Outline of the National Informatization Development Strategy

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Central Committee General Office

State Council General Office

27 July 2016

In the present world, information technology innovation changes every day, and a tide of informatization, characterized by digitization, networking and smartification has vigorously arisen. Without informatization, there is no modernization. Adapting to and leading a new normal in economic development, and strengthening new development drivers, require informatization to penetrate into the entire process of our country’s modernization, and the acceleration and liberation of the huge potential of informatization development. Driving modernization with informatization and building a strong network power are major measures in the “Four Comprehensive” strategic positioning, and are necessary choices to realize the “Two Centenaries” struggle objective and the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

This Strategy Outline is an adjustment and development of the “National Informatization Development Strategy 2006-2020” on the basis of new circumstances, it is a programmatic document to standardize and guide national informatization development in the next ten years it is an important component part of the national strategy system, and is an important basis for the formulation of plans and policies in the area of informatization.

I, The basic circumstances of national informatization development

(1) Human society has undergone the agricultural revolution and the industrial revolution, and is now undergoing the information revolution. At present, a new round of scientific and technological revolution is unfolding, represented by information technology, the Internet is becoming more of a guiding force for innovation-driven development every day. Information technology is blending into biotechnology, new energy technology, new material technology, etc., which is currently triggering mass technological breakthroughs with green, smart and extensive characteristics. Information, capital, technology and talent are flowing ever more quickly at a global scale, the Internet is promoting industrial change, it stimulates the transformation from an industrial economy to an information economy, and a new international division of labour structure is being shaped. The Internet information undertaking represents new productive forces and new development orientations, it promotes an unprecedented enhancement of humanity’s capacity to understand the world and change the world, it is currently profoundly changing people’s ways of production and life, it brings a qualitative leap in productivity, triggers a major change in relationships of production, and is becoming a guiding force remoulding a new structure in the development of the international economy, politics, culture, society, ecology, and military affairs. Global informatization has entered a new stage of comprehensive penetration, cross-boundary convergence, where it accelerates innovation, and leads development.

Following the profound development of global multipolarity, economic globalization, cultural diversification and social informatization, the global governance system has changed profoundly, whoever occupies the commanding heights of informatization, is able to grasp the decisive opportunity, win superiority, win security and win the future. Developed countries continue to promote innovation in information technology, they are incessantly accelerating economic and social digitization, and are consolidating their leadership advantages with all their might. Developing countries are grasping opportunities to reorganized and adjust industry chains, are stimulating the transformation of development through informatization, and are vigorously pursuing mastery of the power of initiative in development. All countries worldwide are accelerating their strategic arrangements in cyberspace, and the game concerning winning key resources and formulating international norms is growing more acute and complex every days. Accelerating informatization development and building digital countries has become a global consensus.

(2) After entering the new century, and especially after the 18th Party Congress, our country’s informatization has gained considerable progress, but is still far away from the objectives of comprehensively constructing a moderately prosperous society and accelerating the modernization of Socialism, we persist in marching the development path of informatization with Chinese characteristics and innovation-driven modernization,, building a strong cyber power is an urgent matter, and no time may be wasted. At present, our country ranks first in the world in terms of the quantity of netizens, the value of online retail, and the production of electronic information products, a batch of information technology enterprises and Internet enterprises has entered the front ranks of the world, and a relatively perfect information industry system has been shaped. Information technology applications are deepening incessantly, and “Internet Plus” is a new factor changing the situation, the pace of economic and social digitization and networking is accelerating, positive energy in cyberspace is further concentrated and strengthened, and the role of informatization in the overall picture of modernization construction is becoming more prominent every day. At the same time, relatively prominent problems also exist in our country’s informatization development, which mainly are: core technologies and facilities are controlled by others, information resources are insufficiently open and used, the spread of information infrastructure is not high, differences between regions and urban and rural areas are relatively prominent, national security faces grave challenges, the construction of a legal system in cyberspace urgently needs to be strengthened, and the potential of information technology in stimulating economic and social development, as well as serving the overall strategic arrangement of the country, has not been fully liberated.

Our country’s comprehensive national strength, international influence and strategic initiative position are continuously strengthening, and in terms of development, we are still in an important period of strategic opportunity with great promise. From the point of view of the domestic environment, our country has entered a crucial period in which a new kind of industrialization, informatization, urbanization and agricultural modernization are developing simultaneously, the information revolution has provided historical opportunities for our country to complete the task of industrialization, to surpass the “middle income trap” and to build new international competitive advantages, but it also warns us about the huge risks we face, of falling behind if we do not move forward, of also falling behind of we move too slowly, and of losing opportunities because of mistakes. Standing at a new historical starting point, we absolutely have the ability to rely on our large-country advantages and systemic advantages, accelerate informatization development, and promote our Socialist modernization undertaking to climb another step higher.

II, Guiding ideology, strategic objectives and basic principles

(1) Guiding ideology. Hold high the magnificent banner of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, comprehensively implement the spirit of the 19th Party Congress and the 3rd, 4th and 5th Plenums of the 18th Party Congress, take Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important “Three Represents” thought, and the scientific development view as guidance, deeply study and implement the spirit of the series of important speeches by General Secretary Xi Jinping, closely focus on the overall arrangement of the “Five into One” and the strategic arrangement of the “Four Comprehensives”, firmly establish innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared development ideas, implement the development idea of putting the people central, comprehensively deal with both the domestic and international situation, comprehensively deal with both great matters of development and security, persist in marching an informatization development path with Chinese characteristics, persist in maintaining step with realizing the “Two Centenaries” struggle objectives, take informatization-driven modernization as the main line, take constructing a strong cyber power as objective, strive to strengthen capacity for national informatization development, strive to raise informatization application levels, strive to optimize the environment for informatization development, move forward the modernization of national governance systems and governance capacities, strive to be one step ahead in practicing new development ideas, and let informatization enrich society, enrich the people, and lay a firm basis to realize the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

(2) Strategic objectives

By 2020, household fixed broadband connectivity rates are to reach mid-level developed country standards, third-generation mobile telecommunications (3G) and fourth-generation mobile telecommunications (4G) network to cover of urban and rural regions, fifth-generation mobile telecommunications )%G) technology research, development and standardization are to see breakthrough-style progress. Information consumption value to reach 6 trillion Yuan, the e-commerce trading scale is to reach 38 trillion Yuan. The key and crucial technological component areas are to reach international advanced levels, the international competitiveness of the information industry is to increase substantially, digitization, networking and smartification in focus sectors is to see clear progress, a networked and coordinated innovation system is to be completely shaped, e-government support for the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity is to continue powerfully, informatization is to become a leading force driving modernization construction.

International Internet export bandwidth is to reach 20 Tbps, in support of the implementation of “One Belt, One Road”, network interconnection and information exchange is to be realized with neighbouring countries, a China – ASEAN information port is to be built, the beginnings of an online Silk Road are to be built, the international competitiveness of information and telecommunications technologies, products and internet services is to increase markedly.

By 2025, a new generation of information and telecommunications technologies are to see real-time applications, household fixed-broadband connectivity rates are to approach international advanced levels, an internationally leading mobile telecommunications network is to be built, and seamless broadband network coverage is to be realized. Information consumption values are to reach 12 trillion Yuan, e-commerce trading volumes are to reach 67 trillion Yuan. The situation that key and crucial technologies are controlled by others is to be fundamentally changed, a secure and controllable information technology industry system is to be shaped, and e-governance applications and information welfare levels are to substantially rise. The strategic goals of advanced technologies, developed industries, leadership in applications, and network security and unassailability are to be realized.

Internet international export broadband speed is to reach 48 Tbps, four large international information passages are to be built, to link up countries and regions in the Pacific, Central and Eastern Europe, West and North Africa, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, India, Pakistan, Burma, Russia, etc., and a batch of large-scale multinational Internet information enterprises with strong international competitiveness are to come to the fore.

By the middle of this century, informatization is to comprehensively support the construction of a wealthy, prosperous, democratic, civilized and harmonious modernized Socialist country, the position of a strong cyber power is to be consolidated more every day, and [we] are to have an ever greater role in leading global informatization development.

(3) Basic principles

– Moving forward comprehensively. Informatization affects the long-term sustainable development of the national economy and society, it affects the long-term peace and order of the country, and it affects the welfare of the popular masses, we must keep the large picture in mind, grasp overall trends and focus on great events, comprehensively deal with the centre and the localities, comprehensively deal with forces from all Party, government and military sides, comprehensively deal with the roles of the market and government, comprehensively deal with intermediate objectives and long-term objectives, comprehensively deal with major problems in all areas of informatization development, and ensure that national informatization develops in a comprehensive, coordinated, sustainable and healthy manner.

– Innovation and leadership. Comprehensively implement the innovation-driven development strategy, make innovative development into a fundamental policy to respond to changes in development environments, strengthen development drivers, grasp the initiative in development, and lead the new normal in economic development in an even better way, with a spirit of time waiting for no-one, and making good use of every moment, strive to grasp core technologies, grasp the initiative post haste, and occupy the competitive commanding heights.

– Driving development. Give rein to the driving role of informatization to the greatest possible extent, implement the national big data strategy, move forward the “Internet Plus” action plan, guide the profound convergence of a new generation of information technologies and all areas of the economy and society, promote that superior new business models expand into an ever greater scope and an ever broader territory, and comprehensively enhance informatization levels in the economy, politics, culture, society, ecological civilization, national defence and other such areas.

– Improving people’s livelihoods. Persist in taking enrichment of society and enrichment of the people into the starting point and checking point for work, give rein to the role of the Internet in boosting poverty relief, move forward with accurate poverty assistance and poverty relief, incessantly enhance the people’s welfare; closely focus on the people’s expectations and needs, stimulate the equalization of basic common services through informatization, and let hundreds of millions of people have an even greater sense of gain through sharing the fruits of Internet development.

– Cooperation and mutual gain. Persist in pushing informatization there where the national interest is, focus on the construction of “One Belt, One Road”, strengthen network interconnection, stimulate information exchange, accelerate the construction of a community of common destiny in cyberspace, use both domestic and international markets and resources, as well as both online and offline spaces well, actively participate in global governance, incessantly enhance our international influence and discursive power.

– Guaranteeing security. Cybersecurity and informatization are two wings of one body, two wheels of one cart, they must be planned together, arranged together, moved forward together and implemented together, it must be ensures that they are coordinated and consistent, and are advanced simultaneously; realistically prevent, control and eliminate risks that might occur in the process of informatization, guarantee development with security, stimulate security with development, strive to build a trend of long-term security, and create an undertaking of long-term order.

III, Forcefully strengthening informatization development capacities

(1) Developing core technologies, strengthening the information industry

The extent of information technology and industry development decide informatization development levels. Our country is currently in a crucial period of catching up, running along, taking the lead and transforming the run, we must grasp the ox of indigenous innovation by the muzzle, build secure and controllable information technology systems, foster industrial ecologies with international competitiveness, and grasp the initiative in development closely in our own hands.

  1. Building advanced technology systems. Formulate development strategy outlines for core technologies and facilities in the area of national information, remedy individual disadvantages with systematized thinking, forge internationally advanced, secure and controllable core technology systems, promote fundamental breakthroughs in integrated circuits, basic software, core components and other such weak segments. Vigorously strive for and consolidate a globally leading position in next-generation mobile telecommunications, next-generation Internet and other such areas, strive to build comparative advantages in areas such as mobile Internet, cloud computing, big data, the Internet of things, etc.
  2. Strengthening pioneering and fundamental research. Accelerate the perfection of basic research systems and mechanisms, strengthen the dominant position and guiding role of enterprise innovation, expand tackling of key scientific and technological problems in basic and advanced technologies in the information and telecommunications technology area, as well as common crucial technologies. Abide by the laws of innovation, focus on long-term development, advance planning and arrangements, expand investments and guarantees, and provide long-term support for pioneering exploration. Implement international new-generation information technology innovation exchange programmes.
  3. Forging an industrial ecology for coordinated development. Comprehensively arrange fundamental research, technological innovation, industry development and applications, and strengthen the coordination and interaction between all sections of the value chain. Raise the added value of products and services, and accelerate the industry’s migration to high-end value. Strengthen the forward-looking positioning of patens and standards, perfect a public service system covering intellectual property rights, technology standards, outcome transformation, monitoring and verification, and industrialization investment assessment, etc.
  4. Fostering major key enterprises. Support key enterprises to play a leading and driving role, link up with higher education institutes and scientific research bodies to forge research and development centres and technology industry alliances, explore the establishment of a core technology research and development investment company, and create high-efficiency transformation channels for the industrialization of technology. Deepen reform of public offering rules, support innovative enterprises to list themselves on domestic markets. Support enterprises to establish research and development bodies and expand market abroad, effectively use global resources, and enhance their internationalized development levels.
  5. Supporting innovation in small, mid-size and micro enterprises. Expand support for research and development in innovative science and technology enterprises, implement accumulative research and development expense deduction policies for enterprises, and appropriately broaden the scope of application of these policies. Perfect mechanisms for technology trade and enterprise incubation, and build inclusive innovation support policy systems. Perfect public service platforms, and raise the indigenous innovation and sustainable development capacity of small, mid-size and micro enterprises.

(2) Laying down infrastructure, strengthening universal service

Ubiquitous advanced infrastructure is the cornerstone of informatization development. We must accelerate the construction of national information infrastructure with three-dimensional coverage from land, sea, air and space, incessantly perfect universal service, and let people understand the world, grasp information, cast off poverty, improve lives and enjoy happiness through the network.

  1. Comprehensively planning the composition of infrastructure. Deepen reform in the telecommunications sector, and encourage enterprises of many kinds of ownership system to participate in orderly competition. Comprehensively deal with the requirements of national informatization construction, realize the common construction and common use of information infrastructure, and move forward with coordinated development between regions, and between urban and rural areas. Coordinate the deployment of spectrum resources, scientifically plan the radio spectrum, and enhance resource usage efficiency. Strengthen the linkage of information infrastructure with planning in municipal administration, roads, railroads, airports, etc. Support the Hong Kong and Macau regions to perfect information infrastructure arrangements.
  2. Strengthening the capabilities of space facilities. Focusing on satellite application areas including telecommunications, navigation and sensing, establish a sustained, stable, secure and controllable national space infrastructure. Scientifically plan and use satellite frequencies and orbital resources. Build information networks integrating land and space, strengthen access service capacities, and promote the interconnection and interaction of space and terrestrial facilities. Comprehensively arrange the construction and application of the Big Dipper satellite navigation system, and move forward the industrialization and marching out process of Big Dipper. Strengthen remote sensing and monitoring of land, air and sea, and enhance our country’s service and protection capability for resources and the environment, ecological protection, emergency response and disaster relief, mass consumption as well as global observation.
  3. Optimizing and upgrading broadband networks. Broaden the scope of network coverage, increase business carrying capacity and application service levels, and realize multi-system networks and coordinated development of business activities. Accelerate the large-scale deployment and commercial use of the next-generation Internet, and move forward with the converged development of mass telecommunication networks, radio and television networks and next-generation Internet. Strengthen the strategic arrangement and technological background for the long-term evolution of future networks, and build national uniform experimental platforms. Vigorously launch arrangements for fifth-generation mobile telecommunications (5G) technology research, development, standardization and industrialization.
  4. Raise universal service levels. Scientifically and flexibly choose access technologies, and move rural network coverage forward in a categorized manner. Developed regions are to have preference in moving class fibre village connections forward. Border regions, remote regions, forest and pastoral regions, islands and other regions are, on the basis of their circumstances, to adopt means including mobile honeycombs, satellite telecommunications, etc. to realize coverage. Localities with dispersed housing, in remote locations or difficult geographical circumstances may realize network access in integration with population relocation or centralized placement. Perfect universal telecommunications service compensation mechanisms, establish long-term mechanisms to support broadband network development in the countryside and in Central and Western regions, move forward with raising network speeds while lowering costs, and create conditions for disadvantaged social groups to use the network.

(3) Developing information resources, liberating the digital dividend

Information resources are becoming ever more of an important production factor and social asset every day, the amount of information grasped, and the strength or weakness of information capacities are becoming an important symbol to measure a country’s competitiveness. At present, the phenomena that our country’s information resource and usage are insufficient and that there is disorder and abuse coexist, we must strengthen top-level design and systemic planning, perfect structures and systems, comprehensively enhance information collecting, processing, transmission, utilization and security capabilities, and build national information advantages.

  1. Strengthening information resource planning, construction and management. Promote comprehensive national planning and categorized management of focus information resources, and strengthen capabilities to control crucial information resources. Perfect dynamic renewal of basic information resources as well as sharing and application mechanisms. Innovate construction and operational models for departmental business systems, and progressively realize the separation of business applications from data management. Comprehensively plan the construction of a national Internet big data platform. Progressively launch socialized trading data back-ups and authentication, and ensure that data are traceable and recoverable.
  2. Raising utilization rates of information resources. Establish public information resource openness catalogues, build uniform, standardized, interconnected, interactive, secure and controllable national data openness systems, vigorously and steadily move openness and sharing of public information resources forward. Develop information resource markets, stimulate information consumption. Guide and standardize the value-added exploitation and use of public information resources, and support market subjects to use global information resources to launch business innovation.

12, Establishing basic structures and systems for information resources. Explore the establishment of protection mechanisms for rights and interests in information resources, implement hierarchical and categorized management, and shape whole-process management systems for focus information resources. Strengthen collection management and standard formulation, and raise the accuracy, reliability and usability of information resources. Protect personal privacy and enterprises’ commercial secrecy according to the law, and ensure national security. Research the formulation of management rules for the cross-border interflow of information resources.

(4) Optimizing talent teams, enhancing information skills

Talent resources are the first resources, talent competition is the final competition. We must perfect talent training, selection, utilization, evaluation and incentive mechanisms, remove obstacles, gather heroic talents from all under heaven and use them, and provide powerful talent support for the development of the online information undertaking.

  1. Training a batch of leading talents. With the support of the national major talent project, expand support for informatization leading talents, foster and train global-level scientists, leading network science and technology talents, outstanding engineers, high-level innovation teams and informatization management talents. Attract and support foreign high-level talents to return to the country to innovate and set up businesses, establish foreign talent and expert recruitment structures, reduce thresholds for permanent residency rights, explore the establishment of technology migrant rules, and raise our country’s capability to deploy talents around the entire world.
  2. Expanding expert talent teams. Build informatization specialist talent training systems with tertiary education and professional education at the core, and with the assistance of continuous education. Set up information technology application courses in common undergraduate colleges and vocational collages. Broaden made-to-order talent training, and establish informatization talent fostering and training basis. Support joint talent training with foreign high-level bodies.
  3. Perfecting talent incentive mechanisms. Adopt special policies, establish human resource structures, remuneration structures and talent evaluation structures suited to the characteristics of online information, and break through structural limitations to talent circulation. Broaden channels to discover talent, support the launch of innovation and entrepreneurial competitions, skills contests and other such activities, and be good at using competitive mechanisms to select special talents. Perfect incentive mechanisms such as technology-into-shares, stock options, etc., and establish and complete allocation mechanisms for the profit from the intellectual property rights of scientific and technological achievements.
  4. Enhance citizens’ information skills. Improve the informatization environment and primary and secondary schools, and move basic informatization education forward. Comprehensively launch informatization training and evaluation of state personnel. Implement the information illiteracy elimination action plan, give rein to the role of doctoral service teams, university student village officials, the plan for university students’ voluntary service in the Western region, “Three Supports and One Relief” and other such projects, and provide knowledge and skills training in elderly, minority, border and poor regions, as well as for weaker groups.

(5) Deepening collaboration and exchange, expanding development space

The Internet is truly changing the world into a global village, and changing international society ever more into a community of common destiny in which I find myself among you, and you find yourself among me. We must vigorously launch bilateral and multilateral international exchange and cooperation, jointly respond to the challenges we face in cybersecurity, jointly safeguard fairness and justice in cyberspace, and jointly share in the opportunities and fruits of the global information revolution.

  1. Deepening international cooperation and exchange. Strengthen coordination and cooperation with international frameworks and multilateral mechanisms such as the United Nations, the G20, the BRICS countries, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Organization, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, etc., promote the establishment of international mutual trust and dialogue mechanisms in the area of informatization. Organize the setup of collaboration channels, and build global best practices dissemination platforms for informatization. Implement the Sino-US, Sino-EU, Sino-UK and Sino-Germany digital economy collaboration projects.
  2. Participating in the formulation of international norms. Vigorously participate in the formulation of international norms for security in cyberspace. Consolidate and develop regional standardization cooperation mechanisms, vigorously strive for an important position in international standardization organizations. In crucial technologies and important areas such as mobile telecommunications, next-generation Internet, next-generation radio and television networks, cloud computing, big data, the Internet of Things, smart manufacturing, smart cities, cybersecurity, etc., vigorously participate in the formulation of international standards. Encourage enterprises, research bodies, social organizations and individuals to vigorously enter international open source communities.
  3. Broadening international development space. Move forward informatization development in the construction of “One Belt, One Road”, comprehensively plan the construction of underwater glass fibre cables and cross-border terrestrial glass fibre cables, raise international interconnection and interaction levels, and forge an online Silk Road. Accelerate the promotion of interconnection and interaction with neighbouring countries’ information infrastructure, open terrestrial channels through Central Asia to Western Asia, through South Asia to the Indian Ocean, through Russia to Central and Eastern Europe, etc., vigorously move forward the construction of underwater glass fibre cables to the Americas, Europe and Africa. Collaborate in the construction of the China – Central Asia Information Platform, the China – ASEAN Information Port, and the China – Arabia Online Silk Road. Comprehensively plan the construction of our country’s global network facilities, support enterprises in expanding foreign business and nodes, and increase our country’s influence on global networks.
  4. Jointly building a new order on international networks. Persist in the principles of respect for cyber sovereignty, maintaining peace and security, stimulating openness and collaboration, and building a desirable order, promote the establishment of a multilateral, democratic and transparent international Internet governance system. Vigorously participate in moving forward the internationalization and reform of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Strengthen international law enforcement cooperation in cyberspace, and promote the formulation of international anti-terrorism pacts in cyberspace. Complete mechanisms for judicial assistance in attacking online crime, and jointly ensure peace and security in cyberspace.

IV, Striving to enhance economic and social informatization levels

(1) Fostering the information economy, stimulating the transformation of development

Accelerating the construction of a digital China and forcefully developing the information economy are the heaviest of heavies in informatization work. We must focus on moving forward supply-side structural reform, give rein to the role of informatization in the productivity rate of all factors, foster and develop new drivers, mould an ever more leadership-type development that gives rein to first-mover advantages, and support the gradual evolution of our country’s economy towards one with higher-level forms, more optimized division of labour, and more rational structuring.

  1. Moving forward the profound convergence of informatization and industrialization. Accelerate the implementation of “China Manufacturing 2025”, promote innovation and development in the industrial Internet. With smart manufacturing as breakthrough point, accelerate converged innovation in information technologies and manufacturing technologies, products and equipment, popularize smart factory and smart manufacturing models, comprehensively enhance the smartness levels of enterprise research and development, production, management and services. Popularize converged informatization and industrialization management system standards, deepen the application of the Internet in the area of manufacturing, vigorously foster mass creation and design, online crowdsourcing, individualized ordering, service-type manufacturing and other such new models, perfect industry chains, and forge novel manufacturing systems.
  2. Accelerating agricultural modernization. Make informatization into a commanding height for agricultural modernization, promote the application of information technologies and smart equipment in agricultural production and commerce, foster Internet agriculture, establish and complete smart and networked agricultural production and commerce systems, accelerate the progress of agricultural industrialization. Accelerate networked monitoring of arable land, water, grasslands and other such important resources and major agricultural inputs, complete agricultural information monitoring, early warning and service systems, raise information management service capacity across the entire process of agricultural production, and ensure national food security and agricultural product quality security.
  3. Moving forward with the networked transformation of the services sector> Support the use of the Internet to launch service model innovation, accelerate the modernization of traditional service sectors, and raise the informatization levels of life services sectors. Vigorously foster design, consulting, finance, transportation, logistics, commerce and other such productive services sectors, promote the networked modernization of the services sector. Forcefully develop cross-border e-commerce, and build a flourishing and healthy e-commerce ecology system. Guide and standardize the development of Internet finance, and effectively prevent and resolve financial crises. Develop the sharing economy, and established networked and coordinated innovation levels.
  4. Stimulating regional coordinated development. Transform urbanization development models, resolve and limit information obstacles for urban and rural development, and stimulate the coordinated progress of urbanization and the construction of a new countryside. Strengthen top-level design, raise the informatization levels of urban infrastructure, operational management, public services and industrial development, and move forward the construction of novel smart cities in a hierarchical and categorized manner. Implement the action plans to let informatization promote the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and to let informatization drive economic development in the Yangtze Economic Belt Support the Hong Kong and Macau regions in developing an information economy.
  5. Laying a new basis of development. Move forward with the construction of the Internet of things, optimize the arrangement of data centres, strengthen the coordinated development of big data, cloud computing and broadband networks, and strengthen the service capabilities of applications and infrastructure. Accelerate the networking and smartification of public infrastructure including electricity, civil aviation, railways, highways, waterways, irrigation, etc. Give rein to the supporting role of informatization to promote the construction of secure payments, the credit system, modern logistics and other such novel commercial infrastructure, create a structure with large markets, large circulation and large services, and lay a new cornerstone for economic development.
  6. Optimizing the policy environment. Perfect Internet enterprise investment access structures, establish a Chinese Internet investment fund, drive the development of a diversified investment market. Give rein to the role of the Chinese Internet development fund, organize a Chinese “Internet Plus” alliance, and support the growth of small, mid-size and micro Internet enterprises. Deeply move forward government streamlining and decentralization of powers, integrate letting go with management, and optimize services. Establish national demonstration bases for the information economy.

(2) Deepening e-governance, moving forward with the modernization of state governance

Adapt to the needs of national modernization and development, use informatized means to sense social situations, unblock communication channels and assist scientific policymaking even better. Persist in deepening e-governance applications, strive to resolve the problems of information fragmentation, horizontal and vertical parcelling of applications, separation of services, etc., and move forward the modernization of the country’s governance system and governance capacity through informatization.

  1. Constructing the governing capacity of a service Party. Move forward Party Committee informatization, and enhance the informatization protection capacity of Party policymaking and command. Fully use information technology to raise the scientization levels of Party members, cadres, talent management and service. Strengthen information openness, open up channels for democratic supervision, comprehensively raise informatization levels of clean government, risk prevention and inspection work, and strengthen the informatized supervision capacity over the exercise of power. Strengthen informatization guarantees for the construction of intra-Party regulations and structures, and give high regard to giving rein to the role of the Internet in formulating and propagating intra-Party regulations. Move forward information resource sharing, and enhance the informatization levels of all levels’ Party departments.
  2. Raising government informatization levels. Perfect departmental information sharing mechanisms, and establish state governance big data centres. Strengthen data exchange and sharing, processing and analysis, and monitoring and early warning concerning the operation of the economy, strengthen capacity to support macro-economic adjustment and policymaking. Deepen the application of informatization in finance and taxation, support the adjustment of financial relationships between the Centre and the localities, and stimulate reform of the fiscal system. Move forward with sharing of basic information concerning the population and enterprises, and effectively support reform of the household registration system and reform of rules for commercial affairs. Move forward the informatization of government openness, strengthen the construction of an Internet information data service platform and service platforms convenient for the people, and provide ever more high-quality and efficient online governmental services.
  3. Serving the construction of democratic rule of law. Establish and complete online information platforms, and tighten the relationship between People’s Congress delegates and the popular masses. Accelerate the construction of informatization for consultative conferences, and move forward the development of the broad and multi-level institutionalization of consultative democracy. Implement “strengthening the Procuratorate with science and technology”, and move forward the modernization of prosecutorial work. Build “smart courts”, raise the informatization levels of all stages, including acceptance, trials, judgments, enforcement and supervision, promote the openness of judicial and law enforcement information, and stimulate judicial fairness and justice.
  4. Raising capacity for social governance. Accelerate the innovation of three-dimensional social order control systems, raise public security smartness levels, and comprehensively move forward the construction of a safe and stable China. Build comprehensive service management platforms at the grass roots, promote the downward shift of government functions, and support community self-governance. Rely on online platforms to strengthen interaction between government and the people, guarantee citizens’ right to know, right to participate, right to express themselves and right to supervise. Promote the online acceptance of letters and petitions, and perfect mechanisms for the masses to coordinate their interests and guarantee their rights and interests.
  5. Completing market service and supervisions systems. Implement the “many licences into one” and “one licence, one code” systems, move forward with making services more convenient in areas including customs, taxation, industry and commerce, quality inspection, etc., strengthen supervision and services in media res and ex post, and realize the frontloading of service, and the backshifting of supervision. With citizens’ identity card numbers and the uniform social credit codes of legal persons and other organizations as a basis, build national uniform online credit information platforms, and build an environment of sincere trading. Build informatized tracing systems for food products, drugs, special kinds of equipment and other such important products, and perfect after-sales service quality monitoring. Strengthen online real-time supervision, monitoring and not-on-the-spot supervision, management and law enforcement, and raise the transparency of supervision.
  6. Perfecting integrated public service systems. Formulate online public service guidelines, support governments at all levels to integrate service resources, provide integrated online public services aimed at enterprises and citizens, and stimulate the transformation of public administration from handling affairs in isolation to coordinated governance. All departments must, on the basis of the needs of grass-roots services, open business systems and data interfaces, and promote the extension of e-government services to the grass roots.
  7. Innovating e-government operational management systems. Establish powerful national e-government comprehensive coordination mechanisms, formulate e-government management rules, and establish whole-process closed-loop management mechanisms covering planning, construction, application, management and evaluation. Forcefully move forward government procurement of services, try out and broaden cooperation models for government and social capital, encourage social forces to participate in the construction of e-government. Utilize applied cloud computing technologies, and integrate the transformation of existing applied systems.

(3) Letting online culture flourish, strengthen national soft power

The Internet is an important carrier to disseminate humankind’s advanced culture and carry forward positive energy. We must persist in the progressive orientation of advanced Socialist culture from beginning to end, persist in the correct public opinion orientation, abide by the laws of online communication, carry forward the main melody, arouse positive energy, forcefully foster and practice the Socialist core value view, develop a vigorous and upward online culture, tell China’s story in an ever more colourful manner, and let China’s voice speak ever more loudly and clearly.

  1. Enhancing online culture supply capacities. Implement the online content construction project. Accelerate the datafication of cultural resources, raise the scale and specialization levels of online cultural production. Integrate public cultural resources, build public cultural service systems, and enhance information service levels. Guide social forces to vigorously develop online cultural products that are suited to the characteristics of online communication and satisfy the people’s diversified needs.
  2. Raising online cultural communication capacity. Perfect online cultural dissemination mechanisms, and build modern culture dissemination systems. Promote the converged development of traditional media and new media, effectively integrate all kinds of media resources and production factors. Implement the excellent Chinese Culture online dissemination project, strengthen the construction of cultural dissemination capacities in the Hong Kong and Macau regions, perfect global information collection and dissemination networks, and progressively shape online international dissemination capabilities matched with our country’s international position.
  3. Strengthening online cultural battlefield construction. Expand and strengthen main Central news websites and focus local news websites, and standardize and guide the healthy and orderly development of commercial websites. Move forward with structural and mechanism innovation in focus news websites. Accelerate the digital transformation and technological upgrading of Party newspapers and periodicals, new agencies, radio and television stations. Promote the innovation of financial services models in culture, establish diverse investment systems for the online cultural industries. Encourage excellent Internet enterprises and cultural enterprises to build strong linkages, and foster a batch of novel cultural groups and media groups with international influence.
  4. Standardizing the online cultural communication order. Comprehensively use legal, administrative, economic and sectoral self-disciplinary measures, to standardize the online information dissemination order. Firmly resist the dissemination of unlawful and harmful information online, consolidate and magnify a healthy and upward mainstream public opinion. Perfect online cultural service market access and withdrawal mechanisms, expand online cultural management law enforcement, and attack acts of online infringement and piracy.

(IV) Innovating public services, guaranteeing and improving the people’s livelihood

Focus on the most real questions of interests, that the masses are most directly concerned with, forcefully move forward the informatization of social undertakings, optimize the allocation of public service resources, reduce application costs, provide information services that common people are able to use, can afford to use, and can use well, and stimulate the equalization of basic public services.

  1. Moving forward the informatization of education. Perfect educational information infrastructure and public service platforms, move forward with the joint construction, sharing and balanced deployment of high-quality digital education resources, establish online learning spaces suited to changing education models, and reduce the divides between regions, town and country, and schools. Establish open learning models in the online environment, encourage ever more schools to use online open course, explore the establishment of inter-school course sharing and course credit accreditation systems. Perfect access mechanisms, attract social forces to participate in the construction of massive open online courses, and support study by the whole population and life-long learning.
  2. Accelerating the informatization of scientific research. Strengthen informatization management in scientific research, and build open and transparent national scientific research management and programme evaluation mechanisms. Build scientific research informatization infrastructure covering the entire country, with shared resources, and enhance the informatization levels of scientific research. Accelerate the progress of the digitization of scientific research means, build coordinated online scientific research models, promote resource sharing and cross-regional cooperation in scientific research, and stimulate the transformation of science and technology innovation methods.
  3. Improving smart healthcare services. Perfect public health information service systems, move forward with nationwide electronic health file and electronic medical record data integration and sharing, implement healthcare information public welfare operations, and stimulate and standardize the development of big data applications in healthcare. Explore the establishment of marketized long-distance healthcare service models, operational mechanisms and management mechanisms, and stimulate high-quality healthcare resources to circulate vertically. Strengthen regional public health service resource integration, and explore health cooperatives and other such novel service forms. Use a new generation of information technology to satisfy diverse service needs, and promote healthcare treatments to transform into health services.
  4. Raising employment and social security informatization levels. Move forward with the nationwide networking of information concerning employment, care for the elderly, occupational injuries, unemployment, insurance, etc. Build employment and entrepreneurship information service systems, guide the orderly cross-regional circulation of labour resources, and stimulate full employment. Accelerate the popularization and enhancement of “one common card” in social security, implement cross-regional application and access, and realize that social security relationships are continued across regional boundaries and movements, and bills can be settled in different areas through the Heathcarenet. Accelerate the construction of accessibility on government websites, encourage social forces to provide individualized information services to the disabled.
  5. Implement the networked poverty relief action plan. Build poverty relief information service platforms, accelerate the pace of Internet construction in disadvantaged regions, broaden the coverage of glass fibre networks and broadband networks. Launch online public interest and poverty relief propaganda, encourage Internet information enterprises to link up with and assist disadvantaged regions, launch mobile applications adapted to the characteristics and needs of ethnic minority, border and distant regions, and build poverty relief tracking, monitoring and evaluation information systems.

(5) Serving the construction of an ecological civilization, helping beautiful China

Building an ecological civilization is a long-term great programme that affects the welfare of the people and the future of the nation. We must strive to resolve the problems of tense resource constraints, grave environmental pollution and degeneration of ecological systems, build a novel ecological environment governance system based on informatization, and accelerate the construction of a beautiful China with blue skies, green land and clear water.

  1. Innovating resource management and use methods. Launch uniform and accurate registration of state nature and ecological spaces. Integrate data concerning natural and ecological spaces, and optimize the spatial structure and supply timeframe of natural resource exploitation and use. Perfect natural resource supervision systems, progressively realize supervision over the entire process and with overall coverage, and raise capacities to control purposes. Explore the establishment of information management and trading systems for waste material, and shape circulatory use mechanisms for regenerating resources.
  2. Building novel ecological environment governance systems. Complete environmental information openness systems. Implement the ecological civilization and environmental protection monitoring informatization project, progressively ensure 24/7 monitoring of pollution sources, pollutants and the ecological environment, and raise capabilities for joint prevention and joint control of environmental pollution in regions and drainage areas. Promote the establishment of green, low-carbon circulatory development industry systems, and encourage localities meeting conditions to explore online trading for energy savings, emission rights, waste discharge rights and water rights.

(6) Accelerating a strong information army, building a modern military forces system

Vigorously adapt to new changes in national security circumstances, new trends in information technology development and new requirements for the objective of a strong military, unwaveringly put informatization forward as the development orientation for military modernization, implement the profound development strategy thinking of civil-military integration, and promote the leapfrogging development of military informatization from a new starting point.

  1. Strengthening systematic construction. Innovate and develop military informatization theories, strengthen concentrated management of informatization construction, give rein to the guiding role of warfare needs, and move forward with the organic integration of mechanization and informatization. Perfect information infrastructure, promote the integrated use of command information systems, expand information resource openness and use, build information security defence systems, and comprehensively raise capacity to win an informatized local war.
  2. Raising realistic warfare training levels. Adapt to the evolution trends of warfare forms, rely on network information systems, launch exploratory and antagonistic drills with information dominance, systems confrontations, accurate warfare, all-terrain motorization, and anti-network control as main characteristics, move forward with the transformation of military training towards actual war, and raise comprehensive battlefield control capabilities with seizing information power at the core.
  3. Deepening military struggle preparations. Fully give rein to the role of informatized integration and penetration, deepen national defence and military reform, and move forward the modernization of military organizations and forms. Complete national defence information mobilization and leadership management structures and mechanisms, perfect national defence information mobilization and emergency response protection planning. Forcefully foster talents needed for warfare, including command of informatized warfare, expertise in information technology, information system organization, operation, utilization and defence, and incessantly strengthen the ability of officers and men to use information systems and informatized equipment to win victory.

V, Incessantly optimizing the informatization development environment

(1) Moving forward with the construction of rule of law in informatization

Moving forward informatization and safeguarding cybersecurity according to the law is an important content for comprehensively governing the country according to the law. We must make rule of law in cyberspace into a focus point, give rein to the leading and driving role of legislation, strengthen the construction of law enforcement capabilities, raise the consciousness among all of society to consciously abide by the law, and create a good rule of law environment for informatization.

  1. Perfect the legal framework for informatization. Take network legislation as the focus point, accelerate the establishment of a framework of laws and regulations aimed at stimulating informatization development and strengthening cybersecurity, that cover network infrastructure, network service providers, network users and network information.
  2. Moving the process of informatization legislation forward in an orderly manner. Persist in giving precedence to urgent necessities, and accelerate the promulgation of urgently needed laws, regulations and normative documents. Strengthen the protection of network infrastructure, accelerate the formulation of the Cybersecurity Law, the Telecommunications Law and the E-commerce Law, and research the formulation of the Password Law. Strengthen the protection of network users’ rights, and research the formulation of a personal information protection law, and regulations to protect minors online. Standardize online information services and management, and revise the Internet information services management rules. Research the formulation of management regulations for electronic documents.. Perfect judicial interpretations, and promote the extension of the applicability of existing law to include cyberspace.
  3. Strengthening law enforcement capacity. Strengthen departmental information sharing and law enforcement cooperation, innovate law enforcement methods, and shape joint law enforcement forces. Rationalize online law enforcement structures and mechanisms, clarify law enforcement subjects, law enforcement powers and law enforcement standards.

(2) Strengthening governance of the online ecology

Cyberspace is a common spiritual garden for hundreds of millions of popular masses. If the air is fresh and the sky clear in cyberspace, and the ecology is good, the people’s interest is served. Persisting in positive energy is the general requirement, being able to keep things under control is the hard rationale, innovate and improve positive online propaganda, strengthen all-network, all-process management, build a cyberspace that is for the people, civilized, sincere, ruled by law, secure and innovative, and ensure that cyberspace is clean and crisp.

  1. Strengthening Internet management. Persist in the principles of positive use, scientific development, management according to the law, and guaranteeing security, establish a cyber governance system combining legal norms, administrative supervision, sectoral self-discipline, technological protection, public supervision and social education. Implement the online identity management rules, establish online sincerity evaluation systems, complete credit records for online service providers and netizens, perfect reward and punishment mechanisms. Strengthen management of Internet domain names, addresses and other such basic resources, and ensure that registration file information is truthful and accurate. Strengthen online public opinion management, all online dissemination platforms that engage in news information services, that have media characteristics and public opinion mobilization functions must be managed. Perfect Internet information service market access and withdrawal mechanisms according to the law.
  2. Shaping governance mechanisms with participation from all of society. Persist in governing the web according to the law, accelerate the establishment of collaborative Internet governance mechanisms with government in the lead, common participation by enterprises, social organizations, the technology community and citizens. Strengthen the major responsibility of Internet enterprises, guide enterprises toward fair competition, self-management and improvement of services. Establish and complete online social organizations, fully give rein to the role of social organizations in self-management and self-supervision. Strengthen the guidance of social forces, and vigorously foster “good Chinese netizens”.
  3. Safeguarding citizens’ lawful rights and interests. Protect the free and orderly flow of information, and realistically protect citizens’ basic rights and freedoms. Comprehensively standardize acts by enterprises involving the collection, storage and use of and personal information, and prevent information abuse. Strengthen personal data protection, and attack online illegality and crime according to the law.

(3) Safeguarding security in cyberspace

Establish correct cybersecurity views, persist in vigorous defence and effective response, strengthen cybersecurity defence capabilities, realistically safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests in cyberspace.

  1. Safeguarding cyber sovereignty and national security. Manage online activities within the range of our country’s sovereignty according to the law, and persist in defending our country’s cyber sovereignty. Persist in preventing and attacking acts to divide the country, incite rebellion, overthrow the regime, destroy unity, steal secrets, etc., through the network.
  2. Guaranteeing the security of critical information infrastructure. Accelerate the construction of security protection systems for critical information infrastructure, strengthen the security protection of Party and government bodies as well as websites in focus areas, establish orderly sharing mechanisms for cybersecurity information with government, sectors and enterprises. Establish structures to implement cybersecurity inspections, important information technology products and services used in critical information infrastructure must be subject to security inspection. Complete tiered information security protection systems.
  3. Strengthening basic cybersecurity work. Strengthen basic theoretical research, research and development of crucial technologies and the construction of technological means in cybersecurity, establish and perfect technological support systems for national cybersecurity, and move forward cybersecurity standardization, authentication and appraisal work. Enhance all-weather, dynamic cybersecurity capabilities with omnidirectional sensing, carry out tiered protection, risk assessment, leak discovery and other such basic work well, perfect cybersecurity monitoring, early warming and major cybersecurity incident emergency response mechanisms. Implement the cybersecurity talent project, launch education concerning cybersecurity among the entire population, enhance the sophistication of online media, and strengthen the entire society’s cybersecurity consciousness and protection abilities.

VI, Institutional guarantees and organizational implementation

We must strengthen comprehensive coordination, powerfully integrate resources, shape joint forces for progress, realistically implement all strategic tasks, and ensure that strategic goals are realized on schedule.

(1) Strengthening organizational leadership. Persist in the concentrated and uniform guidance of the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization over national informatization development, major policies and initiatives in the area of informatization must be examined and approved by the Leading Group. All levels’ cybersecurity and informatization leading groups must strengthen comprehensive planning, research and resolve major problems concerning informatization development in their areas.

(2) Completing work mechanisms. The Office of the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization is responsible for the comprehensive coordination of the implementation of this Strategy Outline, supervision and inspection. All levels’ cybersecurity and informatization controlling departments must fully play their role in organization and coordination, strengthen cooperation between departments, sectors, localities and military regions, and shape informatization progress mechanisms with uniform leadership, a rational division of labour, clear responsibilities and smooth functioning. Accelerate the construction of a new type of informatization knowledge base with Chinese characteristics, and perfect expert consulting systems for major policies and major projects.

(3) Perfecting supplementary policies. All localities and all departments must effectively link up the tasks put forward in this Strategy Outline with their economic and social development plans, and simultaneously move them forward, they must also formulate “13th Five-Year” informatization development plans and corresponding specialized plans. Relevant departments must accelerate the perfection of supplementary policy measures in areas including industry, taxation, finance, science and technology, education, etc., accelerate financial input and management, focus on supporting informatization construction and network security protection in crucial, fundamental and common areas. Expand government procurement of services, innovate informatization financing mechanisms, implement policies beneficial to commercial operations and continuous business in the area of informatization, and provide conditions for social investment to participate in creation.

(4) Strengthening supervision and implementation. All localities and all departments must, according to the division of work, list detailed tasks, clarify time limits, and gradually implement them. Establish and perfect informatization statistics indicators and systems, strengthen informatization statistics supervision and evaluation work, organize the launch of annual inspections and outcome evaluation of implementation of the Strategy. Strengthen informatization work assessment, and make the assessment results into a factor to evaluate relevant leading cadres.

 

国家信息化发展战略纲要

当今世界,信息技术创新日新月异,以数字化、网络化、智能化为特征的信息化浪潮蓬勃兴起。没有信息化就没有现代化。适应和引领经济发展新常态,增强发展新动力,需要将信息化贯穿我国现代化进程始终,加快释放信息化发展的巨大潜能。以信息化驱动现代化,建设网络强国,是落实“四个全面”战略布局的重要举措,是实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标和中华民族伟大复兴中国梦的必然选择。

本战略纲要是根据新形势对《2006-2020年国家信息化发展战略》的调整和发展,是规范和指导未来10年国家信息化发展的纲领性文件,是国家战略体系的重要组成部分,是信息化领域规划、政策制定的重要依据。

一、国家信息化发展的基本形势

(一)人类社会经历了农业革命、工业革命,正在经历信息革命。当前,以信息技术为代表的新一轮科技革命方兴未艾,互联网日益成为创新驱动发展的先导力量。信息技术与生物技术、新能源技术、新材料技术等交叉融合,正在引发以绿色、智能、泛在为特征的群体性技术突破。信息、资本、技术、人才在全球范围内加速流动,互联网推动产业变革,促进工业经济向信息经济转型,国际分工新体系正在形成。网信事业代表新的生产力、新的发展方向,推动人类认识世界、改造世界的能力空前提升,正在深刻改变着人们的生产生活方式,带来生产力质的飞跃,引发生产关系重大变革,成为重塑国际经济、政治、文化、社会、生态、军事发展新格局的主导力量。全球信息化进入全面渗透、跨界融合、加速创新、引领发展的新阶段。

随着世界多极化、经济全球化、文化多样化、社会信息化深入发展,全球治理体系深刻变革,谁在信息化上占据制高点,谁就能够掌握先机、赢得优势、赢得安全、赢得未来。发达国家持续推动信息技术创新,不断加快经济社会数字化进程,全力巩固领先优势。发展中国家抢抓产业链重组和调整机遇,以信息化促转型发展,积极谋求掌握发展主动权。世界各国加快网络空间战略布局,围绕关键资源获取、国际规则制定的博弈日趋尖锐复杂。加快信息化发展,建设数字国家已经成为全球共识。

(二)进入新世纪特别是党的十八大以来,我国信息化取得长足进展,但与全面建成小康社会、加快推进社会主义现代化的目标相比还有差距,坚持走中国特色信息化发展道路,以信息化驱动现代化,建设网络强国,迫在眉睫、刻不容缓。目前,我国网民数量、网络零售交易额、电子信息产品制造规模已居全球第一,一批信息技术企业和互联网企业进入世界前列,形成了较为完善的信息产业体系。信息技术应用不断深化,“互联网+”异军突起,经济社会数字化网络化转型步伐加快,网络空间正能量进一步汇聚增强,信息化在现代化建设全局中引领作用日益凸显。同时,我国信息化发展也存在比较突出的问题,主要是:核心技术和设备受制于人,信息资源开发利用不够,信息基础设施普及程度不高,区域和城乡差距比较明显,网络安全面临严峻挑战,网络空间法治建设亟待加强,信息化在促进经济社会发展、服务国家整体战略布局中的潜能还没有充分释放。

我国综合国力、国际影响力和战略主动地位持续增强,发展仍处于可以大有作为的重要战略机遇期。从国内环境看,我国已经进入新型工业化、信息化、城镇化、农业现代化同步发展的关键时期,信息革命为我国加速完成工业化任务、跨越“中等收入陷阱”、构筑国际竞争新优势提供了历史性机遇,也警示我们面临不进则退、慢进亦退、错失良机的巨大风险。站在新的历史起点,我们完全有能力依托大国优势和制度优势,加快信息化发展,推动我国社会主义现代化事业再上新台阶。

二、指导思想、战略目标和基本方针

(一)指导思想。高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,全面贯彻落实党的十八大和十八届三中、四中、五中全会精神,以邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观为指导,深入学习贯彻习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神,紧紧围绕“五位一体”总体布局和“四个全面”战略布局,牢固树立创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的发展理念,贯彻以人民为中心的发展思想,统筹国内国际两个大局,统筹发展安全两件大事,坚持走中国特色信息化发展道路,坚持与实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标同步推进,以信息化驱动现代化为主线,以建设网络强国为目标,着力增强国家信息化发展能力,着力提高信息化应用水平,着力优化信息化发展环境,推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化,努力在践行新发展理念上先行一步,让信息化造福社会、造福人民,为实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦奠定坚实基础。

(二)战略目标

到2020年,固定宽带家庭普及率达到中等发达国家水平,第三代移动通信(3G)、第四代移动通信(4G)网络覆盖城乡,第五代移动通信(5G)技术研发和标准取得突破性进展。信息消费总额达到6万亿元,电子商务交易规模达到38万亿元。核心关键技术部分领域达到国际先进水平,信息产业国际竞争力大幅提升,重点行业数字化、网络化、智能化取得明显进展,网络化协同创新体系全面形成,电子政务支撑国家治理体系和治理能力现代化坚实有力,信息化成为驱动现代化建设的先导力量。

互联网国际出口带宽达到20太比特/秒(Tbps),支撑“一带一路”实施,与周边国家实现网络互联、信息互通,建成中国-东盟信息港,初步建成网上丝绸之路,信息通信技术、产品和互联网服务的国际竞争力明显增强。

到2025年,新一代信息通信技术得到及时应用,固定宽带家庭普及率接近国际先进水平,建成国际领先的移动通信网络,实现宽带网络无缝覆盖。信息消费总额达到12万亿元,电子商务交易规模达到67万亿元。根本改变核心关键技术受制于人的局面,形成安全可控的信息技术产业体系,电子政务应用和信息惠民水平大幅提高。实现技术先进、产业发达、应用领先、网络安全坚不可摧的战略目标。

互联网国际出口带宽达到48太比特/秒(Tbps),建成四大国际信息通道,连接太平洋、中东欧、西非北非、东南亚、中亚、印巴缅俄等国家和地区,涌现一批具有强大国际竞争力的大型跨国网信企业。

到本世纪中叶,信息化全面支撑富强民主文明和谐的社会主义现代化国家建设,网络强国地位日益巩固,在引领全球信息化发展方面有更大作为。

(三)基本方针

——统筹推进。信息化事关国家经济社会长期可持续发展、事关国家长治久安、事关人民群众福祉,必须胸怀大局、把握大势、着眼大事,统筹中央和地方,统筹党政军各方力量,统筹发挥市场和政府作用,统筹阶段性目标和长远目标,统筹各领域信息化发展重大问题,确保国家信息化全面协调可持续健康发展。

——创新引领。全面实施创新驱动发展战略,把创新发展作为应对发展环境变化、增强发展动力、把握发展主动权,更好引领经济发展新常态的根本之策,以时不我待、只争朝夕的精神,努力掌握核心技术,快马加鞭争取主动局面,占据竞争制高点。

——驱动发展。最大程度发挥信息化的驱动作用,实施国家大数据战略,推进“互联网+”行动计划,引导新一代信息技术与经济社会各领域深度融合,推动优势新兴业态向更广范围、更宽领域拓展,全面提升经济、政治、文化、社会、生态文明和国防等领域信息化水平。

——惠及民生。坚持以造福社会、造福人民为工作的出发点和落脚点,发挥互联网在助推脱贫攻坚中的作用,推进精准扶贫、精准脱贫,不断增进人民福祉;紧紧围绕人民期待和需求,以信息化促进基本公共服务均等化,让亿万人民在共享互联网发展成果上有更多获得感。

——合作共赢。坚持国家利益在哪里,信息化就推进到哪里,围绕“一带一路”建设,加强网络互联、促进信息互通,加快构建网络空间命运共同体;用好国内国际两个市场两种资源、网上网下两个空间,主动参与全球治理,不断提升国际影响力和话语权。

——确保安全。网络安全和信息化是一体之两翼、驱动之双轮,必须统一谋划、统一部署、统一推进、统一实施,做到协调一致、齐头并进;切实防范、控制和化解信息化进程中可能产生的风险,以安全保发展,以发展促安全,努力建久安之势、成长治之业。

三、大力增强信息化发展能力

(一)发展核心技术,做强信息产业

信息技术和产业发展程度决定着信息化发展水平。我国正处于从跟跑并跑向并跑领跑转变的关键时期,要抓住自主创新的牛鼻子,构建安全可控的信息技术体系,培育形成具有国际竞争力的产业生态,把发展主动权牢牢掌握在自己手里。

1.构建先进技术体系。制定国家信息领域核心技术设备发展战略纲要,以体系化思维弥补单点弱势,打造国际先进、安全可控的核心技术体系,带动集成电路、基础软件、核心元器件等薄弱环节实现根本性突破。积极争取并巩固新一代移动通信、下一代互联网等领域全球领先地位,着力构筑移动互联网、云计算、大数据、物联网等领域比较优势。

2.加强前沿和基础研究。加快完善基础研究体制机制,强化企业创新主体地位和主导作用,面向信息通信技术领域的基础前沿技术、共性关键技术,加大科技攻关。遵循创新规律,着眼长远发展,超前规划布局,加大投资保障力度,为前沿探索提供长期支持。实施新一代信息技术创新国际交流项目。

3.打造协同发展的产业生态。统筹基础研究、技术创新、产业发展与应用部署,加强产业链各环节协调互动。提高产品服务附加值,加速产业向价值链高端迁移。加强专利与标准前瞻性布局,完善覆盖知识产权、技术标准、成果转化、测试验证和产业化投资评估等环节的公共服务体系。

4.培育壮大龙头企业。支持龙头企业发挥引领带动作用,联合高校和科研机构打造研发中心、技术产业联盟,探索成立核心技术研发投资公司,打通技术产业化的高效转化通道。深化上市发审制度改革,支持创新型企业在国内上市。支持企业在海外设立研发机构和开拓市场,有效利用全球资源,提升国际化发展水平。

5.支持中小微企业创新。加大对科技型创新企业研发支持力度,落实企业研发费用加计扣除政策,适当扩大政策适用范围。完善技术交易和企业孵化机制,构建普惠性创新支持政策体系。完善公共服务平台,提高科技型中小微企业自主创新和可持续发展能力。

(二)夯实基础设施,强化普遍服务

泛在先进的基础设施是信息化发展的基石。要加快构建陆地、海洋、天空、太空立体覆盖的国家信息基础设施,不断完善普遍服务,让人们通过网络了解世界、掌握信息、摆脱贫困、改善生活、享有幸福。

6.统筹规划基础设施布局。深化电信业改革,鼓励多种所有制企业有序参与竞争。统筹国家现代化建设需求,实现信息基础设施共建共享,推进区域和城乡协调发展。协调频谱资源配置,科学规划无线电频谱,提升资源利用效率。加强信息基础设施与市政、公路、铁路、机场等规划建设的衔接。支持港澳地区完善信息基础设施布局。

7.增强空间设施能力。围绕通信、导航、遥感等应用卫星领域,建立持续稳定、安全可控的国家空间基础设施。科学规划和利用卫星频率和轨道资源。建设天地一体化信息网络,增强接入服务能力,推动空间与地面设施互联互通。统筹北斗卫星导航系统建设和应用,推进北斗产业化和走出去进程。加强陆地、大气、海洋遥感监测,提升对我国资源环境、生态保护、应急减灾、大众消费以及全球观测的服务保障能力。

8.优化升级宽带网络。扩大网络覆盖范围,提高业务承载能力和应用服务水平,实现多制式网络和业务协调发展。加快下一代互联网大规模部署和商用,推进公众通信网、广播电视网和下一代互联网融合发展。加强未来网络长期演进的战略布局和技术储备,构建国家统一试验平台。积极开展第五代移动通信(5G)技术的研发、标准和产业化布局。

9.提高普遍服务水平。科学灵活选择接入技术,分类推进农村网络覆盖。发达地区优先推进光纤到村。边远地区、林牧区、海岛等区域根据条件采用移动蜂窝、卫星通信等多种方式实现覆盖。居住分散、位置偏远、地理条件恶劣的地区可结合人口搬迁、集中安置实现网络接入。完善电信普遍服务补偿机制,建立支持农村和中西部地区宽带网络发展长效机制,推进网络提速降费,为社会困难群体运用网络创造条件。

(三)开发信息资源,释放数字红利

信息资源日益成为重要的生产要素和社会财富,信息掌握的多寡、信息能力的强弱成为衡量国家竞争力的重要标志。当前,我国信息资源开发利用不足与无序滥用的现象并存,要加强顶层设计和系统规划,完善制度体系,全面提升信息采集、处理、传输、利用、安全能力,构筑国家信息优势。

10.加强信息资源规划、建设和管理。推动重点信息资源国家统筹规划和分类管理,增强关键信息资源掌控能力。完善基础信息资源动态更新和共享应用机制。创新部门业务系统建设运营模式,逐步实现业务应用与数据管理分离。统筹规划建设国家互联网大数据平台。逐步开展社会化交易型数据备份和认证,确保数据可追溯、可恢复。

11.提高信息资源利用水平。建立公共信息资源开放目录,构建统一规范、互联互通、安全可控的国家数据开放体系,积极稳妥推进公共信息资源开放共享。发展信息资源市场,促进信息消费。引导和规范公共信息资源增值开发利用,支持市场主体利用全球信息资源开展业务创新。

12.建立信息资源基本制度体系。探索建立信息资产权益保护制度,实施分级分类管理,形成重点信息资源全过程管理体系。加强采集管理和标准制定,提高信息资源准确性、可靠性和可用性。依法保护个人隐私、企业商业秘密,确保国家安全。研究制定信息资源跨境流动管理办法。

(四)优化人才队伍,提升信息技能

人才资源是第一资源,人才竞争是最终的竞争。要完善人才培养、选拔、使用、评价、激励机制,破除壁垒,聚天下英才而用之,为网信事业发展提供有力人才支撑。

13.造就一批领军人才。依托国家重大人才工程,加大对信息化领军人才支持力度,培养造就世界水平的科学家、网络科技领军人才、卓越工程师、高水平创新团队和信息化管理人才。吸引和扶持海外高层次人才回国创新创业,建立海外人才特聘专家制度,对需要引进的特殊人才,降低永久居留权门槛,探索建立技术移民制度,提高我国在全球配置人才资源能力。

14.壮大专业人才队伍。构建以高等教育、职业教育为主体,继续教育为补充的信息化专业人才培养体系。在普通本科院校和职业院校中设置信息技术应用课程。推广订单式人才培养,建立信息化人才培养实训基地。支持与海外高水平机构联合开展人才培养。

15.完善人才激励机制。采取特殊政策,建立适应网信特点的人事制度、薪酬制度、人才评价机制,打破人才流动的体制界限。拓宽人才发现渠道,支持开展创新创业大赛、技能竞赛等活动,善用竞争性机制选拔特殊人才。完善技术入股、股权期权等激励方式,建立健全科技成果知识产权收益分配机制。

16.提升国民信息技能。改善中小学信息化环境,推进信息化基础教育。全面开展国家工作人员信息化培训和考核。实施信息扫盲行动计划,发挥博士服务团、大学生村官、大学生志愿服务西部计划、“三支一扶”等项目的作用,为老少边穷地区和弱势群体提供知识和技能培训。

(五)深化合作交流,拓展发展空间

互联网真正让世界变成了地球村,让国际社会越来越成为你中有我、我中有你的命运共同体。要积极开展双边、多边国际交流合作,共同应对网络安全面临的挑战,共同维护网络空间的公平正义,共同分享全球信息革命的机遇和成果。

17.深化国际合作交流。加强在联合国、二十国集团、金砖国家、亚太经合组织、上海合作组织等国际框架和多边机制内的协调配合,推动建立信息化领域国际互信对话机制。组织搭建合作渠道,建设全球信息化最佳实践推广平台。实施中美、中欧、中英、中德数字经济合作项目。

18.参与国际规则制定。积极参与国际网络空间安全规则制定。巩固和发展区域标准化合作机制,积极争取国际标准化组织重要职位。在移动通信、下一代互联网、下一代广播电视网、云计算、大数据、物联网、智能制造、智慧城市、网络安全等关键技术和重要领域,积极参与国际标准制定。鼓励企业、科研机构、社会组织和个人积极融入国际开源社区。

19.拓展国际发展空间。推进“一带一路”建设信息化发展,统筹规划海底光缆和跨境陆地光缆建设,提高国际互联互通水平,打造网上丝绸之路。加快推动与周边国家信息基础设施互联互通,打通经中亚到西亚、经南亚到印度洋、经俄罗斯到中东欧国家等陆上通道,积极推进美洲、欧洲、非洲等方向海底光缆建设。合作建设中国-中亚信息平台、中国-东盟信息港、中阿网上丝绸之路。统筹规划我国全球网络设施建设,支持企业拓展海外业务与节点布局,提升我国在全球网络中的影响力。

20.共建国际网络新秩序。坚持尊重网络主权、维护和平安全、促进开放合作、构建良好秩序的原则,推动建立多边、民主、透明的国际互联网治理体系。积极参与和推进互联网名称与数字地址分配机构(ICANN)国际化改革。加强国际网络空间执法合作,推动制定网络空间国际反恐公约,健全打击网络犯罪司法协助机制,共同维护网络空间和平安全。

四、着力提升经济社会信息化水平

(一)培育信息经济,促进转型发展

加快建设数字中国、大力发展信息经济是信息化工作的重中之重。要围绕推进供给侧结构性改革,发挥信息化对全要素生产率的提升作用,培育发展新动力,塑造更多发挥先发优势的引领型发展,支撑我国经济向形态更高级、分工更优化、结构更合理的阶段演进。

21.推进信息化和工业化深度融合。加快实施《中国制造2025》,推动工业互联网创新发展。以智能制造为突破口,加快信息技术与制造技术、产品、装备融合创新,推广智能工厂和智能制造模式,全面提升企业研发、生产、管理和服务的智能化水平。普及信息化和工业化融合管理体系标准,深化互联网在制造领域的应用,积极培育众创设计、网络众包、个性化定制、服务型制造等新模式,完善产业链,打造新型制造体系。

22.加快推进农业现代化。把信息化作为农业现代化的制高点,推动信息技术和智能装备在农业生产经营中的应用,培育互联网农业,建立健全智能化、网络化农业生产经营体系,加快农业产业化进程。加强耕地、水、草原等重要资源和主要农业投入品联网监测,健全农业信息监测预警和服务体系,提高农业生产全过程信息管理服务能力,确保国家粮食安全和农产品质量安全。

23.推进服务业网络化转型。支持运用互联网开展服务模式创新,加快传统服务业现代化进程,提高生活性服务业信息化水平。积极培育设计、咨询、金融、交通、物流、商贸等生产性服务业,推动现代服务业网络化发展。大力发展跨境电子商务,构建繁荣健康的电子商务生态系统。引导和规范互联网金融发展,有效防范和化解金融风险。发展分享经济,建立网络化协同创新体系。

24.促进区域协调发展。转变城镇化发展方式,破解制约城乡发展的信息障碍,促进城镇化和新农村建设协调推进。加强顶层设计,提高城市基础设施、运行管理、公共服务和产业发展的信息化水平,分级分类推进新型智慧城市建设。实施以信息化推动京津冀协同发展、信息化带动长江经济带发展行动计划。支持港澳地区发展信息经济。

25.夯实发展新基础。推进物联网设施建设,优化数据中心布局,加强大数据、云计算、宽带网络协同发展,增强应用基础设施服务能力。加快电力、民航、铁路、公路、水路、水利等公共基础设施的网络化和智能化改造。发挥信息化支撑作用,推动安全支付、信用体系、现代物流等新型商业基础设施建设,形成大市场、大流通、大服务格局,奠定经济发展新基石。

26.优化政策环境。完善互联网企业资本准入制度,设立中国互联网投资基金,引导多元化投融资市场发展。发挥中国互联网发展基金会的作用,组建中国“互联网+”联盟,支持中小微互联网企业成长。深入推进简政放权、放管结合、优化服务。设立国家信息经济示范区。

(二)深化电子政务,推进国家治理现代化

适应国家现代化发展需要,更好用信息化手段感知社会态势、畅通沟通渠道、辅助科学决策。持续深化电子政务应用,着力解决信息碎片化、应用条块化、服务割裂化等问题,以信息化推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化。

27.服务党的执政能力建设。推进党委信息化工作,提升党委决策指挥的信息化保障能力。充分运用信息技术提高党员、干部、人才管理和服务的科学化水平。加强信息公开,畅通民主监督渠道,全面提高廉政风险防控和巡视工作信息化水平,增强权力运行的信息化监督能力。加强党内法规制度建设信息化保障,重视发挥互联网在党内法规制定和宣传中的作用。推进信息资源共享,提升各级党的部门工作信息化水平。

28.提高政府信息化水平。完善部门信息共享机制,建立国家治理大数据中心。加强经济运行数据交换共享、处理分析和监测预警,增强宏观调控和决策支持能力。深化财政、税务信息化应用,支撑中央和地方财政关系调整,促进税收制度改革。推进人口、企业基础信息共享,有效支撑户籍制度改革和商事制度改革。推进政务公开信息化,加强互联网政务信息数据服务平台和便民服务平台建设,提供更加优质高效的网上政务服务。

29.服务民主法治建设。建立健全网络信息平台,密切人大代表同人民群众的联系。加快政协信息化建设,推进协商民主广泛多层制度化发展。实施“科技强检”,推进检察工作现代化。建设“智慧法院”,提高案件受理、审判、执行、监督等各环节信息化水平,推动执法司法信息公开,促进司法公平正义。

30.提高社会治理能力。加快创新立体化社会治安防控体系,提高公共安全智能化水平,全面推进平安中国建设。构建基层综合服务管理平台,推动政府职能下移,支持社区自治。依托网络平台,加强政民互动,保障公民知情权、参与权、表达权、监督权。推行网上受理信访,完善群众利益协调、权益保障机制。

31.健全市场服务和监管体系。实施“多证合一”、“一照一码”制度,在海关、税务、工商、质检等领域推进便利化服务,加强事中事后监管与服务,实现服务前移、监管后移。以公民身份号码、法人和其他组织统一社会信用代码为基础,建立全国统一信用信息网络平台,构建诚信营商环境。建设食品药品、特种设备等重要产品信息化追溯体系,完善产品售后服务质量监测。加强在线即时监督监测和非现场监管执法,提高监管透明度。

32.完善一体化公共服务体系。制定在线公共服务指南,支持各级政府整合服务资源,面向企业和公众提供一体化在线公共服务,促进公共行政从独立办事向协同治理转变。各部门要根据基层服务需求,开放业务系统和数据接口,推动电子政务服务向基层延伸。

33.创新电子政务运行管理体制。建立强有力的国家电子政务统筹协调机制,制定电子政务管理办法,建立涵盖规划、建设、应用、管理、评价的全流程闭环管理机制。大力推进政府采购服务,试点推广政府和社会资本合作模式,鼓励社会力量参与电子政务建设。鼓励应用云计算技术,整合改造已建应用系统。

(三)繁荣网络文化,增强国家软实力

互联网是传播人类优秀文化、弘扬正能量的重要载体。要始终坚持社会主义先进文化前进方向,坚持正确舆论导向,遵循网络传播规律,弘扬主旋律,激发正能量,大力培育和践行社会主义核心价值观,发展积极向上的网络文化,把中国故事讲得愈来愈精彩,让中国声音愈来愈洪亮。

34.提升网络文化供给能力。实施网络内容建设工程。加快文化资源数字化建设,提高网络文化生产的规模化、专业化水平。整合公共文化资源,构建公共文化服务体系,提升信息服务水平。引导社会力量积极开发适合网络传播特点、满足人们多样化需求的网络文化产品。

35.提高网络文化传播能力。完善网络文化传播机制,构建现代文化传播体系。推动传统媒体和新兴媒体融合发展,有效整合各种媒介资源和生产要素。实施中华优秀文化网上传播工程,加强港澳地区网络传播能力建设,完善全球信息采集传播网络,逐步形成与我国国际地位相适应的网络国际传播能力。

36.加强网络文化阵地建设。做大做强中央主要新闻网站和地方重点新闻网站,规范引导商业网站健康有序发展。推进重点新闻网站体制机制创新。加快党报党刊、通讯社、电台电视台数字化改造和技术升级。推动文化金融服务模式创新,建立多元网络文化产业投融资体系。鼓励优秀互联网企业和文化企业强强联合,培育一批具有国际影响力的新型文化集团、媒体集团。

37.规范网络文化传播秩序。综合利用法律、行政、经济和行业自律等手段,规范网络信息传播秩序。坚决遏制违法有害信息网上传播,巩固壮大健康向上的主流舆论。完善网络文化服务市场准入和退出机制,加大网络文化管理执法力度,打击网络侵权盗版行为。

(四)创新公共服务,保障和改善民生

围绕人民群众最关心最直接最现实的利益问题,大力推进社会事业信息化,优化公共服务资源配置,降低应用成本,为老百姓提供用得上、用得起、用得好的信息服务,促进基本公共服务均等化。

38.推进教育信息化。完善教育信息基础设施和公共服务平台,推进优质数字教育资源共建共享和均衡配置,建立适应教育模式变革的网络学习空间,缩小区域、城乡、校际差距。建立网络环境下开放学习模式,鼓励更多学校应用在线开放课程,探索建立跨校课程共享与学分认定制度。完善准入机制,吸纳社会力量参与大型开放式网络课程建设,支撑全民学习、终身教育。

39.加快科研信息化。加强科研信息化管理,构建公开透明的国家科研资源管理和项目评价机制。建设覆盖全国、资源共享的科研信息化基础设施,提升科研信息服务水平。加快科研手段数字化进程,构建网络协同的科研模式,推动科研资源共享与跨地区合作,促进科技创新方式转变。

40.推进智慧健康医疗服务。完善人口健康信息服务体系,推进全国电子健康档案和电子病历数据整合共享,实施健康医疗信息惠民行动,促进和规范健康医疗大数据应用发展。探索建立市场化远程医疗服务模式、运营机制和管理机制,促进优质医疗资源纵向流动。加强区域公共卫生服务资源整合,探索医疗联合体等新型服务模式。运用新一代信息技术,满足多元服务需求,推动医疗救治向健康服务转变。

41.提高就业和社会保障信息化水平。推进就业和养老、医疗、工伤、失业、生育、保险等信息全国联网。建立就业创业信息服务体系,引导劳动力资源有序跨地区流动,促进充分就业。加快社会保障“一卡通”推广和升级,实行跨地区应用接入,实现社会保险关系跨地区转移接续和异地就医联网结算。加快政府网站信息无障碍建设,鼓励社会力量为残疾人提供个性化信息服务。

42.实施网络扶贫行动计划。构建网络扶贫信息服务体系,加快贫困地区互联网建设步伐,扩大光纤网、宽带网有效覆盖。开展网络公益扶贫宣传,鼓励网信企业与贫困地区结对帮扶,开发适合民族边远地区特点和需求的移动应用,建立扶贫跟踪监测和评估信息系统。

(五)服务生态文明建设,助力美丽中国

建设生态文明是关乎人民福祉和民族未来的长远大计。要着力破解资源约束趋紧、环境污染严重、生态系统退化问题,构建基于信息化的新型生态环境治理体系,加快建设天蓝、地绿、水净的美丽中国。

43.创新资源管理和利用方式。开展国家自然生态空间统一确权登记。整合自然生态空间数据,优化资源开发利用的空间格局和供应时序。完善自然资源监管体系,逐步实现全程、全覆盖动态监管,提高用途管制能力。探索建立废弃物信息管理和交易体系,形成再生资源循环利用机制。

44.构建新型生态环境治理体系。健全环境信息公开制度。实施生态文明和环境保护监测信息化工程,逐步实现污染源、污染物、生态环境全时监测,提高区域流域环境污染联防联控能力。推动建立绿色低碳循环发展产业体系,鼓励有条件地区探索开展节能量、碳排放权、排污权、水权网上交易。利用信息技术提高生态环境修复能力,促进生态环境根本性改善。

(六)加快信息强军,构建现代军事力量体系

积极适应国家安全形势新变化、信息技术发展新趋势和强军目标新要求,坚定不移把信息化作为军队现代化建设发展方向,贯彻军民融合深度发展战略思想,在新的起点上推动军队信息化建设跨越发展。

45.加强体系化建设。创新发展信息化军事理论,加强信息化建设集中统管,发挥作战需求牵引作用,推进机械化信息化有机融合。完善信息基础设施,推动指挥信息系统集成运用,加大信息资源开发利用力度,构建信息安全防御体系,全面提高打赢信息化局部战争能力。

46.提高实战化训练水平。适应战争形态演变趋势,依托网络信息系统,开展以信息主导、体系对抗、精确作战、全域机动、网络防控为主要特征的检验性、对抗性演习,推进军事训练向实战化转变,提高以夺取制信息权为核心的战场综合控制权能力。

47.深化军事斗争准备。充分发挥信息化融合、渗透作用,深化国防和军队改革,推进军队组织形态现代化。健全国防信息动员领导管理体制机制,完善国防信息动员与应急保障预案。大力培养信息化作战指挥、信息技术专业、信息系统组织运用及操作维护等作战急需人才,不断增强官兵运用信息系统和信息化装备打胜仗的能力。

五、不断优化信息化发展环境

(一)推进信息化法治建设

依法推进信息化、维护网络安全是全面依法治国的重要内容。要以网络空间法治化为重点,发挥立法的引领和推动作用,加强执法能力建设,提高全社会自觉守法意识,营造良好的信息化法治环境。

48.完善信息化法律框架。以网络立法为重点,加快建立以促进信息化发展和强化网络安全管理为目标,涵盖网络基础设施、网络服务提供者、网络用户、网络信息等对象的法律、行政法规框架。

49.有序推进信息化立法进程。坚持急用先行,加快出台急需法律法规和规范性文件。强化网络基础设施保护,加快制定网络安全法、电信法、电子商务法,研究制定密码法。加强网络用户权利保护,研究制定个人信息保护法、未成年人网络保护条例。规范网络信息服务与管理,修订互联网信息服务管理办法。研究制定电子文件管理条例。完善司法解释,推动现有法律延伸适用到网络空间。

50.加强执法能力建设。加强部门信息共享与执法合作,创新执法手段,形成执法合力。理顺网络执法体制机制,明确执法主体、执法权限、执法标准。

(二)加强网络生态治理

网络空间是亿万民众共同的精神家园。网络空间天朗气清、生态良好,符合人民利益。坚持正能量是总要求、管得住是硬道理,创新改进网上正面宣传,加强全网全程管理,建设为民、文明、诚信、法治、安全、创新的网络空间,使网络空间清朗起来。

51.强化互联网管理。坚持积极利用、科学发展、依法管理、确保安全的方针,建立法律规范、行政监管、行业自律、技术保障、公众监督、社会教育相结合的网络治理体系。落实网络身份管理制度,建立网络诚信评价体系,健全网络服务提供者和网民信用记录,完善褒奖和惩戒机制。加强互联网域名、地址等基础资源管理,确保登记备案信息真实准确。强化网络舆情管理,对所有从事新闻信息服务、具有媒体属性和舆论动员功能的网络传播平台进行管理。依法完善互联网信息服务市场准入和退出机制。

52.形成全社会参与的治理机制。坚持依法治网,加快建立政府引领,企业、社会组织、技术社群、公民共同参与、相互协作的互联网治理机制。强化互联网企业的主体责任,引导企业公平竞争、自我管理和改善服务。建立健全网络社会组织,充分发挥社会组织自我管理、自我监督作用。加强社会力量引导,积极培育“中国好网民”。

53.维护公民合法权益。依法保护信息自由有序流动,切实保障公民基本权利和自由。全面规范企业和个人信息采集、存储、使用等行为,防范信息滥用。加强个人数据保护,依法打击网络违法犯罪。

(三)维护网络空间安全

树立正确的网络安全观,坚持积极防御、有效应对,增强网络安全防御能力和威慑能力,切实维护国家网络空间主权、安全、发展利益。

54.维护网络主权和国家安全。依法管理我国主权范围内的网络活动,坚定捍卫我国网络主权。坚决防范和打击通过网络分裂国家、煽动叛乱、颠覆政权、破坏统一、窃密泄密等行为。

55.确保关键信息基础设施安全。加快构建关键信息基础设施安全保障体系,加强党政机关以及重点领域网站的安全防护,建立政府、行业与企业网络安全信息有序共享机制。建立实施网络安全审查制度,对关键信息基础设施中使用的重要信息技术产品和服务开展安全审查。健全信息安全等级保护制度。

56.强化网络安全基础性工作。加强网络安全基础理论研究、关键技术研发和技术手段建设,建立完善国家网络安全技术支撑体系,推进网络安全标准化和认证认可工作。提升全天候全方位感知网络安全态势能力,做好等级保护、风险评估、漏洞发现等基础性工作,完善网络安全监测预警和网络安全重大事件应急处置机制。实施网络安全人才工程,开展全民网络安全教育,提升网络媒介素养,增强全社会网络安全意识和防护技能。

六、体制保障和组织实施

要加强统筹协调,有力整合资源,形成推进合力,切实将各项战略任务落到实处,确保战略目标如期实现。

(一)强化组织领导。坚持中央网络安全和信息化领导小组对国家信息化发展的集中统一领导,信息化领域重大政策和事项须经领导小组审定。各级网络安全和信息化领导小组要加强统筹,研究解决本地区信息化发展中的重大问题。

(二)健全工作机制。中央网络安全和信息化领导小组办公室负责统筹协调本战略纲要的实施和督促检查。各级网络安全和信息化主管部门要充分发挥组织协调作用,加强部门、行业、区域、军地间合作,形成统一领导、分工合理、责任明确、运转顺畅的信息化推进机制。加快中国特色新型信息化智库建设,完善重大政策、重大项目专家咨询制度。

(三)完善配套政策。各地区各部门要将本战略纲要提出的任务与经济社会发展规划有效衔接、同步推进,制定好“十三五”信息化发展规划和相关专项规划。相关部门要加快完善产业、财税、金融、科技、教育等领域配套政策措施,加大财政投入和管理,重点支持关键性、基础性、公共性领域的信息化建设和网络安全保障。加大政府购买服务力度,创新信息化投融资机制,在信息化领域实行有利于商业运作、持续运营的政策,为社会投资参与创造条件。

(四)加强督促落实。各地区各部门要按照职责分工细化任务,明确时限,逐级落实。建立和完善信息化统计指标体系,加强信息化统计监测和评估工作,组织开展战略实施年度检查与绩效评估。加大信息化工作考核力度,将考核结果作为评价有关领导干部的内容。

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