doing the Party style well, which relates to the success or failure of the Four Modernizations, and relates to the prospect and the destiny of the Party and the country, making our Party become even more united as one, even more full of vigour and vitality, and a vanguard organization for the proletariat with even more fighting strength.


For the correct expression of the Party political line, the General Programme of the Party Constitution passed by the 12th National Congress will be the norm.



全国解放以后,在社会主义革命和建设中,广大党员基本上坚持了党的好传统好作风。但是,由于革命斗争胜利和党在全国处于执政党地位而在一部分同志中产生的骄傲自满情绪,由于党和国家的民主集中制不够健全,由于封建阶级和资产阶级思想的影响,党内脱离实际、脱离群众、主观主义、官僚主义、独断专行、特权思想等不良倾向有所发展,同时在党内斗争的指导上发生了一些缺点和错误,党内正常的政治生活在一定程度上受到损害。特别是在文化大革命期间,林彪、”四人帮”出于篡党夺权的需要,利用当时党所犯的严重错误,大搞封建法西斯主义、无政府主义和派性分裂活动,肆意践踏党规党法,取消党的领导,使党的组织,党员的党性观念,党的优良传统和作风,都遭到了极其严重的破坏。粉碎”四人帮”以来,党中央大力整顿党风党纪,党的优良传统和作风已经有所恢复。但是,治愈林彪、”四人帮”给党造成的创伤,还需要进行广泛深入的教育和艰巨复杂的斗争。为了全面恢复和进一步发扬党的优良传统和作风,健全党的民主生活,维护党的集中统一,增强党的团结,巩固党的组织和纪律,提高党的战斗力,中央根据目前党的状况,向全党重申党内政治生活的下列准则。坚持党的政治路线和思想路线 坚持党的政治路线和思想路线,是党内政治生活准则中最根本的一条。党中央所提出的政治路线,其基本内容是,团结全国各族人民,调动一切积极因素,同心同德,鼓足干劲,力争上游,多快好省地建设现代化的社会主义强国。这是一条反映全国人民最高利益的马克思列宁主义的路线,全党同志必须坚决贯彻执行。
坚持集体领导,反对个人专断 集体领导是党的领导的最高原则之一。从中央到基层的各级党的委员会,都要按照这一原则实行集体领导和个人分工负责相结合的制度。凡是涉及党的路线、方针、政策的大事,重大工作任务的部署,干部的重要任免、调动和处理,群众利益方面的重要问题,以及上级领导机关规定应由党委集体决定的问题,应该根据情况分别提交党的委员会、常委会或书记处、党组集体讨论决定,而不得由个人专断。
维护党的集中统一,严格遵守党的纪律 民主集中制是党的根本组织原则。林彪、“四人帮”搞极左路线和无政府主义,既破坏了民主,又破坏了集中;既破坏了自由,又破坏了纪律。这种无政府主义流毒,至今没有肃清。因此,必须严肃地重申“个人服从组织,少数服从多数,下级服从上级,全党服从中央”的原则。每个党员要把维护党的集中统一,严格遵守党的纪律,作为自己言论和行动的准则。
坚持党性,根绝派性 党是无产阶级的先进分子所组成的统一的战斗的集体,必须坚持党在马列主义、毛泽东思想原则基础上的团结,反对破坏党的团结统一的任何形式的派性和派别活动。
要讲真话,言行一致 忠于党和人民的事业,说老实话,做老实事,当老实人,光明磊落,表里如一,是共产党人应有的品质。全党同志一定要努力肃清林彪、“四人帮”横行时期造成的假话盛行的歪风邪气,恢复和发扬党一贯倡导的讲真话,不讲假话,言行一致的优良作风。
各级党的领导机关和领导干部要做实事求是的模范。在工作中,各种不同意见都要听,成绩、缺点都要了解。要鼓励下级同志讲心里话,反映真实情况。要努力造成和保持让人当面提意见包括尖锐意见而进行从容讨论的气氛。发扬党内民主,正确对待不同意见 发扬党内民主,首先要允许党员发表不同的意见,对问题进行充分的讨论,真正做到知无不言,言无不尽。只要不反对党的基本政治立场,不搞阴谋诡计,不在群众中进行派性分裂活动,不在群众中散布违反党的路线、方针、政策的言论,不泄漏党和国家的秘密,由于认识错误而讲错了话或者写了有错误的文章,不得认为是违反了党纪而给予处分。要严格实行不抓辫子、不扣帽子、不打棍子的“三不主义”。所谓不抓辫子、不扣帽子、不打棍子,就是禁止任意夸大一个人的错误,罗织成为罪状,并给予政治上、组织上的打击甚至迫害。
把思想认识问题任意扣上“砍旗”、“毒草”、“资产阶级”、“修正主义”种种政治帽子,任意说成是敌我性质的政治问题,不仅破坏党内正常的政治生活,造成思想僵化,而且易于被反党野心家所利用,破坏社会主义国家的民主秩序。这种做法必须制止。保障党员的权利不受侵犯 各级党组织必须切实保障党员的各项权利。侵犯党员权利的行为,是严重违反党纪的。
选举要充分体现选举人的意志 党内真正实行民主选举,才有可能建立起在党员和群众中有威信的强有力的领导班子。
凡是需要整顿,暂不具备民主选举条件的单位,经上级党组织批准,可暂缓举行选举,其领导人由上级指派。同错误倾向和坏人坏事作斗争 为了端正党风,巩固无产阶级专政,树立良好的社会风尚,团结全体人民同心同德搞好四化,必须同错误倾向和坏人坏事作斗争。
正确对待犯错误的同志 在党内斗争中,对犯错误的同志,采取“惩前毖后,治病救人”、“团结—批评—团结”的方针,达到既弄清思想、又团结同志的目的,是我们党的优良传统。对于一切犯错误的同志,要历史地全面地评价他们的功过是非,不要一犯错误就全盘否定;也不要纠缠历史上发生过而已经查清的问题和历史上犯过而已经纠正了的错误。要在弄清事实的基础上,具体分析他们所犯错误的性质和程度,以热情的同志式的态度,帮助他们认识犯错误的原因,指出改正的办法,启发他们做必要的检查。要相信犯错误的同志大多数是可以改正的,要给他们改正错误、继续为党工作的条件。
接受党和群众的监督,不准搞特权 各级领导干部都是人民的公仆,只有勤勤恳恳为人民服务的义务,没有在政治上、生活上搞特殊化的权利。按照工作需要,对领导人提供某些合理的便利条件并保证他们的安全是必要的,但绝不允许违反制度搞特殊化。
努力学习,做到又红又专 四个现代化建设的艰巨任务,需要培养和造就一支宏大的坚持社会主义道路的具有专业知识的干部队伍,同时要把适合于这个要求的中年和青年干部(包括党员和非党员)大胆地提拔到领导岗位上来,让他们在工作中发挥长处,弥补短处。这是摆在全党面前一项迫切、重大的政治任务。


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