Internet

Drive Modernization With Informatization: Help Realize the Chinese Dream of the Great Rejuvenation of the Chinese Nation

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This article was published in People’s Daily and reposted on the website of the Cyberspace Administration of China. It was kindly translated by Lincoln Davidson, who researches Chinese cyber policy.

By Zhuang Rongwen
July 28, 2016
People’s Daily

Since the Party’s 18th Party Congress, under Comrade Xi Jinping as General Secretary, Party Central has placed a high level of importance on cybersecurity and informatization work, establishing the Central Leading Group for Cyberspace Affairs, pronouncing the major conclusion that “without cybersecurity there can be no national security,” and drawing up the grand blueprint for constructing a cyber superpower. As the guiding document of the next ten years of our nation’s informatization development, the National Informatization Development Strategic Outline (hereafter, “the Strategic Outline”) concentrates and embodies Party Central’s new thinking, new conclusions, and new deployments since the 18th Party Congress, sounding the clarion call of the times for walking the road of informatization development with Chinese characteristics and constructing a cyber superpower, launching the new journey of China’s informatization development. Read the rest of this entry »

Outline of the National Informatization Development Strategy

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Central Committee General Office

State Council General Office

27 July 2016

In the present world, information technology innovation changes every day, and a tide of informatization, characterized by digitization, networking and smartification has vigorously arisen. Without informatization, there is no modernization. Adapting to and leading a new normal in economic development, and strengthening new development drivers, require informatization to penetrate into the entire process of our country’s modernization, and the acceleration and liberation of the huge potential of informatization development. Driving modernization with informatization and building a strong network power are major measures in the “Four Comprehensive” strategic positioning, and are necessary choices to realize the “Two Centenaries” struggle objective and the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

This Strategy Outline is an adjustment and development of the “National Informatization Development Strategy 2006-2020” on the basis of new circumstances, it is a programmatic document to standardize and guide national informatization development in the next ten years it is an important component part of the national strategy system, and is an important basis for the formulation of plans and policies in the area of informatization. Read the rest of this entry »

Use Big Data Thinking and Methods to Enhance the Government’s Governing Capacity

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Seeking Truth 2016/12

Chen Gang

Key points:

– In the present era, data has become a national basic strategic resource, bug data is gaining an ever more important influence on the operational mechanisms of the global economy, society’s way of life and national governing capability. The Party Centre and the State Council are giving the development of big data and innovation of application in high regard, and the 5th Plenum of the 19th Party Congress clearly put forward the implementation of the national big data strategy.

– The scientific and technological revolution is moving forward rapidly, which is especially due to the advent of big data era, which urgently requires governmental governing to transform from closed management to open governance, from unidirectional management to coordinated governance, from passive influence to active service, from qualitative management to quantitative management, from extensive management to detailed management, from operational management to conventional management, and so to realize a transformation of social governance thinking, improvement in social governance methods, progress of governmental policymaking technology, the upgrading of risk control capacity, the recreation of public management workflows, and the enhancement of social coordination in governance.

– We are entering the Internet era and the big data era, public goods and public services must progressively transform from being “supply-oriented” to being “demand oriented”, from focusing on “service coverage” to focusing on “service experience”, and from focusing on “passive provision” to “active provision”.

– The first step to enhance the government’s governing capacity with big data is to transform the traditional concentration of work in offices, and the paper transmission of public documents between different departments into paperless, networked and virtualized new methods, ensure the informatization of public affairs workflows, and use the Internet to realize the online operation of governmental affairs.

– What we must guard against is that, if there is no openness and sharing of cross-regional, high-quantity, specialized data, using big data to upgrade the government’s governing capability is an empty phrase; but if we completely fail to differentiate which data should be opened op or not, it may bring great privacy and secrecy leaks, and the disaster of great economic fluctuations. Read the rest of this entry »

The Situation of the Revision of the Cybersecurity Law (Draft)

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This is the National People’s Congress’ official explanation of the changes made in the Second Reading Draft of the Cybersecurity Law.

I, Some Standing Committee Members suggested that the content of Article 11 of the Draft, concerning the national cybersecurity strategy, be moved to the General Principles, to clarify its important position. Some Standing Committee Members, localities and departments pointed out that, in order to better maintain sovereignty in cyberspace, and to vigorously and actively respond to cyber attacks and destruction at home and abroad, State measures to maintain cybersecurity should be further strengthened, in the corresponding articles, content concerning resisting domestic and foreign cybersecurity threats, protection of the security of critical information infrastructure, punishment of online law-breaking and crime, maintaining order in cyberspace, etc., has been added. The Legal Committee praised the abovementioned opinion, and suggested the following revision be made to the draft: first, the content of Article 11 be moved to the General Principles, and be revised as: the State formulates and incessantly perfects a cybersecurity strategy, which clarifies the basic requirements and main objectives of ensuring cybersecurity, puts forward cybersecurity policies, work tasks and measures for focus areas (Second Reading Draft Article 4); second, a provision is added: the State adopts measures to monitor, defend against, and deal with cybersecurity risks and threats originating from inside and outside of the territory of the People’s Republic of China, to protect critical information infrastructure from attack, intrusion, interference and destruction, to punish unlawful and criminal cyber activities according to the law, and maintain security and order in cyberspace (Second Reading Draft Article 5).   Read the rest of this entry »

People’s Republic of China Cybersecurity Law (Second Reading Draft)

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This is an annotated translation of the Second Reading Draft of the Chinese Cybersecurity Law. Struck through text indicates text removed from the first draft, underlined text indicates text added to the second draft. This translation is based on ChinaLawTranslate’s translation of the first draft, to which I contributed and which is used with kind permission. 

Chapter I: General Provisions

Chapter II: Network Security Strategy, Planning and Promotion

Chapter III: Network Operations Security

Section 1: General Provisions

Section 2: Operations Security for Critical Information Infrastructure

Chapter IV: Network Information Security

Chapter V: Monitoring, Early Warnings, and Emergency Response

Chapter VI Legal Responsibility

Chapter VII: Supplementary Provisions

Chapter 1: General Provisions Read the rest of this entry »

Joint Statement by the President of the People’s Republic of China and the President of the Russian Federation concerning Coordinating the Promotion of Development in Information and Cyberspace

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The heads of state of the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation stated that, following the rapid progress of information infrastructure and information and telecommunications technology, information and cyberspace have deeply changed the production and lives of humanity, and powerfully promote social development. A secure, stable and flourishing information and cyberspace is of major importance to the peaceful development of both countries and the world. Both countries will jointly devote themselves to furthering development in information and cyberspace, to even better enrich the people of both countries and the people of the world.

We believe that information and cyberspace is facing security challenges that become graver every day, information technology abuse is grave, and various countries, including China and Russia, have important common interests and space for cooperation, they should therefore, on the basis of mutual respect and mutual trust, comprehensively engage in substantive dialogue and collaboration on the topic of guaranteeing information and cyberspace security and furthering the development of information and cyberspace. Read the rest of this entry »

Xi Jinping gives speech at Cybersecurity and Informatization Work Conference

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The full text of Xi Jinping’s speech has not been published. The following is a translation of the Xinhua report.

Update 26 March: the full text has been published, and a translation is available here

Xi Jinping Chairs Cybersecurity and Informatization Work Conference, Stresses that We Must Be One Step Ahead in Practicing New Development Ideas, and Let the Internet Enrich the Country and the People Even Better,

Li Keqiang and Liu Yunshan in attendance.

CCP General Secretary, President, CMCC Chairman and Chairman of the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization Xi Jinping chaired the Cybersecurity and Informatization Work Conference that was convened in Beijing on the morning of the 19th, and gave an important speech stressing that promoting our country’s economic and social development according to the development ideas of innovation, coordination, greenness, openness and sharing is the overall requirement and general trend for our country’s development in the present and future periods, the development of our country’s Internet undertaking must adapt to this general trend, we must be one step ahead in practicing new development ideas, move forward the construction of a strong Internet power, promote the development of our country’s online information undertaking, and let the Internet enrich the country and the people even better. Read the rest of this entry »

Speech at the Work Conference for Cybersecurity and Informatization

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Xi Jinping

Today, we have convened a Work Conference for Cybersecurity and Informatization. I have always wanted to have this Conference. Since the 18th Party Conference, our country’s Internet undertaking has developed rapidly, cybersecurity and informatization work is moving forward steadily, we are gaining clear progress and achievements, and at the same time, a fair few shortcomings and problems exist. We have convened this Conference because we want to openly hear everyone’s opinions and suggestions, jointly explore some ways and means, in order to ensure that we can do our work ever better.

Just now, the comrades spoke very well, they analysed the new circumstances and new trends in the development of the Internet at present, they presented the new technologies and new tendencies in the development of informatization, and put forward very good opinions and suggestions, I feel greatly enlightened having listened to them. Their remarks reflect a pragmatic attitude, an innovative spirit and a strong sense of responsibility, they also reflect relatively high theoretical and practical levels in the area of the Internet, and are of great help in our improving our work. Relevant departments must earnestly research everyone’s opinions and suggestions, and absorb what they can absorb as much as possible. Next, I would like to discuss a few opinions, and exchange them with everyone. Read the rest of this entry »

Internet Domain Name Management Rules (Opinion-seeking Revision Draft)

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Chapter I: General Principles

Article 1: In order to standardize Internet domain name service activities, protect users’ lawful rights and interests, guarantee the security and reliable operation of the Internet domain name system, promote the development and application of Chinese-language domain names and national top-level domains, and stimulate the healthy development of China’s Internet, on the basis of the “Administrative Licensing Law of the People’s Republic of China” and the “State Council Decision concerning Establishing Administrative Licensing for Administrative Examination and Approval Matters that Need to Be Preserved” and other such provisions, and with reference to international Internet domain name management norms, these Rules are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

Persisting in Respect for the Principle of Cyber Sovereignty, Promoting the Construction of a Community of Common Destiny in Cyberspace

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The original text of this article was published in Seeking Truth, on 29 February 2016.

Lu Wei

Studying on Understanding and Reflecting on the Spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s Important Speech at the 2nd World Internet Conference

Key points

– The Internet is a new space and a new garden for humanity, it requires new rules and a new order. Persisting in the four principles of respect for cyber sovereignty, safeguarding peace and security, stimulating openness and collaboration, and building a good order, as well as the five standpoints of accelerating the construction of global network infrastructure, forging shared platforms for online cultural exchange, promoting innovation and development of the network economy, guaranteeing cybersecurity, and building an Internet governance system, have opened up the “Wuzhen Process” for global Internet development and governance.

– The thriving of malpractice in international cyberspace governance is rooted in the question of sovereignty. Cyber sovereignty is rooted in modern legal theory, and is the extension of national sovereignty in cyberspace. Respect for cyber sovereignty is a necessary requirement for opposing cyber hegemony, it is am important guarantee for safeguarding peace and security, it is a basic precondition for persisting in openness and collaboration, and is a firm basis for building a desirable order.

– Cyberspace is a common space of activity for humankind, all countries should strengthen communication, broaden consensus and deepen collaboration, to jointly build a community of common destiny in cyberspace. Respect for cyber sovereignty is dialectically one with building a community of common destiny in cyberspace, cyber sovereignty is the precondition for building a community of common destiny in cyberspace, and the community of common destiny in cyberspace is a guarantee for cyber sovereignty.

– China is a firm advocate and powerful defender of cyber sovereignty, it persists in correctly handling the relationships between freedom and order, security and development, openness and autonomy in cyberspace, it is exploring and marching an Internet governance path with Chinese characteristics. China will further move forward the reform of the global Internet governance system, promote the formulation of more balanced international norms for cyberspace that reflect the desires and interests of the absolute majority of countries, to jointly promote the healthy development of the Internet. Read the rest of this entry »

Online Publishing Service Management Rules

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Chapter I: General Principles

Article 1: In order to standardize the online publishing services order, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of the online publishing services sector, on the basis of the “Publishing Management Regulations”, the “Internet Information Service Management Regulations” and relevant laws and regulations, these Rules are promulgated.

Article 2: These Rules apply to online publishing services provided within the borders of the People’s Republic of China

Online publishing services as mentioned in these rules refers to the provision of online publications to the public through information networks. Read the rest of this entry »

Joining Hands to Promote the Progress of the Global Internet

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Address at the 2016 New Year’s Reception

27 January 2016

Lu Wei

Respected envoys from all countries,

respected guests,

ladies, gentlemen, friends:

Good evening, everyone! As the Chinese New Year approaches, we are extremely honoured to have invited all you honoured guests, from embassies in China, Chinese and foreign Interest enterprises and bodies, famous domestic and foreign media, and relevant ministries and commissions to come together in the Diaoyutai national guesthouse, to have a friendly chat together, to talk Internet matters together, and to welcome the new Spring together. On the sincere behalf of the Office of the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization as well as the Cyberspace Administration of the People’s Republic of China, as well as in my own name, I’d like to express a warm welcome to everyone. And I’d like to express heartfelt thanks to all old friends and new friends for the contributions they have made to promote the interaction and cooperation between China and the global Internet. Read the rest of this entry »

Procedural Regulations for Administrative Law Enforcement concerning Internet Information Content Management (Opinion-seeking Draft)

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Chapter I: General Provisions

Article 1: In order to standardize and guarantee that Internet information content management departments exercise their powers according to the law, correctly impose administrative punishment, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of Internet information services, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, safeguard national security and the public interest, on the basis of the relevant provisions of the “Administrative Punishment Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “Administrative Coercion Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Strengthening the Protection of Online Information”, the “Internet Information Service Management Rules” and the “State Council Notice concerning Empowering the Cyberspace Administration of China to Take Responsibility of Internet Information Content Management Work”, etc., these Regulations are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

Internet News Information Service Management Rules

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(Opinion-seeking Revision Draft)

Chapter I: General provisions.

Article 1: In order to standardize Internet news information service activities, stimulate the healthy and orderly development of Internet news information services, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, safeguard national security and the public interests, on the basis of the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Strengthening the Protection of Online Information” and the “Internet Information Service Management Rules” and other such laws and administrative regulations, these Rules are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

Wuzhen Initiative

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The Internet is an important achievement in the progress of human civilization, it has become an important force that drives innovation, stimulates economic and social development, and enriches all of humanity. The Internet will transform the world into a “global village”, so that international society increasingly is becoming an interdependent community of common destiny. At the same time, the rapid development of the Internet has also brought challenges to national sovereignty, security and sustainable development. Vigorously and steadily responding to these challenges is the common responsibility of international society. From the World Summit on the Information Society in 2003, the Geneva Declaration of Principles and the 2005 Tunis Agenda to the Montevideo Statement as well as the Report of the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts on Information Security, international society’s consensus concerning Internet development and governance is broadening incessantly, and cooperation is deepening incessantly. We express congratulations for the results of the United Nations General Assembly WSIS +10 High-Level Meeting, and look forward to international society further deepening cooperation in the area of the Internet on the basis of the UN Charter as well as universally accepted international norms and principles. Read the rest of this entry »

Speech at the 2nd World Internet Conference Opening Ceremony

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Xi Jinping

16 December 2015, Wuzhen

Welcome, everyone, to beautiful Wuzhen, to talk together about fundamental matters in Internet development. First and foremost, on the sincere behalf of the Chinese government and the Chinese people, as well as in my own name, I express a welcome to all honoured guests who attend the second World Internet Conference. And I express warm congratulations on the convention of the Conference.

I have spent many years in Zhejiang, and have come to Wuzhen often. Coming here again today, I feel very warm and acquainted, and also feel a completely new impression in my ears and eyes. Last year, the first World Internet Conference was organized here, which promoted the rapid development of online makers, online hospitals, smart tourism, etc., and let this white-walled, black-tiled, thousand-year-old town burst forth with a new glamour. The networking and smartification of Wuzhen is a vivid portrait of the converging development of the traditional and the modern, the humanities and science and technology, it is a microcosm of the creative development of China’s Internet, and vividly reflects the idea of shared development of the global Internet. Read the rest of this entry »

Opinions concerning Letting Socialist Literature and Art Flourish

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Central Committee

3 October 2015

In order to implement the spirit of the 18th Party Congress and the 3rd and 4th Plenums of the 18th Party Congress, earnestly implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech at the Forum on Literature and Art, and let Socialist literature and art flourish, the following opinions are put forward. Read the rest of this entry »

Outline of Operations to Stimulate the Development of Big Data

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State Council Notice concerning Printing and Issuance of the Outline of Operations to Stimulate the Development of Big Data

GF No. (2015)50

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal People’s Governments, all State Council ministries and commissions, all directly subordinate bodies.

Hereby, the “Outline of Operations to Stimulate the Development of Big Data” is printed and issued to you, please implement it earnestly.

State Council

31 August 2015 Read the rest of this entry »

Cybersecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China (Draft)

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This translation was published first on China Law Translate, and is the result of a collaborative effort led by Jeremy Daum. It is republished here with his kind permission. I contributed translations of chapters I and II, amongst others. 

The 15th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People’s Congress performed initial review of this “People’s Republic of China Cybersecurity Law (Draft)” in June 2014. The ” People’s Republic of China Cybersecurity Law (Draft)” is hereby released to the public on the Chinese National People’s Congress website for collection of public comments. The public can directly log in to the NPC website ((www.npc.gov.cn) )and provide comments; and may also mail comments to the National People’s Congress Legal Work Committee, (Beijing, Xicheng District, Qianmen West Road #1, 100805) [in Chinese: 北京市西城区前门西大街1号,邮编:100805] Please clearly indicate on the envelope that it is a comment on the Cybersecurity Law draft. The consultation period concludes on: August 5, 2015. Read the rest of this entry »

National Security Law of the People’s Republic of China

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(Passed at the 15th Meeting of the 12th National People’s Congress Standing Committee on 1 July 2015)

Chapter I: General principles

Article 1: In order to safeguard national security, defend the people’s democratic dictatorship regime and the system of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, protect the fundamental interests of the people, ensure the smooth progress of reform, opening up and Socialist modernization construction, and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, in accordance with the Constitution, this Law is formulated. Read the rest of this entry »