16 December 2015, Wuzhen
Welcome, everyone, to beautiful Wuzhen, to talk together about fundamental matters in Internet development. First and foremost, on the sincere behalf of the Chinese government and the Chinese people, as well as in my own name, I express a welcome to all honoured guests who attend the second World Internet Conference. And I express warm congratulations on the convention of the Conference.
I have spent many years in Zhejiang, and have come to Wuzhen often. Coming here again today, I feel very warm and acquainted, and also feel a completely new impression in my ears and eyes. Last year, the first World Internet Conference was organized here, which promoted the rapid development of online makers, online hospitals, smart tourism, etc., and let this white-walled, black-tiled, thousand-year-old town burst forth with a new glamour. The networking and smartification of Wuzhen is a vivid portrait of the converging development of the traditional and the modern, the humanities and science and technology, it is a microcosm of the creative development of China’s Internet, and vividly reflects the idea of shared development of the global Internet.
When looking at the history of global civilization, humanity has successively undergone an agricultural revolution, and industrial revolution and an information revolution. Every revolution in industrial technology has had a great and profound influence on human production and life. Now, information technology, represented by the Internet, is bringing forth something new every day, it is leading new changes in social production, it has created new spaces for human life, it has expanded new areas for state governance, and has greatly grown humanity’s ability to understand the world and change the world. The Internet has changed the world into a global village where “the sounds of chickens and dogs are hears”, and people separated by thousands of miles are no longer “separated until old age and death”. It can be said that the world has become more colourful because of the Internet, and life has become richer because of the Internet.
China is undergoing a historical process of rapid informatization development. China holds the development of the Internet in high regard, since we connected to the international Internet 21 years ago, we have strengthened the construction of information infrastructure, developed the online economy and ensured that information benefits the people according to the ideas of positive use, scientific development, management according to the law and guaranteed security. At the same time, we have broadened governance in cyberspace according to the law, and cyberspace is becoming cleaner every day. At present, China has 670 million netizens, more than 4.13 million websites, and the network has deeply penetrated into economic and social development, and in people’s lives.
The 5th Plenum of the 18th Party Congress put forward the development ideas of innovation, coordination, greenness, openness and sharing. In the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, China will forcefully implement the strong network country strategy, the national big data strategy, the “Internet Plus” Action Plan, it will develop vigorous and upward online culture, expand economic cyberspace, and stimulate the converged development of the Internet, economy and society. Our objective is that to let the Internet’s development fruits extend to more than 1.30 billion Chinese people, and benefit the people of all nations ever better.
In the wake of global multipolarization, economic globalization, cultural diversification and social informatization, the Internet will have a great stimulating role in the progress of human civilization. At the same time, the problems that development in the area is unbalanced, norms are incomplete and structures are irrational become more prominent every day. The information divide between different countries and regions is expanding incessantly, it is difficult for existing norms for cybergovernance to reflect the will and interests of the majority of counties; it happens regularly that personal privacy is harmed, intellectual property rights infringed and cybercrimes committed on a global scale, cyber surveillance, cyber attacks, cyber terrorism activities and such matters have become a global common harm. In the face of these problems and challenges, international society should, on a basis of mutual respect and mutual trust, strengthen dialogue and cooperation, promote the change of the global Internet governance system, jointly build a peaceful, secure, open and cooperative cyberspace, and establish a multilateral, democratic and transparent global Internet governance system.
To move forward the transformation of the global Internet governance system, the following principles should be upheld.
– Respect for cyber sovereignty. The principle of sovereign equality determined in the “UN Charter” is the basic principle for international relationships in the present time, it covers all areas of exchange between nations, and its principles and spirits should also apply to cyberspace. We should respect each country’s rights to choose its online development path, its network management model, its public Internet policies and equal participation in international cyberspace governance, not engage in cyber hegemony, not interfere in other countries’ internal affairs, and not engage in, tolerate or support online activities harming the national security of other countries.
– Safeguarding peace and security. A secure, stable and flourishing cyberspace is of major importance to all countries and even the world. In real space, the flames of war and the smoke of gunpowder have not yet disappeared, the haze of terrorism is difficult to dispel, and illegality and crime happens regularly. Cyberspace should not become a battlefield over which various countries wrestle, and should even less become a hotbed of illegality and crime. All countries should commonly strive to prevent and oppose the use of cyberspace for terror, obscenity, drug trafficking, money laundering, gambling and other such criminal activities. Whether it concerns theft of commercial secrets or hacking attacks on government networks, all of these matters should be firmly attacked on the basis of relevant laws and international conventions. In safeguarding cybersecurity, there should not be double standards, it cannot be the case that other countries are insecure for the sake of the security of one country, or that a number of countries are insecure for the sake of the security of a number of countries, and it can certainly not be the case that absolute security is sought for oneself by sacrificing the security of other countries.
– Stimulating open cooperation. “If there is mutual care, all under heaven will be ordered, if there is mutual hate, all will be in chaos”. In perfecting the global Internet governance system and safeguarding order in cyberspace, we must persist in the ideas of people in the same boat helping each other, of mutual trust and mutual benefit, we must abandon the old ideas of zero-sum games and winner takes all. All countries should promote open cooperation in the area of the Internet, enrich the content of that openness, raise openness levels, build ever more communication and collaboration platforms, create ever more points where interests converge, growth points for cooperation, and new bright points for mutual gain, they should promote the complementarity of advantages and common development in cyberspace, let ever more countries and peoples ride the information age express, and share the development fruits of the Internet.
– Building a good order. In cyberspace, like in real society, we both want to advocate freedom, and want to maintain order. Freedom is the objective of order, and order is the guarantee of freedom. We must both respect the rights of netizens to exchange ideas and express their wishes, we must also build a good online order, this benefit the guaranteeing of the lawful rights and interests of the broad netizens. Cyberspace is not a “land outside the law”. Cyberspace is virtual, but the subjects using cyberspace are real, everyone should respect the law, and the rights and obligations of all parties should be clear. We must persist in governing the web according to the law, running the web according to the law, and using the web according to the law, and let the Internet develop healthily on a rule of law track. At the same time, we must strengthen the construction of network theory and network civilization, give rein to the guiding role of moral education, and use the excellent achievements of human civilization to nourish cyberspace and renovate the online ecology.
Cyberspace is a common space for human activity, the future destiny of cyberspace should be jointly held in the hands of all countries worldwide. All countries should strengthen communication, broaden consensus and deepen collaboration, jointly build a community of common destiny in cyberspace. To this end, I’d like to put forward five position points.
First, accelerating the construction of a global network infrastructure, and stimulating interconnection and interactivity. The essence of the network is interconnection, the value of information lies in interactivity. Only by strengthening the construction of information infrastructure, by paving a smooth road for information, by incessantly reducing the information divide between different countries, regions and groups, will it be possible to let information resources flow fully. China is currently implementing its “Broadband China” strategy, it is estimated that by 2020, China’s broadband networks will basically cover all administrative villages, connecting the “last kilometre” of network infrastructure, and ensuring that ever more people can use the Internet. China wishes to, together with all sides, expand financial input, strengthen technological support, commonly promote the construction of global information infrastructure, and let ever more developing countries and peoples share the development opportunities the Internet brings.
Second, building shared platforms for online cultural interaction, and stimulating exchange and mutual learning. Culture is colourful because of exchange, civilizations become richer because of mutual learning. The Internet is an important carrier to disseminate humanity’s excellent culture and carry forward positive energy. China wishes to build bridges of international exchange through the Internet, to promote exchange and mutual learning between outstanding global cultures, promote the exchange of feelings between the peoples of all countries, and link up their hearts and minds. We wish to, together with all countries, give rein to the advantages of Internet dissemination platforms, let the people of all countries understand China’s excellent culture, let the Chinese people understand the excellent culture of all nations, jointly promote the flourishing and development of online culture, enrich people’s spiritual worlds, and stimulate the progress of human civilization.
Third, promoting innovation and development in the online economy, and stimulating common flourishing. At present, the global economic recovery is facing difficulties and setbacks, and the Chinese economy is also facing certain downward pressures. To resolve these problems, a crucial matter is persisting in letting innovation drive development, and exploring new horizons for development. Chain is currently implementing its “Internet Plus” action plan and moving forward the construction of a “Digital China”, it is developing a sharing economy, supporting all kinds of Internet-based innovation, and raising the quality and efficiency of development. China’s Internet is thriving in its development, providing broad market space for enterprises and entrepreneurs from all countries. China’s open gates will never be shut, the policies on the use of foreign capital will not change, its guarantees of the lawful rights and interests of foreign businesses, investors and enterprises will not change, and its orientation of providing even better services for other countries’ enterprises to invest and grow their business in China will not change. As long as they abide by Chinese laws, we warmly welcome enterprises and entrepreneurs from all countries to invest and grow their business in China. We wish to strengthen collaboration with all countries in stimulating the development of investment and trade on a global scope, and promoting the development of a global digital economy through developing cross-border e-commerce, building information economy demonstration regions, etc.
Fourth, guaranteeing cybersecurity and stimulating orderly development. Security and development are two wings of one body, they are two driving wheels. Security is the guarantee of development, development is the objective of security. Cybersecurity is a global challenge, there isn’t any country that can stand aside or shut itself in an ivory tower, and safeguarding cybersecurity is a common responsibility of international society. All countries should join hands in striving to jointly curb the abuse of information technology, to oppose cyber surveillance and cyber attacks, and to oppose arms races in cyberspace. China wishes to, together with all countries, strengthen dialogue and exchange, effectively manage differences, promote the formulation of international norms in cyberspace that are universally acceptable for all sides, formulate an international anti-terrorism convention in cyberspace, complete judicial assistance mechanisms to attack cybercrime, and jointly safeguard peace and security in cyberspace.
Fifth, building the Internet governance system, and stimulating fairness and justice. International cyberspace governance should persist in multilateral participation and participation of all parties, where everyone works through consultation, where the role of various subjects, including governments, international organizations, Internet enterprises, the technological community, civil bodies and individual citizens, is given full rein, without unilateralism, and without dominance of one party or a few parties who gang up and have the last word. All countries should strengthen communication and exchange, perfect dialogue and cooperation mechanisms in cyberspace, research and formulate global Internet governance norms, ensure that the global Internet governance system becomes fairer and more rational, and reflects the wishes and interests of the majority of countries in a more balanced manner. In organizing the World Internet Conference, we hope to build a platform for the shared governance of the global Internet, and to jointly promote the healthy development of the Internet.
“The path of all achievements goes together with the times”. Even though the Internet is intangible, the people who use the Interne are tangible, and the Internet is a common garden for humankind. Letting this garden become ever more beautiful, clean and safe is the common responsibility of international society. Let us joint hands, and jointly promote the interconnection, interactivity and shared governance of cyberspace, and help to create an ever more beautiful future for human development!
Finally, I already congratulate the Conference on achieving complete success!
Thank you, everyone.