Implementation Outline for the Construction of a Rule of Law Society (2020-2025) [Excerpts]

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A rule of law society is the foundation for building a rule of law country, building a rule of law society is an important component part of realizing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. Building a Socialist rule of law society with faith in the rule of law, fairness and justice, where rights are protected, which is law abiding and sincere, full of vitality, harmonious and orderly is an important step in strengthening the popular masses’ sense of gain, sense of happiness and sense of security. The 19th Party Congress has determined completing a social basis for the rule of law as one important objective in the basic realization of Socialist modernization by 2035, its importance is great, its influence is profound, tasks will be arduous. In order to accelerate the progress of constructing a rule of law society, this Outline is formulated.

I, General requirements

(1) Guiding ideology. Hold high the magnificent banner of Socialism with Chinese characteristics take Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important “Three Represents” thought, the Scientific Development Concept, and Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese characteristics in a new era as guidance, comprehensively implement the spirit of the 19th Party Congress and the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th Plenums of the 19thParty Congress, comprehensively implement Xi Jinping Thought on the rule of law, strengthen the “Four Consciousnesses”, uphold the “Four Self-Confidences”, ensure the “Two Safeguards”, unwaveringly march the path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, persist in the integrated construction of a rule of law country, a rule of law government and a rule of law society, foster and practice the Socialist core value view, carry forward the Socialist rule of law spirit, build a Socialist rule of law culture, strengthen the vigour and initiative in all of society to strictly practice the rule of law, push all of society to respect the law, study the law, abide by the law and use the law, complete social fairness and justice rule of law protection structures, guarantee the people’s rights, raise society’s rule of law levels, and lay down a firm rule of law basis for the comprehensive construction of a Socialist rule of law country and realizing the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

(2) Main principles. Uphold the concentrated and uniform leadership of the Party; uphold the guiding position of the theory of Socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics; uphold the centrality of the people; uphold respect for and the maintenance of the authority of the Constitution and the laws; uphold the quality of everyone in the face of the law; uphold the unity of rights and duties; uphold the integration of the rule of law, the rule of virtue and self-governance; and uphold the joint construction, joint governance and joint sharing of social governance.

(3) Overall objectives. By the end of 2025, the implementation of the “Eight Five” law popularization plan to be completed; rule of law concepts to have deeply penetrated people’s hearts, structures and standards in the social area to be more completed, clear achievements in the merger of requirements of the Socialist core value view with rule of law construction and social governance, the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations to be effectively protection, rule of law levels of social governance to increase clearly, creating a vivid picture of constructing a rule of law society that conforms to national circumstances, reflects the characteristics of the times, and satisfies the popular masses, and laying a firm basis for the basic completion of a rule of law society by 2013.

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III, Completing structures and standards in the social area

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(11) Advancing the construction of social sincerity. Accelerate the construction of the social credit system, and raise all of society’s sincerity awareness and credit levels. Complete corporate social responsibility laws and systems, strengthen corporate social responsibility awareness, stimulate enterprises to do operate in a sincere, trustworthy and lawful manner. Complete law compliance credit records of citizens and organizations, establish a uniform social credit coding system based on citizens’ identity document numbers and organizational codes. Perfect long-term mechanisms for sincerity construction, complete credit assessment systems covering all of society, establish and perfect punishment mechanisms for untrustworthiness. Establish credit recovery mechanisms and appeals structures in integration with reality. Strengthen sincerity construction in sectoral associations and chambers of commerce, perfect sincerity management and self-discipline mechanisms. Perfect the Nationwide Credit Information Sharing Platform and the National Enterprises Credit Publication System, further strengthen and standardize credit information collection and sharing. Strengthen propaganda and education on sincerity awareness, organize sincerity-themed practice activities, create a benign environment for the construction of the social credit system. Advance the publication of laws in the area of credit.

[…]

VI, Governing cyberspace according to the law

Cyberspace isn’t a land outside the law, promoting social governance to expand from actual society into cyberspace, establish and create comprehensive online governance systems, strengthen network management according to the law, network operations according to the law, and network use according to the law, comprehensively advance rule of law building in cyberspace, and create a clear and crisp cyberspace.

(22) Perfecting legal structures for the network. Promote the expansion of exising laws and regulations to cyberspace through a combination of legislation, reform, abolition and interpretation. Perfect laws and regulations in the area of online information services, revise the Internet information service management rules, research and formulate management rules for the credit information of gravely untrustworthy subjects in the Internet information services area, formulate and perfect standards and management rules for online streaming, self-media, Q&As in knowledge communities and other such new media business models as well as algorithmic recommendations, deep fakes and other such new technology applications. Perfect supplementary regulations and standard systems for the cybersecurity law, establish and complete cybersecurity management structures for critical information infrastructure security protection, data security management and cybersecurity review, etc., and expand guidance on standards for the research, development and application of big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence and other such new technologies. Research and formulate the personal information protection law. Complete laws and regulations for intellectual property rights protection of innovative achievements in Internet technology, commercial models, big data, etc. Revise the law on the prevention of crime by minors, formulate regulations for the online protection of minors. Perfect cross-border e-commerce structures, standardize cross-border e-commerce operators’ activities. Vigorously participate in international norms and standard setting for the digital economy, e-commerce, information technology, cybersecurity and other such areas.

(23) Foster a benign online rule of law awareness. Uphold the integration of governing the network according to the law and enhancing the network through virtue, carry forward the main melody of the times and positive social energy. Strengthen and innovate Internet content construction, realize projects on the Socialist core value view, new media broadcasts on Chinese culture, etc. Enhance online media literacy, advance “blacklist” systems and punitive mechanisms against gravely untrustworthy conduct in the online information service area, and advance the institutionalization of line sincerity. Firmly attack the spread of rumours, obscenity, violence, superstition, heresy and other such harmful information in cyberspace according to the law, establish and complete an integrated system to receive and process reports about online violations of law and harmful information. Strengthen education on online literacy and online rule of law for the whole society, formulate guidelines for online literacy education. Strengthen cybersecurity education for youth, guide the youth to go online rationally. Deeply implement the China Good Netizen Project and the Network Public Interest Project, guide netizens in going online in a civilized manner, express themselves rationally, and create an online environment with a crisp atmosphere.

(24) Ensuring citizens use the web safely and according to the law. Firmly establish correct cybersecurity views, prevent cybersecurity risks according to the law. Implement cybersecurity responsibility systems, clarify the cybersecurity responsibilities of management departments and cybersecurity and informatization enterprises. Establish and perfect unified high-efficiency cybersecurity risk reporting mechanisms, research, judgment and handling mechanisms, and complete cybersecurity investigation structures. Strengthen the protection of lawful rights and interests in cyberspace concerning telecommunications secrecy, commercial secrets, personal privacy as well as reputation rights, property rights, etc. Strictly standardize the collection and use of user identities, telecommunications content and other such personal information activities, strengthen punishment of unlawful and illegal acts concerning the illegal acquisition, leaking, selling or provision of citizens’ personal information. Supervise cybersecurity and informatization enterprises in implementing their dominant responsibility, and implement security management responsibilities provided in laws. Complete emergency response mechanisms for sudden network and information incidents, and perfect cybersecurity and informatization joint law enforcement. Strengthen the construction of capabilities to control and punish online unlawful and criminal activities, investigate and prosecute unlawful and criminal activities such as criminal online finance, online slander, online fraud, online sex, attacks, intrusions, etc. Establish and complete information sharing mechanisms, vigorously participate in international attacks against unlawful and criminal activities online.

法治社会建设实施纲要(2020-2025年)》全文如下。

法治社会是构筑法治国家的基础,法治社会建设是实现国家治理体系和治理能力现代化的重要组成部分。建设信仰法治、公平正义、保障权利、守法诚信、充满活力、和谐有序的社会主义法治社会,是增强人民群众获得感、幸福感、安全感的重要举措。党的十九大把法治社会基本建成确立为到2035年基本实现社会主义现代化的重要目标之一,意义重大,影响深远,任务艰巨。为加快推进法治社会建设,制定本纲要。

一、总体要求

(一)指导思想。高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,坚持以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观、习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,全面贯彻党的十九大和十九届二中、三中、四中、五中全会精神,全面贯彻习近平法治思想,增强“四个意识”、坚定“四个自信”、做到“两个维护”,坚定不移走中国特色社会主义法治道路,坚持法治国家、法治政府、法治社会一体建设,培育和践行社会主义核心价值观,弘扬社会主义法治精神,建设社会主义法治文化,增强全社会厉行法治的积极性和主动性,推动全社会尊法学法守法用法,健全社会公平正义法治保障制度,保障人民权利,提高社会治理法治化水平,为全面建设社会主义现代化国家、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦筑牢坚实法治基础。

(二)主要原则。坚持党的集中统一领导;坚持以中国特色社会主义法治理论为指导;坚持以人民为中心;坚持尊重和维护宪法法律权威;坚持法律面前人人平等;坚持权利与义务相统一;坚持法治、德治、自治相结合;坚持社会治理共建共治共享。

(三)总体目标。到2025年,“八五”普法规划实施完成,法治观念深入人心,社会领域制度规范更加健全,社会主义核心价值观要求融入法治建设和社会治理成效显著,公民、法人和其他组织合法权益得到切实保障,社会治理法治化水平显著提高,形成符合国情、体现时代特征、人民群众满意的法治社会建设生动局面,为2035年基本建成法治社会奠定坚实基础。

三、健全社会领域制度规范

(十一)推进社会诚信建设。加快推进社会信用体系建设,提高全社会诚信意识和信用水平。完善企业社会责任法律制度,增强企业社会责任意识,促进企业诚实守信、合法经营。健全公民和组织守法信用记录,建立以公民身份证号码和组织机构代码为基础的统一社会信用代码制度。完善诚信建设长效机制,健全覆盖全社会的征信体系,建立完善失信惩戒制度。结合实际建立信用修复机制和异议制度,鼓励和引导失信主体主动纠正违法失信行为。加强行业协会商会诚信建设,完善诚信管理和诚信自律机制。完善全国信用信息共享平台和国家企业信用信息公示系统,进一步强化和规范信用信息归集共享。加强诚信理念宣传教育,组织诚信主题实践活动,为社会信用体系建设创造良好环境。推动出台信用方面的法律。

六、依法治理网络空间

网络空间不是法外之地。推动社会治理从现实社会向网络空间覆盖,建立健全网络综合治理体系,加强依法管网、依法办网、依法上网,全面推进网络空间法治化,营造清朗的网络空间。

(二十二)完善网络法律制度。通过立改废释并举等方式,推动现有法律法规延伸适用到网络空间。完善网络信息服务方面的法律法规,修订互联网信息服务管理办法,研究制定互联网信息服务严重失信主体信用信息管理办法,制定完善对网络直播、自媒体、知识社区问答等新媒体业态和算法推荐、深度伪造等新技术应用的规范管理办法。完善网络安全法配套规定和标准体系,建立健全关键信息基础设施安全保护、数据安全管理和网络安全审查等网络安全管理制度,加强对大数据、云计算和人工智能等新技术研发应用的规范引导。研究制定个人信息保护法。健全互联网技术、商业模式、大数据等创新成果的知识产权保护方面的法律法规。修订预防未成年人犯罪法,制定未成年人网络保护条例。完善跨境电商制度,规范跨境电子商务经营者行为。积极参与数字经济、电子商务、信息技术、网络安全等领域国际规则和标准制定。

(二十三)培育良好的网络法治意识。坚持依法治网和以德润网相结合,弘扬时代主旋律和社会正能量。加强和创新互联网内容建设,实施社会主义核心价值观、中华文化新媒体传播等工程。提升网络媒介素养,推动互联网信息服务领域严重失信“黑名单”制度和惩戒机制,推动网络诚信制度化建设。坚决依法打击谣言、淫秽、暴力、迷信、邪教等有害信息在网络空间传播蔓延,建立健全互联网违法和不良信息举报一体化受理处置体系。加强全社会网络法治和网络素养教育,制定网络素养教育指南。加强青少年网络安全教育,引导青少年理性上网。深入实施中国好网民工程和网络公益工程,引导网民文明上网、理性表达,营造风清气正的网络环境。

(二十四)保障公民依法安全用网。牢固树立正确的网络安全观,依法防范网络安全风险。落实网络安全责任制,明确管理部门和网信企业的网络安全责任。建立完善统一高效的网络安全风险报告机制、研判处置机制,健全网络安全检查制度。加强对网络空间通信秘密、商业秘密、个人隐私以及名誉权、财产权等合法权益的保护。严格规范收集使用用户身份、通信内容等个人信息行为,加大对非法获取、泄露、出售、提供公民个人信息的违法犯罪行为的惩处力度。督促网信企业落实主体责任,履行法律规定的安全管理责任。健全网络与信息突发安全事件应急机制,完善网络安全和信息化执法联动机制。加强网络违法犯罪监控和查处能力建设,依法查处网络金融犯罪、网络诽谤、网络诈骗、网络色情、攻击窃密等违法犯罪行为。建立健全信息共享机制,积极参与国际打击互联网违法犯罪活动。

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