Internet

Proposal on Upholding Cyber and Information Security

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On 6 February, the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization and China Mobile jointly organized a nationwide conference for cyber and information security, at which China Telecom, China Mobile, People’s Daily Online, Xinhua Online, Qihoo 360 and other such Internet and information technology firms committed to new list of proposals concerning reforming the online environment. These documents mostly have symbolic value, but demonstrate the continuing pressure on enterprises to “identify with” (rentong ) the State’s objectives.

Since the 18th Party Congress, and especially since the establishment of the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization, the Centre has put forward a series of major policies and strategic deployments concerning cybersecurity and informatization work, greatly inspiring internet and information technology enterprises as well as sectoral organizations nationwide. Everyone deeply feels major responsibilities, and shall dare to undertake work, act vigorously, give rein to their own superiorities, and truly make even greater contributions to safeguarding our country’s cyber and information security. To this end, the Chinese Cyberspace Security Association, together with all Internet and information technology enterprises and sectoral organizations publish the following proposal: Read the rest of this entry »

Internet User Account Name Management Regulations

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Article 1: In order to strengthen management over Internet user account names, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, and on the basis of the “State Council Notice concerning Empowering the Cyberspace Administration of China to Be Responsible for Internet Information Content Management Work” and relevant laws and administrative regulations, these Regulations are formulated.

Internet user account names as mentioned in these Regulations, refers to the account names of bodies or individuals registered or used in blogs, microblogs, instant communication tools, forums posting bars, posting comments and other such Internet information services. Read the rest of this entry »

CCP General Office and State Council General Office Opinions concerning Strengthening the Construction of New Types of Think Tanks with Chinese Characteristics

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In order to deeply implement the spirit of the 18th Party Congress and the 3rd and 4th Plenums of the 18th Party Congress, strengthen the construction of new types of think tanks with Chinese characteristics and establish and complete a policymaking consultancy system, the following Opinion is formulated.

I, Major significance

(1) New kinds of think tanks with Chinese characteristics are an important support for scientific, democratic and lawful policymaking by the Party and the government. A policymaking consultancy system is an important content of the construction of our country’s Socialist democratic politics. Our Party has always given high regard to policymaking consultancy wok. Since reform and opening up, our country’s think tank construction undertaking has developed rapidly, providing powerful intelligence support to Party and government policymaking. At present, the comprehensive construction of a moderately prosperous society has entered a decisive stage, analysing and explaining difficult questions of reform, development and stability and responding to global issues is complex and difficult without precedent, this urgently requires the completion of a policymaking support system with Chinese characteristics, the forceful strengthening of think tank construction, the support of scientific policymaking through scientific consulting, and the guidance of scientific development through scientific policymaking. Read the rest of this entry »

“Opinions concerning Further Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work in Higher Education Under New Circumstances”

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The “Opinion concerning Further Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work in Higher Education Under New Circumstances”, published today, is the latest of a series of documents aimed at imposing stricter political discipline and control in China’s academia. The original document has not been published. The following is a translation of Xinhua’s summary.

The Central Committee General Office and the State Council General Office have recently issued the “Opinions concerning Further Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work in Higher Education Under New Circumstances”. The “Opinion” emphatically points out that ideological work is an extremely important work of our Party and our country, higher education is a forward battlefield in ideological work, and shoulders the important tasks of studying, researching and propagating Marxism, fostering and carrying forward the Socialist core value system, and providing talent guarantees and intelligent support for the realization of the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Doing higher education propaganda and ideology work well and strengthening the construction of the higher education ideological battlefields are strategic projects, steadfast projects and projects of casting souls, they relate to Party leadership over higher education, relate to the comprehensive implementation of the Party’s educational policies, relate to successors for the undertaking of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and have an extremely important and profound significance for consolidating the guiding position of Marxism in the ideological area and consolidating a common ideological basis for the united struggle of the entire Party, the entire country and all the people.

The “Opinion” consists of seven parts: I, Strengthening and improving higher education propaganda and ideology work is a major and urgent strategic task; II, guiding ideology, basic principles and main tasks; III, realistically promoting the entry of the theoretical system of Socialism with Chinese characteristics into textbooks, classrooms and minds; IV, Forcefully raising the ideological and political quality of higher education teaching teams; V, incessantly expanding higher education mainstream ideology and public opinion; VI, Striving to strengthen management of the higher education propaganda and ideology battlefield; VII, Realistically strengthening Party leadership over higher education propaganda and ideology work. Read the rest of this entry »

Information Technology Development Trends and Ideological Security

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This article was published first in Red Flag Manuscripts on 25 December 2014. 

Giving high regard to and vigorously responding to the opportunities and challenges that scientific and technological development has brought to ideological work is an important experience of our Party in grasping the initiative in ideological work. At present, quite a few problems exist in the area of grasping the initiative in ideological work through our use of the newest achievements in information technology, and we are often reduced to a passive, responsive state. When looking at the reasons for this, the most important ones are that we lack foresight about information technology development trends, we often have countermeasures that resemble mending the stable when the sheep have run, and have few precautionary measures. For instance, where supervision and management of blogs, microblogs, WeChat and other communication tools is concerned, or the control on communication of heretical and terrorist videos is concerned, we have lagged behind the pace of information technology development to a substantial degree, and we have even lagged behind Western hostile powers and terrorists using these technologies. Many countermeasures have been taken when technology is already broadly applied, and we only passively respond when this creates a certain harm to us, this not only means that the resulting harm is difficult to avoid, it also increases the costs of response and causes the work of the Party and the government to become bogged down in passivity. The use of information technology advantages and the newest development achievement to engage in infiltration against our country is a long-term strategy of Western countries with the United States in the lead. Because of this, we must strengthen our foresight, acutely perceive the influence of the newest developments in information technology on ideological work, scientifically predict the newest methods that hostile forces may adopt, and establish response measures on a basis of a scientific prediction and correct grasp of technological development trends.

Read the rest of this entry »

Guiding Opinions concerning Promoting the Healthy Development of Online Literature

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Notice concerning Printing and Issuance of the “Guiding Opinions concerning Promoting the Healthy Development of Online Literature”

All provincial, autonomous and municipal press, publications, radio, film and television bureaus, the Xinjiang Production-Construction Corps Press and Publications Bureau, the Liberation Army General Political Department Propaganda Department Press and Publications Bureau, all Centre and State organs’ ministries and commissions, all democratic parties, all people’s organizations’ press, publications, radio and television controlling departments, the China Publishing Group Co., relevant Internet publishing bodies:

In order to implement the deployments of the 18th Party Congress and the 3rd and 4th Plenums of the 18th Party congress, earnestly implement the spirit of the important speech that General Secretary Xi Jinping grave at the Literature and Art Work Conference, and promote the healthy and orderly development of online literature, the “Guiding Opinions concerning Promoting the Healthy Development of Online Literature” are hereby issued to you, please implement them earnestly. All localities and all relevant departments must fully understand the important significance of stimulating the healthy development of online literature, strengthen organizational leadership, adopt forceful measures, firmly move work forward in all areas, incessantly guide online literature to practice the Socialist core value system, carry forward the true, the good and the beautiful, and disseminate positive energy.

State Administration of Press, Publications, Radio, Film and Television Read the rest of this entry »

National Discourse Power and Information Security against the Background of Economic Globalization

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This article by CAC director Lu Wei was published in People’s Daily in July 2010, when he was vice-director at Xinhua.

Lu Wei (Vice-Director, Xinhua News Agency)

Against the background of economic globalization, the information revolution is currently making global circumstances more complex through its cross-border, cross-organizational and cross-terrain impact. Information flows no longer consist of simple information communication, they guide capital, influence markets and decide on trade. Whoever effectively controls discourse power, grasps the orientation of information circulation. Discourse power and information security have become important symbols of economic soft power and even national soft power.

The meaning of national discourse power and information security.

The word “discourse” originated in cultural linguistics long ago, it refers to the exchange of meanings between a speaker and a recipient by means of language and other such symbols. Following the development of the times, the content and extent of “discourse” have seen a profound expansion of meaning. Once “discourse” is formed, it communicates specific value views, there are specific norms, and specific knowledge systems are built. “Quán” has a double meaning in law, one of “right” and one of “power”, this means that “huayuquan” not only refers to the right to speak but also to the fact that the effectiveness and power of speech must be guaranteed. Read the rest of this entry »

Mutual Trust through Communication, Cooperation through Win-Win

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Speech at the 7th Sino-US Internet Forum

2 December 2014

Lu Wei

Respected madam Catherine Novelli,

Respected misters Craig Mundi, and Shen Xiangyang,

Respected mister Wu Hequan,

Ladies, gentlemen, friends:

Good morning everyone! Today, government representatives and business elites from the Chinese and US Internet circles have come together in Washington, to together welcome the opening of the 7th Sino-US Internet Forum. I represent the Cyberspace Administration of China in sincerely and enthusiastically congratulating the convention of the Forum! And in expressing sincere thanks to the Forum’s sponsors, Microsoft and the Internet Society of China!

Since last year, China’s President XI Jinping and President Obama have grasped general tends and looked towards the future, from the Annenberg “estate meeting” to the “Ocean Platform Meeting” in Zhongnanhai, they have reached an important consensus of together building a new type of great power relations between China and the US, this met with high praise and broad recognition from international society, and pushed relationships between both countries into a new historical phase. Following the rapid advance of Internet developments, cyber relations between China and the US have attracted unprecedented attention and concern, they have expanded from commercial cooperation and people-to-people communication to become a focus point in bilateral relationships, and a focus point for attention from all sides, they have become an important content of a new type of great power relationship between China and the US, influence the future of both countries to a considerable degree. Sino-US cyber relationships in a new era tend generally to be good, and are advancing steadily, but there are some bumps on the path ahead, which mainly present the following two characteristics: Read the rest of this entry »

Beijing Municipality Self-Discipline Convention on Internet Application Programmes and Public Information Services

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This convention was announced on 26 November 2014. According to Xinhua, it was signed by over 50 websites, including Sina, Netease and Sohu. In the Xinhua report, the names of companies such as Baidu and Tencent are conspicuously absent. I have not been able to verify whether they have signed this document or not. 

Following the swift development of the mobile Internet, mobile Internet application programmes (hereafter named apps) have been applied increasingly broadly in areas such as information publication, commercial marketing, social interaction, etc., and their influence in areas such as cultural dissemination, economic growth and social development is growing increasingly large. At the same time, a number of unlawful and harmful phenomena have appeared, such as the use of apps to publish false information, disseminate online rumours, infringe users’ privacy, conduct illegal trading, disseminate obscene and vulgar information, etc., this gravely harms the lawful rights and interests of consumers, and gravely disorders the Internet information dissemination order. In order to standardize and guide apps and public information service activities, promote the healthy and orderly development of the app sector, and stimulate social harmony and national development, this Convention is formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

Liu Yunshan: Safeguard Cybersecurity, Build a Strong Network Country

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Liu Yunshan’s full speech has not been published. The following is a translation of Xinhua’s summary.

The first National Cybersecurity Propaganda Week’s opening ceremony took place in Beijing on 24 November. CCP Politburo Standing Committee member, Secretary of the Central Committee Secretariat and Vice-Director of the Central Cybersecurity and Informatization Leading Group Liu Yunshan gave a speech at the opening ceremony, and participated in the public experience exhibition for cybersecurity. He pointed out that everyone shares online information, that everyone has responsible for online information, it is necessary to incessantly strengthen the entire population’s consciousness about cybersecurity, realistically strengthen cybersecurity, strive to move the legalization of cyberspace forward, and provide powerful guarantees to build a strong cyber country.

Liu Yunshan said that the interactivity of the Internet has provided strong drivers for our country’s economic development and has infused huge vitality into social progress. Ever more people obtain information, learn and interact, buy products and find entertainment, create and set up businesses, through the Internet, and going online, using the network and interacting online have become the state of life for many people. At the same time as fully enjoying all the convenience that the Internet has brought, we must also be soberly be aware that cyber attacks, online fraud and online infringement of rights occur regularly, online pornography, gambling, drugs, violence, terror as well as online rumours and other such harmful information cannot be stopped despite repeated bans, which gravely harms national security and harms the peoples’ interests. Safeguarding cybersecurity, standardizing the online order, cleaning up the online environment have become the common call of the broad masses. Read the rest of this entry »

Letter of Commitment on Self-Discipline Management of Posts and Comments

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In order to deeply implement the spirit of ruling the country according to the law of the 4th Plenum of the 18th Party Congress, implement the State Internet Information Office’s demands of “managing the Web according to the law, running the Web according to the law, and using the Web according to the law”, this website hereby openly makes the following commitment, in order to perfect self-discipline management of posts and comments.

I, Posting and commenting services as mentioned on this Website, refers to services that allow users to publish comments or opinions (including but not limited to language, writing, images, sound clips, video clips, etc.) on this website, through the use of online interactive dissemination technology platforms. Read the rest of this entry »

Notice concerning Approving and Issuing Journalist Credentials in News Websites

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XGCF No. (2014)122

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal press, publications, radio, film and television bureaus and Internet information offices, the Xinjiang Production-Construction Corps Press and Publications Bureau and Internet information office, the Liberation Army General Political Department Propaganda Department Press and Publications Bureau and Internet Information Office, all Central and State bodies’ ministries and commissions, all democratic parties, all controlling work units of people’s organization’s news bodies and central news websites:

In order to strengthen the construction of editorial and journalistic teams in news websites and raise the overall quality of teams, on the basis of the relevant requirements of the Centre, and according to the relevant provisions of the “State Council Notice concerning Authorizing the Cyberspace Administration of China to Be Responsible for Internet Information Content Management Work”, the Internet Information Service Management Rules”, the “Internet News Information Service Management Regulations” and the “Journalist Credential Management Rules”, it has been decided that journalist credentials will be approved and issued to news websites who have obtained a Category I Internet News Information Service Permit and conform to conditions, according to the principles of “careful implementation, phased approval, security and order, manageability and controllability”. Hereby, the relevant matters are notified as follows: Read the rest of this entry »

Supreme People’s Court Regulations concerning Some Questions of Applicable Law in Handing Civil Dispute Cases involving the Use of Information Networks to Harm Personal Rights and Interests

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In order to correctly hear civil dispute cases involving the use of information networks to harm personal rights and interests, on the basis of the provisions of the “General Principles of the Civil Code of the People’s Republic of China”, the “Tort Liability Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Strengthening Online Information Protection”, the “Civil Procedure Law of the People’s Republic of China”, and by integration with judicial practice, these Regulations are formulated.

Article 1: Civil dispute cases involving the use of information networks to harm personal rights and interests as mentioned in these Regulations, refers to dispute cases triggered by harm to another persons’ right to a name, right to reputation, portrait right, right to privacy and other such personal rights and interests through the use of information networks. Read the rest of this entry »

Notice concerning Strengthening Management of the Production and Dissemination of Radio, Film and Television Programmes, Television Dramas and Online Audiovisual Products

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(XGDB No. (2014) 100)

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal press, publications, radio, film and television bureaus, the Xinjiang Production-Construction Corps Press, Publications, Radio, Film and Television Bureau, all departments and bureaus of the Administration’s bodies, the three central stations, the China Film Group Co., the China Film Co. Ltd., film channels, the China Education Television Channel:

For a while, a few screenwriters, directors, actors and other radio, film and television employees have been investigated and prosecuted by public security bodies because they used drugs, solicited prostitutes and engaged in other unlawful acts, their acts violated laws and regulations, corrupted the social atmosphere, and especially as social public personalities, they harmed the image of the sector, created a very harmful influence on society, and damaged the healthy growth of the broad minors. Radio, film and television works are important carriers for the dissemination of advanced Socialist culture and carrying forward the Socialist core value system. The Administration has always advocated that radio, film and television employees must abide by discipline and observe the law, consciously practice Socialist morality, resist vulgar, base and philistine tendencies; it has always advocated that the broad radio, film and television literature and art workers must pursue excellence in virtue and artistry, and disseminate positive energy to society through excellent products and a fine image. In order to further clean up the airwaves, television screens, silver screens and the online environment, and create a good employment atmosphere, the following requirements are hereby reiterated: Read the rest of this entry »

SAPPRFT Reiterates Provisions concerning the Management of Online Foreign Television Dramas

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A few days ago, SAPPRFT issued a Notice reiterating provisions concerning the management of online foreign television dramas, which demanded that for foreign television dramas used for dissemination on the Internet and other such information networks, a “Public Film Screening Permit” and a “Television Drama Distribution Permit” must be obtained according to the law. Foreign television dramas for which no “Public Film Screening Permit” or “Television Drama Distribution Permit” has been obtained, may not be disseminated online without exception.

The “Notice” points out that, in order to make online culture develop and flourish, at the same time as inheriting and carrying forward China’s excellent cultural traditions, [we must] vigorously absorb the world’s advanced cultural achievements, and encourage Internet audiovisual programme service websites meeting conditions to import and distribute appropriate amounts of foreign television dramas with healthy content, good production levels, which carry forward the true, the good and the beautiful, and satisfy the popular masses’ daily increasing spiritual cultural needs. Read the rest of this entry »

Notice concerning Further Implementing Regulations on the Management of Online Foreign Film and Television Dramas

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All provincial, autonomous region and municipal press, publications, radio, film and television bureaus, the Xinjiang Production-Construction Corps Radio, Film and Television Bureau

On the basis of the “Radio and Television Management Regulations” (State Council Decree No. 228), the “Internet Audiovisual Programme Service Management Regulations” (SARFT, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Decree No. 56), the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television “Notice concerning Strengthening Management over Internet Dissemination of Film and Television Dramas” (GF No. (2007)122) and other such regulations and provisions, foreign film and television dramas used for dissemination on the Internet and other such information networks shall obtain a “Public Film Screening Permit” or a “Television Drama Distribution Permit” according to the law. In order to develop online culture and let it flourish, and vigorously absorb the excellent cultural achievements of the world at the same time as inheriting and carrying forward China’s excellent cultural traditions, the following provisions on further implementing management over dissemination of foreign film and television dramas on information networks (hereafter simply named online foreign film and television dramas) are hereby notified: Read the rest of this entry »

Guiding Opinions concerning Strengthening Cybersecurity Work in the Telecommunications and Internet Sectors

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GXBB No. (2014)368

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal telecommunications management bureaus, China Telecom Group Co., China Mobile Telecom Group Co., China United Network Communications Group Co., the National Computer Network Emergency Response Coordination Centre, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Academy for Telecommunications Research, the Telecommunications Sector Professional Skills Supervision and Guidance Centre, the China Association of Communication enterprises, the Internet Society of China, all Internet domain name registration management bodies, and relevant work units: Read the rest of this entry »

Notice concerning Empowering the Cyberspace Administration of China to Be Responsible for Internet Information Content Management Work

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GF No. (2014)33

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal governments, all State Council ministries and commissions, all directly subordinate bodies

In order to stimulate the healthy and orderly development of Internet information services, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, and safeguard national security and the public interest, the re-established Cyberspace Administration of China is empowered to be responsible for Internet information content management work nationwide, and to be responsible for supervision, management and law enforcement.

State Council

26 August 2014

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Provisional Regulations for the Development and Management of Instant Messaging Tools and Public Information Services

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Article 1: In order to further promote the healthy and orderly development of instant messaging tools and public information services, protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, safeguard national security and the public interest, on the basis of the “NPC Standing Committee Decision concerning Safeguarding Internet Security”, the “NPC Standing Committee Decision concerning Strengthening the Protection of Online Information”, the “Interpretation concerning Some Questions of Applicable Law When Handling Uses of Information Networks to Commit Defamation and Other Such Criminal Cases”, the “Internet Information Service Management Rules”, the “Internet News Information Service Management Regulations” and other such laws and regulations, these Regulations are formulated. Read the rest of this entry »

A Network Shared Together, A Space Governed Together

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Keynote Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the ICANN Meeting in London

Lu Wei

Respected Minister Ed Vaizey, respected chairman Steve Crocker and CEO Fadi Chehade, respected colleagues, ladies, gentlemen:

Good morning! Today, the 50th ICANN meeting is opened, and I represent the Chinese government in expressing enthusiastic congratulations! I also express heartfelt thanks for vigorous efforts and considerate arrangements that Minister Ed Vaizey and ICANN have made for this Meeting! There is a proverb in English: “He that walks with wise men should be wise”. I have come to London for the second time in a year, I have come to the birthplace of the father of the World Wide Web, and so would like to “learn from everyone, through exchanging views, like polishing jade”, and together, exchange experiences and wisdom concerning Internet development and governance. Read the rest of this entry »